Difference between revisions of "Expanded cinema"

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[[Image:VanDerBeek_Stan_c1963-65_Movie-Drome.jpg|thumb|258px|Stan VanDerBeek, ''Movie-Drome'', c1963-65. Interior view. [http://projectstanvanderbeek.com/where/media/stanvanderbeek_moviedrome.pdf Documentation] (PDF).]]
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[[Image:Schneemann_Carolee_1967_Snows.jpg|thumb|258px|Carolee Schneemann, ''Snows'', 1967. Performance at the Martinique Theatre, NY. [http://www.eai.org/title.htm?id=6896 EAI]. [http://www.caroleeschneemann.com/snows.html Artist].]]
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[[Image:Nameth_Ronald_1967_Andy_Warhols_Exploding_Plastic_Inevitable.jpg|thumb|258px|Still from ''Andy Warhol's Exploding Plastic Inevitable'' (1967) by Ronald Nameth. [http://www.ubu.com/film/nameth_velvet.html Film on UbuWeb].]]
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[[Image:Valie_Export_1967-68_Abstract_Film_No_1.jpg|thumb|258px|Valie Export, ''Abstract Film No. 1'', 1967-68. [http://www.moma.org/collection/works/152171?locale=en MoMA]. [http://www.valieexport.at/en/werke/werke/?tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=1954&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=4&cHash=3cd055f09c Artist].]]
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[[Image:Snow_Michael_1974_Two_Sides_of_Every_Story.jpg|thumb|258px|Michael Snow, ''Two Sides to Every Story'', 1974. Installation view at ''Projected Images'' exhibition, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis. Synchronised film projectors on 2 sides of suspended screen, 16 mm colour, sound. 300 x 600 x 1250 cm.  [http://ccca.concordia.ca/artists/work_detail.html?languagePref=en&mkey=60072&title=Two+Sides+to+Every+Story&artist=Michael+Snow&link_id=259 CCCA]. [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=99mdnK0ABx8 Video].]]
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"'Expanded cinema' is an elastic name for many sorts of film and projection event. It is notoriously difficult to pin down or define. At full stretch, it embraces the most contradictory dimensions of [[Experimental film|film]] and [[Video|video art]], from the vividly spectacular to the starkly materialist. [[Stan VanDerBeek]]'s synthetic multimedia ''[http://projectstanvanderbeek.com/where/media/stanvanderbeek_moviedrome.pdf Movie-Drome]'' of the 1960s, for example, is in high contrast to the analytic and primal cinema of 1970s [http://lux.org.uk/whats-on/online-exhibitions/filmaktion-documentation-online Filmaktion screenings] in the UK. Some kinds of expanded cinema widen the field of vision so far that they dissolve cinema itself as a separate entity, merging it into cybernetic space, as envisaged in Gene Youngblood's seminal [[#Youngblood1970|book of 1970]] or in Carolee Schneemann's manifesto-like performance scripts of the same era. Other variants seek film's ontology in the medium's simplest elements, such as the projector lightbeam or the bare bulb. In 'paracinema', the notion of the film medium is itself questioned, and the cinematic is sought outside or beyond the film machine." [[#Rees2011|(Rees et al 2011: 12)]]
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==Filmmakers, artists==
 
==Filmmakers, artists==
 
<div class="dpl" style="-moz-column-count:4; -webkit-column-count:4; column-count:4;">
 
<div class="dpl" style="-moz-column-count:4; -webkit-column-count:4; column-count:4;">
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* [http://web.archive.org/web/20131203144805/http://tonyconrad.net/index_thurs.html Tony Conrad]
 
* [http://web.archive.org/web/20131203144805/http://tonyconrad.net/index_thurs.html Tony Conrad]
 
* [http://www.luxonline.org.uk/artists/gill_eatherley/ Gill Eatherley]
 
* [http://www.luxonline.org.uk/artists/gill_eatherley/ Gill Eatherley]
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* Filmaktion (Le Grice, Raban, Eatherley, Nicolson)
 
* [[Birgit Hein|B+W Hein]]
 
* [[Birgit Hein|B+W Hein]]
 
* [http://www.tonyhillfilms.com/ Tony Hill]
 
* [http://www.tonyhillfilms.com/ Tony Hill]
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* [[KwieKulik]]  
 
* [[KwieKulik]]  
 
* [http://www.malcolmlegrice.com/ Malcolm Le Grice]  
 
* [http://www.malcolmlegrice.com/ Malcolm Le Grice]  
* [http://www.mauricelemaitre.org/ Maurice Lemaître]
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* [[Maurice Lemaître]]
 
* [http://www.anthonymccall.com/ Anthony McCall]
 
* [http://www.anthonymccall.com/ Anthony McCall]
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* [http://www.wernernekes.de Werner Nekes]
 
* [http://www.luxonline.org.uk/artists/annabel_nicolson/ Annabel Nicolson]
 
* [http://www.luxonline.org.uk/artists/annabel_nicolson/ Annabel Nicolson]
 
* Hélio Oiticica
 
* Hélio Oiticica
 
* [http://www.luxonline.org.uk/artists/william_raban/ William Raban]
 
* [http://www.luxonline.org.uk/artists/william_raban/ William Raban]
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* [[Joost Rekveld]]
 
* [http://www.luxonline.org.uk/artists/lis_rhodes/ Lis Rhodes]
 
* [http://www.luxonline.org.uk/artists/lis_rhodes/ Lis Rhodes]
 
* [http://scheugl.org Hans Scheugl]
 
* [http://scheugl.org Hans Scheugl]
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* [http://www.caroleeschneemann.com Carolee Schneemann]  
 
* [http://www.caroleeschneemann.com Carolee Schneemann]  
 
* [[Paul Sharits]]
 
* [[Paul Sharits]]
* [http://ccca.concordia.ca/artists/Michael_Snow Michael Snow]
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* [[Michael Snow]]
 
