Difference between revisions of "Stano Filko"

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{{Infobox artist
 
{{Infobox artist
|image =  
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|image = Stano_Filko.jpg
 
|imagesize = 250px
 
|imagesize = 250px
|caption =
 
 
|birth_date = {{birth date|1937|6|15|mf=y}}
 
|birth_date = {{birth date|1937|6|15|mf=y}}
|birth_place = Veľká Hradná, Czechoslovakia
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|birth_place = Veľká Hradná, Czechoslovakia (now Slovakia)
|based_in = [[Bratislava]], [[Slovakia]]
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|death_date = {{Death date and age|2015|10|23|1937|6|15|mf=y}}
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|death_place = [[Bratislava]], [[Slovakia]]
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|web = [[CEAD::{{CEAD|32}}|CEAD]], [http://abart-full.artarchiv.cz/osoby.php?Fvazba=osobavdokumentech&IDosoby=2939 abArt], [[Artycok::{{Artycok|filko-stano}}|Artyčok TV]], [[Wikipedia::http://sk.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stanislav_Filko|Wikipedia-SK]]
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|collections = [[Webumenia::{{Webumenia|2592}}|Art museums in Slovakia (Web umenia)]], [[Kontakt::{{Kontakt|22}}|Kontakt]], [http://www.nedbalka.sk/stala-expozicia/zoznam-autorov/stano-filko Nedbalka]
 
}}
 
}}
Artist. Born 1937 in Veľká Hradná, Czechoslovakia. Studied at College of Fine Arts, Bratislava (1956-59), and monumental painting at Academy of Fine Arts (MA), Bratislava (Prof. Milly and Prof. Matejka, 1959-65). In the early 1960s he took upon figural post-cubist painting, also making structuralist painting and graphic works. Gradually he included elements of collage and assemblage. Filko exhibited in Bratislava (1964, 1967, 1993), Prague (1967, 1994) and abroad. He emigrated from Czechoslovakia in 1981 and until 1990 lived in Germany, Canada and United States. He is based in [[Bratislava]].
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[[Image:Filko_Stano_c1967.jpg|thumb|258px|Filko in c1967. [http://abart-full.artarchiv.cz/dokumenty.php?IDdokumentu=45080 Source].]]
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'''Stano Filko''' (1937, Veľká Hradná - 2015, Bratislava) was a key figure in the Slovak avant-garde, associated primarily with environment, installation, happening, and action. He began his studies at the School of Applied Arts in Bratislava (1956-59) and later studied Monumental Painting at the Academy of Arts, Bratislava (Prof. Milly and Prof. Matejka, 1960-65). He emigrated from Czechoslovakia in 1981 to West Germany and the following year further to the United States. In 1990 he returned to Bratislava.
  
; Works
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==Work==
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===1960s===
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Filko began his artistic practice as a critique of modernist painting, appropriating maps as ready-made canvases and created work influenced by Concrete and Constructivist artists in the mid-1960s. His intricate visual systems created diagrams from everyday objects that were rich in symbolic meaning.
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Filko was included in the 1968 exhibition ''Nová citlivost'' [New Sensibility], which was a key, large-scale public exhibition of neo-constructivist work in Czechoslovakia that took place around the time of the Prague Spring (a short-lived period of reform during the spring of 1968). ''Nová citlivost'' was first presented in Brno, Karlovy Vary, and then at the Mánes gallery in Prague during the period of normalization that followed the August 1968 Soviet suppression of the Prague Spring. Following this period, strict censorship laws were implemented, resulting in the widespread repression of art and development of underground art movements throughout the 1970s. Filko's piece in ''Nová citlivost'', titled ''A Room of Love'' (1965–66), presented relationships between objects and their users. The installation with a mirrored floor supported two beds, each covered with sheets bearing a Latin cross. An inflatable mattress covered one of the beds and a girl sat on the other.
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In his later series of conceptual statements, ''[http://www.webumenia.sk/katalog?related_work=Asoci%C3%A1cie&author=Filko,%20Stanislav Asociácie]'' [Association] (1968–69), Filko's interest in transcendental philosophy, cosmology, and metaphysics—which could be seen as a response to the Leninist material ideology—was evident in his offset prints that mapped symbolic images and words. Many works in ''Association'' resemble calligrams—for example, one work parsed the linguistic relationship between the words "universe", "earth", "fire", "water", and "air" by organizing each word within a diagram written in Czech, German, Spanish, French, and Latin.
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Filko was also a key figure in Slovak Actionism. In 1965, he wrote "Manifesto of 'HAPPSOC' (Theory of Anonymity)" with theoretician Zita Kostrová and fellow artist [[Alex Mlynárčik]]—who was in dialogue with the Paris-based Nouveau Réalisme group. The tongue-in-cheek name was short for "happy society", or "happening" and "society", or "happy socialism". The HAPPSOC group questioned the status of artistic practice as autonomous and created work that intervened in everyday life. The manifesto showed the writers' openness to perceiving reality as a work of art, declaring all of Bratislava as a Happening from 2-8 May 1965, in ''[[Mlynarcik#Happsoc_I_.281965.29|HAPPSOC 1]]''. [http://hu.tranzit.org/file/Report_on_the_Construction.pdf#page=9 (Source)]
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''(To be expanded.)''
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==Film==
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<center><table width=640><tr><td>
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{|
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|-
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|{{#widget:Html5media|url=http://monoskop.org/media/film/Happsoc_Stano_Filko_1997.mp4|width=600|height=480|poster=https://i.vimeocdn.com/video/469544379_1280x1024.webp}} <br><center>''Happsoc'', dir. Kvetoslav Hečko, Slovak Television, 1996, 26 min.<br>Documentary film/homage. In Slovak with English subtitles. [https://vimeo.com/90411068 Source].</center>
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|}
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</td></tr></table></center>
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==Works (selection)==
 
