Marcel Detienne (1935) is a Belgian historian and specialist in the study of ancient Greece. He is Professor Emeritus at The Johns Hopkins University, where he held the Basil L. Gildersleeve chair in Classics.
Along with Jean-Pierre Vernant and Pierre Vidal-Naquet, Detienne has sought to apply an anthropological approach, informed by the structuralism of Claude Lévi-Strauss, to classical and archaic Greece.
- L'invention de la mythologie, Paris: Gallimard, 1981. 
- The Creation of Mythology, trans. Margaret Cook, Chiacago: University of Chicago Press, 1986, 179 pp. (English)
- L’invenzione della mitologia, trans. Flavio Cuniberto, Turin: Bollati Boringhieri, PDF. (Italian)