Difference between revisions of "Sophie Taeuber-Arp"

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|image = Taeuber-Arp_Sophie_1920_Portrait_with_Dada-Head.jpg
 
|image = Taeuber-Arp_Sophie_1920_Portrait_with_Dada-Head.jpg
 
|imagesize = 250px
 
|imagesize = 250px
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|caption = Nic. Aluf, ''Porträt mit Dada-Kopf'' [Portrait with Dada-Head], 1920. Gelatin silver print. 21 x 16.7 cm.
 
|birth_date = {{birth date|1889|1|19|mf=y}}
 
|birth_date = {{birth date|1889|1|19|mf=y}}
 
|birth_place = Davos-Platz, Switzerland
 
|birth_place = Davos-Platz, Switzerland
 
|death_date = {{Death date and age|1943|1|13|1889|1|19|mf=y}}
 
|death_date = {{Death date and age|1943|1|13|1889|1|19|mf=y}}
 
|death_place = Zurich, Switzerland
 
|death_place = Zurich, Switzerland
|caption = ''Porträt mit Dada-Kopf'' [Portrait with Dada-Head], 1920. Collage. 21 x 16.5 cm.
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|web = [[DadaCompanion::http://web.archive.org/web/20190419232052/http://www.dada-companion.com/taeuber/|Dada Companion]], [[Wikipedia::http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sophie_Taeuber-Arp|Wikipedia]]
|web = [[DadaCompanion::http://www.dada-companion.com/taeuber/|Dada Companion]], [[Wikipedia::http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sophie_Taeuber-Arp|Wikipedia]]
 
 
}}
 
}}
 
[[Image:Taeuber-Arp_Sophie_1927c_Aubette_200_Gedrehte_Deckenzeichnung_fuer_die_Aubette-Bar.jpg|thumb|258px|''Aubette 200 (Gedrehte Deckenzeichnung für die Aubette-Bar)'', c1927. Watercolor and pencil on paper. 24.4 x 31.8 cm.]]
 
[[Image:Taeuber-Arp_Sophie_1927c_Aubette_200_Gedrehte_Deckenzeichnung_fuer_die_Aubette-Bar.jpg|thumb|258px|''Aubette 200 (Gedrehte Deckenzeichnung für die Aubette-Bar)'', c1927. Watercolor and pencil on paper. 24.4 x 31.8 cm.]]
'''Sophie Henriette Gertrude Taeuber-Arp''' was a Swiss artist, painter, sculptor, textile designer, and dancer.
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'''Sophie Henriette Gertrude Taeuber-Arp''' (1889-1943) was a Swiss artist, painter, sculptor, textile designer, and dancer.
  
Born in Davos in 1889, she grew up in an emancipated and culturally open-minded milieu in Trogen in the Canton of Appenzell. From 1912 until 1914 she studied at the Teaching and Experimental Studios for Applied Art in Munich, and Hamburg. In 1916 Taeuber-Arp was offered a position teaching textile design at the Zurich School of Applied Arts. She continued to teach there until 1929, setting new standards in textile design. In 1915 she met [[Hans Arp]] whom she married in 1922. Both were active in the context of the Zurich-based [[Dada]] movement. She appeared as a dancer both at the Cabaret Voltaire and later at the Galerie Dada. As a 27 year-old, Taeuber-Arp received her first major commission as an interior architect, which involved decorating the Aubette, a modern entertainment centre in Strasbourg, together with [[Hans Arp]] and [[Theo van Doesburg]]. In 1929 she moved with to France where they lived in a house conceived by Taeuber-Arp in Clamart-Meudon near Paris. Even more than in Zurich and stimulated by the close contact to the Paris art scene, Sophie Taeuber-Arp from then on focused on her artistic work. When the Germans marched into Paris in 1940 the couple was forced to flee to Grasse in the south of France and later back to Switzerland. [http://artforum.com/uploads/guide.002/id18451/press_release.pdf (Source)]
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==Life and work==
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Sophie Henriette Gertrud Taeuber was born to a German father and Swiss mother and later became one of the only Swiss participants in Zurich Dada activities. Beginning in 1906,  
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she studied decorative painting, drawing, and design at the School of Applied Arts of Saint Gall. She went to Munich in the fall of 1910, where she studied in the textile workshop of an experimental studio directed by Wilhelm von Debschitz. After a year at the School of Applied Arts in Hamburg, she returned again to Debschitz' studio until she moved to Zurich, where her sister had an apartment.  
  
