From Monoskop
Revision as of 22:45, 11 November 2011 by Dusan (Talk | contribs)

Jump to: navigation, search

Syndicate was a mailing list, an open platform for exchange and cooperation in media culture in Europe. Founded in January 1996 on the last day of the Next 5 Minutes 2 Festival in Rotterdam, where the meeting was attended by 30 media artists and activists, journalists and curators from 12 Eastern and Western European countries. The list enjoyed the most active period until 1999. Existed until August 2001 (then linking 500 members from more than 30 European and a number of non-European countries).

The original idea was to establish an East-West network as well as an East-East network. In the meantime, however, the Syndicate had increasingly developed into an all-European forum for media culture and art. Over the last few years the division between East and West had been growing less important as people cooperated in ever-changing constellations, in ad-hoc as well as long-lasting partnerships.

Andreas Broeckmann started administering the Syndicate mailing list after its installation on the server of the Ars Electronica Center in Linz in January 1996, helping people to subscribe, unsubscribe and post to the majordomo list. As the subscriber base grew from the original 30 subscribers to about 300 in 1998, Inke Arns joined in administering the list and - together with Arthur Bueno of the V2_Organisation in Rotterdam, who also maintained the Syndicate website and archive on from 1998-2000 - mostly managed the list administration through these years. In September 2000 after a server crash, list was moved to a new server hosted by ISP in Berlin (, and switched from Majordomo to Mailman administration software.

Syndicate meetings and workshops have been held regularly, in most cases as part of festivals and conferences. The main meetings have taken place at half-yearly intervals in Rotterdam (Sept. 96), Liverpool (April 97), Kassel (July 97), Dessau (Nov. 97), Tirana (May 98), Skopje (Oct. 98), Budapest (April 99), and Helsinki (Oct. 99), with many smaller meetings and joint projects, presentations and workshops happening in between. Readers edited by Inke and published on the occasion of some of the meetings (Rotterdam 1996, Ostranenie Dessau 1997, Junction Skopje 1998) have collected the selected texts from the mailing list in printed form.

  • Inke Arns (ed.) 1996 V2_East Meeting. Syndicate Publication Series 000. [1]
  • Inke Arns and Andreas Broeckmann (eds.) Deep Europe: The 1996 - 97 edition. Selected texts from the V2_East / Syndicate mailing list (143 pp.), Syndicate Publication Series 001, Berlin, October 1997. [2]
  • Inke Arns (ed.) Junction Skopje: The 1997 - 1998 Edition. Syndicate Publication Series 002. [3]
  • Deep_Europe newsletter archive, Hybrid Workspace, Kassel, 1997. [4]
  • Inke Arns and Andreas Broeckmann, "Rise and Decline of the Syndicate: the End of an Imagined Community", November 2001. [5], [6]
  • Geert Lovink, "Deep Europe: A History of the Syndicate Network", in New Media, Old Media: A History and Theory Reader, edited by Wendy Hui Kyong Chun and Thomas W. Keenan, Routledge, 2006, pp 287-295. [7]