The architect and photographer Yuri Avvakumov (born 1957 in Tiraspol) graduated from the Moscow Architecture Institute (1981) and taught at Moscow Architecture Institute (1983-88). In 1984, he reintroduced the term paper architecture to describe the genre of conceptual design in the USSR of the 1980s. Since 1984, Avvakumov curated exhibitions of 'paper architecture' in Moscow, Ljubljana, Paris, Milan, Frankfurt, Antwerp, Cologne, Brussels, Zurich, Cambridge, New Orleans, Austin, Amherst, Volgograd, Venice. He taught at Hochschule fur Gestaltung, Karlsruhe, 1993-94. In 1993 he established Utopia Foundation in Moscow. Between 2000 and 2003 he curated series of 36 architectural photography exhibitions at the Moscow House of Photography / State Museum of Architecture, Moscow.