Raymond Ruyer (b. 1902 in Plainfaing, Vosges - d. 1987 Nancy, Meurthe-et-Moselle) was a French philosopher in the late 20th century. Author of many important works, he covered several topics such as the philosophy of biology, the philosophy of informatics, the philosophy of value and others. His most popular book is The Gnosis of Princeton in which he presents his own philosophic views under the pretence that he was representing the views of an imaginary group of American scientists. He developed a theory of consciousness of all living matter, named panpsychism, which was a major influence on philosophers such as Simondon, Deleuze and Guattari.
(in French unless noted)
- Éléments de psycho-biologie, Paris: PUF, 1946.
- Le Monde des valeurs. études systématiques, Paris: Aubier, 1947.
- Néo-finalisme, Paris: PUF, 1952.
- La cybernétique et l'origine de l'information, Flammarion: Paris, 1954.
- La genèse des formes vivantes, Flammarion, 1958.
- L'animal, l'homme, la fonction symbolique, Gallimard, 1964.
- Elizabeth Grosz, "Deleuze, Ruyer and Becoming-Brain: The Music of Life's Temporality", Parrhesia 15 (2012), pp 1-13. (English)
- Andrew Iliadis, "Raymond Ruyer's Cybernetics and the Origin of Information", Philosophy of Information & Communication blog, 14 May 2013. (English)
- Revue philosophique de la France et de l'étranger 138(1): "Raymond Ruyer: l’appel des sciences", Paris: PUF, 2013.