Stenberg brothers

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Vladimir Stenberg
Born April 4, 1899(1899-04-04)
Moscow, Russian Empire
Died May 1, 1982(1982-05-01) (aged 83)
Moscow, Soviet Union
Collections Tretyakov

Georgii Stenberg
Born October 7, 1900(1900-10-07)
Moscow, Russian Empire
Died October 15, 1933(1933-10-15) (aged 32)
Moscow, Soviet Union
Collections Tretyakov

Vladimir Stenberg (Владимир Августович Стенберг) and Georgii Stenberg (Георгий Августович Стенберг) were Soviet artists and designers. Initially they worked as Constructivist sculptors, later as theatrical designers, architects, draftsmen and graphic designers. They are best known for their cinema posters.

Biography[edit]

Vladimir and Georgii Stenberg were born in Moscow in April 1899 and October 1900 respectively. Their mother was Russian and their father Swedish, and it was not until 1933 that the brothers became Russian citizens.

Between 1912 and 1917 they attended the Stroganov School of Arts and Crafts, Moscow, and then continued their education at the Moscow Free Studios (Svomas). With other students they designed propaganda posters and decorations for the first May Day celebrations in 1918. In 1919 the Stenbergs were founding members of the Society of Young Artists known as obmokhu, and contributed to the group's first exhibition in Moscow in May 1919, and subsequent exhibitions in 1920, 1921 and 1923. The two brothers, together with Konstantin Medunetskii, staged their own exhibition, Constructivists, in January 1922 in Moscow, and Vladimir exhibited in the group exhibition Erste Russische Kunstausstellung held in Berlin later that year. By then the Stenberg brothers were members of the Institute of Artistic Culture (INKhUK), a Constructivist group which included Alexander Rodchenko, Varvara Stepanova, Lyubov Popova, Medunetskii and others. From 1922 to 1931 the brothers designed sets and costumes for Alexander Tairov's Kamerny Theatre. This, and the film posters they produced from 1923, made their reputations. They made contributions to the journal LEF at this time. In 1925 they contributed work to the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes in Paris. Between 1929 and 1932 the brothers taught at the Architecture-Construction Institute, Moscow.

Georgii Stenberg died in a car accident in October 1933 in Moscow. Vladimir continued to work on poster design, especially for cinema, after his brother's death, and in 1947 he organised the decoration of Red Square for the May Day celebrations. Vladimir died in Moscow in 1982. (Source)

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