<gallery>
 
<gallery>
Stano_Filko_and_Alex_Mlynarcik_Happsoc_I_1965_Bratislava.jpg|With [[Alex Mlynárčik]], ''Happsoc I'', 1965, Bratislava.
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Stano_Filko_and_Alex_Mlynarcik_Happsoc_I_1965_Bratislava.jpg|with [[Alex Mlynárčik]] and [[Zita Kostrová]], ''Happsoc I'', 1965, Bratislava. [[Mlynarcik#Happsoc_I_.281965.29|More]].
Stano_Filko_Environment_Univerzal_1966-1967.jpg||''Environment Univerzál'' [Environment Universal], 1966-1967.
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Filko_Mlynarcik_Kostrova_1965_Happsoc_I.jpg|with [[Alex Mlynárčik]] and [[Zita Kostrová]], ''Happsoc I'', 1965, Bratislava. [http://www.artpool.hu/2015/Groh/Groh063.html German translation] (1972). [http://books.google.com/books?id=BLbSUv4p0PsC&pg=PA85 English translation] (2002). [[Mlynarcik#Happsoc_I_.281965.29|More]].
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Filko_Mlynarcik_1965_Happsoc_II_The_Seven_Days_of_Creation.jpg|with [[Alex Mlynárčik]], ''Happsoc II: The Seven Days of Creation'', 1965, Bratislava. [[Mlynarcik#Happsoc_II_and_III_.281965-66.29|More]].
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Stano_Filko_Environment_Univerzal_1966-1967.jpg|''Environment Univerzál'' [Environment Universal], 1966-67.
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Filko_Stanislav_1966_La_chambre_damour.jpg|''La chambre d'amour'', 1966. [http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.195375933831538.42383.195366790499119&type=3 Source].
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Filko_Stano_1968_Asociacie_IV.jpg|''Asociácie IV'', 1968. [http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.195375933831538.42383.195366790499119&type=3 Source].
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Filko_Stanislav_1969_Asociacie_XVI.jpg|''Asociácie XVI.-A'', 1969. [http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.195375933831538.42383.195366790499119&type=3 Source].
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Filko_Stanislav_1971_Happsoc_IV.jpg|''Happsoc IV'', 1971. Print. [http://www.artpool.hu/2015/Groh/Groh065.html Source].
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Filko_Stano_1976-79_Transcendency_2.jpg|''Transcendency 2'', 1976-79. [http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.195375933831538.42383.195366790499119&type=3 Source].
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Filko_Stano_1977_Emotion.jpg|''Emotion'', 1977. [http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.195375933831538.42383.195366790499119&type=3 Source].
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Filko_Stanislav_1977_Emotion_Pure_Emotion_White_Space_in_White_Space.jpg|''Emotion. Pure Emotion. White Space in White Space'', 1977. [http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.195375933831538.42383.195366790499119&type=3 Source].
 
Stano_Filko_Biography_1937-2037.jpg|''Projekt myslenia – mentality'' [Project of Thinking – Mentality], c2000.
 
Stano_Filko_Biography_1937-2037.jpg|''Projekt myslenia – mentality'' [Project of Thinking – Mentality], c2000.
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
  
