Hannah Arendt

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Born October 14, 1906(1906-10-14)
Linden (today a city district of Hanover), Province of Hanover, Prussia (today Germany)
Died December 4, 1975(1975-12-04) (aged 69)
New York City, New York, United States
Web Aaaaarg, Wikipedia, Open Library, PhilPapers, Academia.edu, Archive.org.

Johanna "Hannah" Arendt (1906–1975) was a German-American political theorist and social philosopher.


Hannah Arendt was born in 1906 in Hanover. In 1924, after having completed her high school studies, she went to Marburg University to study with Martin Heidegger. The encounter with Heidegger, with whom she had a brief but intense love-affair, had a lasting influence on her thought. After a year of study in Marburg, she moved to Freiburg University where she spent one semester attending the lectures of Edmund Husserl. In the spring of 1926 she went to Heidelberg University to study with Karl Jaspers, a philosopher with whom she established a long-lasting intellectual and personal friendship. She completed her doctoral dissertation, entitled Der Liebesbegriff bei Augustin (LA) under Jaspers's supervision in 1929. She was forced to flee Germany in 1933 as a result of Hitler's rise to power, and after a brief stay in Prague and Geneva she moved to Paris where for six years (1933–39) she worked for a number of Jewish refugee organisations. In 1936 she separated from her first husband, Günther Stern, and started to live with Heinrich Blücher, whom she married in 1940. During her stay in Paris she continued to work on her biography of Rahel Varnhagen, which was not published until 1957 (RV). In 1941 she was forced to leave France and moved to New York with her husband and mother. In New York she soon became part of an influential circle of writers and intellectuals gathered around the journal Partisan Review. During the post-war period she lectured at a number of American universities, including Princeton, Berkeley and Chicago, but was most closely associated with the New School for Social Research, where she was a professor of political philosophy until her death in 1975. (Source)


Courtesy Hannah Arendt Private Archive.