* [http://www.valdelomar.com José Val Del Omar]
 
* [http://www.valdelomar.com José Val Del Omar]
 
* [[Valie Export]]
 
* [[Valie Export]]
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==Events==
 
==Events==
* ''New Cinema Festival I'' [aka "Expanded Cinema Survey", "Expanded Cinema Festival"], Film-Makers' Cinematheque, New York, 1-30 Nov 1965. [http://www.warholstars.org/expanded_cinema.html] [http://www.warholstars.org/expanded_cinema_jonas_mekas.html] [http://archive.org/stream/introductiontoam00rena#page/232/mode/2up]
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* ''New Cinema Festival I'' [aka "Expanded Cinema Survey", "Expanded Cinema Festival"], Film-Makers' Cinematheque, New York, 1-30 Nov 1965. [http://archive.org/stream/introductiontoam00rena#page/232/mode/2up] [http://www.warholstars.org/expanded_cinema.html] [http://www.warholstars.org/expanded_cinema_jonas_mekas.html]  
 
* ''[[9 Evenings: Theatre and Engineering]]'', 69th Regiment Armory, New York, 13-23 Oct 1966. Conjured up by Robert Rauschenberg and Billy Klüver.
 
* ''[[9 Evenings: Theatre and Engineering]]'', 69th Regiment Armory, New York, 13-23 Oct 1966. Conjured up by Robert Rauschenberg and Billy Klüver.
 
* ''[http://www.koeln-im-film.de/xscreen.html XSCREEN Festival]'', Cologne, 1968. Organised by W+B Hein. [http://www.mumok.at/en/xscreen-undergroundfilmheft] [http://www.see-this-sound.at/print/work/987]
 
* ''[http://www.koeln-im-film.de/xscreen.html XSCREEN Festival]'', Cologne, 1968. Organised by W+B Hein. [http://www.mumok.at/en/xscreen-undergroundfilmheft] [http://www.see-this-sound.at/print/work/987]
* ''[http://www.luxonline.org.uk/histories/1970-1979/filmaktion.html Filmaktion]'' events, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, 22-27 Jun 1973. [http://www.studycollection.co.uk/filmaktion/Frameset14.html] [http://www.flickr.com/photos/lcurham/8884038320]
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* ''[http://www.luxonline.org.uk/histories/1970-1979/underground_festival.html International Underground Film Festival]'', NFT, London, 14-20 Sep 1970. Organised by the Robert Street Arts Lab, the co-op, the Other Cinema and other independent film distributors.
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* ''[http://www.luxonline.org.uk/histories/1970-1979/filmaktion.html Filmaktion]'' events, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, 22-27 Jun 1973. [http://lux.org.uk/whats-on/online-exhibitions/filmaktion-documentation-online William Raban's documentation] (online video, 7 min).  [http://www.studycollection.co.uk/filmaktion/Frameset14.html] [http://www.flickr.com/photos/lcurham/8884038320]
 
* ''[http://blogs.walkerart.org/filmvideo/2011/04/21/artists-cinema-projected-images/ Projected Images]'' exhibition, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, 21 Sep-3 Nov 1974. Works by Peter Campus, Rockne Krebs, Paul Sharits, Michael Snow, Ted Victoria, Robert Whitman. 46pp catalogue published.
 
* ''[http://blogs.walkerart.org/filmvideo/2011/04/21/artists-cinema-projected-images/ Projected Images]'' exhibition, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, 21 Sep-3 Nov 1974. Works by Peter Campus, Rockne Krebs, Paul Sharits, Michael Snow, Ted Victoria, Robert Whitman. 46pp catalogue published.
* ''Festival of Expanded Cinema'', Institute of Contemporary Art, London, 4-11 Jan 1976. Curated by Deke Dusinberre. 64 pp catalogue published.  
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* ''Festival of Expanded Cinema'', Institute of Contemporary Art, London, 4-11 Jan 1976. Curated by Deke Dusinberre. 64pp catalogue published.  
 
* [http://www.luxonline.org.uk/articles/expanded_cinema(1).html Expanded Cinema season] at Arnolfini gallery, Bristol, 1-10 Apr 1976. Works by Marilyn Halford, Ron Hazelden, Jeff Keen, William Raban, Tony Sinden.
 
* [http://www.luxonline.org.uk/articles/expanded_cinema(1).html Expanded Cinema season] at Arnolfini gallery, Bristol, 1-10 Apr 1976. Works by Marilyn Halford, Ron Hazelden, Jeff Keen, William Raban, Tony Sinden.
* ''Video Art: Expanded Forms'', Whitney Museum of American Art at Equitable Center, 1988. Curated by John G. Hanhardt. [http://archive.org/details/videoartexpanded00whit Catalogue]. [http://sci-hub.io/10.2307/1575348 Curator's essay in ''Leonardo''] (1990).
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* ''Landscape in Film and Video'' exhibition and events, LFMC / Air Gallery / B2 Gallery, London, 1983. Curated by Michael O'Pray and Jez Welsh.
* ''Into the Light: The Projected Image in American Art 1964-77'', Whitney Museum, New York, 18 Oct 2001-6 Jan 2002. Curated by Chrissie Iles. 183pp catalogue published. [http://www.arts.rpi.edu/~ruiz/AdvancedDigitalImagingSpring2015/ReadingsADI/Iles%20Between%20the%20Still%20%20Moving%20Image.pdf Curator's essay]. Reviews: [http://www.nytimes.com/2001/10/19/arts/19KIMM.html?pagewanted=all Kimmelman] (NYT), [http://www.frieze.com/issue/review/into_the_light/ Wilson] (Frieze).
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* ''Video Art: Expanded Forms'' exhibition, Whitney Museum of American Art at Equitable Center, 1988. Curated by John G. Hanhardt. [http://archive.org/details/videoartexpanded00whit Catalogue]. [http://sci-hub.tw/10.2307/1575348 Curator's essay in ''Leonardo''] (1990).
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* ''Into the Light: The Projected Image in American Art 1964-77'' exhibition, Whitney Museum, New York, 18 Oct 2001-6 Jan 2002. Curated by Chrissie Iles. 183pp catalogue published. [http://www.arts.rpi.edu/~ruiz/AdvancedDigitalImagingSpring2015/ReadingsADI/Iles%20Between%20the%20Still%20%20Moving%20Image.pdf Curator's essay]. Reviews: [http://www.nytimes.com/2001/10/19/arts/19KIMM.html?pagewanted=all Kimmelman] (NYT), [http://www.frieze.com/issue/review/into_the_light/ Wilson] (Frieze).
 
