Avant-garde and modernist magazines

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Inside back cover of Blok 6-7, Warsaw, 1924.
Back cover of MA 8:1, Vienna, 1922.
Back cover of Noi II/1:6-9, Rome, 1924.

Introduction[edit]

What is the relevance of avant-garde magazines printed on aging paper to a society which views the world in real time and through networked digital lenses? There are two common answers. Regardless of their age, the art they carry can be looked at anew since it is only its techniques that pale, and on the other hand, they provide us with a historical record of several generations of artists and writers. Although what strikes the eye first is a variety of their fabrics and of workings of the page, something estranged from the relentless linearity of digital bits and the UX of the glowing screen. Here, they also remind us that our lenses matter as well, their properties are variables.

In their day avant-garde magazines had been the closest to medium-specific publishing. Challenging the standardized procedures of the industry they tended to equalize the importance of writing, editing, illustrations, layout, typography, printing and distribution as mutually constitutive practices. The whole could become greater than the sum of its parts. Produced by makers many of whom were skilled in techniques of printing and mechanical reproduction these works are also fine examples of engaged publishing, a practice whose concerns extend from the content of pages to their ink and fiber. They are relevant not only for historians and art collectors but also for artists, publishers and theorists working today.

Although most of them are well known and indeed--worth a lot--today, only a few journals had any significant impact outside the avant-garde circles in their time. Many of them were published in only dozens of copies and distributed ad hoc. Regardless of their reach, contacts between magazines had been very active. Editors were not only aware of other initiatives across the continent or even continents but were regularly cross-publishing articles and reproductions and promoted other magazines on their own pages.

In the decades after World War II they turned into a domain of art and literary historians who consulted them in libraries and hard-to-access private collections. Artists of later generations were mostly unaware of the actual content of these works. This began to change first with occassional reprints and exhibitions of artists' publications and later, around the turn of the millennium, more radically, with the advent of digitization and the virtue of open access.

The International Dada Archive affiliated with The University of Iowa Libraries has been instrumental in introducing a general audience to many avant-garde magazines through its Digital Dada Library Collection. UbuWeb has featured these and other gems in its notorious Historical section. In recent years many libraries have followed suit by building open-access digital repositories.

We have been playing with the idea of creating a one-page guide to navigate the quickly growing presence of avant-garde magazines online for about a year. The decisive impulse came from the 'discovery' in the early August 2014 of the Fonds Paul Destribats section on the website of Centre Pompidou's Bibliothèque Kandinsky hosting high-quality digital facsimiles of dozens of titles that are, however, surprisingly poorly presented (all but one issue of each title are accessible only after changing characters in URLs). The result is a reference guide to avant-garde and modernist magazines printed in the early decades of the last century, which is hoped to be beneficial to artists, writers and scholars alike. Its main sections include a selection of issues meant to initiate the uninitiated, an index of some of the most referred journals, a collection of online collections containing hundreds more titles, and a short bibliography to a field recently emerged under the poetic banner of modern periodical studies.

The optical fiber and liquid crystals cannot supplant the paper fiber and ink, simply because they belong to different material modalities. So here we are challenged to reengineer in ourselves from the digital the texture, size, weight and smell of the printed matter where it matters the most.

Gallery[edit]

Selected magazine issues. See Index for many more.

Poesia: rassegna internazionale 5:3-6, Special Issue on Futurism, ed. Filippo Tommaso Marinetti. Milan, Apr-Jun 1909. 92 p., 25,5 x 27 cm, edition of 30,000?. In Italian, French and English. Cover by Alberto Martini. Printed by Poligrafia Italiana, Milan. Digitized by Princeton University, c2012. Issue PDF (65 mb). Magazine.
Futuristy: pervyy zhurnal russkikh futuristov 1-2, ed. Vasily Kamensky and David Burliuk. Moscow, Mysl, 1914. [4], 157, [3] p., 25 x 18 cm. In Russian. Printed by Mysl, Moscow. Digitized by National Public Historical Library of Russia. Issue PDF (46 mb). Magazine.
Blast: Review of the Great English Vortex 2, ed. Wyndham Lewis. London and New York, John Lane / Toronto, Bell & Cockburn, Jul 1915. 102, [6] p., 31 x 25 cm. Printed by Leveridge and Co., Harlesden. Digitized by Brown University Library, 2006. Issue PDF (10 mb). Magazine.
Nuż w bżuchu. 2 jednodńuwka futurystuw, eds. Bruno Jasieński and Anatol Stern. Krakow and Warsaw, self-published, Nov 1921. 1 leave, 96 x 63 cm, edition of 30,000?. In Polish. Printed by Czas, Krakow. Digitized by Polona, c2012. Issue PDF (13 mb). Magazine.
Mécano 3: Rouge, Rood, Rot, Red, ed. I.K. Bonset [Theo van Doesburg]. Leiden, [Oct] 1922. 1 leave, 33 x 52 cm, folded to 17 x 13 cm, edition of 200?. In Dutch, French, German and English. Digitized by Beinecke Rare Book & Manuscript Library; Iowa Digital Library, c2013. Issue PDF (unfolded, 18 mb), Issue PDF (12 mb). Magazine.
G: Material zur elementaren Gestaltung 1, ed. Hans Richter. Berlin-Friedenau, Jul 1923. 4 pages, 46 cm. In German. Printed by F. Koslowsky, Oranienburg. Digitized by Beinecke Rare Book & Manuscript Library. Issue PDF (33 mb). Magazine.
Blok 6-7, ed. Blok. Warsaw, 1924. [18] p., 35 x 24 cm. In Polish. Digitized by Bibliothèque Kandinsky. Issue PDF (47 mb), Magazine.
bauhaus: zeitschrift für bau und gestaltung 2:1, eds. Walter Gropius and László Moholy-Nagy. Dessau, Bauhaus, Feb 1928. 16 p. In German. Printed by C. Dünnhaupt, Dessau. Digitized by Baunet. Issue PDF (17 mb). Magazine.
Die Form: Zeitschrift für gestaltende Arbeit 4:10, Special Issue on "Film und Foto" exhibition in Stuttgart, ed. Walter Riezler. Berlin, Hermann Reckendorf, 15 May 1929. 36 p., 29,5 x 21 cm. In German. Printed by Werbedienst, Spandau-Eiswerder. Digitized by Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg. PDF (10 mb). Magazine.
Praesens: revue moderne 2, ed. Szymon Syrkus. Warsaw, Praesens, May 1930. 199 [13] p., 31 x 23 cm. In Polish and French. Printed by Współczesna, Warsaw. Digitized by Bibliothèque Kandinsky. Issue PDF (269 mb), Magazine.
Axis: a quarterly review of contemporary ″abstract″ painting & sculpture 3, Special Issue on Contemporary Sculpture, ed. Myfanwy Evans. London, Jul 1935. 28, [2] p., 28 x 21 cm. In English. Digitized by Bibliothèque Kandinsky. Issue PDF (36 mb). Magazine.
Les Réverbères 2, ed. Jean Marembert. Paris, Jun 1938. 7 p., 2 plates, 33 x 25 cm. In French. Digitized by Bibliothèque Kandinsky. Issue PDF (39 mb). Magazine.