Der Liebesbegriff bei Augustin. Versuch einer philosophischen Interpretation, 1929, PDF.
Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil, 1963, 1965, Log.
On Revolution, 1963, 1990, PDF.
Men in Dark Times, 1970, PDF.
Crises of the Republic, 1972, PDF.
The Life of the Mind, 2 vols., ed. Mary McCarthy, 1978; 1981, PDF.
Lectures on Kant's Political Philosophy, 1992, PDF.
  • LA, Der Liebesbegriff bei Augustin. Versuch einer philosophischen Interpretation, Berlin: Springer, 1929, 90 pp. Doctoral dissertation, PDF, PDF, IA, ARG; reprint, Berlin and Wien: Neuausgabe Philo Verlagsges, 2003; Hildesheim/Zurich/New York: Georg Olms, 2006, PDF, IA, ARG. (German)
    • Il concetto d'amore in Agostino. Saggio di interpretazione filosofica, Milan: SE, 1992. (Italian)
    • Love and St. Augustine, trans. Joanna V. Scott and Judith C. Stark, Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1996, PDF, IA, ARG.
    • El concepto de amor en san Agustín, trans. Agustín Serrano de Haro, Madrid: Encuentro, 2001. Review (Spanish)
The Origins of Totalitarianism, 1951, IA.
  • OT, The Origins of Totalitarianism, New York: Harcourt, Brace & Co., 1951; UK ed. as The Burden of Our Time(s), London: Secker & Warburg, 1951; 2nd ed., enl., Cleveland and New York: World Publishing Co., Meridian Books, 1958; repr., 1962, IA; 3rd ed., with new prefaces, San Diego/ New York/ London: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1966, 1968, 1973, PDF, IA,IA, ARG; rev.ed., New York: Schocken, 2004.
    • Elemente und Ursprünge totaler Herrschaft, Frankfurt: Europäische Verlagsanstalt, 1955; repr. as Elemente totaler Herrschaft, Frankfurt am Main, 1958; 1961; 1962; Munich: Piper, 2003. (German)
    • Le origini del totalitarismo, trans. Amerigo Guadagnin, Milan: Edizioni di Comunità, 1967; 1989; 1999; Milan: Bompiani, 1978; Turin: Einaudi, 2004. (Italian)
    • To Oloklirotikó Sýstima [Το Ολοκληρωτικό Σύστημα], trans. Giánnis Lámpsas [Γιάννης Λάμψας], Athens [Αθήνα]: Euryalos [Ευρύαλος], 1988, PDF, IA, ARG. (Greek)
    • Origens do totalitarismo, trans. Roberto Raposo, Sao Paulo: Companhia das Letras, 1989, 1998, PDF, PDF,IA. (Brazilian Portuguese)
    • Los Orígenes del Totalitarismo, trans. G. Solana, Madrid: Taurus Ediciones, 1974; 1999, PDF, IA. (Spanish)
    • Originile totalitarismului, trans. I. Dur and M. Ivănescu, Bucharest: Humanitas, 2004; 2nd ed., 2006; 3rd ed., 2014, PDF, IA. (Romanian)
The Burden of Our Time, 1951. UK version of The Origins of Totalitarianism.
  • HC, The Human Condition, University of Chicago Press, 1958; 2nd ed., intro. Margaret Canovan, 1998, PDF, PDF, IA.
    • La condición humana, trans. Ramón Gil Novales, Barcelona: Paidós, 1974; 1993; 2003; 2005, PDF, ARG. (Spanish)
    • Vita activa oder von tätigen Leben, Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 1960; Munich: Piper, 1967. (German)
    • Vita activa, Milan: Bompiani, 1964; new ed. as Vita activa. La condizione umana, Milan: Bompiani, 1989. (Italian)
    • Condiţia umană, trans. Claudiu Vereş and Gabriel Chindea, Cluj: Idea Design & Print, 2007, PDF, IA, ARG. (Romanian)
    • A condição humana, trans. Roberto Raposo, 10th ed., Rio de Janeiro: Forense Universitária, 2007, IA, [1]. (Portuguese)
    • İnsanlık Durumu, Istanbul: İletişim Yayıncılık, 2008. [2] (Turkish)
  • RV, Rahel Varnhagen: The Life of a Jewess, trans. Richard and Clara Winston, London: East and West Library, 1958; rev.ed. as Rahel Varnhagen: The Life of a Jewish Woman, New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1974; critical ed., ed. Liliane Weissberg, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997.
    • Rahel Varnhagen. Storia di un'ebrea, Milan: Il Saggiatore, 1988; Milan: Net, 2004. (Italian)
  • "Totalitarian Imperialism: Reflections on the Hungarian Revolution", The Journal of Politics 20:1 (Feb 1958), pp 5-43. [3]
    • Die ungarische Revolution und der totalitäre Imperialismus, trans. Charlotte Beradt, Munich: Piper, 1958. (German)
    • L'immagine dell'inferno. Scritti sul totalitarismo, Rome: Riuniti, 2001. (Italian)
  • Von der Menschlichkeit in Finsteren Zeiten: Gedanken Zu Lessing, Hamburg: Hauswedell, 1960; Munich: Piper, 1960, PDF, IA, ARG. (Later the first essay in MDT.) (German)
    • Uomini in tempi oscuri: Lessing, Rosa Luxemburg, Papa Giovanni XXIII, Karen Blixen, Milan: Spano, 1968. (Italian)
    • L'umanità in tempi bui. Riflessioni su Lessing, Milan: Cortina, 2006. (Italian)
  • BPF, Between Past and Future: Six Exercises in Political Thought, New York: Viking Press, 1961, London: Faber & Faber, 1961, PDF, ARG; revised ed., 1968; New York: Penguin, 1993.
    • Tra Passato e Futuro, trans. Tania Gargiulo, Milan: Garzanti, 1991, PDF, IA. (Italian)
    • Entre el pasado y el futuro, trans. Ana Poljak, Barcelona: Península, 1996, Chap V. (Spanish)
    • Între trecut şi viitor. Opt exerciţii de gândire politică, trans. Louis Rinaldo Ulrich, Filipeştii de Târg, Prahova: Antet, [1997] n.d., PDF. (Romanian)