* ''[http://zkm.de/en/event/2002/11/future-cinema Future Cinema: The Cinematic Imaginary after Film]'' exhibition, ZKM, Karlsruhe, 16 Nov 2002-30 Mar 2003. Curated by Jeffrey Shaw and Peter Weibel. 635pp catalogue published.
 
* ''[http://zkm.de/en/event/2002/11/future-cinema Future Cinema: The Cinematic Imaginary after Film]'' exhibition, ZKM, Karlsruhe, 16 Nov 2002-30 Mar 2003. Curated by Jeffrey Shaw and Peter Weibel. 635pp catalogue published.
 
* ''X-Screen'' exhibition, Mumok, Vienna, 13 Dec 2003-7 Mar 2004. Curated by Matthias Michalka. Review: [http://www.frieze.com/issue/review/x_screen_film_installation_and_actions_of_the_60s_and_70s/ Webber] (Frieze). 216pp book published.
 
* ''X-Screen'' exhibition, Mumok, Vienna, 13 Dec 2003-7 Mar 2004. Curated by Matthias Michalka. Review: [http://www.frieze.com/issue/review/x_screen_film_installation_and_actions_of_the_60s_and_70s/ Webber] (Frieze). 216pp book published.
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* ''Experiments in Moving Image'' exhibition, University of Westminster, 25-31 Jan 2004. Curated by Steve Littman and Jackie Hatfield. [https://nickyhamlyn.com/2016/06/18/site-specificity-in-film-and-video-installation/ Catalogue essay by Hamlyn].
 
* ''[http://www.hmkv.de/_en/programm/programmpunkte/2004/Ausstellungen/2004_Expanded_Cinema.php Expanded Cinema: Film as Spectacle, Event and Performance]'' exhibition, HMKV, Dortmund, 10-26 Sep 2004. Curated by Mark Webber. Featured 32 artists.
 
* ''[http://www.hmkv.de/_en/programm/programmpunkte/2004/Ausstellungen/2004_Expanded_Cinema.php Expanded Cinema: Film as Spectacle, Event and Performance]'' exhibition, HMKV, Dortmund, 10-26 Sep 2004. Curated by Mark Webber. Featured 32 artists.
 
* ''[http://www.wkv-stutgart.de/en/programe/2006/exhibitions/expanded-cinema Expanded Cinema: Space / Time / Structure]'' symposium, WKV, Stuttgart, 7-10 Dec 2006. Curated by Mark Webber. Featured 30 works by 20 artists. [http://www.wkv-stuttgart.de/uploads/media/expanded_en_03.pdf]
 
* ''[http://www.wkv-stutgart.de/en/programe/2006/exhibitions/expanded-cinema Expanded Cinema: Space / Time / Structure]'' symposium, WKV, Stuttgart, 7-10 Dec 2006. Curated by Mark Webber. Featured 30 works by 20 artists. [http://www.wkv-stuttgart.de/uploads/media/expanded_en_03.pdf]
 
* ''[http://www.rewind.ac.uk/expanded/Narrative/BFI.html The Live Record]'' conference, BFI Southbank, London, 6 Dec 2008. [http://www.rewind.ac.uk/expanded/Narrative/BFI_files/BFIbrochure.pdf Brochure].
 
* ''[http://www.rewind.ac.uk/expanded/Narrative/BFI.html The Live Record]'' conference, BFI Southbank, London, 6 Dec 2008. [http://www.rewind.ac.uk/expanded/Narrative/BFI_files/BFIbrochure.pdf Brochure].
 
* ''[http://www.rewind.ac.uk/expanded/Narrative/Tate.html Expanded Cinema: Activating the Space of Reception]'' conference, Tate Modern, London, 17-19 Apr 2009. [http://www.rewind.ac.uk/expanded/Narrative/Tate.html Video recordings]. [http://www.tate.org.uk/context-comment/audio/expanded-cinema-activating-space-reception Audio recordings].
 