Index[edit]

Title Dates Editors Publisher Text Nos. Online * Scope
Entretiens politiques et littéraires 1890-93 Henri de Régnier, Paul Adam, et al. Paris: Edmond Bailly FR 59; monthly; biweekly BMT, Gallica politics, literature
PAN: deutsche Kunst- und Literaturzeitschrift 1895-1900 Otto Julius Bierbaum, Julius Meier-Graefe Berlin: Fontane DE 21; UBH Jugendstil art
Volné směry: umělecký mĕsíčník 1896-1948 Miloš Jiránek, Jan Preisler, František Xaver Šalda Prague: Mánes Association of Fine Artists CZ monthly BMT (1896-1902), IA (1900, 1905-08) secessionist art, architecture, literature
Ver Sacrum 1898-1903 Vienna: Secession DE 120; monthly (1898-99), bimonthly (1900-03) ANNO, UBH, Belvedere Jugendstil art
Mir iskusstva 1898-1904 St Petersburg RU art
La Revue Musicale 1901-12 Louis Laloy Paris FR 243+; irregular BMT (1901-09) music
Vesy: nauchno-literaturnyy i kritiko-bibliograficheskiy ezhemesyachnik 1904-09 Valery Bryusov Moscow RU monthly symbolist literature
Poesia: rassegna internazionale 1905-09, 1920 Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Sem Benelli, Vitaliano Ponti Milan IT, FR, DE, EN, ES 36; monthly BMT, CIRCE futurism, symbolism, literature
Zolotoe runo 1906-10 N. P. Riabushinskii Moscow: N. P. Riabushinskii RU monthly symbolist art, literature
Futurisme: revista catalana 1907 [Ignasi Folch] Barcelona: La Neotípia CAT 3 ARCA, BVMC futurism
Prometeo 1908-12 Javier Gómez de la Serna Madrid ES 38 BNE literature
The Mask: A Quarterly Illustrated Journal of the Art of Theatre 1908-29 Edward Gordon Craig Florence: A. Goldini EN 70 BMT theatre, art
Ukraïnska khata 1909-14 Pavlo Bohatsky, Mykyta Shapoval Kyiv UA 66; monthly Monoskop (selection) literature, politics
Apollon 1909-17 St Petersburg RU monthly Imwerden (1909-13) symbolist literature, art, architecture, music
Thalia: tidning för scenisk konst och litteratur 1910-13 Gustav Åsbrink, Gustaf Collijn, Andreas Hallén Stockholm SW theatre, music
Der Sturm 1910-32 Herwarth Walden Berlin DE 336; weekly (-1914), monthly (-1924), then quarterly BMT expressionist art and literature
Rhythm: Art Music Literature 1911-13 John Middleton Murry London: The Saint Catherine Press, Stephen Swift, Martin Secker EN 14; quarterly (Vol 1), monthly (Vol 2) MJP art, music, literature
Die Aktion 1911-32 Franz Pfemfert Berlin DE weekly (-1919), biweekly (-1926), then irregular politics, literary expressionism
Simbolul 1912 Tristan Tzara Bucharest: Tipografia Profesională RO 4 BMMS symbolist literature and art
Trudy i dni 1912-16 Moscow: Musaget RU bimonthly Ivanov Centre (1912) symbolism
Revolution 1913 Hans Leybold Munich: F.S. Bachmair DE 1 IDL expressionism
The Glebe 1913-14 Alfred Kreymborg Ridgefield, NJ: The Glebe (1913), New York: A. and C. Boni (1913-14) EN 10; irregular BMT literature
Ocharovannyi strannik 1913-16 Victor Khovin St Petersburg RU 10 SHPL (5-7) futurist poetry and art
Futuristy: pervyy zhurnal russkikh futuristov 1914 Vasily Kamensky, David Burliuk Moscow: Mysql RU 2 SHPL, Monoskop futurist poetry
Blast: Review of the Great English Vortex 1914-15 Wyndham Lewis London and New York: John Lane; Bell & Cockburn, Toronto EN 2 MJP, Monoskop literature, art
Zeit-Echo: Ein Kriegs-Tagebuch der Künstler 1914-15, 1917 Otto Haas-Heye (Year 1), Hans Siemsen (Year 2), Ludwig Rubiner (Year 3) Munich: Graphik (Year 1-2), Bümpliz-Bern: Zeit-Echo/Benteli (Year 3) DE 42; monthly; then biweekly BMT expressionism, literature, art
The Egoist: An Individualist Review 1914-19 Dora Marsden (until Jun 1914), Harriet Shaw Weaver (Jul 1914-1919) London: The New Freewoman (until Jan 1918), then London: The Egoist EN 74; fortnightly (until Jun 1914), then monthly MJP literature
The Little Review 1914-29 Margaret Anderson (1914-24), jh (Jane Heap, 1924-29) Chicago (1914-17), San Francisco (1916), New York (1917-26), Paris (1929): Margaret Anderson EN monthly (1914-20), irregular (1920-29) MJP (1914-22) literature
La Balza futurista 1915 Guglielmo Jannelli, Luciano Nicastro, Vann’Antò Messina IT 3; biweekly CIRCE futurism
Orpheu: revista trimestral de literatura 1915 Fernando Pessoa, et al. Lisbon PT 2; quarterly PG (1), PG (2) literature
291 1915-16 Alfred Stieglitz New York: 291 Publishing EN 12; monthly Monoskop, BK, BMT, IDL, IDA (1-3, 5-12), UbuWeb (1-3, 5-12) photography, art, literature
Bruno's Weekly 1915-16 Guido Bruno New York: Charles Edison EN 73; weekly BMT journalism, literature
L'Élan 1915-16 Amédée Ozenfant Paris: Société Générale d'Impression FR 10 BMT, IDL, IDA art
Themis 1915-16 Rafael Sala Marco Vilanova i la Geltrú CAT, ES, FR, IT 18; biweekly ARCA literature, art
Der freie Strasse 1915-18 Raoul Hausmann, Johannes Baader Berlin: Freie Strasse DE 10 IDL (9-10), IDA (9) dada
Vell i nou: revista mensual d'art 1915-21 Santiago Segura Barcelona: Art M. Bayés CAT monthly BVMC art
SIC 1916-19 Pierre Albert-Birot Paris: P. Albert-Birot FR 54; monthly; biweekly BMT, IDL, IDA, Gallica futurist, dada and cubist art and literature
