Claude Lévi-Strauss

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Born November 28, 1908(1908-11-28)
Died October 30, 2009(2009-10-30) (aged 100)
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Claude Lévi-Strauss (1908–2009) was a French anthropologist and ethnologist. His work was key in the development of the theory of structuralism and structural anthropology.

Works[edit]

Monographs and anthologies[edit]

Les structures élémentaires de la parenté, 1949.
Tristes tropiques, 1955; 1957, PDF.
La pensée sauvage, 1962, IA, PDF.
  • Gracchus Babeuf et le communisme, Brussels: L'églantine, 1926, 37 pp.
  • La vie familiale et sociale des Indiens Nambikwara, Paris: Au siège de la Société, Musée de l'Homme, 1948, 132 pp. First published in Journal de la Société des Américanistes 37:1 (1948), pp 1-132, PDF.
  • Les structures élémentaires de la parenté, Paris: PUF, 1949, 640 pp; 2nd ed., Paris and The Hague: Mouton, 1967; 1981, 591 pp.
    • The Elementary Structures of Kinship, trans. James H. Bell and John R. von Sturmer, ed. Rodney Needham, London: Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1969; Boston: Beacon Press, 1969, 524 pp, PDF (no images), ARG (no images). (English) [1]
    • As estruturas elementares do parentesco, trans. Mariano Ferreira, Rio de Janeiro: Petropolis-Vozes, 1982, 540 pp., PDF, Scribd. (Brazilian Portuguese)
    • Die elementaren Strukturen der Verwandtschaft, trans. Eva Moldenhauer, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1992. (German) [2]
  • Race et histoire, Paris: UNESCO, 1952; Paris: Gonthier, 1961; Paris: Denoël, 1987, PDF, PDF; Paris: Albin Michel, 2001, 172 pp.
    • Race and History, Paris: UNESCO, 1952, IA, OL. (English)
    • Rasse und Geschichte, trans. Traugott König, Frankurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1972, PDF, Scribd. (German)
    • Rasă și istorie, Bucharest: Fides, 2001. (Romanian)
  • Tristes tropiques, Paris: Plon, 1955, 462 pp; 1957, 504 pp, PDF; 1993, 504 pp.
    • Tristes trópicos, trans. Wilson Martins, São Paulo: Anhembi, 1957, 444 pp, PDF. (Portuguese)
    • Traurige Tropen, trans. Suzanne Heintz, Cologne and Berlin: Kiepenheuer und Witsch, 1960 (partial trans.); new ed., full trans., 1970. (German)
    • Tristes Tropiques, trans. John Russell, New York: Criterion, 1961, ARG, IA. (English)
    • Smutné tropy, trans. Jiří Pechar, intro. Milan Stuchlík, Prague: Odeon, 1966, 294 pp; Prague: Rybka, 2011, 478 pp. (Czech)
    • Tropice triste, trans. Eugen Schileru and Irina Pâslaru-Lukachik, Bucharest: Ştiinţifică, 1968. (Romanian)
    • Tristes Tropiques, trans. John Weightman and Doreen Weightman, London: Jonathan Cape, 1973; New York: Atheneum, 1974, 425 pp, OL; Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1992. (English)
    • Traurige Tropen, trans. Eva Moldenhauer, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1978. (German) [3]
    • Θλιβεροί Τροπικοί, Χατζηνικολής, 1979. (Greek)
    • Klod Levi-Stros, Pechalnyye tropiki, trans. G.A. Matvejevoj, Moscow: Mysl, 1984, 217 pp. (Russian)
  • Anthropologie structurale, Paris: Plon, 1958, PDF, OL, IA; 1990, 452 pp.
    • Structural Anthropology, trans. Claire Jacobson and Brooke Grundfest Schoepf, New York: Basic Books, 1963, ARG, PDF. (English)
    • Strukturale Anthropologie, trans. Hans Naumann, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1967; 1971. (German) [4]
    • Strukturalna antropologija, trans. Klod Levi-Stros, Zagreb: Stavarnost, 1977, PDF. (Serbian)
    • Antropologia structurală, trans. I. Pecher, Bucharest: Politică, 1978, PDF (Romanian)
    • Antropología estructural, trans. Eliseo Verón, Barcelona and Buenos Aires: Paidós, 1978, PDF; 1995. (Spanish)
    • Klod Levi-Stros, Strukturnaya antropologiya, trans. & intro. Vyach. Vs. Ivanov, Moscow: Nauka, 1983. (Russian)
    • Štrukturálna antropológia, trans. Martin Kanovský, Bratislava: Kalligram, 2000. (Slovak)