* ''[http://www.rewind.ac.uk/expanded/Narrative/Tate.html Expanded Cinema: Activating the Space of Reception]'' conference, Tate Modern, London, 17-19 Apr 2009. [http://www.rewind.ac.uk/expanded/Narrative/Tate.html Video recordings]. [http://www.tate.org.uk/context-comment/audio/expanded-cinema-activating-space-reception Audio recordings].
* ''[http://www.microscopegallery.com/?page_id=17185 Never Twice: Live Expanded Cinema Performance]'' exhibition, Microscope Gallery, New York, 2015. [http://artforum.com/video/id=57241&mode=large&page_id=0 Video discussion]
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* ''[http://2011.mediaforum.mediaartlab.ru/?lang=en Expanded Cinema—I]'' exhibition, Moscow Museum of Modern Art, Moscow, 13 Jun-3 Jul 2011; Garage Centre for Contemporary Culture, 24 Jun-24 Jul 2011. [http://web.archive.org/web/20120611230327/http://www.mediaartlab.ru/books/Exp_Cin_2011.pdf Catalogue].
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* ''[http://2012.mediaforum.mediaartlab.ru/en/exhibition/ Expanded Cinema—II The Immersion: Towards Haptic Cinema]'', Ekaterina Cultural Foundation, Moscow, 23 Jun-19 Aug 2012. Curated by Olga Shishko. [http://web.archive.org/web/20130820201602/http://www.mediaartlab.ru/books/mf2012_web.pdf Catalogue].
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* ''[http://www.tate.org.uk/whats-on/tate-modern-tanks/conference/playing-shadows Playing in the Shadows]'' conference, Tate Modern, London, 26 Oct 2012. [http://www.tate.org.uk/context-comment/video/playing-shadows-video-recordings Video recordings].
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* ''[http://2013.mediaforum.mediaartlab.ru/exhibition/?lang=en Expanded Cinema—III. Mocumentary: Reality Is Not Enough]'', Moscow Museum of Modern Art, Moscow, 25 Jun-28 Jul 2013. Curated by Olga Shishko.
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* ''[http://cinemaexpose.ch/index.php?content=agenda European Expanded Cinema]'', Spoutnik Cinema/Forde Art Space, Geneva, 27 September 2013.
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* ''[http://www.microscopegallery.com/?page_id=17185 Never Twice: Live Expanded Cinema Performance]'' exhibition, Microscope Gallery, New York, 11 Dec 2015-10 Jan 2016. Featured 8 artists. [http://artforum.com/video/id=57241&mode=large&page_id=0 Video discussion]
  
==Literature==
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[[Image:Vanderbeek_Stan_Culture-Intercom_And_Expanded_Cinema.jpg|thumb|200px|Stan VanDerBeek, "Culture: Intercom", 1966, [[Media:Vanderbeek_Stan_Culture-Intercom_And_Expanded_Cinema_3_versions.pdf|PDF]], [http://monoskop.org/log/?p=9620 Log].]]
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[[Image:Schneemann_Carolee_1970_Expanded_Cinema_Free_Form_Recollections_of_New_York_page_1.jpg|thumb|200px|Carolee Schneemann, "Expanded Cinema: Free Form Recollections of New York", 1970, [[Media:Schneemann_Carolee_1970_2011_Expanded_Cinema_Free_Form_Recollections_of_New_York.pdf|PDF]].]]
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==Artists' writings==
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* Jonas Mekas, "On the Expanding Eye", ''Village Voice'', 6 Feb 1964; [http://cdn.realitystudio.org/images/people/jonas_mekas/jonas-mekas.movie-journal.on-flicker.pdf#page=2 repr. in] Mekas, ''Movie Journal: The Rise of the New American Cinema, 1959-71'', New York: Collier, 1972, pp 118-120.
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* Jonas Mekas, "More On Expanded Cinema: Emshwiller, Stern, Ken Jacobs, Ken Dewey", ''Village Voice'', 2 Dec 1965; repr. in Mekas, ''Movie Journal: The Rise of the New American Cinema, 1959-71'', New York: Collier, 1972.
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* Stan VanDerBeek, [http://monoskop.org/log/?p=9620 "“Culture: Intercom” and Expanded Cinema: A Proposal and Manifesto"], ''Film Culture'' 40 (Spring 1966), pp 15-18; repr. in ''Motive'', Nov 1966, pp 13-23; repr. in ''The Tulane Drama Review'' 11:1 (Autumn 1966), pp 38-48.
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* Jonas Mekas, "On the Plastic Inevitables and the Strobe Light", ''Village Voice'', 26 May 1966; [http://cdn.realitystudio.org/images/people/jonas_mekas/jonas-mekas.movie-journal.on-flicker.pdf#page=9 repr. in] Mekas, ''Movie Journal: The Rise of the New American Cinema, 1959-71'', New York: Collier, 1972, pp 242-244.
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* [http://monoskop.org/log/?p=16458 ''Film Culture'' 43: "Expanded Arts"], ed. Jonas Mekas, New York: Film Culture, Winter 1966, 12 pp.
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* Carolee Schneemann, [[Media:Schneemann_Carolee_1970_2011_Expanded_Cinema_Free_Form_Recollections_of_New_York.pdf|"Expanded Cinema: Free Form Recollections of New York"]], ''International Underground Film Festival'', London, 1970.
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* Werner Nekes, [[Media:Nekes_Werner_1970_Some_Notes_on_Some_Expanded_Films.pdf|"Some Notes on Some Expanded Films"]], ''International Underground Film Festival'', London, 1970.
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* Annabel Nicolson, [http://www.luxonline.org.uk/articles/art_and_artists(1).html "Artist as Filmmaker"], ''Art and Artists'', Dec 1972; repr. in ''A Perspective on English Avant-Garde Film'', 1978.
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[[Image:Youngblood_Gene_Expanded_Cinema.jpg|thumb|200px|Gene Youngblood, ''Expanded Cinema'', 1970, [http://monoskop.org/log/?p=218 Log], [[Media:Youngblood_Gene_Expanded_Cinema.pdf|PDF]].]]
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==Film/art history and theory==
 
''For catalogues see [[#Events|Events]] above.''
 
''For catalogues see [[#Events|Events]] above.''
  
; Books
+
===Books===
* Gene Youngblood, ''[http://monoskop.org/log/?p=218 Expanded Cinema]'', intro. R. Buckminster Fuller, New York: Dutton, 1970, 432 pp.
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* {{a|Youngblood1970}} Gene Youngblood, ''[http://monoskop.org/log/?p=218 Expanded Cinema]'', intro. R. Buckminster Fuller, New York: Dutton, 1970, 432 pp.
 