  • EJ, Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil, New York: Viking Press, 1963; rev. & enl. ed., 1965; Penguin, 2006, Log, PDF. Based on a series of aticles published in The New Yorker magazine.
    • Eichmann in Jerusalem. Ein Bericht von der Banalität des Bösen. Mit einem einleitenden Essay von Hans Mommsen, trans. Brigitte Granzow, Munich: Piper, 1964; 2007, Log. (German)
    • La banalità del male: Eichmann e Gerusalemme, trans. Piero Bernardini, Milan: Feltrinelli, 1964, Log. (Italian)
    • Eichmann à Jérusalem: rapport sur la banalité du mal, Paris: Gallimard, 1991. Excerpt. (French)
    • Eichmann v Jeruzalémě: zpráva o banalitě zla, trans. Martin Palouš, Prague: Mladá fronta, 1995, Log. (Czech)
    • Eichman w Jerozolimie: rzecz o banalności zła, trans. Adam Szostkiewicz, Krakow: Znak, 1998, Log. (Polish)
    • Eichmann en Jerusalém, trans. Carlos Ribalta, Barcelona: Lumen, 1999; 2003, Log. (Spanish)
    • Banalnost zla. Eykhman v Ierusalime [Банальность зла: Эйхман в Иерусалиме], trans. Sergei Kastalsky [Сергей Кастальский] and Natalia Rudnitskaya [Наталья Рудницкая], Moscow: Evropa, 2008, 424 pp, Log. (Russian)
    • Eichmann la Ierusalim. Raport asupra banalitatii răului, trans. Mariana Net, Bucharest: Humanitas, 2008, 380 pp. (Romanian)
  • OR, On Revolution, New York: Viking Press, 1963; Faber & Faber, 1964; 2nd ed., rev., 1965; Pelican Books, 1973; 1977; Penguin Books, 1990, PDF, PDF.
    • Über die Revolution, Munich: Piper, 1963; 1965. (German)
    • Sulla rivoluzione, trans. Maria Magrini, Milan: Comunità, 1983, PDF, IA. (Italian)
    • Sobre a Revolução, São Paulo:Companhia das Letras, 2011, PDF. (Portuguese)
  • MDT, Men in Dark Times, New York: Harcourt, Brace and World, 1968, ARG; 1970, PDF; Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1973.
    • Menschen in finsteren Zeiten, trans. Ursula Ludz, Munich:Piper, 1989. (German)
    • Hombres en tiempos de oscuridad, trans. Caludia Ferrari, Barcelona: Gedisa, 1990, 284 pp, PDF, Scribd; 2nd ed., 2001. (Spanish)
    • L'umanità in tempi bui. Riflessioni su Lessing, Milan: Cortina, 2006. (Italian)
  • OV, On Violence, New York: Harcourt, Brace and World, 1970, PDF, Scribd.
    • Sulla Violenza, trans. Aldo Chiaruttini, Milan: Arnoldo Monadatori, 1971, PDF, IA. (Italian)
    • Macht und Gewalt, Munich: Piper, 1970; 1975. (German)
    • Περί Βίας, trans. Βάνα Νικολαΐδου-Κυριανίδου, Athens [Αθήνα]: Alexandreia [Αλεξάνδρεια], 2000, PDF, IA. (Greek)
    • Sobre la violencia, trans. Guillermo Solana, Madrid: Alianza, 2005; 2006, PDF, IA, ARG. (Spanish)
  • CR, Crises of the Republic: Lying in Politics; Civil Disobedience; On Violence; Thoughts on Politics and Revolution, Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1972, PDF, PDF; 1973.
    • Crisis de la República, trans. Guillermo Solana [Alonso], Madrid: Taurus, 1998; reprint, Madrid: Trotta, 2015, ARG. (Spanish)
    • Crizele republicii, trans. Ion Dur and D.I. Cenuşer, Bucharest: Humanitas, 1999, PDF, PDF, IA, ARG. (Romanian)
  • JP, The Jew as Pariah: Jewish Identity and Politics in the Modern Age, ed. & intro. Ron H. Feldman, New York: Grove Press, 1978.
    • Ebraismo e modernità, Milan: Unicopli, 1986. (Italian)
  • LM, The Life of the Mind, 2 vols. (Volume I: "Thinking", Volume II: "Willing"), ed. Mary McCarthy, New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1978; 1981, PDF, IA.
    • Vom Leben des Geistes, 2 vols. (Volume I: "Das Denken", Volume II: "Das Wollen"), Munich: Piper, 1979. (German)
    • La vida del espíritu. El pensar, la voluntad y el juicio en la filosofía y en la política, trans. Ricardo Montoro Romero and Fernanrdo Vallespín Oña, Madrid: Centro de Estudios Constitucionales, 1984, PDF, ARG. (Spanish) [4]
    • La vita della mente, Milan: Il Mulino, 1987, PDF. (Italian)
    • A vida do espírito, trans. Antônio Abranches and Helena Martins, Rio de Janeiro: Relume-Dumará, 1991; 2nd ed., 1992; 3rd ed., 1995; 4th ed., 2000, PDF. (Brazilian Portuguese)
    • Viața Spiritului, trad. S.G. Drăgan, Bucharest: Humanitas, 2018. (Romanian)
  • LK, Lectures on Kant's Political Philosophy [1970], ed. & intro. Ronald Beiner, University of Chicago Press, 1992, PDF, PDF, IA, ARG.
    • Das Urteilen. Texte zu Kants politischer Philosophie hrsg. und mit einem Essay von Ronald Beiner, trans. Ursula Ludz, Munich: Piper, 1985. (German)
    • Teoria del giudizio politico. Lezioni sulla filosofia politica di Kant, Genova: Il melangolo, 1990. (Italian)
    • Conferencias sobre la filosofía política de Kant, trans. Ronald Beiner, Barcelona and Madrid: Paidos Iberica, 2003, PDF. (Spanish)
  • Israel, Palästina und der Antisemitismus, Eike Geisel and Klaus Bittermann (eds.), Berlin: Verlag Klaus Wagenbach, 1991. [5] (German)
  • Was ist Politik? Fragmente Aus dem Nachlaß (1956 - 1959), editor Ursula Ludz, intro. Kurt Sontheimer, Munich: Piper, 1993; 1995. (German)
    • ¿Qué es política?, trans. Rosa Sala Carbó, Barcelona: Paidós, 1997; 2004; 2005, PDF. (Spanish)
    • Qu'est-ce que la politique?, Paris: Seuil, 2001, PDF. (French)