flamman: tidskrift för modern konst 1916-21 Georg Pauli Stockholm: Bröderna Lagerström SW art
MA: Internacionális aktivista müvészeti folyóirat 1916-25 Lajos Kassák, with Béla Uitz (1917-20) Budapest (-1919), then Vienna HU, DE 76 ANNO, Monoskop (2 nos), BK (2 nos) art, politics, literature
The Blindman 1917 Marcel Duchamp, Beatrice Wood, Henri-Pierre Roché New York: Henri Pierre Roché EN 2 Monoskop, BK, Tout-fait, IDL (2), IDA (2), UbuWeb dada, art
Modernisme et compréhension: polémiques: revue d'art 1917 Alfreyd O. Montagne, Ené de Piro Paris FR 2? Monoskop, BK art
Rongwrong 1917 Marcel Duchamp, Beatrice Wood, Henri-Pierre Roché New York FR 1 tout-fait dada, art
Nord-Sud: revue littéraire 1917-18 Pierre Reverdy Paris FR 16 BMT dada and surrealist literature and art
Un enemic del Poble: fulla de subversió espiritual 1917-19 Joan Salvat-Papasseit Barcelona CAT 18 ARCA, BVMC literature
Dada: recueil littéraire et artistique 1917-21 Tristan Tzara Zürich: Julius Heuberger (1-4/5), Paris: Au Sans Pareil (6-8) FR, DE 8 BMT, Monoskop, IDL (1-7), IDA (1-7), UbuWeb (1-3) dada literature and art
391 1917-24 Francis Picabia Barcelona, New York, Zürich, Paris FR 19 IDL (10 nos), IDA (9 nos), UbuWeb (9 nos), Gallica (9 nos) dada
Noi 1917-25 Bino Sanminiatelli, Enrico Prampolini Rome IT 17; irregular Monoskop, CIRCE futurism
De Stijl: Maandblad voor de moderne beeldende vakken (en kultuur) 1917-20, 1921-32 Theo van Doesburg Delft (1917-18), Leiden (1918-21), Meudon: Theo van Doesburg NL 90; started monthly IDL, IDA, UbuWeb (1917-20), DBNL (1917-20), DBNL (1921-32) art, architecture, design
Klingen 1917-20, 1942 Axel Salto, Poul Uttenreitter, Otto Gelsted Copenhagen: Klingens Forlag DK 29; monthly BMT art
Arc-voltaic 1918 Joan Salvat-Papasseit Barcelona CAT 1 ARCA, BVMC literature, art
L'Instant 1918-19 Joan Pérez-Jorba Paris CAT, FR 13; monthly ARCA art, literature
Maski: literatura, sztuka i satyra 1918-19 Bartłomiej Gofron Kraków: Bartłomiej Gofron PL 54 RCIN literature, art, satire
Grecia: revista de literatura 1918-20 Isaac del Vando Villar Sevilla ES 50 BNE literature
Roma futurista 1918-20 Filippo Tommaso Marinetti (1-21), Giacomo Balla (53-73), et al. Rome IT c71; weekly BRBL (3 issues) politics, futurist art and literature
Der Ararat 1918-21 Hans Goltz Munich: Goltzverlag DE 22 IDL, IDA dada
Menschen: Buchfolge neuer Kunst 1918-21 Felix Stiemer, Heinar Schilling, Walter Hasenclever, Iwan Goll Dresden: Dresdner Verlag DE 113 IDL (12-28, 33-45) dada
Wendingen 1918-21, 1923-25, 1927-31 Hendrik Wijdeveld Amsterdam: De Hooge Brug NL 144; monthly TU Delft architecture
Pegaso 1918-24 Pablo de Grecia, José María Delgado, Rodolfo Mezzera Montevideo ES 72; monthly PPU, IA (1918-21), IA (1921-24) literature
Aujourd'hui: revue des valeurs nouvelles paraissant quatre fois l'an 1919 Claude Autant-Lara, Marcel Vion Paris FR 1 Monoskop, BK music, literature
Dinamo: rivista futurista 1919 Emilio Settimelli, Mario Carli and Remo Chiti (1-3), Filippo Tommaso Marinetti (4-7) Rome IT 7; monthly CIRCE futurism
Der Dada 1919-20 Raoul Hausmann, John Heartfield, George Grosz Berlin DE 3 IDL, IDA, UbuWeb dada
Exlex 1919-20 Ragnvald Blix Oslo (-Aug 1919), Copenhagen DK, SW 96; weekly art and satire
Der Zweemann 1919-20 F. W. Wagner, Christof Spengemann, Hans Schiebelhuth Hanover DE 10 IDL (3-6, 8-10), IDA (3-6, 8-10) dada
Formiści 1919-21 Tytus Czyżewski, Konrad Winkler, Leon Chwistek Krakow PL 6 Monoskop (2 issues), BK (2 issues) art, literature
Wianki 1919-23 Franciszek Czesław Janczyk Kraków: Franciszek Czesław Janczyk PL 12 WBC (9 issues) art
Littérature 1919-24 Louis Aragon, André Breton, Philippe Soupault Paris FR 33 IDL, IDA, UbuWeb surrealism, dada
Die Pleite 1919-24 Wieland Herzfelde, George Grosz, John Heartfield Berlin, Zürich, Vienna DE 11 IDL, IDA dada
S4N 1919-25 Norman Fitts Northampton, MA EN 33 Monoskop (7 issues), BK (7 issues) literature, art, music
La Cité: urbanisme, architecture, art public 1919-35 Brussels: Lamertin FR 147; monthly; later irregular BMT architecture, art
Cannibale 1920 Francis Picabia Paris FR 2 IDL, IDA, UbuWeb (2) dada
Die Freude: Blatter einer neuen Gesinnung 1920 Wilhelm Uhde Burg Lauenstein / Oberfranken DE 1 IDL, IDA dada
Der Marstall 1920 Paul Steegemann Hanover DE 2 IDL, IDA dada
Projecteur 1920 Céline Arnauld Paris FR 1 IDL, IDA dada
Die Schammade 1920 Max Ernst, Johannes Baargeld Cologne: Schloemilch Verlag DE 1 IDL dada
Z 1920 Paul Dermée Paris FR 1 IDL, IDA dada
Orfeus: umělecký měsíčník 1920-21 Ladislav Vladyka, Karel Teige (1), Miloš Jirko (2-3) Prague: Umělecký kruh CZ 3 Monoskop (1), BK (1) art, literature
Ruimte 1920-21 Eugène de Bock, Victor Brunclair Antwerp: De Sikkel NL 20 expressionist literature
Action: cahiers de philosophie et d’art 1920-22 Florent Fels, Marcel Sauvage Paris FR 10+1 BMT, IDL, IDA dada
Proverbe: feuille mensuelle 1920-22 Paul Éluard Paris: Paul Éluard FR 6 Monoskop (1, 3, 5), IDL (1, 3, 5), IDA (3, 5), BMT (in process) dada