** ''Cine expandido'', Buenos Aires: Eduntref, 2012, 456 pp. [http://eduntref.com.ar/catalogo/cine-expandido/] {{es}}
 
** ''Cine expandido'', Buenos Aires: Eduntref, 2012, 456 pp. [http://eduntref.com.ar/catalogo/cine-expandido/] {{es}}
 
** ''Expanded cinema'', trans. Pier Luigi Capucci and Simonetta Fadda, Bologna: CLUEB, 2013, xvi+388 pp. {{it}}
 
** ''Expanded cinema'', trans. Pier Luigi Capucci and Simonetta Fadda, Bologna: CLUEB, 2013, xvi+388 pp. {{it}}
 
* Hans Scheugl, ''Erweitertes Kino. Die Wiener Filme der 60er Jahre'', Vienna: Triton, 2002. {{de}}
 
* Hans Scheugl, ''Erweitertes Kino. Die Wiener Filme der 60er Jahre'', Vienna: Triton, 2002. {{de}}
* ''X-Screen: Film Installations and Actions in the 1960s and 1970s'', ed. Matthias Michalka, Cologne: Walther König, 2004. [http://faculty.ucr.edu/~ewkotz/texts/Kotz-2003-xscreen.pdf Kotz's essay].
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* Pavel Büchler, Tanya Leighton (eds.), ''Saving the Image: Art After Film'', Glasgow: Centre for Contemporary Arts (CCA), and Manchester: Manchester Metropolitan University, 2003, 264 pp. [https://lukedunwoodie.files.wordpress.com/2014/02/saving-the-image-raymond-bellour.pdf Bellour's essay]. [http://www.cornerhousepublications.org/publications/saving-the-image/]
* ''Fluid Screens, Expanded Cinema'', eds. Janine Marchessault and Susan Lord, University of Toronto Press, 2008, 368 pp.
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* Matthias Michalka (ed.), ''X-Screen: Film Installations and Actions in the 1960s and 1970s'', Cologne: Walther König, 2004. [http://faculty.ucr.edu/~ewkotz/texts/Kotz-2003-xscreen.pdf Kotz's essay].
* ''Expanded Cinema: Art, Performance and Film'', eds. A.L. Rees, David Curtis, Duncan White, and Stephen Ball, London: Tate Publishing, 2011, 312 pp. [http://www.gbv.de/dms/weimar/toc/663220009_toc.pdf TOC]. Reviews: [http://sci-hub.io/10.1093/screen/hjt006 Utterson] (Screen), [http://academia.edu/7832406 MacDonald] (MIRAJ).
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* Janine Marchessault, Susan Lord (eds.), ''Fluid Screens, Expanded Cinema'', University of Toronto Press, 2008, 368 pp.
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* {{a|Rees2011}} A.L. Rees, David Curtis, Duncan White, Stephen Ball (eds.), ''[http://monoskop.org/log/?p=16444 Expanded Cinema: Art, Performance and Film]'', London: Tate Publishing, 2011, 304 pp. Reviews: [http://sci-hub.tw/10.1093/screen/hjt006 Utterson] (Screen), [http://academia.edu/7832406 MacDonald] (MIRAJ).
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* Gertrud Koch, Volker Pantenburg, Simon Rothöhler (eds.), ''Screen Dynamics: Mapping the Borders of Cinema'', Vienna: Synema – Gesellschaft für Film und Medien, 2012, 181 pp. [http://www.gbv.de/dms/weimar/toc/686692683_toc.pdf TOC], [https://cup.columbia.edu/book/screen-dynamics/9783901644399]. Reviews: [http://sci-hub.tw/10.1093/screen/hjs071 Voci] (Screen), [http://sci-hub.tw/10.5117/NECSUS2013.1.BRYD Brydon] (Necsus), [http://www.raco.cat/index.php/CinemaComparat/article/download/271969/411094 Casau] (Comp Cinema).
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* Erik Bullot, ''Sortir du cinéma: histoire virtuelle des relations de l'art et du cinéma'', Geneva: Mamco, 2013, 267 pp. Review: [http://critiquedart.revues.org/8340 Terrier] (CdA). {{fr}}
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* Erika Balsom, ''[http://www.oapen.org/search?identifier=442726 Exhibiting Cinema in Contemporary Art]'', Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2013, 260 pp.
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* Andrew V. Uroskie, ''[https://monoskop.org/log/?p=20385 Between the Black Box and the White Cube: Expanded Cinema and Postwar Art]'', University of Chicago Press, 2014, x+273 pp.
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* Omar Kholeif (ed.), ''Moving Image'', London: Whitechapel Gallery, 2015, 239 pp.
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* Mathieu Copeland, Lore Gablier (eds.), ''L'Exposition d'un film'', Dijon: Les Presses du réel, and Geneva: HEAD, 2015, 456 pp. [http://www.lespressesdureel.com/ouvrage.php?id=4399] {{fr}}
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* Mike Sperlinger (ed.), ''Here is Information. Mobilise. Selected writings by Ian White'', afterw. Josephine Pryde, London: LUX, 2016, 352 pp. [https://lux.org.uk/product/here-is-information-mobilise]
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* François Bovier, Adeena Mey (eds.), ''Cinema in the Expanded Field'', Dijon: Presses du reél, and Zurich: JRP|Ringier, 2016, 184 pp. [http://www.lespressesdureel.com/EN/ouvrage.php?id=4459]
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* Érik Bullot, ''Le film et son double. Boniment, ventriloquie, performativité'', Dijon: Les Presses du réel, 2017, 208 pp. [http://www.lespressesdureel.com/PDF/5883.pdf Introduction]. [http://www.lespressesdureel.com/ouvrage.php?id=5883&menu=] {{fr}}
 +
* Érik Bullot (ed.), ''Du film performatif'', Dijon: Les Presses du réel, 2018, 265 pp. [http://www.lespressesdureel.com/ouvrage.php?id=6510] {{fr}}
  
; Journal issues
+
===Journal issues===
 
* ''Tulane Drama Review'' 11(1): "Film & Theatre", Aug 1966. [http://www.jstor.org/stable/i247122]
 
* ''Tulane Drama Review'' 11(1): "Film & Theatre", Aug 1966. [http://www.jstor.org/stable/i247122]
 +
* ''Art and Artists'': "Artists' Films", London, Dec 1972.
 