The Promise of Politics, 2005, PDF, ARG.
  • Sechs Essays, Heidelberg: Lambert Schneider, 1948. (German)
  • Philosophy and Politics: the Problem of Action and Thought after the French Revolution" (Manuskript), 1954.
  • FT, Fragwürdige Traditionsbestände im Politischen Denken der Gegenwart, Frankfurt: Europäische Verlagsanstalt, 1957. Four essays, all included in BPF. (German)
  • Walter Benjamin-Bertolt Brecht: Zwei Essays, Munich: Piper, 1971. Both essays included in MDT. (German)
  • Wahrheit und Lüge in der Politik: Zwei Essays, Munich: Piper, 1972; Berlin: Neuausgabe, 2012. The two essays, "Lying in Politics" [1971] and "Truth and Politics" [1967], first appeared in English. (German)
  • Die Verborgene Tradition: Acht Essays, Frankfurt a.M.: Suhrkamp, 1976. Six of these essays appeared in 1948 as Sechs Essays, the other two are "Zionism Reconsidered" [1945] and "Aufklärung und Judenfrage" [1932]. (German)
  • Zur Zeit. Politische Essays, ed. Marie Luise Knott, trans. Eike Geisel, Berlin, 1986; 1989; Hamburg: Rotbuch Verlag, 1999. (German)
  • Nach Auschwitz: Essays und Kommentare 1, Eike Geisel and Klaus Bittermann (eds.), Berlin, 1989. (German)
  • Die Krise des Zionismus: Essays und Kommentare 2, Eike Geisel and Klaus Bittermann (eds.), Berlin 1989. (German)
  • EU, Essays in Understanding: 1930–1954, ed. & intro. Jerome Kohn, New York: Harcourt Brace & Company, 1994, IA.
    • Ensayos de comprensión, 1930-1954, trans. Agustín Serrano de Haro, Madrid: Caparrós, 2005, 566 pp. (Spanish)
    • Antologia. Pensiero, azione e critica nell'epoca dei totalitarismi, Milan: Feltrinelli, 2006. (Italian)
  • Zwischen Vergangenheit und Zukunft. Übungen im politischen Denken I, ed. Ursula Ludz, Munich and Zurich: Piper, 1994. (German)
  • Critical Essays, ed. Lewis Hinchman and Sandra Hinchman, Albany: State University of New York Press, 1994, PDF.
  • De la historia a la acción, trans. Fina Birulés, intro. Manuel Cruz, Barcelona: Paidós, 1995. [6] (Spanish)
  • Ich will verstehen. Selbstauskünfte zu Leben und Werk, ed. Ursula Ludz, Munich: Piper, 1996; 2013. [with a complete Bibliography] (German)/(English)
  • Über den Totalitarismus. Texte Hannah Arendts aus den Jahren 1951 und 1953, ed. Ursula Ludz, Dresden: Hannah-Arendt-Institut, 1998. (German)
  • In der Gegenwart. Übungen im politischen Denken II, ed. Ursula Ludz, Munich: Piper, 2000; 2012. (German)
  • Beiträge für die deutsch-jüdische Emigrantenzeitung "Aufbau", intro and ed. Marie-Luise Knott, Munich: Piper Verlag, 2000, 244 pp. (German)
  • The Portable Hannah Arendt, ed. Peter Baehr, London: Penguin Classics, 2000, PDF, IA, ARG.
  • Denktagebuch 1950-1973, 2 vols., ed. Ursula Ludz and Ingeborg Nordmann, Munich and Zurich: Piper, 2002, PDF. (German)
    • Quaderni e diari, 1950-1973, Vicenza: Neri Pozza, 2007. (Italian)
  • RJ, Responsibility and Judgment, ed. Jerome Kohn, New York: Schocken, 2003, PDF, IA.
    • Über das Böse. Eine Vorlesung zu Fragen der Ethik, trans. Ursula Ludz, Munich: 2006; 2007; 2013. (German)
  • PP, The Promise of Politics, ed. & intro. Jerome Kohn, New York: Schocken Books, 2005, PDF,ARG.
    • Polityka jako obietnica, trans. Wojciech Madej and Mieczysław Godyń, afterw. Piotr Nowak, Warsaw: Prószyński i S-ka, 2007. (Polish)
    • A promessa da política, trans. Miguel Serras Pereira, Lisbon: Relógio d'Água, 2007. (Portuguese)
    • La promesa de la política, trans. Eduardo Cañas and Fina Birulés, Barcelona: Paidós, 2008. (Spanish)
    • Făgăduinţa politicii, trans. Mihalea Bidilică-Vasilache, Bucharest: Humanitas, 2010, PDF, IA, ARG. (Romanian)
    • Zheng zhi de cheng nuo [政治的承諾], Taibei Xian Xindian Shi: Zuo an wen hua, 2010. (Chinese)
  • Arendt und Benjamin: Texte, Briefe, Dokumente, eds. Detlev Schöttker and Erdmut Wizisla, Suhrkamp, 2006. (German)
  • JW, The Jewish Writings, eds. Jerome Kohn and Ron H. Feldman, New York: Schocken, 2007, PDF, IA, ARG.
  • Reflections on Literature and Culture, ed. & intro. Susannah Young-ah Gottlieb, Stanford University Press, 2007, TOC.
  • The Last Interview: And Other Conversations, Melville House, 2013. Includes interviews in German and English.
    • Ultimul interviu și alte convorbiri, trans. Cristina Cioabă, Liliana Donose Samuelsson, Bucharest: Humanitas, 2018, 135 pp, PDF, IA, ARG. (Romanian)
  • with Günther Anders, Kerstin Putz (editors), Schreib doch mal hard facts über Dich. Briefe 1939 bis 1975. Texte und Dokumente, Munich: Beck, 2016, ARG.