Ça ira! Revue mensuelle d'art et de critique 1920-23 Maurice Van Essche, Clément Pansaers, Paul Neuhuys Antwerp: Eeckeren FR 20; monthly IDL (16) dada and expressionist art, literature, politics
L'Esprit nouveau: revue internationale illustrée de l'activité contemporaine: arts, lettres, sciences 1920-25 Paul Dermée and Michel Seuphor, later Charles-Edouard Jeanneret and Amédée Ozenfant Paris: Éditions de l'Esprit Nouveau FR 28 art, literature
La Vie des Lettres et des Arts 1920-26 Nicolas Beauduin, William Speth Paris: J. Povolozky FR 21 literature, art
Skamander: miesięcznik poetycki 1920-39 Władysław Zawistowski Warsaw: Władysław Zawistowski PL 110 EBUW poetry
Jednodńuwka futurystuw 1921 Bruno Jasieński (1), Anatol Stern (2) Krakow (1-2), Warsaw (2) PL 2 Monoskop, Polona (1), Polona (2) futurism
New York Dada 1921 Marcel Duchamp, Man Ray New York EN 1 Monoskop, BK dada
Aventure 1921-22 René Crevel Paris FR 3 IDL, IDA dada
Gargoyle 1921-22 Arthur Moss Paris EN Monoskop (3:5-6), BK (3:5-6) literature, art
Kinofon: revija za filmsku kulturu 1921-22 Branko Ve Poljanski, Dragan Aleksić Zagreb CR 12 film
Nowa sztuka: miesięcznik artystyczny 1921-22 Anatol Stern, Jarosław Iwaszkiewicz Warsaw PL 2 Monoskop, RCIN poetry
Spolokhi 1921-23 A.N. Drozdov (1-14), E.A. Gutrov (15-21) Berlin RU 21; monthly Librarium (5, 9) art, literature
Broom: An International Magazine of the Arts 1921-24 Harold A.Loeb, Alfred Kreymborg, et al. Rome (1921-22), Berlin (1922-23), New York (1923-24) EN 21; monthly BMT, IDL (1:1, 1:4, 2:1-2, 4:1) dada-oriented art and literature
Creación: revista internacional de arte 1921-24 Vicente Huidobro Madrid (1), Paris (2) ES 3 literature, art
Het Overzicht: Half-Maandelijks Tijdschrift: Kunst, Letteren, Menshei 1921-25 Michel Seuphor, Geert Pijnenburg (-1922), Jozef Peeters (1922-) Antwerp NL-BE 24 constructivist art, literature, music, architecture
Jar-Ptitza 1921-26 A.E. Kogan Berlin (1-13), Paris (14): A.E. Kogan RU 14 Librarium (1-6, 12, 14) literature, art
Zenit 1921-26 Ljubomir Micić Zagreb (1921-23), Belgrade (1923-26) SR, CR, DE, FR 43; monthly Monoskop, NBS, WDL, IDL (17-18) constructivist, futurist and dada art and literature
Život: výtvarný sborník 1921-48 Prague: Výtvarný odbor Umělecké besedy CZ 21 Monoskop (2-10), BK (2-10) art, literature
Veshch / Gegenstand / Objet 1922 El Lissitzky, Ilya Ehrenberg Berlin: Skythen RU, DE, FR 2; monthly Monoskop, NYPL, BMT (in process) art
Le Coeur à barbe: journal transparent 1922 Tristan Tzara Paris: Au Sans Pareil FR 1 BMT, Monoskop, IDL, IDA dada
Dada Jazz 1922 Dragan Aleksić Zagreb CR, FR 1 dada
Dada-Jok 1922 Ljubomir Micić, Branko Ve Poljanski Zagreb CR 1 art
Dada Tank 1922 Dragan Aleksić Zagreb CR 1 Monoskop, BK dada
Ultra: kirjallistaiteellinen aikakauslehti: tidskrift för ny konst och litteratur 1922 Lauri Haarla, Haggar Olsson, Raoul af Hällström Helsinki FI, SW 8; biweekly BMT art, literature
Akasztott Ember: az egyetemes szocialista kultura orgánuma 1922-23 Lajos Kassák Vienna HU 5 politics, art
Kino-fot: zhurnal kinematografii i fotografii 1922-23 Aleksei Gan Moscow: Aleksei Gan RU 6 selections constructivist photography, film
Klaxon: mensário de arte moderna 1922-23 Mário de Andrade São Paulo PT 9 Brasiliana, HDB, Monoskop art, film
Mécano 1922-23 Theo van Doesburg Leiden NL, FR, DE 5 BRBL (1, 3), Monoskop (1, 3), IDL (3) dada, constructivism
MSS 1922-23 Paul Rosenfeld, Alfred Stieglitz, Herbert J. Seligmann New York EN 6 Monoskop, BK, IDL (4) art
Egység, Irodalom, Művészet 1922-24 Aladár Komját, Béla Uitz Vienna (1922, 1924), Berlin (1923-24) HU politics, literature, art
Gostinitsa dlya puteshestvuyuschih v prekrasnom 1922-24 N. Savkin Moscow RU 4 SHPL (4) imaginist poetry
Putevi: mesecne sveske za umetnost i filozofiju 1922-24 Milan Denidac, Marko Ristić, Dušan Duda Timotijević Belgrade SR 7 Monoskop (1-2), BK (1-2) pre-surrealist literature and art
Secession 1922-24 Gorham Munson, et al. New York EN 8 Jacket2, BMT (1-5, 7-8), BK (1-5, 7) literature
Út 1922-25 Zoltán Csuka Novi Sad HU literature, art
Zwrotnica: sztuka teraźniej szości 1922-23, 1926-27 Tadeusz Peiper Krakow PL 12; monthly Monoskop, RCIN art
7 Arts: tous les arts 1922-28 Pierre Bourgeois, Victor Bourgeois Brussels: L'Equerre FR 156 constructivist art
Manomètre 1922-28 Émile Malespine Lyon FR 9; irregular Gallica, Monoskop suridealism
Contimporanul 1922-32 Ion Vinea, Marcel Janco Bucharest RO 102; weekly (-1924), monthly Monoskop (26-95), BCUC (26-95), BMMS (26-71) literature, art
Die Form: Zeitschrift für gestaltende Arbeit 1922, 1925-35 Walter Curt Behrendt (-1926), Walter Riezler (1926-) Berlin DE UBH architecture, design
Stavba: měsíčník pro stavební umění 1922-38 Karel Teige (1923-28), Oldřich Starý (1928-37), Jan E. Koula (1928-37), et al. Prague: Klub architektů CZ monthly architecture
Perevoz Dada 1922-49 Sergei Sharshun Berlin, Paris RU 13 IDL (1, 4) dada
Futurist Aristocracy 1923 Nanni Leone Castelli New York EN 1 Monoskop, BK futurism
Irradiador: revista de vanguardia 1923 Fermín Revueltas Mexico ES 3 Monoskop, eVols art, poetry
Laikmets saturs 1923 K. Zale, Arnolds Dzirkals Berlin LV 4 art