; Literature
+
==Exhibitions==
* ''Šesťdesiate roky'', Bratislava: Slovak National Gallery, 1995. (Slovak)
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; Solo exhibitions
* ''Stano Filko II., 1965-69'', Bratislava, 1971. (Slovak)
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<div class="dpl" style="-moz-column-count:2; -webkit-column-count:2; column-count:2; font-size:.95em">
* Jan Verwoert, "World as Medium: On the Work of Stano Filko", ''e-flux'', 2011.
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* ''Obrazy — Grafiky'', Kultúrny dom, Bánovce nad Bebravou, 1958.
* Claire Bishop, [http://monoskop.org/log/?p=4791 ''Artificial Hells: Participatory Art and the Politics of Spectatorship''], Verso Books, 2012, pp 140-143.
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* ''Obrazy'', Reduta, Bratislava, 1962.
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* ''Stano Filko. Obydlí současnosti a skutečnosti'', Galerie na Karlove náměstí, Prague, 3 Feb - 5 Mar 1967. Curated by Zdeněk Felix.
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* ''Grafika'', Galéria Václava Špály, Prague, 1967.
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* ''Stanislav Filko, Environnement universel 1966-1967 und grafik'', Galerie Ursula Wendtorf-Kunstverein, Oldenburg-Düsseldorf, 1969.
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* with Miloš Laky and Ján Zavarský, ''[http://tranzit.org/exhibitionarchive/a-white-space-in-a-white-space/ Biely priestor v bielom priestore], Dům umění, Brno, 1973.
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* with Miloš Laky and Ján Zavarský, Fiatal muvészek klubja, Budapest, 1977.
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* ''Stanislav Filko, Emotion-1977'', Galeria LDK Labirynt, Lublin, 1978.
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* ''Stano Filko, Transcendencja 1978'', Galeria GN ZPAF, Gdańsk, Mar 1979.
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* ''Stanislav Filko. Transcendencia I.-II. 1978-1979'', Mala galeria PSP - ZPAF, Plac Zamkowy, Warsaw, 1980.
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* ''Stano Filko. Exhibit of Painting'', North Arlinghton Public Library, North Arlinghton, New Jersey, 1984.
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* ''FYLKO. Special Exhibit of Recent Work 1983-1985'', P.S.1 – The Institute for Art and Urban Resources, Long Island City, New York, 1986.
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* ''Stano Fylko'',The Donnell Library Center, New York City, 1987.
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* ''Stano Filko - Výber z diela. I. Červená energia (cyklus Sondy)'', Slovak National Gallery, Bratislava, 1993.
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* ''Výber z troch energií'', Mánes, Prague, 1994.
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* ''Výber z tvorby (Červená biologická energia, 3. dimenzia, Modrá kozmologická energia, 4. dimenzia, Biela metafyzická energia, 5. dimenzia)'', Slovak National Gallery, Zámok Zvolen, 1994.
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* ''Piata dimenzia'', Galéria Cypriána Majerníka, Bratislava, 1995.
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* Galéria Tatrasoft, Bratislava, 1996.
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* with Boris Ondreička, ''Spolocnekazdysam'', Stürzerova cukráren, Bratislava, 1997. Fourth annual exhibition of SCCA. [http://www.sme.sk/c/2049968/s-filko-a-b-ondreicka-dvaja-enfant-terrible-vytvarnej-sceny-na-4-vyrocnej-vystave-scca.html]
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* ''Egoq'', Východoslovenská galéria, Košice, 2000.
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* ''Stanislav Filko. Šeherezada - Žena - Venuša'', Galéria Slovenská sporiteľňa, Banská Bystrica, 2001.
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* with Miloš Laky and Ján Zavarský, ''Biely priestor v bielom priestore, Hungarian Cultural Institute, Bratislava, 2001. [http://bratislava.sme.sk/c/141740/biely-priestor-v-bielom-priestore.html]