EU2, Essays in Understanding: 1953-1975, ed. & intro. Jerome Kohn, New York: Schocken, 2018, 608 pp, EPUB, IA. [7]

Selected articles and lectures[edit]

  • "Augustin und Protestantismus", Frankfurter Zeitung, no. 902 (12 April 1930).
  • "From the Dreyfus Affair to France Today", Jewish Social Studies, Vol. 4, no. 3 (Jul., 1942), pp. 195-240, ARG.
  • "We Refugees", The Menorah Journal, 1943; repr. in Altogether Elsewhere: Writers on Exile, ed. Marc Robinson, Boston: Faber and Faber, 1996, pp. 110-119, PDF.
  • "Race-Thinking before Racism", The Review of Politics, Vol. 6, no 1 (Jan., 1944), pp. 36-73, PDF.
  • "The Jew as Pariah: A Hidden Tradition", Jewish Social Studies, Vol. 6, No. 2 (Apr., 1944), pp. 99-122, PDF.
  • "Imperialism, Nationalism, Chauvinism", The Review of Politics, Vol. 7, no 4 (Oct., 1945), pp. 441-463, PDF.
  • "French Existentialism", The Nation, 162, no. 8 (1946): 226-28.
  • "Organized Guilt and Universal Responsibility", Jewish Frontier 12, no 1 (1945), pp. 19-23.
  • "Privileged Jews", Jewish Social Studies, Vol. 8, no. 1 (Jan., 1946), pp. 3-30, PDF.
  • "Was ist Existenz-Philosophie?" [1946], in Arendt, Sechs Essays, Heidelberg, 1948; repr. as Was ist Existenzphilosophie?, Frankfurt a. M.: Anton Hain, 1990. (German)
    • "What is Existential Philosophy?", trans. Robert and Rita Kimbe, Partisan Review 13, no. 1 (1946): 34-56, repr. in EU, 1994, pp. 163–187, ARG.
    • Che cos'è la filosofia dell'esistenza?, Milan: Jaca book, 1998. (Italian)
  • "Expansion and the Philosophy of Power", The Sewanee Review, Vol. 54, no. 4 (Oct. - Dec., 1946), pp. 601-616, PDF.
  • "Beyond Personal Frustration: The Poetry of Bertolt Brecht", The Kenyon Review, Vol. 10, no 2 (Spring, 1948), pp. 304-312, PDF.
  • "The Concentration Camps", Partisan Review 15, 7 (July 1948): 743-763, ARG.
  • "The Achievement of Hermann Broch", The Kenyon Review, Vol. 11, No. 3 (Summer, 1949), pp. 476-483, PDF.
  • "The Aftermath of Nazi Rule. Report from Germany" [1950], online.
    • "Besuch in Deutschland. Die Nachwirkungen des Naziregimes", trans. Eike Geisel, essay in Zur Zeit. Politische Essays, Hamburg: Rotbuch Verlag, Hamburg, 1986; 1999; reprint in Besuch in Deutschland, intro. Henrik M. Broder, Berlin, 1993. (German)
  • "Social Science Techniques and the Study of Concentration Camps", Jewish Social Studies, Vol. 12, no 1 (Jan., 1950), pp. 49-64, PDF.
  • "Peace or Armistice in the near East?", The Review of Politics, Vol. 12, No. 1 (Jan., 1950), pp. 56-82, PDF.
  • "Religion and the Intellectuals", Partisan Review 17, no. 2 (1950): 113-16.
  • "The Imperialist Character", The Review of Politics, Vol. 12, no. 3 (Jul., 1950), pp. 303-320, PDF
  • "A Reply [to Voegelinl]", Review of Politics 15, no. 1 (1953): 76-84.
  • "[The Origins of Totalitarianism]: A Reply", The Review of Politics, Vol. 15, No. 1 (Jan., 1953), pp. 76-84, PDF.
  • "Ideology and Terror: A Novel Form of Government", The Review of Politics, Vol. 15, no. 3 (Jul., 1953), pp. 303-327, PDF.
  • "Understanding and Politics", Partisan Review 20, no. 4 (1953): 377-92.
  • "Religion and Politics", Confluence 2, no. 3 (1953): 105-26.
  • "Philosophie und Politik" [1954], reprint in: Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie, Berlin, 1993, pp. 381-400.
  • "The Personality of Waldemar Gurian", The Review of Politics, Vol. 17, no. 1, The Gurian Memorial Issue (Jan., 1955), pp. 33-42, PDF.
  • "Was ist Autorität?"[1955], Nomos: Yearbook of the American Society for Political and Legal Philosophy' 1, 1958, pp. 81-112, ARG, PDF. Essay included in FT, pp. 117-168. (German) [8]
  • "Authority in the Twentieth Century", The Review of Politics, Vol. 18, no. 4 (Oct., 1956), pp. 403-417, PDF.
