Software (exhibition)

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Software catalogue, 1970, Log, PDF.

Software - Information Technology: Its New Meaning for Art was an exhibition curated by artist and critic Jack Burnham and held at the Jewish Museum in Brooklyn, New York City, from 16 September - 8 November 1970, and the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., from 16 December 1970 until 14 February 1971. The show put together computers and conceptual artists, linking them through the idea of software as a process or a program to be carried out by a machine or by the audience based on "instruction lines" formulated by the artist.

Participating artists: Vito Acconci, David Antin, Architecture Group Machine M.I.T., John Baldessari, Robert Barry, Linda Berris, Donald Burgy, Paul Conly, Agnes Denes, Robert Duncan Enzmann, Carl Fernbach-Flarsheim, John Godyear, Hans Haacke, Douglas Huebler, Joseph Kosuth, Nam June Paik, Alex Razdow, Sonia Sheridan, Evander D. Schley, Theodosius Victoria, Lawrence Weiner.



  • Jack Burnham, "Comments on Mallary's Note", Leonardo 3:2, Apr 1970, pp 265-266. A response to Robert Mallory's review of the Software show, in the same issue.
  • Robert Mallory, "Notes on Jack Burnham's Concepts of a Software Exhibition", Leonardo 3:2, 1970, pp 189-190.
  • Bitite Vinklers, "Art and Information: 'Software' at the Jewish Museum", Arts Magazine 45:1, Sep 1970, p 46.
  • Dore Ashton, "Software Everywhere: Jewish Museum, NY, exhibition", Studio International 180, Nov 1970, pp 200-202.
  • Lutz Dammbeck, a synopsis of the "Software" show, the planning behind it and the works it contained, 2003. [1] (German)


Art exhibitions and events

Second Spring Exhibition of OBMOKhU (Moscow, 1920-21), Congress of International Progressive Artists (Düsseldorf, 1922), Congress of the Constructivists and Dadaists (Weimar, 1922), First Russian Art Exhibition (Berlin, 1922), New Art Exhibition (Vilnius, 1923), Zenit Exhibition (Belgrade, 1924), Contimporanul Exhibition (Bucharest, 1924), Machine-Age Exposition (New York, 1927), a.r. International Collection of Modern Art (Łódź, 1931), New Tendencies (Zagreb, 1961-73), The Responsive Eye (New York, 1965), 9 Evenings: Theatre and Engineering (New York, 1966), Cybernetic Serendipity (London, 1968), Live In Your Head: When Attitudes Become Form (Bern, 1969), Information (New York, 1970), Software - Information Technology: Its New Meaning for Art (New York, 1970), Documenta 5 (Kassel, 1972), Pictures (New York, 1977), Biennial of Dissent (Venice, 1977), Les Immatériaux (Paris, 1985), Magiciens de la Terre (Paris, 1989), Hybrid Workspace (Kassel, 1997)