Russkoye iskusstvo 1923 Moscow: Tvorchestvo RU, DE, FR, EN 3 art
Disk: internacionální revue 1923-25 Jaromír Krejcar, Jaroslav Seifert, Karel Teige Prague: Devětsil CZ 2 Monoskop (1), BK (1) literature, art
LEF 1923-25 Osip Brik, Vladimir Mayakovsky Moscow: Levy Front Iskusstv RU 7 Monoskop, AdL Productivist art, journalism, literature, photography
Reflektor: czasopismo literackie 1923-25 Czesław Bobrowski Lublin: Wacław Gralewski PL 4 TNN, UMCS (3 issues) literature
G: Material zur elementaren Gestaltung 1923-26 Hans Richter Berlin DE 5 BRBL (1), Monoskop (1) architecture, industrial design, photography, art, film
The Next Call 1923-26 Hendrik Werkman Groningen NL 9 typography
Merz 1923-32 Kurt Schwitters Hanover DE, FR 21 IDL (1-2, 4, 6-9, 11, 20-21), IDA (1-2, 4, 6-9, 20-21) dada
L'Architecture vivante 1923-33 Jean Badovici Paris: A. Morancé FR 21 architecture
75HP 1924 Ilarie Voronca, Stéphane Roll, Victor Brauner Bucharest RO 1 Monoskop, BK, BMMS art, literature
Surréalisme 1924 Ivan Goll Paris FR 1 BMT, Monoskop surrealism, literature
Almanach Nowej Sztuki 1924-25 Stefan Kordian Gacki Warsaw: Ogniwo PL 4 JDL art
Athena: revista de arte 1924-25 Fernando Pessoa, Ruy Vaz Lisbon: Imprensa Libanio da Silva PT 5 CFP art, literature
Correspondance 1924-25 Paul Nougé, Camille Goemans, Marcel Lecomte Brussels FR 26 surrealist art
MAVO 1924-25 Tatsuo Okada, Tomoyoshi Murayama Tokyo: Chōryūsha JP 7 art, literature
Punct: revistă de artă constructivistă internaţională 1924-25 Victor Brauner (2-9), Stéphane Roll Bucharest RO 16 Monoskop, BCUC, BMMS constructivist art, architecture and literature
Blok: czasopismo awangardy artystycznej 1924-26 Blok Warsaw: Blok PL 11 Monoskop, BK, JDL constructivist art, architecture, theatre
Pásmo: revue internationale moderne 1924-26 Devětsil (Artuš Černík) Brno CZ 24; monthly CAS constructivist and poetist art and literature
Bulletin de l'Effort moderne 1924-27 Léonce Rosenberg Paris FR Gallica art
ABC: Beiträge zum Bauen 1924-28 Hans Schmidt, Mart Stam, El Lissitzky, Emil Roth Basel DE 10 Monoskop constructivist architecture
CAP: Critique Art Philosophie 1924-28 Marcel Hiver Paris FR 9 Monoskop (1-3, 5-7), BK (1-3, 5-7) literature, art, philosophy
La Révolution surréaliste 1924-29 Pierre Naville, Benjamin Péret, et al. Paris FR 12 Gallica surrealism
DAV 1924-37 Vladimír Clementis (1924-35), et al. Prague, Bratislava SK quarterly Monoskop (1 issue), BK (1 issue) art, philosophy, literature, politics
Wiadomości Literackie 1924-39 Mieczysław Grydzewski Warsaw PL weekly MBC literature
Aesthete 1925 1925 Walter S. Hankel, et al. New York EN 1 IDL, IDA literature
Œsophage 1925 René Magritte, E.L.T. Mesens FR 1 dada, art
Le Tour de Babel 1925 Constant Zarian Paris FR 1 Monoskop, BK art, literature
De Driehoek 1925-26 Jozef Peeters Antwerpen NL 10 constructivist art
Periszkop: a havi szemle új tipusa 1925-26 György Szántó Arad HU, RO 5 Monoskop (1-2), NYPL (1-2) art
Integral: revistă de sinteză modernă 1925-28 Max Herman Maxy Bucharest: Tipografia Reforma socială, Paris RO 15 BMMS art
This Quarter 1925-32 Ernest Walsh (1925-26), Ethel Moorhead (1925-29), Edward W. Titus (1929-32) Paris, Milan (1:2, 1925), Monte Carlo (1:3-4, 1927 and 1929) EN literature
Marie: journal bimensuel pour la belle jeunesse 1926 E.L.T. Mesens Brussels FR 4 dada and surrealist art
Dokumentum: művészeti és társadalmi beszámoló 1926-27 Lajos Kassák Budapest HU 5 Monoskop, BK (1-2, 4-5) constructivist art and literature
Kritisk Revy 1926-28 Poul Henningsen, Edvard Heiberg, et al. Copenhagen: Poul Henningsen DK 7 Kulturnet architecture, politics
Praesens: revue moderne 1926, 1930 Szymon Syrkus Warsaw PL, FR 2 Monoskop, BK architecture, painting, photography, theatre, film, poetry
Sovremennaya architektura 1926-30 Moisei Ginzburg (1926-28), Vesnin brothers (1926-28), Roman Khiger (1928-30) Moscow: OSA RU 30; bimonthly The Charnel-House (incomplete issues, some missing) architecture
L'Art cinématographique 1926-31 Paris: Félix Alcan FR 8 Monoskop, BK film
bauhaus: zeitschrift für gestaltung 1926-31 Walter Gropius, Laszlo Moholy-Nagy (1926-28), Ernst Kallai (1928-30) Dessau DE 15 Monoskop (3 issues), Baunet (2 issues), BRBL (1 issue) art, craft, design, architecture
Das neue Frankfurt 1926-31 Ernst May Frankfurt a.M.: Englert und Schlosser DE 55; monthly UBH urbanism, architecture
Dźwignia 1927-28 Mieczysław Szczuka (1927), Teresa Żarnowerówna (1927-28) Warsaw PL 8 Monoskop (1-5, 7-8), RCIN (1-5, 7-8) art, politics
Tank: revue internationale de l'art vivant 1927-28 Ferdinand Delak, Avgust Černigoj Ljubljana: Ferdinand Delak SL, DE, FR, CR, EO 3 Monoskop constructivist art, literature
i10 1927-29 Amsterdam: Arthur Lehning NL, FR, DE, EN DBNL art
Novyi LEF 1927-29 Vladimir Mayakovsky, Sergei Tretyakov Moscow: Levy Front Iskusstv RU 24 Monoskop, AdL journalism, literature, photography, film
Nova generatsiia 1927-30 Mykhailo Semenko Kharkiv UA 36; monthly literature