  • "Totalitarian Imperialism: Reflections on the Hungarian Revolution", The Journal of Politics, Vol. 20, No. 1 (Feb., 1958), pp. 5-43, PDF.
  • "Die Krise der Erziehung" [1958]. Radio lecture hold in Bremen, 13 May 1958, read on 4 September 1958 at Radio Bremen, published in Die Krise in der Erziehung, Bremen: Angelsachsen-Verlag, 1958, PDF. (German)
  • "The Modern Concept of History", The Review of Politics, Vol. 20, No. 4, Twentieth Anniversary Issue: I (Oct., 1958), pp. 570-590, PDF.
  • "A Reply to Critics", Dissent Vol. 6, no 2 (Spring 1959): 179-181.
  • "Reflections on Little Rock", Dissent Vol. 6, no. 1 (Winter 1959): 45-56, PDF.
  • "Society and Culture", Daedalus, Vol. 89, no 2, Mass Culture and Mass Media (Spring, 1960), pp. 278-287, PDF.
  • "Freedom and Politics" [1961], in Freedom and Serfdom, ed. Albert Hunold, Dordrecht: D. Reidel Publishing Company, 1961, pp. 191-217, ARG.
  • "Action and 'The Pursuit of Happiness'", reprin in: A. Dempf (ed.), Politische Ordnung und menschliche Existenz, Munich, 1962, pp. 1-16.
  • "Personal Responsibility Under Dictatorship", Listener 72, no. 1845 (1964): 185-88.
  • "Eichmann in Jerusalem: Exchange of Letters between Gershom Scholem and Hannah Arendt", Encounter, 22/1, 1964.
    • Due lettere sulla banalità del male, con Gershom Scholem, Rome: Nottetempo, 2007. (Italian)
  • "Isak Dinesen, 1885-1962", New Yorker, 9 novembre 1968.
    • "Postfazione" in Karen Blixen, Dagherrotipi, Milan: Adelphi, 1995. (Italian)
  • "Walter Benjamin", Merkur, XXII, 1968.
    • "Walter Benjamin: l'omino gobbo e il pescatore di perle", in: Il futuro alle spalle, Bologna: il Mulino, 1981. (Italian)
  • "Reflections on Violence", New York Review of Books, February 27, 1969, ARG.
  • "Civil Disobedience", The New Yorker, 12 Sep 1970, p 70; repr. in CR, ARG. [9]
  • "Martin Heidegger at Eighty", New York Review of Books 17, no. 6 (1971): 50-54.
  • "Home to Roost: A Bicentennial Address", New York Review of Books, 21, no. 11 (June 26, 1975): 2-6.
  • "Thinking and Moral Considerations: A Lecture", Social Research 38, no. 3 (1971): 416-46.
  • "Public Rights and Private Interests", in Small Comforts: Hard Times for Humanists, eds. Michael Mooney and Florian Stuber, Columbia University Press, 1977, pp. 103-8.
  • "Philosophy and Politics", Social Research, Vol. 57, no. 1 (Spring 1990), PDF
  • "Some questions of moral philosophy", Social Research, Vol. 61, no 4 (Winter 1994), PDF.
  • "Das Phänomen der Revolution", in Demokratische Politik. Analyse und Theorie. Politikwissenschaft in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, ed. Wolfgang Seibel, et al., Opladen/Wiesbaden: Westdeutscher Verlag, 1997, PDF. (German)
  • "Karl Marx and the Tradition of Western Political Thought", Social Research, Vol 69, no 2 (Summer 2002), PDF. Lecture.
    • Karl Marx y la tradición del pensamiento polí­tico occidental, seguido de Reflexiones sobre la Revolución húngara, presentation and ed. Agustín Serrano de Haro, Madrid: Encuentro, 2007, ARG. (Spanish)
  • "The Great Tradition I. Law and Power", Social Research, Vol 74, no 3 (Fall 2007), PDF. Lecture.
  • "The Great Tradition II. Ruling and Being Ruled", Social Research, Vol 74, No 4 (2007). Lecture.
  • Essays in The New Yorker
  • Essays in Commentary
  • more Articles


  • Karl Jaspers, The Great Philosophers, 2 vols., ed. & trans. Hannah Arendt and Ralph Manheim, New York: Harcourt, Brace and World, 1962 & 1966. Trans. of Die Großen Philosophen, Munich: Piper, 1957. (German)


  • Elisabeth Young-Bruehl, Hannah Arendt: For Love of the World, Yale University Press 1982.
  • Katkin-Maier Daniel, Hannah Arendt, Martin Heidegger, Friendship and Forgiveness, W.W. Norton & Company 2010.