; Links
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In the fall of 1915 Taeuber met [[Hans Arp]], an Alsatian artist and poet who would later become her husband. She and Arp embarked on an experiment with abstract forms. Taeuber's previous work with abstract geometric compositions in her designs for textiles formed the foundation of their collaborative duo-collages, which were composed of cut paper arranged in strict horizontal and vertical patterns. Taeuber also produced weavings from her own and Arp's designs and was in this respect one of the first artists in [[Dada|Zurich Dada]] to demonstrate the contribution of the applied arts to the development of abstract art. Throughout her years of involvement with Dada, Taeuber was also a professor of textile design and techniques at the School of Applied Arts in Zurich.  
* [http://stiftungarp.de/sophie-teuber-arp/sophie-teuber-arp-1/ Biography at Arp Foundation]
 
* [http://www.nga.gov/exhibitions/2006/dada/artists/taeuber.shtm Taeuber's biography and works at 2006 NGA exhibition]
 
* [http://www.paris-la.com/sophie-taeuber-arp-today-is-tomorrow/ Retrospective in Aarau 2014]
 
  
; See also
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Since 1916 Taeuber had been studying dance with [[Rudolf Laban]], a Swiss modern dancer and choreographer who advocated a radical form of expressive movement. In April of that year, Taeuber and [[Mary Wigman]], a student of Laban's who would go on to become a prominent modern dancer, began performing at the Cabaret Voltaire dressed in costumes designed by other members of the Dada circle. Because the Zurich School of Applied Arts disapproved of their professors taking part in Dada activities, she danced under a pseudonym.
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In 1918 Taeuber received a commission to design the stage sets and marionettes for a production of Carlo Gozzi's play ''Il re cervo'' [König Hirsch; King Stag], adapted by Werner Wolff and René Morax. It was the first performance of its kind to integrate Dada and psychoanalysis. The animating conflict of the play was the 1913 controversy between [[Sigmund Freud]] and [[Carl Jung]] over the character of the libido. Taeuber commented ironically on this antagonism by creating marionettes whose inherent freedom from the constraints of human anatomy and motion allowed them to manifest interior, or psychic, states in their physical forms. Between 1920 and 1926 Taeuber traveled extensively, taking vacations with Hans Arp that were often spent in the company of other dadaists like [[Max Ernst]], [[Paul Eluard]], and [[Tristan Tzara]], or [[Kurt Schwitters]] and [[Hannah Höch]]. After settling in Strasbourg, Taeuber received a commission to decorate an entertainment complex in the center of town called the Aubette. She, Arp, and [[Theo van Doesburg]] shared the project. Arp and Taeuber moved to Paris in 1928, where they lived until 1940, when World War II forced them to flee to southern France. Tragically, Taeuber died of accidental gas poisoning in 1943 while she and Arp were in Zurich attempting to obtain passage to the United States. [http://web.archive.org/web/20160516153803/http://www.nga.gov/exhibitions/2006/dada/artists/taeuber.shtm (Source)]
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==Catalogues==
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* Carolyn Lanchner, ''[[Media:Lanchner Carolyn Sophie Taeuber-Arp 1981.pdf|Sophie Taeuber-Arp]]'', New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1981, 53 pp. [http://www.moma.org/calendar/exhibitions/2261]
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==See also==
 
* [[Plastique]]
 
* [[Plastique]]
  