La Gaceta literaria: ibérica-americana-internacional 1927-31 Ernesto Giménez Caballero Madrid ES 119; biweekly BNE literature, art, music, architecture
ReD: měsíčník pro moderní kulturu 1927-31 Karel Teige Prague: Devětsil CZ 30; monthly Monoskop, NYPL literature, art, photography, architecture
Horizont: revue současné kultury v Československu 1927-32 Jiří Kroha, Jaroslav B. Svrček Brno: Václav Roštlapil CZ 38 Monoskop (1927), BK (1927) architecture, art, theatre
Close Up 1927-33 Kenneth Macpherson Territet/CH (-1930) and London (1928-): Pool EN monthly (1927-30), quarterly (1931-33) MHDL, Monoskop Log (selection) film
transition 1927-38 Eugene Jolas Paris (1927-28), Colombey-les-deux-Eglises (1928-38) EN 27; monthly (-1928), quarterly (1928-30), then irregular Gallica, Monoskop Log (selection, 1927-30) surrealist, expressionist and dada literature and art
Discontinuité 1928 Arthur Adamov, Claude Sernet Paris FR 1 Monoskop, BK literature
Urmuz: vitrină de artă nouă 1928 Geo Bogza Câmpina RO 5 Monoskop, BMMS dada, constructivism
50 u Evropi 1928-29 Zvezdan Vujadinović Belgrade SR 3 Nadrealizam, Monoskop surrealism
Distances 1928 Camille Goemans, Paul Nougé Paris, Brussels FR 3 surrealist art
Quosego: tidskrift för ny generation 1928-29 Cid Erik Tallqvist Helsinki SW 4 literature
Revista de Antropofagia 1928-29 Oswald de Andrade São Paulo PT-BR 26 Brasiliana, UbuWeb literature, art
Unu: avantgardă literară 1928-32 Saşa Pană Bucharest RO 50; monthly BCUC (some missing), BMMS (many missing), Monoskop (many missing) literature
Munka 1928-39 Lajos Kassák Budapest HU 65 art, literature, politics
L'Art Contemporain - Sztuka Współczesna 1929-30 Jan Brzękowski, Nadieżda Wanda Chodasiewicz-Grabowska Paris FR, PL 3 Monoskop, BK art
Documents 1929-31 Georges Bataille Paris FR 15 Gallica, Monoskop surrealism
Hèlix 1929-30 Joan Ramon Masoliver Vilafranca del Penedés CAT 10 ARCA literature
Adam 1929-95 Isac Ludo (1929-36), Miron Grindea (1936-40) Bucharest (1929-40), London (1941-95) RO, YI (1929-40), EN, FR (1941-95) BMMS (1929-33) literature
Art concret: groupe et revue fondés en 1930 à Paris 1930 Jean Hélion Paris FR 1 Monoskop, BK art
Zvěrokruh: měsíčník soudobého umění 1930 Vítězslav Nezval Prague: Studentské knihkupectví CZ 2; monthly Monoskop, BK surrealist art and literature
Alge: revistă de artă modernă 1930-31 Aureliu Baranga Bucharest RO 6; irregular Monoskop, BCUC, BMMS (1-3) art
Levá fronta 1930-33 Stanislav Neumann, et al. Prague: Odeon and Průlom CZ weekly CAS (1930-31) politics, literature, art
Kvart: sborník poezie a vědy 1930-37, 1945-49 Vít Obrtel Prague CZ bimonthly poetry, literature, theory
nová bratislava 1931-32 Bratislava SK, CZ, DE 4; monthly art, design
Nadrealizam danas i ovde 1931-32 Belgrade SR 3 Nadrealizam, Monoskop surrealist art and literature
Linja: czasopismo awangardy literackiej 1931-33 J. Kurek Krakow PL 5 Monoskop, BK literature
Spektrum 1931-33 Josef Riwkin et al Stockholm SW literature, art, music, architecture, theory
Barykady: miesięcznik literacko-społeczny 1932-33 Józef Łobodowski Lublin: Józef Łobodowski PL 3 TNN (1), JDL (1)
Die neue Stadt 1932-33 Joseph Gantner Frankfurt a.M.: Philipp L. Fink DE 13; monthly UBH urbanism, architecture
Ulise: revistă de literatură 1932-33 Lucian Boz Bucharest: Tipografia Bucovina RO 4 BMMS literature
Abstraction-création: art non-figuratif 1932-36 Paris: Abstraction-création FR 5; annually art
Kamena: miesięcznik literacki 1933-93 Kazimierz Andrzej Jaworski, Zenon Waśniewski Chelm: Zenon Waśniewski (1933-39) PL monthly TNN (1933-81) literature
Mouvement: cinématographie, littérature, musique, publicité 1933 Maurice Aubergé Paris FR 3 Monoskop, BK film, literature, music
Le Phare de Neuilly 1933 Lise Deharme Paris FR 4 Monoskop, BK surrealist literature
PLAN: tidsskrift for bolig- og byggespørsmål 1933-36 Oslo: Socialist Architects' Society NO 4 architecture
Minotaure 1933-39 André Breton, Pierre Mabille Paris: Albert Skira FR surrealism
Ekran: měsíčník pro moderní film a fotografii 1934 František Kalivoda Brno: Vladislav Binder CZ, DE 1; monthly Monoskop, BK film
Karavan 1934-35 Artur Lundkvist Stockholm SW 5 literature
Axis: a quarterly review of contemporary ″abstract″ painting & sculpture 1935-37 Myfanwy Evans London EN 8; quarterly Monoskop, BK art
Telehor: The International Review New Vision 1936 František Kalivoda Brno: Fr. Kalivoda EN, CZ, DE, FR 2; quarterly Monoskop, BK art, design
Acéphale: religion, sociologie, philosophie 1936-39 Georges Bataille Paris: G.L.M. FR 5 Monoskop, BK philosophy, religion
aka: časopis pro průmyslové umění 1937-38 František Kalivoda Brno: Klub průmyslového umění CZ 2 Monoskop, NYPL industrial design
Plastique 1937-39 Sophie Taeuber-Arp Paris, New York FR, DE, EN constructivist art
Plus: orientations of contemporary architecture 1938-39 Wallace K. Harrison, William Lescaze, et al. New York: Time EN 3; bimonthly Monoskop, BK architecture, design
Les Réverbères 1938-39 Jean Marembert (1-2), Pierre Minne (3-5), Michel Tapié Paris FR 5 Monoskop, BK literature