    • Strukturální antropologie, 2 vols., trans. Jindřich Vacek, Prague: Argo, 2006-07, 374+357 pp. (Czech)
  • Le totémisme aujourd'hui, Paris: PUF, 1962; 1985, 159 pp.
    • Totemism, trans. Rodney Needham, Boston: Beacon Press, 1963, ARG; London: Merlin, 1964; 1991, PDF. (English)
    • Das Ende des Totemismus, trans. Hans Naumann, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1965, IA, ARG. (German) [5]
    • Totemismul azi, trans. I. Pecher, intro Mihai Pop, Bucharest: Ştiinţifică, 1970, PDF, IA. (Romanian)
    • Totemismo hoje, Sao Paolo: Vozes, 1975, PDF. (Portuguese)
    • Totemizmus, Bratislava: Chronos, 1998, 128 pp. (Slovenian)
    • Totemismus dnes, trans. Zdeněk Justoň, Prague: Dauphin, 2001, 124 pp. (Czech)
  • La pensée sauvage, Paris: Plon, 1962, IA, PDF, OL; 1990, 389 pp.
    • Il pensiero selvaggio, trans. Paolo Caruso, Milan: Il Saggiatore, 1964; 2nd ed., 1979, IA, ARG. (Italian)
    • The Savage Mind, London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1966, PDF, [6]; University of Chicago Press, 1966, 290 pp, OL. (English)
    • Das Wilde Denken, trans. Hans Naumann, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1968. (German)
    • Myšlení přírodních národů, trans. Jiří Pechar, Prague: Československý spisovatel, 1971; 2nd ed., Liberec: Dauphin, 1996, 365 pp. (Czech)
    • Gîndirea sălbatică, trans. I. Pecher, Bucharest: Ştiinţifică, 1970, PDF, IA; 2nd edition, Iaşi: Polirom, 2011. (Romanian)
    • Άγρια σκέψη, Παπαζήσης, 1977. (Greek)
    • El pensamiento salvaje, México: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1997, PDF. (Spanish)
  • Mythologiques, 4 vols., Paris: Plon, 1964-71.
    • I, Le cru et le cuit, 1964, PDF, ARG.
      • The Raw and the Cooked, trans. John Weightman and Doreen Weightman, New York: Harper and Row, 1969, Overture; London: Jonathan Cape, 1970; University of Chicago Press, 1983. (English)
      • Das Rohe und das Gekochte, trans. Eva Moldenhauer, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1970. (German)
      • Mitologice, vol. 1: Crud şi gătit, trans. Ioan Pânzaru, Bucharest: Babel, 1995, IA, ARG. Excerpts (Romanian)
      • Mythologica, 1: Syrové a vařené, trans. Jindřich Vacek, Prague: Argo, 1996. (Czech)
      • Το ωμό και το μαγειρεμένο, Αρσενίδης, 2001. (Greek)
      • O cru e o cozido, Cosac Naify, 2004, PDF. (Portuguese)
    • II, Du miel aux cendres, Paris: Plon, 1966, PDF, ARG.
      • Vom Honig zur Asche, trans. Eva Moldenhauer, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1972. (German)
      • From Honey to Ashes, trans. John Weightman and Doreen Weightman, University of Chicago Press, 1973. (English)
      • Mythologica, 2: Od medu k popelu, trans. Helena Beguivinová, Prague: Argo, 1996. (Czech)
      • Mitolgice 2: Miere şi cenuşă, trans. Ioan Pânzaru, Bucharest: Babel, 1998. (Romanian)
    • III, L'origine des manières de table, 1968, IA, ARG.
      • Vom Unsprung der Tischsitten, trans. Eva Moldenhauer, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1973. (German)
      • The Origin of Table Manners, trans. John Weightman and Doreen Weightman, University of Chicago Press, 1978. (English)
      • Mythologica, 3: Původ stolničení, trans. Helena Beguivinová, Prague: Argo, 1997. (Czech)
    • IV, L'homme nu, 1971.
      • Der Nackte Mensch, 2 vols., trans. Eva Moldenhauer, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1975. (German)
      • The Naked Man, trans. John Weightman and Doreen Weightman, University of Chicago Press, 1981. (English)
      • Mythologica, 4: Nahý člověk, trans. Helena Beguivinová, Prague: Argo, 2009. (Czech)
  • Anthropologie structurale deux, Paris: Plon, 1973; 1996, 450 pp.
    • Strukturale Anthropologie II, trans. Eva Moldenhauer, Hans Henning Ritter and Traugott König, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1975. (German) [7]