[[Category:Dada|Taeuber-Arp, Sophie]]
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==Links==
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* [https://arpmuseum.org Arp Museum], Bahnhof Rolandseck, Remagen
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* [http://stiftungarp.de/sophie-teuber-arp/sophie-teuber-arp-1/ Biography by Arp Foundation]
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* [http://web.archive.org/web/20160516153803/http://www.nga.gov/exhibitions/2006/dada/artists/taeuber.shtm Biography and works in 2006 Dada exhibition at NGA]
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* [http://www.aargauerkunsthaus.ch/en/exhibitions/archive/2014/?showUid=285 Retrospective at Aargauer Kunsthaus, 2014]
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[[Category:Dada]] {{DEFAULTSORT:Taeuber-Arp, Sophie}}

Latest revision as of 16:46, 15 November 2019


Nic. Aluf, Porträt mit Dada-Kopf [Portrait with Dada-Head], 1920. Gelatin silver print. 21 x 16.7 cm.
Born January 19, 1889(1889-01-19)
Davos-Platz, Switzerland
Died January 13, 1943(1943-01-13) (aged 53)
Zurich, Switzerland
Web Dada Companion, Wikipedia
Aubette 200 (Gedrehte Deckenzeichnung für die Aubette-Bar), c1927. Watercolor and pencil on paper. 24.4 x 31.8 cm.

Sophie Henriette Gertrude Taeuber-Arp (1889-1943) was a Swiss artist, painter, sculptor, textile designer, and dancer.

Life and work[edit]

Sophie Henriette Gertrud Taeuber was born to a German father and Swiss mother and later became one of the only Swiss participants in Zurich Dada activities. Beginning in 1906, she studied decorative painting, drawing, and design at the School of Applied Arts of Saint Gall. She went to Munich in the fall of 1910, where she studied in the textile workshop of an experimental studio directed by Wilhelm von Debschitz. After a year at the School of Applied Arts in Hamburg, she returned again to Debschitz' studio until she moved to Zurich, where her sister had an apartment.

In the fall of 1915 Taeuber met Hans Arp, an Alsatian artist and poet who would later become her husband. She and Arp embarked on an experiment with abstract forms. Taeuber's previous work with abstract geometric compositions in her designs for textiles formed the foundation of their collaborative duo-collages, which were composed of cut paper arranged in strict horizontal and vertical patterns. Taeuber also produced weavings from her own and Arp's designs and was in this respect one of the first artists in Zurich Dada to demonstrate the contribution of the applied arts to the development of abstract art. Throughout her years of involvement with Dada, Taeuber was also a professor of textile design and techniques at the School of Applied Arts in Zurich.

Since 1916 Taeuber had been studying dance with Rudolf Laban, a Swiss modern dancer and choreographer who advocated a radical form of expressive movement. In April of that year, Taeuber and Mary Wigman, a student of Laban's who would go on to become a prominent modern dancer, began performing at the Cabaret Voltaire dressed in costumes designed by other members of the Dada circle. Because the Zurich School of Applied Arts disapproved of their professors taking part in Dada activities, she danced under a pseudonym.

In 1918 Taeuber received a commission to design the stage sets and marionettes for a production of Carlo Gozzi's play Il re cervo [König Hirsch; King Stag], adapted by Werner Wolff and René Morax. It was the first performance of its kind to integrate Dada and psychoanalysis. The animating conflict of the play was the 1913 controversy between Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung over the character of the libido. Taeuber commented ironically on this antagonism by creating marionettes whose inherent freedom from the constraints of human anatomy and motion allowed them to manifest interior, or psychic, states in their physical forms. Between 1920 and 1926 Taeuber traveled extensively, taking vacations with Hans Arp that were often spent in the company of other dadaists like Max Ernst, Paul Eluard, and Tristan Tzara, or Kurt Schwitters and Hannah Höch. After settling in Strasbourg, Taeuber received a commission to decorate an entertainment complex in the center of town called the Aubette. She, Arp, and Theo van Doesburg shared the project. Arp and Taeuber moved to Paris in 1928, where they lived until 1940, when World War II forced them to flee to southern France. Tragically, Taeuber died of accidental gas poisoning in 1943 while she and Arp were in Zurich attempting to obtain passage to the United States. (Source)

Catalogues[edit]

See also[edit]

Links[edit]