Updates[edit]

Issues added 16-22 Aug 2014: Acéphale (+4 issues, now in full run), Bauhaus (+1), Blok (+7, full run), Dada Tank (+1, full run), DAV (+1), Disk (+1), Formiści‎ (+2), Linja (+4), MAVO (context), MSS (+4, full run), Telehor (+1, full run), Zvěrokruh‎‎ (+2, full run).

Issues added 9-10 Sep 2014: CAP (+7 issues), LEF (8 issues in colour and higher resolution), Das neue Frankfurt (full run), Die neue Stadt (full run), Plus (+3, full run), Putevi (+2), S4N (+7), Tank (2 issues in higher resolution).

Polish magazines added 12-15 Sep 2014 (via Przemysław Strożek): Almanach Nowej Sztuki, Barykady, Kamena, Maski, Reflektor: czasopismo literackie, Skamander, Wiadomości Literackie, Wianki.

The full runs of PAN, Ver Sacrum and MA added 28 Nov 2014 (see above).

The Egoist added 2 Dec 2014.

Collections online[edit]

Periodicals in multiple languages
Catalan
Czech
Dutch
English
  • Modernist Journals Project [MJP]. Holds two dozen Anglophone magazines. Maintained by Brown University and The University of Tulsa.
  • Modernist Magazines Project. Holds selected issues of a few dozen Anglophone literary magazines. Maintained by Peter Brooker (University of Sussex) and Andrew Thacker (De Montfort University).
  • Media History Digital Library [MHDL], 20 film magazines.
  • Jacket2 Reissues, inventory of digitized magazines, primarily from the 1970s onwards. Edited by Danny Snelson.
French
German
Italian
Japanese
Polish
Portuguese
Romanian
Russian
Serbian
Slovenian
Spanish
Ukrainian

Reference sites[edit]

Literature[edit]

Journals[edit]

Monographs and catalogues[edit]

