Gruppe 66

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Gruppe 66 in 1965. [1]

Situationist-influenced Gruppe 66 made some of the first action art and happenings in Norway. Its events saw a mix of poetry, new music, jazz, films, Co-ritus, concrete music, Laterna Magica shadow and puppetry theatre performances using light projection and slides, and participatory events. The motive forces behind the initiative were Jens Jørgen Thorsen from Copenhagen and Lars Grundt. The group was inaugurated at a "living" exhibition in March-April 1966, followed by another ground-breaking exhibition Konkret analyse in October 1970, both at Bergen Fine Art Association [Kunstforeningen]. The latter exhibition also involved public debates with politicians.

In 1971, Gruppe 66 members were among the founders of Gruppe Lyn. In 1977, a group of artists from Bergen, centred around former members of Gruppe 66 organised the Samliv exhibition in Bergen, Tromsø and Oslo.


  • Oddvar Torsheim et al. (ed.), Gruppe 66. Grafikk-lyrikk, Bergen: Gruppe 66, 1966.


2016 exhibition[edit]


  • Susanne Rajka, "Norway in the '60s: Image of a Decade", in The Nordic 60s: Upheaval and Confrontation, Helsinki: Nordic Arts Centre, 1991, pp 156-161.
  • Susanne Rajka, "Eksperimentelle tendenser i norsk 1960-talls kunst", in Til og fra Norden: Tyve artikler om nordisk billedkunst og arkitektu, eds. Marianne Marcussen and Gertrud With, Copenhagen: Institut for Kunsthistorie, 1999, pp 59-67. [2] (Norwegian)
  • Gerd Hennum, Med kunst som våpen: Unge kunstnere i opprør 1960-1975, Schibsted, 2007, 254 pp. [3], Review, Review. {{no}
  • Olav Herman Hansen, "Gruppe 66", Kunst Plus 1 (2011), pp 4-7. (Norwegian)
  • Knut Ove Arntzen, "Gruppe 66, Co-ritus og kunsten som samhandling", Kunst Plus 1 (2011), pp 8-11. (Norwegian)
  • Elsebet Rahlff, "Min tid med Gruppe 66, Konkret Analyse og Samliv", in Norsk avantgarde, eds. Per Bäckström and Bodil Børset, Oslo: Novus, 2011, pp 281-303, 710-711. (Norwegian)

See also[edit]