* ''Art in-sight'' 14 (''Filmwaves'' 27:1): "On Expanded Cinema", ed. Jackie Hatfield, 2005. Texts by [http://www.rewind.ac.uk/images/issue_27_1_2005.pdf Jackie Hatfield], Grahame Weinbren, Chris Hales. [http://www.filmwaves.co.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&id=58:art-in-sigt-14-fw27&Itemid=3&layout=default]
 
* ''Art in-sight'' 14 (''Filmwaves'' 27:1): "On Expanded Cinema", ed. Jackie Hatfield, 2005. Texts by [http://www.rewind.ac.uk/images/issue_27_1_2005.pdf Jackie Hatfield], Grahame Weinbren, Chris Hales. [http://www.filmwaves.co.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&id=58:art-in-sigt-14-fw27&Itemid=3&layout=default]
 +
* [https://journals.openedition.org/decadrages/664 ''Décadrages'' 21-22: "Cinéma élargi"], eds. François Bovier and Adeena Mey, 2012. {{fr}}
  
; Essays, book chapters
+
===Essays, book chapters===
* Stan VanDerBeek, [http://monoskop.org/log/?p=9620 "“Culture: Intercom” and Expanded Cinema: A Proposal and Manifesto"], ''Film Culture'' 40 (Spring 1966), pp 15-18; repr. in ''Motive'', Nov 1966, pp 13-23; repr. in ''The Tulane Drama Review'' 11:1 (Autumn 1966), pp 38-48.
+
 
* Sheldon Renan, [http://archive.org/stream/introductiontoam00rena#page/226/mode/2up "Expanded Cinema"], ch 6 in Renan, ''An Introduction to the American Underground Film'', New York: Dutton, 1967, pp 227-257.
 
* Sheldon Renan, [http://archive.org/stream/introductiontoam00rena#page/226/mode/2up "Expanded Cinema"], ch 6 in Renan, ''An Introduction to the American Underground Film'', New York: Dutton, 1967, pp 227-257.
 
* John G. Hanhardt, [http://www.experimentaltvcenter.org/sites/default/files/history/pdf/hanhardtpassion_2512.pdf "The Passion for Perceiving: Expanded Forms of Film and Video Art"], ''Art Journal'' 45(3): "Video: The Reflexive Medium", Autumn 1985, pp 213-216.
 
* John G. Hanhardt, [http://www.experimentaltvcenter.org/sites/default/files/history/pdf/hanhardtpassion_2512.pdf "The Passion for Perceiving: Expanded Forms of Film and Video Art"], ''Art Journal'' 45(3): "Video: The Reflexive Medium", Autumn 1985, pp 213-216.
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* Jackie Hatfield, [http://www.rewind.ac.uk/images/issue_24_2_2004.pdf "The Subject in Expanded Cinema"], ''Art in-sight'' 11 (''Filmwaves'' 24:2), 2004, pp 14-18.
 
* Jackie Hatfield, [http://www.rewind.ac.uk/images/issue_24_2_2004.pdf "The Subject in Expanded Cinema"], ''Art in-sight'' 11 (''Filmwaves'' 24:2), 2004, pp 14-18.
 
* Peter Weibel, "Expanded Cinema: Material Films, Film Actions (without Film), Project and Concept Films", in ''[http://monoskop.org/log/?p=699 Beyond Art: A Third Culture. A Comparative Study in Cultures, Art and Science in 20th Century Austria and Hungary]'', ed. Weibel, 2005.
 
* Peter Weibel, "Expanded Cinema: Material Films, Film Actions (without Film), Project and Concept Films", in ''[http://monoskop.org/log/?p=699 Beyond Art: A Third Culture. A Comparative Study in Cultures, Art and Science in 20th Century Austria and Hungary]'', ed. Weibel, 2005.
 +
* Andrew V. Uroskie, [[Media:Uroskie_Andrew_V_2005_La_Jetee_en_Spirale_Robert_Smithsons_Stratigraphic_Cinema.pdf|"La Jetée en Spirale: Robert Smithson's Stratigraphic Cinema"]], ''Grey Room'' 19, Spring 2005, pp 54-79.
 
* Nicole Brenez, [http://mfj-online.org/journalPages/MFJ43/Brenez.html "Improvised Notes on French Expanded Cinema"], trans. Franck Le Gac, ''Millenium Film Journal'' 43/44 (Summer/Fall 2005).
 
* Nicole Brenez, [http://mfj-online.org/journalPages/MFJ43/Brenez.html "Improvised Notes on French Expanded Cinema"], trans. Franck Le Gac, ''Millenium Film Journal'' 43/44 (Summer/Fall 2005).
 
* Bruno Lessard, [http://refractory.unimelb.edu.au/2008/12/26/missed-encounters-film-theory-and-expanded-cinema-%E2%80%93-bruno-lessard/ "Missed Encounters: Film Theory and Expanded Cinema"], ''Refractory'' blog, 26 Dec 2008.
 
* Bruno Lessard, [http://refractory.unimelb.edu.au/2008/12/26/missed-encounters-film-theory-and-expanded-cinema-%E2%80%93-bruno-lessard/ "Missed Encounters: Film Theory and Expanded Cinema"], ''Refractory'' blog, 26 Dec 2008.
 
* Duncan White, [http://www.closeupfilmcentre.com/vertigo_magazine/volume-4-issue-2-winter-spring-20091/expanded-cinema/ "Mapping Expanded Cinema"], ''Vertigo'' 4:2 (Winter-Spring 2009).  
 
* Duncan White, [http://www.closeupfilmcentre.com/vertigo_magazine/volume-4-issue-2-winter-spring-20091/expanded-cinema/ "Mapping Expanded Cinema"], ''Vertigo'' 4:2 (Winter-Spring 2009).  
 