  • Frederick J. Hoffman, Charles Allen, Carolyn F. Ulrich, The Little Magazine: A History and a Bibliography, Princeton University Press, 1946; 2nd ed., 1947.
  • Roméo Arbour, Les revues littéraires éphémères paraissant à Paris entre 1900 et 1914, Paris: José Corti, 1956. (in French)
  • Fritz Schlawe, Literarische Zeitschriften 1910-1933, Stuttgart: Metzler, 1962. (in German)
  • Paul Raabe, Die Zeitschriften und Sammlungen des literarischen Expressionismus, Stuttgart: Metzler, 1964. (in German)
  • Richard Admussen, Les petites revues littéraires, 1914-1939, Paris: Nizet, 1970. (in French)
  • Dawn Ades (ed.), Dada and Surrealism Reviewed, intro. David Sylvester, London: Art Council of Great Britain, 1978. Catalogue of the exhibition at the Hayward Gallery, London, Jan-Mar 1978.
  • Ken Norris, Little Magazine in Canada 1925-80, Toronto: ECW, 1984, 203 pp.
  • Andreas Berns, New York Dada Magazines, 1915-1921, Siegen: Universitätsgesamthochschule des Saarlandes, 1986.
  • Yves Chevrefils Desbiolles, Les Revues d'art à Paris 1905-1940, intro. Françoise Levaillant, Paris: Ent'revues, 1993, 374 pp; new ed., Presses de l'université de Provence, 2014, 364 pp. (in French). Introduction and Contents (1993), Contents (2014), Review, [5].
  • Sophie Levie (ed.), Reviews, Zeitschriften, Revues: Die Fackel, Die Weltbühne, Musikblätter des Anbruch, Le Disque vert, Mécano, Versty, Rodopi, 1994. [6]
  • Gardening with Brains: eine Anthologie New Yorker Avantgarde-Zeitschriften der 1910-1920er Jahre: The Little Review, Camera Work, The Soil, Contact, Rongwrong, New York Dada, Broom, Secession, Fire !!, Berlin: John-F.-Kennedy-Institut, 1996. (in German). Contents.
  • Virginia Hagelstein Marquardt (ed.), Art and Journals on the Political Front, 1910-1940, University Press of Florida, 1997, 336 pp. [7]
  • Mark S. Morrisson, The Public Face of Modernism: Little Magazines, Audiences, and Reception, 1905–1920, University of Wisconsin Press, 2000, 304 pp. [8]
  • Stephen Bury (ed.), Breaking the Rules: The Printed Face of the European Avant Garde 1900-1937, London: British Library, 2007. Catalogue of the exhibition in the British Library, London, Nov 2007-Mar 2008.
  • Dean Irvine, Editing Modernity: Women and Little-Magazine Cultures in Canada, 1916-1956, University of Toronto Press, 2008. [9]
  • Peter Brooker, Andrew Thacker (eds.), The Oxford Critical and Cultural History of Modernist Magazines, Vol. I: Britain and Ireland 1880-1955, Oxford University Press, 2009, 976 pp. [10]
  • Robert Scholes, Clifford Wulfman, Modernism in the Magazines: An Introduction, Yale University Press, 2010, 352 pp. [11]
  • Rossella Froissart Pezone, Yves Chevrefils Desbiolles (eds.), Les Revues d’art. Formes, stratégies et réseaux au XXe siècle, intro. Pierre Wat, Presses universitaires de Rennes, 2011, 342 pp. (in French) Introduction, Contents, [12].
  • Peter Brooker, Andrew Thacker (eds.), The Oxford Critical and Cultural History of Modernist Magazines, Vol. 2: North America 1894-1960, Oxford University Press, 2012, 1120 pp. [13]
  • Peter Brooker, Sascha Bru, Andrew Thacker, Christian Weikop (eds.), The Oxford Critical and Cultural History of Modernist Magazines, Vol. 3, Europe 1880-1940, Oxford University Press, 2013, 1528 pp. [14] [15]
  • Eric B. White, Transatlantic Avant-Gardes: Little Magazines and Localist Modernism, Edinburgh University Press, 2013, 272 pp. [16] [17]
  • Rachel Mesch, Having It All in the Belle Epoque: How French Women's Magazines Invented the Modern Woman, Stanford University Press, 2013, 256 pp. [18]

Articles[edit]

  • Timothy Shipe, "Dada Periodicals at Iowa", Books at Iowa 46 (Apr 1987), HTML.
  • Irene E. Hofmann, "Documents of Dada and Surrealism. Dada and Surrealist Journals in the Mary Reynolds Collection", Art Institute of Chicago Museum Studies 22:2 (1996), pp 130-149, 197, HTML, PDF.
  • Sean Latham, Robert Scholes, "The Rise of Periodical Studies", PMLA 121:2 (Mar 2006), pp 517-531, PDF.
  • Aránzazu Ascunce Arenas, "One Hundred Little Magazines", in Arenas, Barcelona and Madrid: Social Networks of the Avant-Garde, Plymouth: Bucknell University Press, 2012, pp 79-112. [19]
  • Celia Aijmer Rydsjö, AnnKatrin Jonsson, "'Published by Us, Written by Us, Read by Us': Little Magazine Networks", Global Review 1:1 (2013), pp 39-65, PDF, ePub. On the expatriate English-language magazines of the 1920s-30s.

Dissertations[edit]

  • Isabelle Lorenz, La poetique/politique de la mise en pages: Les revues du surrealisme et de sa dissidence, City University of New York, 1991. (in French) [20]
  • Jorge Maria Gibert Cardona, Estudio de las vanguardias a traves de las revistas vanguardistas catalanas (1907-1936), University of Navarre, 1996. Examines 25 Catalan magazines. [21]
  • Brigitte Boulad, Aesthetic Theories in Avant-Garde Magazines and Serials, 1912-1922, George Washington University, 1997. [22]
  • Emily Hage, New York and European Dada Art Journals, 1916-1926: International Venues of Exchange, University of Pennsylvania, 2005, 506 pp. [23]
  • Victoria Kingham, Commerce, Little Magazines and Modernity: New York, 1915-1922, Leicester: University of De Montfort, 2009, 281 pp, PDF.

Bibliographies[edit]

  • Paul Raabe (ed.), Index Expressionismus. Bibliographie der Beiträge in den Zeitschriften und Jahrbüchern des literarischen Expressionismus, 1910-1923, 18 vols., Nendeln/Lichtenstein, 1972. (in German)
  • Richard Sheppard, Avantgarde und Arbeiterdichter in den Hauptorganen der deutschen Linken 1917-1922. Eine analytische Bibliographie mit einem Nachwort, Frankfurt am Main: Lang, 1995. (in German)
  • Armin A. Wallas, Zeitschriften und Anthologien des Expressionismus in Österreich. Analytische Bibliographie und Register, 2 vols., Munich, Providence, London, Paris: Saur, 1995, 1200 pp. (in German). Review.
  • Suzanne W. Churchill, Adam McKible (eds.), Little Magazines & Modernism: New Approaches, Ashgate, 2007.

Links[edit]

Response[edit]

Poetry Foundation, 3:AM Magazine, Hyperallergic, Esfera Publica, AIGA, Open Culture, Wwwhat's new, British Council Russia, British Council Ukraine, Experimental Jetset, Studio 360, Blue Mountain Project, Literalab, e-skop.