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* ''Stano Filko, Sonda egoq 1937-2037 Geminiy'', Galéria Slovenská sporiteľňa, Bratislava, 2003. Curated by [[Michal Murin]]. [[Media:Filko_Stano_Sonda_egoq_1937-2037_poster_2003.pdf|Poster]], [[Media:Filko_Stano_Sonda_egoq_1937-2037_flyer_2003.pdf|Flyer]], [[Media:Filko_Stano_Sonda_egoq_1937-2037_booklet_2003.pdf|Booklet]].
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* ''Fiylkontemplaciakcieq, sonda 1950-1969, sonda 1971-1984'', State Gallery, Banská Bystrica, 2003.
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* ''Up 300000 km/s'', tranzit workshops, Bratislava, 2005. Curated by Vít Havránek and Boris Ondreička. [http://lists.c3.hu/pipermail/artinfo/2005-October/003656.html]
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* ''Priáda – piata – štvrtá – d (dimenzia)'', Slovak Institute, Prague, 2008.
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* ''[http://www.gmb.sk/sk/exhibition/detail/filkova-archa-a-oltare-sucasnosti-25-september-26-oktober Filkova archa a oltáre súčasnosti]'', Bratislava City Gallery, Bratislava, 25 Sep - 26 Oct 2008. Curated by Ivan Jančár.
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* ''[http://www.lineask.sk/?page=fotogaleria&id_galery=64 Mapy ženy rakety]'', Linea Gallery, Bratislava, 7 Mar - 25 May 2011. Curated by [[Michal Murin]]. [http://tv.sme.sk/v/19887/zmapovane-zeny-vyzeraju-bombovo.html] [http://kultura.sme.sk/c/5907859/bezstarostnost-pod-hrozbou-studenej-vojny.html]
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* ''[http://www.emanuellayr.com/exhibition/stano-filko-tranzscendenteaoq-5-4-3-d-metodika-inteligenteaoq-2/ Tranzscendenteaoq 5.4.3.d = metodika = inteligenteaoq]'', Galerie Emanuel Layr, Vienna, 2012.
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* ''[http://amtproject.sk/exhibition/erupekcia-orgiazmus-orgazmus-yang-jin-slnkomesiac-life-love-entita-exist-beingsf-hermafro Erupekcia - orgiazmus - orgazmus - yang - jin = slnkomesiac - in like - love - entita - exist - beingsf - hermafrodit každému podľa svojich možností a schopností - v - in - 5.4.3.d - pre život singular truths všetkých ľudí na tejto zemeguli -tranzscendencie - v - in - existencii - len v 3.d.]'', amt_project, Bratislava, 24 Mar - 29 Jun 2012.
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* ''Stano Filko – Biela ako ontologický priestor a začiatok všetkého'', Nedbalka Gallery, Bratislava, 2012.
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* ''[http://www.artcapital.sk/11/vystavy-v-galerii-art-capital Biela ontológia transcendencia fyzika]'', Art Capital Gallery, Bratislava, 27 Oct - 5 Nov 2012. Curated by Mira Keratová. [http://www.artcapital.sk/resources/images/card.jpg] [http://www.citylife.sk/vystava/stano-filko-biela-ontologia-galeria-art-capital-bratislava]
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* ''[http://www.lineask.sk/?page=fotogaleria&id_galery=74 Stano Filko. Obaly]'', Linea Gallery, Bratislava, 24 Feb - 31 May 2015. Curated by Aurel Hrabušický.
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* ''[http://plato-ostrava.cz/stano-filko-5-d/ Stano Filko: 5.D.]'', Plato, Ostrava, 28 May - 30 Aug 2015. Curated by Marek Pokorný.
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* ''[http://www.zacheta.art.pl/en/article/view/2484/filko-fylko-phylko Filko - Fylko - Phylko]'', Zachęta - National Gallery of Art, Warsaw, 2 Jun - 16 Aug 2015. Curated by Lucia Gregorová Stachová and Joanna Kordjak. [http://www.zacheta.art.pl/files/wystawy/2015/FILKO%20%E2%80%93%20FYLKO%20%E2%80%93%20PHYLKO_zeszyt%20prasowy.pdf Brochure].
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* ''[http://www.sng.sk/sk/vystavy/729_stano-filko-poezia-o-priestore-kozme Poézia o priestore – kozme]'', Slovak National Gallery, Bratislava, 24 Jun - 25 Sep 2016. Curated by Lucia Gregorová Stach and Aurel Hrabušický.
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* ''[https://www.mayorgallery.com/exhibitions/521/overview/ Stano Filko: Reality of Cosmos]'', The Mayor Gallery, London, 12 Sep - 27 Oct 2017. [https://www.galleriesnow.net/shows/stano-filko-reality-of-cosmos/ Photo documentation].
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* ''[https://www.sodagallery.sk/stano-filko Stano Filko: From Earth to Pluto]'', SODA Gallery, Bratislava, 15 Dec 2017-26 Jan 2018. Curated by Nina Vrbanová.
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</div>
  