    • Structural Anthropology, Vol. II, trans. Monique Layton, London: Allen Lane, 1976. (English)
    • Antropologia Estrutural Dois, trans. Maria do Carmo Pandolfo, Rio de Janeiro: Tempo Brasileiro, 1993, PDF. (Brazilian Portuguese)
  • La Voie des masques, 2 vols., Genève: A. Skira, 1975; Plon, 1979; Paris: Presses, 1988, 215 pp.
    • Ο δρόμος της μάσκας, Χατζηνικολής, 1981. (Greek)
    • The Way of the Masks, trans. Sylvia Modelski, University of Washington Press, 1982. (English)
    • Cesta masek, trans. & intro. Zdeněk Justoň, Liberec: Dauphin, and Prague: Ministerstvo životního prostředí České republiky, 1996, 199 pp. (Czech)
    • Der Weg der Masken, , trans. Eva Moldenhauer, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 2004. (German) [8]
  • Le Regard éloigné, Paris: Plon, 1983, 398 pp., IA, ARG. Vol. 3 of Anthropologie structurale.
    • The View from Afar, trans. Joachim Neugroschel and Phoebe Hoss, New York: Basic Books, 1985, ARG. (English)
    • Der Blick aus der Ferne, trans. Hans-Horst Henschen and Joseph Vogl, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 2008. (German) [9]
  • La Potière jalouse, Paris: Plon, 1985, 314 pp.
    • A Oleira Ciumenta, trans. Beatriz Perrone-Moisés, Sao Paolo: editora Brasiliense, 1985, PDF, PDF. (Portuguese)
    • The Jealous Potter, trans. Bénédicte Chorier, University of Chicago Press, 1988. (English)
  • De près et de loin, Paris: O. Jacob, 1988, 252 pp.
  • Des Symboles et leurs doubles, Paris: Plon, 1989, 270 pp.
  • Histoire de lynx, Paris: Plon, 1991, 358 pp.
    • Ο μύθος του Λύγκα, Γκοβόστης, 1994. (Greek)
    • The Story of Lynx, trans. Catherine Tihanyi, University of Chicago Press, 1995, 276 pp, PDF, IA, ARG, OL. (English)
    • Příběh Rysa, trans. Hana Štěpánková, Prague: Český spisovatel, 1995, 317 pp. (Czech)
    • Die Luchsgeschichte - Zwillingsmythologie in der Neuen Welt, trans. Hans-Horst Henschen, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 2004. (German) [10]
  • Regarder, écouter, lire, Paris: Plon, 1993, 223 pp.
    • Look, Listen, Read, trans. Brian Singer, New York: Basic Books, 1997, PDF. (English)
    • Mirar, escuchar, leer, trans. Emma Calatayud, Madrid: Siruela, 1994, PDF. (Spanish)
    • Κοιτάζω, ακούω, διαβάζω, Γκοβόστης, 1996. (Greek)
    • Sehen, Hören, Lesen, trans. Hans-Horst Henschen, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 2004. (German) [11]
  • Saudades do Brasil, Paris: Plon, 1994, 188 pp; 2008.
    • Saudades do Brasil: A Photographic Memoir, trans. Sylvia Modelski, University of Washington Press, 1995, 221 pp. (English)
    • Saudades do Brasil, trans. Glauco Felici, Milan: Il Saggiatore, 1995. (Italian)
  • Saudades de São Paulo, 1995.
  • Le Père Noël supplicié, [1952], Pin-Balma: Sables, 1994, 51 pp. First published in Les Temps Modernes 77 (1952), pp 1572-1590, PDF.
  • Nature, culture et société: les structures élémentaires de la parenté, chapitres I et II, Paris: Flammarion, 2008, 128 pp.
  • L’Autre face de la lune. Ecrits sur le Japon, Paris: Seuil, 2011, IA, ARG.
    • Die andere Seite des Mondes - Schriften über Japan, trans. Eva Moldenhauer, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 2012. (German) [12]
    • The Other Face of the Moon, trans. Jane Marie Todd and Junzo Kawada, Belknap Press, 2013, PDF. (English)
  • Nous sommes tous des cannibales, intro. Maurice Olender, Paris: Seuil, 2013, IA, ARG. Essays written for the Italian magazine La Repubblica between 1989-2000.
    • Wir sind alle Kannibalen, trans. Eva Moldenhauer, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 2014. (German) [13]
    • Toti sintem niste canibali, intro. Maurice Olender, trans. Giuliano Sfichi, Iași: Polirom, 2014. (Romanian)
    • We Are All Cannibals: And Other Essays, trans. Jane Marie Todd, Columbia University Press, 2016, PDF, IA, ARG. (English)