* Marc Glöde, [http://www.see-this-sound.at/compendium/maintext/42/3 "Expanded Cinema"], in ''See This Sound Compendium'', c2009.
 
* Marc Glöde, [http://www.see-this-sound.at/compendium/maintext/42/3 "Expanded Cinema"], in ''See This Sound Compendium'', c2009.
* Duncan White, [http://sci-hub.io/10.1080/14714780903509854 "British Expanded Cinema and the ‘Live Culture’ 1969–79"], ''Visual Culture in Britain'' 11:1 (2010), pp 93-108.
+
* Duncan White, [http://sci-hub.tw/10.1080/14714780903509854 "British Expanded Cinema and the ‘Live Culture’ 1969–79"], ''Visual Culture in Britain'' 11:1 (2010), pp 93-108.
 
* Lucy Reynolds, "Magic Tricks? Shadow Play in British Expanded Cinema", ''Afterall'' 23, Spring 2010. [http://www.afterall.org/journal/issue.23/magic.tricksshadow.play.in.british.expanded.cinema.lucy.reynolds]
 
* Lucy Reynolds, "Magic Tricks? Shadow Play in British Expanded Cinema", ''Afterall'' 23, Spring 2010. [http://www.afterall.org/journal/issue.23/magic.tricksshadow.play.in.british.expanded.cinema.lucy.reynolds]
 
* Hans Scheugl, [http://scheugl.org/website-von-hans-scheugl-startseite/texte-von-hans-scheugl/expanded-cinemas-exploding/ "Expanded Cinemas Exploding"], 2012. {{de}}
 
* Hans Scheugl, [http://scheugl.org/website-von-hans-scheugl-startseite/texte-von-hans-scheugl/expanded-cinemas-exploding/ "Expanded Cinemas Exploding"], 2012. {{de}}
 
** "Expanded Cinemas Exploding", in ''Film Unframed: A History of Austrian Avant-Garde Cinema'', ed. Peter Tscherkassky, Vienna, 2012.
 
** "Expanded Cinemas Exploding", in ''Film Unframed: A History of Austrian Avant-Garde Cinema'', ed. Peter Tscherkassky, Vienna, 2012.
 +
* Andrew V. Uroskie, [[Media:Uroskie_Andrew_V_2012_Visual_Music_After_Cage_Robert_Breer_Expanded_Cinema_and_Stockhausens_Originals_1964.pdf|"Visual Music After Cage Robert Breer Expanded Cinema and Stockhausen's ''Originals'' 1964"]], ''Organised Sound'' 17:2, 2012, pp 163-169.
 
* Chris Meigh-Andrews, "Expanded Cinema", ch 4 in Meigh-Andrews, ''A History of Video Art'', Bloomsbury, 2013. [http://books.google.com/books?id=hZi-AQAAQBAJ&pg=PT124]
 
* Chris Meigh-Andrews, "Expanded Cinema", ch 4 in Meigh-Andrews, ''A History of Video Art'', Bloomsbury, 2013. [http://books.google.com/books?id=hZi-AQAAQBAJ&pg=PT124]
 +
* Paul Hegarty, ''[http://aaaaarg.fail/ref/1745394ca117c0a9b18b137dcc518b14#29.143 "Expanding Cinema"], ch 1 in Hegarty, ''Rumour and Radiation: Sound in Video Art'', Bloomsbury Academic, 2014, pp 19-31.
 
* gary comenas, [http://www.warholstars.org/filmmakers-cinematheque-1-1961-62.html "Jonas Mekas and the Film-Makers' Cinematheque"], ''WarholStars.org'', 2014.
 
* gary comenas, [http://www.warholstars.org/filmmakers-cinematheque-1-1961-62.html "Jonas Mekas and the Film-Makers' Cinematheque"], ''WarholStars.org'', 2014.
 +
* Nadja Millner-Larsen, [https://sci-hub.tw/10.1162/GREY_a_00219 "The Subject of Black: Abstraction and the Politics of Race in the Expanded Cinema Environment"], ''Grey Room'' 67, Spring 2017, pp 64-99.
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
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{{Art and culture}}
+
{{Art}}
 +
{{Moving Image}}
 +
{{featured article}}

Revision as of 17:15, 26 December 2018

Stan VanDerBeek, Movie-Drome, c1963-65. Interior view. Documentation (PDF).
Carolee Schneemann, Snows, 1967. Performance at the Martinique Theatre, NY. EAI. Artist.
Still from Andy Warhol's Exploding Plastic Inevitable (1967) by Ronald Nameth. Film on UbuWeb.
Valie Export, Abstract Film No. 1, 1967-68. MoMA. Artist.
Michael Snow, Two Sides to Every Story, 1974. Installation view at Projected Images exhibition, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis. Synchronised film projectors on 2 sides of suspended screen, 16 mm colour, sound. 300 x 600 x 1250 cm. CCCA. Video.

"'Expanded cinema' is an elastic name for many sorts of film and projection event. It is notoriously difficult to pin down or define. At full stretch, it embraces the most contradictory dimensions of film and video art, from the vividly spectacular to the starkly materialist. Stan VanDerBeek's synthetic multimedia Movie-Drome of the 1960s, for example, is in high contrast to the analytic and primal cinema of 1970s Filmaktion screenings in the UK. Some kinds of expanded cinema widen the field of vision so far that they dissolve cinema itself as a separate entity, merging it into cybernetic space, as envisaged in Gene Youngblood's seminal book of 1970 or in Carolee Schneemann's manifesto-like performance scripts of the same era. Other variants seek film's ontology in the medium's simplest elements, such as the projector lightbeam or the bare bulb. In 'paracinema', the notion of the film medium is itself questioned, and the cinematic is sought outside or beyond the film machine." (Rees et al 2011: 12)

Filmmakers, artists

Events

Stan VanDerBeek, "Culture: Intercom", 1966, PDF, Log.
Carolee Schneemann, "Expanded Cinema: Free Form Recollections of New York", 1970, PDF.