; External links
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; Group exhibitions
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* [http://tranzit.org/exhibitionarchive/tag/filko-stano/ Selected exhibitions], 1965-78.
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* [http://sk.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stanislav_Filko#Kolekt.C3.ADvne_v.C3.BDstavy List on Wikipedia-SK]
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==Catalogues and monographs==
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* ''Stano Filko - Obydlí 1966 (Skutečnosti - současnosti)'', 1967, [6] pp. With text by Zdeněk Felix. [http://abart-full.artarchiv.cz/dokumenty.php?IDdokumentu=45080]
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* ''Stanislav Filko: Environment universel 1966-1967'', Oldenburg: Galerie Ursula Wendtorf, [1968], [10] pp. With text by Jürgen Weichardt. {{de}}/{{fr}}/{{en}}
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* ''[http://www.webumenia.sk/katalog?related_work=Asoci%C3%A1cie&author=Filko%2C+Stanislav&page=3 Stano Filko: Asociácie]'', [Bratislava], [1968-69], [17] leaves. [http://abart-full.artarchiv.cz/dokumenty.php?Fvazba=detail&IDdokumentu=79250] {{sk}}
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* ''[https://monoskop.org/log/?p=17388 Stano Filko: II., 1965-69. Tvorba. Works-Creations. Werk-Schaffung. Ouvrages]'', intro. Pierre Restany, Bratislava: A-Press, 1970, [158] pp. Documents Filko's happenings and environmental works of the late 1960s. [http://abart-full.artarchiv.cz/dokumenty.php?IDdokumentu=61956] {{sk}}/{{en}}/{{fr}}/{{de}}
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* ''Stano Filko: Transcendencja 1978'', Gdańsk: Galeria GN, 1979, [20] pp. [http://abart-full.artarchiv.cz/dokumenty.php?IDdokumentu=79454] {{pl}}/{{en}}
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* ''Stano Filko: Białe przestrzenie. Prace z lat 1973-1978'', Łódź: Galeria Wschodnia, 1985, [6] pp. With text by Grzegorz Sztabiński. [http://abart-full.artarchiv.cz/dokumenty.php?Fvazba=detail&IDdokumentu=79458] {{pl}}
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* ''Stano Filko: Sonda Egoq 1937 - 2037 (Geminiy)'', Bratislava: rgb, 2003, [6] pp. With text by [[Michal Murin]]. {{sk}}/{{en}}/{{de}} [http://abart-full.artarchiv.cz/dokumenty.php?IDdokumentu=79460]
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* ''Metafyzicko- ontologicko- nadčasovo- absolútna- transcendencia'', Prague: PPF Art, 2008, [32] pp. With texts by Fedor Blaščák and VB. {{sk}},{{cz}} [http://abart-full.artarchiv.cz/dokumenty.php?Fvazba=detail&IDdokumentu=53548]
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* ''Stano Filko. Filkova archa a oltáre súčasnosti / Filko's Arch and the Altars of Presence'', Bratislava: Galéria mesta Bratislavy, 2008, 34 pp. With text by Ivan Jančár. [http://www.gmb.sk/sk/publications/detail/27] {{sk}}/{{en}}
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* ''[[Media:Stano Filko Mapy zeny rakety 2011.pdf|Stano Filko. Mapy ženy rakety]]'', Bratislava: Linea Gallery, 2011, [22] pp. With text by Michal Murin. {{sk}}
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* ''Stano Filko – Biela ako ontologický priestor a začiatok všetkého'', Bratislava: Calder, 2012, 86 pp. With text by Zsófia Kiss-Szemán. [http://www.nedbalka.sk/o-galerii/publikacie-katalogy/167-katalog-stano-filko] {{sk}}
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* ''[https://monoskop.org/log/?p=17146 Stano Filko: Poézia o priestore - kozme / Poetry on Space - Cosmos]'', eds. Lucia Gregorová Stach and Aurel Hrabušický, Bratislava: Slovak National Gallery, 2016, 97 pp. {{sk}}/{{en}}
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* ''Stano Filko 1.'', Lucia Gregorová Stach and Aurel Hrabušický, Bratislava: Slovak National Gallery, 2018, 440 pp. [https://www.sng.sk/sk/eshop?ID_entity=159&name_url=stano-filko-1&type=e-shop_view] [http://artalk.cz/2018/10/15/131216/]. Review: [http://artalk.cz/2019/01/25/problem-filko/ Jablonská] (Artalk). {{sk}}
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 +
==Artist's books==
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* with Miloš Laky and Ján Zavarský, ''Biely priestor v bielom priestore / A White Space in a White Space / Unespace blanc dans l'espace blanc / Weiser raum im Weisen raum'', [c1974], [4+16] folded leaves. {{sk}}/{{en}}/{{fr}}/{{de}}
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* ''Emócia/L’émotion/Emotion'', 1977. Text-art.
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* ''Transcendentálna meditácia 1980: text-art / Meditation transcendental 1980 / Transzendentale Meditation 1980'', [1980], [1] folded leaf. {{sk}}/{{de}}/{{en}}/{{fr}}
 +
 