Selected essays[edit]

  • "Introduction à l’oeuvre de Marcel Mauss", in Marcel Mauss, Sociologie et Anthropologie, Paris: PUF, 1950, pp IX-LII.
    • Introduction to the Work of Marcel Mauss, trans. Felicity Baker, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1987, 89 pp, PDF, ARG. (English)
  • At Persee.fr

Lectures and talks[edit]

  • Leçon inaugurale (au Collège de France 5 janvier 1960), Daupeley-Gouverneur, 1960, 47 pp, HTML; repr. in Lévi-Strauss, Anthropologie structurale deux, 1973.
    • The Scope of Anthropology, trans. Sherry Ortner Paul and Robert A. Paul, London: Jonathan Cape, 1967, 53 pp, PDF. (English)
  • Myth and Meaning: Cracking the Code of Culture, intro. Wendy Doniger, University of Toronto Press, 1978; Schocken Books, 1979; 1995, 58 pp, PDF; Routledge, 2001, [14]. Talks broadcasted on the CBC Radio in December 1977. (English)
    • Mythos und Bedeutung - Fünf Radiovorträge. Gespräche mit Claude Lévi-Strauss, ed. Adelbert Reif, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1992; 1995, PDF. (German) [15]
    • Mýtus a význam, trans. Pavel Vilikovský, Bratislava: Archa, 1993, 56 pp. (Slovenian)
  • Paroles données, Paris: Plon, 1984, 277 pp.
    • Anthropology and Myth: Lectures, 1951-1982, trans. Roy Willis, Oxford: Blackwell, 1987. (English)
    • Ανθρωπολογία και μύθος, 2 vols., Καρδαμίτσας, 1990, 1991. (Greek)
  • L’Anthropologie face aux problèmes du monde moderne, Paris: Seuil, 2011, ARG. Based on three lectures given in Japan in the Spring of 1986.
    • Anthropologie in der modernen Welt, trans. Eva Moldenhauer, intro. Maurice Olender, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 2012. (German) [16]
    • Antropologia şi problemele lumii moderne, trans. Giuliano Sfichi, Iaşi: Polirom, 2011. (Romanian)
    • Antropologie a problémy moderního světa, trans. Josef Fulka, Prague: Karolinum, 2012, 92 pp. (Czech)
    • Anthropology Confronts the Problems of the Modern World, trans. Jane Marie Todd, foreword Maurice Olender, Cambridge, Massachusetts, and London, England: The Belknap Press of Harvard UP, 2013, IA, ARG. (English)

Collected works[edit]

  • Oeuvres, eds. Marie Mauzé, Vincent Debaene, Martin Rueff and F. Keck, Paris: Gallimard, 2008, 2063 pp. Contains Tristes tropiques; Le totémisme aujourd'hui; La pensée sauvage; La voie des masques; La potière jalouse; Histoire de lynx; Regarder écouter lire, IA, ARG. Review

Bibliographies[edit]

Interviews[edit]