Artists' writings

  • Jonas Mekas, "On the Expanding Eye", Village Voice, 6 Feb 1964; repr. in Mekas, Movie Journal: The Rise of the New American Cinema, 1959-71, New York: Collier, 1972, pp 118-120.
  • Jonas Mekas, "More On Expanded Cinema: Emshwiller, Stern, Ken Jacobs, Ken Dewey", Village Voice, 2 Dec 1965; repr. in Mekas, Movie Journal: The Rise of the New American Cinema, 1959-71, New York: Collier, 1972.
  • Stan VanDerBeek, "“Culture: Intercom” and Expanded Cinema: A Proposal and Manifesto", Film Culture 40 (Spring 1966), pp 15-18; repr. in Motive, Nov 1966, pp 13-23; repr. in The Tulane Drama Review 11:1 (Autumn 1966), pp 38-48.
  • Jonas Mekas, "On the Plastic Inevitables and the Strobe Light", Village Voice, 26 May 1966; repr. in Mekas, Movie Journal: The Rise of the New American Cinema, 1959-71, New York: Collier, 1972, pp 242-244.
  • Film Culture 43: "Expanded Arts", ed. Jonas Mekas, New York: Film Culture, Winter 1966, 12 pp.
  • Carolee Schneemann, "Expanded Cinema: Free Form Recollections of New York", International Underground Film Festival, London, 1970.
  • Werner Nekes, "Some Notes on Some Expanded Films", International Underground Film Festival, London, 1970.
  • Annabel Nicolson, "Artist as Filmmaker", Art and Artists, Dec 1972; repr. in A Perspective on English Avant-Garde Film, 1978.
Gene Youngblood, Expanded Cinema, 1970, Log, PDF.

Film/art history and theory

For catalogues see Events above.

Books

  • Gene Youngblood, Expanded Cinema, intro. R. Buckminster Fuller, New York: Dutton, 1970, 432 pp.
    • Cine expandido, Buenos Aires: Eduntref, 2012, 456 pp. [9] (Spanish)
    • Expanded cinema, trans. Pier Luigi Capucci and Simonetta Fadda, Bologna: CLUEB, 2013, xvi+388 pp. (Italian)
  • Hans Scheugl, Erweitertes Kino. Die Wiener Filme der 60er Jahre, Vienna: Triton, 2002. (German)
  • Pavel Büchler, Tanya Leighton (eds.), Saving the Image: Art After Film, Glasgow: Centre for Contemporary Arts (CCA), and Manchester: Manchester Metropolitan University, 2003, 264 pp. Bellour's essay. [10]
  • Matthias Michalka (ed.), X-Screen: Film Installations and Actions in the 1960s and 1970s, Cologne: Walther König, 2004. Kotz's essay.
  • Janine Marchessault, Susan Lord (eds.), Fluid Screens, Expanded Cinema, University of Toronto Press, 2008, 368 pp.
  • A.L. Rees, David Curtis, Duncan White, Stephen Ball (eds.), Expanded Cinema: Art, Performance and Film, London: Tate Publishing, 2011, 304 pp. Reviews: Utterson (Screen), MacDonald (MIRAJ).
  • Gertrud Koch, Volker Pantenburg, Simon Rothöhler (eds.), Screen Dynamics: Mapping the Borders of Cinema, Vienna: Synema – Gesellschaft für Film und Medien, 2012, 181 pp. TOC, [11]. Reviews: Voci (Screen), Brydon (Necsus), Casau (Comp Cinema).
  • Erik Bullot, Sortir du cinéma: histoire virtuelle des relations de l'art et du cinéma, Geneva: Mamco, 2013, 267 pp. Review: Terrier (CdA). (French)
  • Erika Balsom, Exhibiting Cinema in Contemporary Art, Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2013, 260 pp.
  • Andrew V. Uroskie, Between the Black Box and the White Cube: Expanded Cinema and Postwar Art, University of Chicago Press, 2014, x+273 pp.
  • Omar Kholeif (ed.), Moving Image, London: Whitechapel Gallery, 2015, 239 pp.
  • Mathieu Copeland, Lore Gablier (eds.), L'Exposition d'un film, Dijon: Les Presses du réel, and Geneva: HEAD, 2015, 456 pp. [12] (French)
  • Mike Sperlinger (ed.), Here is Information. Mobilise. Selected writings by Ian White, afterw. Josephine Pryde, London: LUX, 2016, 352 pp. [13]
  • François Bovier, Adeena Mey (eds.), Cinema in the Expanded Field, Dijon: Presses du reél, and Zurich: JRP|Ringier, 2016, 184 pp. [14]
  • Érik Bullot, Le film et son double. Boniment, ventriloquie, performativité, Dijon: Les Presses du réel, 2017, 208 pp. Introduction. [15] (French)
  • Érik Bullot (ed.), Du film performatif, Dijon: Les Presses du réel, 2018, 265 pp. [16] (French)

Journal issues

  • Tulane Drama Review 11(1): "Film & Theatre", Aug 1966. [17]
  • Art and Artists: "Artists' Films", London, Dec 1972.
  • Art in-sight 14 (Filmwaves 27:1): "On Expanded Cinema", ed. Jackie Hatfield, 2005. Texts by Jackie Hatfield, Grahame Weinbren, Chris Hales. [18]
  • Décadrages 21-22: "Cinéma élargi", eds. François Bovier and Adeena Mey, 2012. (French)

Essays, book chapters

See also

Experimental film, Video


Art

Styles and movementsCollectionsHistorians and criticsReference works

Moving Image
film and video movements and cultures

Early cinema, Experimental film, Expanded cinema, Video art, Live cinema, Film labs, Media archives, Community television, Demoscene, VJing, VVVV, Live coding .
See also Artists' cultures.