 +
==Literature==
 +
''See also [[#Catalogues_and_monographs|catalogues and monographs]].''
 +
 
 +
* Klaus Groh, [https://monoskop.org/images/d/dd/Groh_Klaus_Aktuelle_Kunst_in_Osteuropa.pdf#page=62 "Stano Filko"], in Groh, ''Aktuelle Kunst in Osteuropa'', Cologne: Dumont, 1972, pp [62-64]. [http://www.artpool.hu/2015/Groh/Groh063.html] {{de}}
 +
* Aurel Hrabušický, "Počiatky alternatívneho umenia na Slovensku", in ''Šesťdesiate roky v slovenskom výtvarnom umení'', ed. Zora Rusinová, Bratislava: Slovenská národná galéria, 1995, pp 218-251. {{sk}}
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* Vít Havránek, [http://divus.cc/praha/cs/article/cosmos-of-stano-filko "Kosmos Stana Filka"], ''Umělec CZ'' 2, 1999. {{cz}}
 +
* Vít Havránek, [http://divus.cc/praha/cs/article/cloned-identity "Klonovaná identita"], ''Umělec CZ'' 3, 2001. {{cz}}
 +
**  [http://divus.cc/praha/en/article/cloned-identity "Cloned Identity"], trans. Vladan Šír, ''Umělec CZ'' 3, 2001. {{en}}
 +
* Patricia Grzonka, Dušan Brozman, ''Stano Filko'', trans. Jonathan Quinn and Jana Zoubková, Prague: Arbor vitae, 2005, 144 pp. On the occasion of Filko's participation at Venice Biennale 2005. [http://www.arborvitae.cz/knihy/umeni/Stano-Filko] {{cz}}/{{en}}
 +
* Piotr Piotrowski, ''[http://monoskop.org/log/?p=1323 In the Shadow of Yalta: Art and the Avant-Garde in Eastern Europe, 1945–1989]'', trans. Anna Brzyski, London: Reaktion Books, 2009, pp 221-223. {{en}}
 +
* Patricia Grzonka, [https://patgrz.files.wordpress.com/2015/05/stano_filko_kucc88nstlerische_selbstkonstruktion_grzonka.pdf "Stano Filko: Künstlerische Selbstkonstruktion zwischen Ost und West"], in ''Paradigmenwechsel. Ost- und Mitteleuropa im 20. Jahrhundert. Kunstgeschichte im Wandel der politischen Verhältnisse'', ed. Peter Bogner, Hohenems-Vienna: Bucher, 2011, pp 110-117. {{de}}
 +
* Jan Verwoert, [http://www.e-flux.com/journal/28/68020/world-as-medium-on-the-work-of-stano-filko/ "World as Medium: On the Work of Stano Filko"], ''e-flux'' 28, Oct 2011. {{en}}
 +
* Vjera Borozan, [https://flashart.cz/2019/02/11/stano-filko/ "Stano Filko"], ''Flash Art CZ/SK English Issue'', 2011, pp 60ff. [http://web.archive.org/web/20160407051150/amtproject.sk/sites/amtproject.sk/files/pdfs/stano_filko_-_flash_art_sk_eng.pdf] {{en}}
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* Claire Bishop, [https://monoskop.org/images/d/d7/Bishop_Claire_Artificial_Hells_Participatory_Art_and_the_Politics_of_Spectatorship_2012.pdf#page=144 ''Artificial Hells: Participatory Art and the Politics of Spectatorship''], London: Verso, 2012, pp 140-143. [http://monoskop.org/log/?p=4791] {{en}}
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* Nina Vrbanová, [http://www.artdispecing.sk/jazdec/archiv/?IDe=32532&IDcheck=59ad5d64d76ec3535e136bb3def61157&view#page=5 "Fenomén Filko"], ''Jazdec'' 4:2, Bratislava: Galéria Cypriána Majerníka, Apr-Jun 2012, pp 8-9. {{sk}}
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* Aurel Hrabušický, [http://www.artdispecing.sk/jazdec/archiv/?IDe=32534&IDcheck=d6a1b9bc73140892b9e2cc0812b8b2e0&view#page=2 "O zrozumiteľnom Kollerovi a nezrozumiteľnom Filkovi"], ''Jazdec'' 4:3, Bratislava: Galéria Cypriána Majerníka, Jul-Sep 2012, pp 2-5. {{sk}}
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* Tomáš Pospiszyl, "Národní konceptualizmus. Obrozenecké motivy v díle Stana Filka a Júliuse Kollera", ch 3 in Pospiszyl, ''Asociativní dějepis umění: poválečné umění napříč generacemi a médii'', Prague: tranzit.cz, 2014, pp 81-121. {{cz}}
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* Aurel Hrabušický, [[Media:Filko_Fylko_Phylko_Zacheta_2015.pdf|"Stano Filko — pierwsza połowa czasu / Stano Filko — The first half of time"]], in ''Filko - Fylko - Phylko'', Warsaw: Zachęta, 2015, pp [1-7]. {{pl}}/{{en}}
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* Lucia Gregorová Stachová, [https://monoskop.org/images/2/20/Filko_Fylko_Phylko_Zacheta_2015.pdf#page=8 "Projekt: Archiwum / Project: Archive"], in ''Filko - Fylko - Phylko'', Warsaw: Zachęta, 2015, p [8]. {{pl}}/{{en}}
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* Jana Németh, [http://dennikn.sk/276448/zomrel-stano-filko/ "Zomrel Stano Filko"], ''Denník N'', 23 Oct 2015. {{sk}}
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* [http://abart-full.artarchiv.cz/osoby.php?Fvazba=osobavdokumentech&IDosoby=2939 more]
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== See also==
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* [[Slovakia#Conceptual art|Conceptual art in Slovakia]]
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* [[Video art in Slovakia (1960s-80s)]]
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* [[Slovakia#Sound art (1960s-2000s)]]
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==Links==
 
* [http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.195375933831538.42383.195366790499119 Biography and selected works]
 
* [http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.195375933831538.42383.195366790499119 Biography and selected works]
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{{featured_article}} {{DEFAULTSORT:Filko, Stano}}
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[[Category:Conceptual art]]

Latest revision as of 09:48, 18 March 2019

Born June 15, 1937(1937-06-15)
Veľká Hradná, Czechoslovakia (now Slovakia)
Died October 23, 2015(2015-10-23) (aged 78)
Bratislava, Slovakia
Collections Art museums in Slovakia (Web umenia), Kontakt, Nedbalka
Web CEAD, abArt, Artyčok TV, Wikipedia-SK
Filko in c1967. Source.

Stano Filko (1937, Veľká Hradná - 2015, Bratislava) was a key figure in the Slovak avant-garde, associated primarily with environment, installation, happening, and action. He began his studies at the School of Applied Arts in Bratislava (1956-59) and later studied Monumental Painting at the Academy of Arts, Bratislava (Prof. Milly and Prof. Matejka, 1960-65). He emigrated from Czechoslovakia in 1981 to West Germany and the following year further to the United States. In 1990 he returned to Bratislava.

Work[edit]

1960s[edit]

Filko began his artistic practice as a critique of modernist painting, appropriating maps as ready-made canvases and created work influenced by Concrete and Constructivist artists in the mid-1960s. His intricate visual systems created diagrams from everyday objects that were rich in symbolic meaning.

Filko was included in the 1968 exhibition Nová citlivost [New Sensibility], which was a key, large-scale public exhibition of neo-constructivist work in Czechoslovakia that took place around the time of the Prague Spring (a short-lived period of reform during the spring of 1968). Nová citlivost was first presented in Brno, Karlovy Vary, and then at the Mánes gallery in Prague during the period of normalization that followed the August 1968 Soviet suppression of the Prague Spring. Following this period, strict censorship laws were implemented, resulting in the widespread repression of art and development of underground art movements throughout the 1970s. Filko's piece in Nová citlivost, titled A Room of Love (1965–66), presented relationships between objects and their users. The installation with a mirrored floor supported two beds, each covered with sheets bearing a Latin cross. An inflatable mattress covered one of the beds and a girl sat on the other.