  • Hannah Arendt/Karl Jaspers, Briefwechsel 1926 - 1969, Munich: Piper, 1985. (German)
    • Hannah Arendt – Karl Jaspers: Correspondence, 1926–1969, eds. Lotte Kohler and Hans Saner, trans. Robert and Rita Kimber, New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1992.
  • with Mary McCarthy, Im Vertrauen. Briefwechsel 1949-1975, Munich: Piper, 1995. (German)
    • Between Friends: The Correspondence of Hannah Arendt and Mary McCarthy, 1949–1975, ed. & intro. Carol Brightman, New York: Harcourt Brace & Company, 1995.
    • Tra amiche. La corrispondenza di Hannah Arendt e Mary McCarty, 1949-1975, Palermo: Sellerio, 1999. (Italian)
  • Hannah Arendt und Kurt Blumenfeld, "...in keinen Besitz verwurzelt": Die Korrespondenz, eds. Ingeborg Nordmann and Iris Pilling. Hamburg: Rotbuch, 1995. (German)
  • Hannah Arendt/Heinrich Blücher, Briefe, 1936–1968, ed. Lotte Kohler, Munich: Piper, 1996. (German)
  • Hannah Arendt und Hermann Broch: Briefwechsel 1946–1951, ed. Paul Michael Lützeler, Frankfurt: Jüdischer Verlag, 1996; 2nd ed., 2000. (German)
    • Carteggio 1946-1951, ed. & intro. Roberto Rizzo, trans. Vito Punzi, Genoa/Milan: Marietti, 2006. (Italian)
  • Hannah Arendt/Martin Heidegger, Briefe, 1925 bis 1975, ed. Ursula Ludz, Frankfurt: Vittorio Klostermann, 1998. (German)
    • Hannah Arendt, Martin Heidegger. Lettere 1925-1975 e altre testimonianze, trans. Massimo Bonola, Milan: Comunità, 2001, PDF, ARG; Turin: Einaudi, 2007. (Italian)
    • Hannah Arendt, Martin Heidegger, Scrisori 1925-1975, trans. Ursula Ludz, Bucharest: Humanitas, 2007. [10] (Romanian)
  • Hannah Arendt & Heinrich Blücher: Briefe 1936–1968, Munich: Piper, 1999. (German)
    • Within Four Walls: The Correspondence Between Hannah Arendt and Heinrich Blücher, 1936-1968, ed. & intro. Lotte Kohler, trans. Peter Constantine, New York: Harcourt Brace Publishing, 2000. Review.
  • Hannah Arendt/Gershom Scholem, Der Briefwechsel: 1939-1964, Berlin, 2010. (German)