  • Georges Charbonnier, Entretiens avec Claude Lévi-Strauss, Paris: Plon-Juliard, 1961. Interviews conducted 1959.
    • Conversations with Claude Levi-Strauss, trans. Paula Wissing, London: Jonathan Cape, 1969. (English)
    • Hovory s Lévi-Straussem. O antropologii, strukturalismu, moderním umění a budoucnosti malířství, trans. Pavla Doležalová, Prague: Barrister & Principal, 2015, 136 pp. [17] (Czech)
  • Conversations with Claude Levi-Strauss, ed. Didier Eribon, University of Chicago Press, 1991. (English)
  • Claude Levi-Strauss, un itinéraire: entretien avec Marcello Massenzio, 26 juin 2000, Paris: l'Échoppe, 2002, 43 p.
  • Loin du Brésil: entretien avec Véronique Mortaigne, Paris: Chandeigne, 2005, 27 pp.

Literature[edit]

Monographs[edit]

  • Edmund Leach (ed.), The Structural Study of Myth and Totemism, London: Tavistock, 1967. (English)
  • Edmund Leach, Lévi-Strauss, London: Fontana Press, 1970; 4th ed., new intro. & rev. notes James Laidlaw, 1996, 157 pp, PDF. (English)
  • Catherine Clément, Claude Lévi-Strauss ou la structure et le malheur, Paris: Seghers, 1970; new ed., rev. & exp., 1985, 157 pp, PDF.
  • Octavio Paz, Claude Lévi Strauss: an Introduction, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1970. (English)
  • E. Nelson Hayes and Tanya Hayes (eds.), Claude Lévi-Strauss: the Anthropologist as Hero, MIT Press, 1970. (English)
  • Ino Rossi (ed.), The Unconscious in Culture: the Structuralism of Claude Lévi-Strauss in Perspective, New York: Dutton, 1974. (English)
  • Raymond Bellour, Catherine Clément (eds.), Claude Lévi-Strauss, 1979. (English)
  • Simon Clarke, The Foundations of Structuralism: A Critique of Lévi-Strauss and the Structuralist Movement, Sussex: Harvester Press, 1981, PDF. (English)
  • Roland Champagne, Claude Lévi-Strauss, Boston: Twayne, 1987. (English)
  • François Dosse, Histoire du structuralisme 1, Paris: La Découverte, 1991.
    • Geschichte des Strukturalismus. Bd 1: Das Feld des Zeichens, 1945-1966, trans. Deborah Glassman, Hamburg: Junius, 1996, Log. (German)
    • History of Structuralism, Vol. 1: The Rising Sign, 1945-1966, trans. Deborah Glassman, University of Minnesota Press, 1997, Log. (English)
  • Ileana Petras Voicu, Introducere in antropologia lui Claude Levi-Strauss, Cluj: Dacia, 1992. (Romanian)
  • Jacquy Chemouni, Psychanalyse et anthropologie : Lévi-Strauss et Freud, Paris & Montréal: L’Harmattan, 1997.
  • Robert Deliège, Introduction à l'anthropologie structurale: Lévi-Strauss aujourd'hui, Paris: Seuil, 2001.
    • Lévi-Strauss Today: An Introduction to Structural Anthropology, trans. Nora Scott, Berg, 2004, PDF. (English)
  • Catherine Clément, Claude Lévi-Strauss, Paris: PUF, 2002.
  • Denis Bertholet, Claude Lévi-Strauss, Paris: Plon, 2003.
  • Philippe Cazier, Abécédaire de Claude Lévi-Strauss, Mons: Sils Maria, 2008.
  • Ronan Le Roux, "Lévi-Strauss, une reception paradoxale de la cybernétique", L’Homme 189 (January-March 2009), pp 165-190, HTML.
  • Patrick Wilcken, Claude Lévi-Strauss: The Poet in the Laboratory, New York: Penguin, 2010, ARG. (English)
  • L'Homme 193: "Claude Lévi-Strauss (1908-2009)", 2010. [18]

Selected papers and articles[edit]

  • Louis Althusser, "On Lévi-Strauss", in Althusser, The Humanist Controversy and Other Writings, ed. François Matheron, trans. G.M. Goshgarian, London: Verso, 2003, pp 19-32. (English)
  • Bernard Dionysius Geoghegan, "From Information Theory to French Theory: Jakobson, Levi-Strauss, and the Cybernetic Apparatus", Critical Inquiry 38 (Autumn 2011), pp 96-126, PDF. (English)

Documentaries[edit]

Links[edit]