In his later series of conceptual statements, Asociácie [Association] (1968–69), Filko's interest in transcendental philosophy, cosmology, and metaphysics—which could be seen as a response to the Leninist material ideology—was evident in his offset prints that mapped symbolic images and words. Many works in Association resemble calligrams—for example, one work parsed the linguistic relationship between the words "universe", "earth", "fire", "water", and "air" by organizing each word within a diagram written in Czech, German, Spanish, French, and Latin.

Filko was also a key figure in Slovak Actionism. In 1965, he wrote "Manifesto of 'HAPPSOC' (Theory of Anonymity)" with theoretician Zita Kostrová and fellow artist Alex Mlynárčik—who was in dialogue with the Paris-based Nouveau Réalisme group. The tongue-in-cheek name was short for "happy society", or "happening" and "society", or "happy socialism". The HAPPSOC group questioned the status of artistic practice as autonomous and created work that intervened in everyday life. The manifesto showed the writers' openness to perceiving reality as a work of art, declaring all of Bratislava as a Happening from 2-8 May 1965, in HAPPSOC 1. (Source)

(To be expanded.)

Film[edit]


Happsoc, dir. Kvetoslav Hečko, Slovak Television, 1996, 26 min.
Documentary film/homage. In Slovak with English subtitles. Source.

Works (selection)[edit]

Exhibitions[edit]

Solo exhibitions
  • Obrazy — Grafiky, Kultúrny dom, Bánovce nad Bebravou, 1958.
  • Obrazy, Reduta, Bratislava, 1962.
  • Stano Filko. Obydlí současnosti a skutečnosti, Galerie na Karlove náměstí, Prague, 3 Feb - 5 Mar 1967. Curated by Zdeněk Felix.
  • Grafika, Galéria Václava Špály, Prague, 1967.
  • Stanislav Filko, Environnement universel 1966-1967 und grafik, Galerie Ursula Wendtorf-Kunstverein, Oldenburg-Düsseldorf, 1969.
  • with Miloš Laky and Ján Zavarský, Biely priestor v bielom priestore, Dům umění, Brno, 1973.
  • with Miloš Laky and Ján Zavarský, Fiatal muvészek klubja, Budapest, 1977.
  • Stanislav Filko, Emotion-1977, Galeria LDK Labirynt, Lublin, 1978.
  • Stano Filko, Transcendencja 1978, Galeria GN ZPAF, Gdańsk, Mar 1979.
  • Stanislav Filko. Transcendencia I.-II. 1978-1979, Mala galeria PSP - ZPAF, Plac Zamkowy, Warsaw, 1980.
  • Stano Filko. Exhibit of Painting, North Arlinghton Public Library, North Arlinghton, New Jersey, 1984.
  • FYLKO. Special Exhibit of Recent Work 1983-1985, P.S.1 – The Institute for Art and Urban Resources, Long Island City, New York, 1986.
  • Stano Fylko,The Donnell Library Center, New York City, 1987.
  • Stano Filko - Výber z diela. I. Červená energia (cyklus Sondy), Slovak National Gallery, Bratislava, 1993.
  • Výber z troch energií, Mánes, Prague, 1994.
  • Výber z tvorby (Červená biologická energia, 3. dimenzia, Modrá kozmologická energia, 4. dimenzia, Biela metafyzická energia, 5. dimenzia), Slovak National Gallery, Zámok Zvolen, 1994.
  • Piata dimenzia, Galéria Cypriána Majerníka, Bratislava, 1995.
  • Galéria Tatrasoft, Bratislava, 1996.
  • with Boris Ondreička, Spolocnekazdysam, Stürzerova cukráren, Bratislava, 1997. Fourth annual exhibition of SCCA. [1]
  • Egoq, Východoslovenská galéria, Košice, 2000.
  • Stanislav Filko. Šeherezada - Žena - Venuša, Galéria Slovenská sporiteľňa, Banská Bystrica, 2001.
  • with Miloš Laky and Ján Zavarský, Biely priestor v bielom priestore, Hungarian Cultural Institute, Bratislava, 2001. [2]
  • Stano Filko, Sonda egoq 1937-2037 Geminiy, Galéria Slovenská sporiteľňa, Bratislava, 2003. Curated by Michal Murin. Poster, Flyer, Booklet.
  • Fiylkontemplaciakcieq, sonda 1950-1969, sonda 1971-1984, State Gallery, Banská Bystrica, 2003.
  • Up 300000 km/s, tranzit workshops, Bratislava, 2005. Curated by Vít Havránek and Boris Ondreička. [3]
  • Priáda – piata – štvrtá – d (dimenzia), Slovak Institute, Prague, 2008.
  • Filkova archa a oltáre súčasnosti, Bratislava City Gallery, Bratislava, 25 Sep - 26 Oct 2008. Curated by Ivan Jančár.
  • Mapy ženy rakety, Linea Gallery, Bratislava, 7 Mar - 25 May 2011. Curated by Michal Murin. [4] [5]
  • Tranzscendenteaoq 5.4.3.d = metodika = inteligenteaoq, Galerie Emanuel Layr, Vienna, 2012.
  • Erupekcia - orgiazmus - orgazmus - yang - jin = slnkomesiac - in like - love - entita - exist - beingsf - hermafrodit každému podľa svojich možností a schopností - v - in - 5.4.3.d - pre život singular truths všetkých ľudí na tejto zemeguli -tranzscendencie - v - in - existencii - len v 3.d., amt_project, Bratislava, 24 Mar - 29 Jun 2012.
  • Stano Filko – Biela ako ontologický priestor a začiatok všetkého, Nedbalka Gallery, Bratislava, 2012.
  • Biela ontológia transcendencia fyzika, Art Capital Gallery, Bratislava, 27 Oct - 5 Nov 2012. Curated by Mira Keratová. [6] [7]
  • Stano Filko. Obaly, Linea Gallery, Bratislava, 24 Feb - 31 May 2015. Curated by Aurel Hrabušický.
  • Stano Filko: 5.D., Plato, Ostrava, 28 May - 30 Aug 2015. Curated by Marek Pokorný.
  • Filko - Fylko - Phylko, Zachęta - National Gallery of Art, Warsaw, 2 Jun - 16 Aug 2015. Curated by Lucia Gregorová Stachová and Joanna Kordjak. Brochure.
  • Poézia o priestore – kozme, Slovak National Gallery, Bratislava, 24 Jun - 25 Sep 2016. Curated by Lucia Gregorová Stach and Aurel Hrabušický.
  • Stano Filko: Reality of Cosmos, The Mayor Gallery, London, 12 Sep - 27 Oct 2017. Photo documentation.
  • Stano Filko: From Earth to Pluto, SODA Gallery, Bratislava, 15 Dec 2017-26 Jan 2018. Curated by Nina Vrbanová.
Group exhibitions