  • R.J. Bernstein, Hannah Arendt and the Jewish Question, Cambridge University Press, 1966.
  • Margaret Canovan, The Political Thought of Hannah Arendt, London: J. M. Dent, 1974.
  • Elisabeth Young-Bruehl, Hannah Arendt: For Love of the World, Yale University Press, 1982.
  • Elisabeth Young-Bruehl, Hannah Arendt. Leben, Werk und Zeit, Frankfurt, 1986. (German)
  • Shiraz Dossa, The Public Realm and the Public Self: The Political Theory of Hannah Arendt, Waterloo, Ontario: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 1989, PDF.
  • Dagmar Barnouw, Visible Spaces: Hannah Arendt and the German-Jewish Experience, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1990.
  • Delben Barley, Hannah Arendt. Einführung in ihr Werk, Freiburg and Munisch, 1990. (German)
  • Margaret Canovan, Hannah Arendt: A Reinterpretation of Her Political Thought, Cambridge University Press, 1992.
  • Wolfgang Heuer, Citizen. Persönliche Integrität und politisches Handeln, Berlin, 1992. (German)
  • Phillip Hansen, Hannah Arendt. Politics, History and Citizenship, Stanford, California: Stanford University Press, 1993.
  • Paolo Flores d’Arcais, Libertärer Existenzialismus. Zur Aktualität der Theorie von Hannah Arendt, Frankfurt, 1993. (German)
  • Maurizio Passerin d’Entrèves, The Political Philosophy of Hannah Arendt, London and New York: Routledge, 1994, PDF.
  • L. Disch, Hannah Arendt and the Limits of Philosophy, Cornell University Press, 1994.
  • Elzbieta Ettinger, Hannah Arendt/Martin Heidegger, Yale University Press, 1995.
  • Bonnie Honig (ed.), Feminist Interpretations of Hannah Arendt, Pennsylvania State University Press, 1995, 383 pp.
  • Dana Villa, Arendt and Heidegger: the fate of the political, Princeton University Press, 1995, PDF.
  • Alte Synagoge (editor), Treue als Zeichen der Wahrheit. Hannah Arendt: Werk und Wirkung, Dokumentationsband zum Symposium, Essen, 1995.(German)
  • Dana R. Villa, Arendt and Heidegger: The Fate of the Political, Princeton University Press, 1996.
  • Bernward Baule, Hannah Arendt und die Berliner Republik. Fragen an das vereinigte Deutschland, Berlin: Aufbau, 1996, ARG. (German)
  • Elzbieta Ettinger, Hannah Arendt/Martin Heidegger, New Haven, 1997.
  • C. Calhoun, J. McGowan (eds.), Hannah Arendt and the Meaning of Politics, University of Minnesota Press, 1997.
  • John McGowan, Hannah Arendt. An Introduction, University of Minnesota Press, 1998, IA.
  • Hanna Fenichel Pitkin, The Attack of the Blob: Hannah Arendt’s Concept of the Social, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998, 365 pp.
  • Seyla Benhabib, Hannah Arendt. Die melancholische Denkerin der Moderne, Berlin, 1998. (German)
  • Hanna Fenichel Pitkin, The Attack of the Blob: Hannah Arendt's Concept of the Social, University of Chicago Press, 1998.
  • Jennifer Ring, The Political Consequences of Thinking: Gender and Judaism in the Work of Hannah Arendt, SUNY Press, 1998, PDF.
  • Steven Aschheim (ed.), Hannah Arendt in Jerusalem, Berkeley, 2001.
  • Richard Wolin, Heidegger’s Children: Hannah Arendt, Karl Löwith, Hans Jonas, and Herbert Marcuse, Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2001, Chap. 1. [11].
  • Etienne Tassin, editor, Hannah Arendt, L’Humaine condition politique, Paris: L’Harmattan, 2001. (French)
  • Dana Villa (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Hannah Arendt, Cambridge University Press, 2001, PDF, 2002, ARG, 2006; 2010.
  • Margaret Betz Hull, The Hidden Philosophy of Hannah Arendt, Curzon Press, 2002.
  • Michael Jackson, The Politics of Storytelling. Variations on a Theme by Hannah Arendt, Birketinget: Museum Tusculanum Press, 2002; 2nd edition, 2013, 322 pp, IA, ARG.
  • 菲利普 汉森 [Phillip Hansen] and 刘佳林 [Jialin Liu], Li shi, zheng zhi yu gong min quan: Alunte zhuan [Hannah Arendt; politics, history and citizenship], 南京 [Nanjing]: 江苏人民出版社 [Jiangsu ren min chu ban she], 2004. (Chinese)
  • Stefan Ahrens, Die Gründung der Freiheit. Hannah Arendts politisches Denken über die Legitimität demokratischer Ordnungen, Frankfurt, 2005. (German)
  • Elisabeth Young-Bruehl, Why Arendt matters, Yale University Press, 2006, ARG.
  • Anne Amie (ed.), Le vocabulaire de Hannah Arendt, Paris: Ellipses, 2007, ARG. (French)
  • R. Berkowitz with T. Keenan and J. Katz (eds.), Thinking in Dark Times: Hannah Arendt on Ethics and Politics, Fordham University Press, 2009.
  • Simon Swift, Hannah Arendt, London and New York: Routledge, 2009.
  • Patrick Hayden, Political evil in a global age: Hannah Arendt and international theory, London and New York: Routledge, 2009, 145 p.
  • Daniel Maier-Katkin, Stranger from abroad: Hannah Arendt, Martin Heidegger, friendship and forgiveness, New York: W.W. Norton, 2010, 384 p.
  • P. Baehr, Hannah Arendt, Totalitarianism, and the Social Sciences, Stanford University Press, 2010.
  • Anna Yeatman, et al. (eds.), Action and Appearance: Ethics and the Politics of Writing in Hannah Arendt, Continuum, 2011, IA.
  • Hannes Bajohr, Dimensionen der Öffentlichkeit. Politik und Erkenntnis bei Hannah Arendt, Berlin: Lukas Verlag, 2011, ARG. (German)
  • Patrick Hayden (ed), Hannah Arendt: Key Concepts, London and New York: Routledge, 2014, ARG.
  • Liisi Keedus, The Crisis of German Historicism: The Early Political Thought of Hannah Arendt and Leo Strauss, Cambridge University Press, 2015, PDF.
  • Anne Conover Heller, Hannah Arendt: a life in dark times, Boston: New Harvest, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2015, 134 p, EPUB.
  • Cecilia Sjöholm, Doing aesthetics with Arendt : how to see things, Columbia University Press, 2015, PDF.
  • Philip Walsh, Arendt contra sociology: theory, society and its science, Ashgate, 2015, ARG.
  • Jonathan Peter Schwartz, Arendt’s judgment: freedom, responsibility, citizenship, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2016, ARG.
  • more


  • Terri Peterson, "Hannah Arendt, recognition and human beings", Nursing Philosophy, no. 2, 2001, pp 183–186, ARG.


  • Hannah Arendt, dir. Margarethe von Trotta, 2012, 113 min. Feature. [12] [13]
  • Viva Activa: The Spirit of Hannah Arendt, dir. Ada Ushpiz, 2015, 132 min. Documentary. [14]

See also[edit]