Aleksandar Lifka (May 20, 1880 – November 12, 1952) was a European cinematographer.
Of Czech descent, he was born in Brassó (Brasov) in the Austro-Hungarian Empire (now in Romania). After spending his childhood with his parents in the village of Žatec near Prague, he moved to Vienna to study at technical high school. During that time, he experimented with magic lantern moving pictures, but without success. After completing his education, Lifka traveled to Paris, where he bought a Pathé camera.