Catalogues and monographs[edit]

  • Stano Filko - Obydlí 1966 (Skutečnosti - současnosti), 1967, [6] pp. With text by Zdeněk Felix. [8]
  • Stanislav Filko: Environment universel 1966-1967, Oldenburg: Galerie Ursula Wendtorf, [1968], [10] pp. With text by Jürgen Weichardt. (German)/(French)/(English)
  • Stano Filko: Asociácie, [Bratislava], [1968-69], [17] leaves. [9] (Slovak)
  • Stano Filko: II., 1965-69. Tvorba. Works-Creations. Werk-Schaffung. Ouvrages, intro. Pierre Restany, Bratislava: A-Press, 1970, [158] pp. Documents Filko's happenings and environmental works of the late 1960s. [10] (Slovak)/(English)/(French)/(German)
  • Stano Filko: Transcendencja 1978, Gdańsk: Galeria GN, 1979, [20] pp. [11] (Polish)/(English)
  • Stano Filko: Białe przestrzenie. Prace z lat 1973-1978, Łódź: Galeria Wschodnia, 1985, [6] pp. With text by Grzegorz Sztabiński. [12] (Polish)
  • Stano Filko: Sonda Egoq 1937 - 2037 (Geminiy), Bratislava: rgb, 2003, [6] pp. With text by Michal Murin. (Slovak)/(English)/(German) [13]
  • Metafyzicko- ontologicko- nadčasovo- absolútna- transcendencia, Prague: PPF Art, 2008, [32] pp. With texts by Fedor Blaščák and VB. (Slovak),(Czech) [14]
  • Stano Filko. Filkova archa a oltáre súčasnosti / Filko's Arch and the Altars of Presence, Bratislava: Galéria mesta Bratislavy, 2008, 34 pp. With text by Ivan Jančár. [15] (Slovak)/(English)
  • Stano Filko. Mapy ženy rakety, Bratislava: Linea Gallery, 2011, [22] pp. With text by Michal Murin. (Slovak)
  • Stano Filko – Biela ako ontologický priestor a začiatok všetkého, Bratislava: Calder, 2012, 86 pp. With text by Zsófia Kiss-Szemán. [16] (Slovak)
  • Stano Filko: Poézia o priestore - kozme / Poetry on Space - Cosmos, eds. Lucia Gregorová Stach and Aurel Hrabušický, Bratislava: Slovak National Gallery, 2016, 97 pp. (Slovak)/(English)
  • Stano Filko 1., Lucia Gregorová Stach and Aurel Hrabušický, Bratislava: Slovak National Gallery, 2018, 440 pp. [17] [18]. Review: Jablonská (Artalk). (Slovak)

Artist's books[edit]

  • with Miloš Laky and Ján Zavarský, Biely priestor v bielom priestore / A White Space in a White Space / Unespace blanc dans l'espace blanc / Weiser raum im Weisen raum, [c1974], [4+16] folded leaves. (Slovak)/(English)/(French)/(German)
  • Emócia/L’émotion/Emotion, 1977. Text-art.
  • Transcendentálna meditácia 1980: text-art / Meditation transcendental 1980 / Transzendentale Meditation 1980, [1980], [1] folded leaf. (Slovak)/(German)/(English)/(French)

Literature[edit]

See also catalogues and monographs.

See also[edit]

Links[edit]