Groupe de Recherche d'Art Visuel
Groupe de Recherche d’Art Visuel (GRAV) [Visual Art Research Group] was an artists group in Paris that consisted of opto-kinetic artists working from 1960 until 1968/69.
In July 1960, Hector García Miranda, Horacio García Rossi, Hugo Demarco, Julio Le Parc, Vera Molnár, François Molnár, François Morellet, Sergio Moyano, Servanes (Simone Revoil), Joël Stein, Francisco Sobrino, and Yvaral (Jean-Pierre Vasarely) founded the Centre de Recherche d’Art Visuel, a center for visual research where the artists could work together towards the realization of their common formal and theoretical goals. In the summer of 1960, the young artists rented a small garage in the Marais district of Paris, which provided them with a common meeting and exhibition space. The center was renamed Groupe de Recherche d’Art Visuel (GRAV) in July 1961. From then on, the group members were García Rossi, Le Parc, Morellet, Sobrino, Stein, and Yvaral. The group disbanded in November 1968. (Source)
- G.R.A.V.: La condition d’instabilité de la vision, Brescia: kanalidarte, 2010, 47 pp. (Italian)
- Lily Woodruff, "The Groupe de Recherche d'Art Visuel's Social Abstractions", in Woodruff, Disordering the Establishment: Participatory Art and Institutional Critique in France, 1958-1981, Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2020, pp 31-89.