Central and Eastern Europe
Early electronic music
- Lev Termen - the patriarch of musical electronics, a talented physicist, the creator of the termenvox - unsurpassed till now in the family of performing electronic instruments (owing to its keen sound control options).
- A.A.Volodin - a scientist in the field of electronic sound synthesis, the designer of a whole series of new instruments.
- In the 1930s, professor E.A.Sholpo established a laboratory for sound synthesis where he developed his variophone, a precursor of the synthesizers.
- In 1955, engineer Murzin finished ANS synthesizer and in 1955 founded the Experimental studio of electronic music in Moscow. First creative experiments on the ANS has performed composer A.Volkonsky (1958), and a little bit later the work with the synthesizer was began by O.Buloshkin, E.Artemiev, A.Nemtin, S.Kreichi, S.Gubaidullina, A.Schnitke, E.Denisov, Sh.Kallosh. In 1972 the studio acquired the module synthesizer "SYNTHI-100" of English company "Taylor".
- Number of composers visit Summer School of New Music in Darmstadt.
- Number of composers works with WDR studio Cologne.
- Number of composers works with GRM studio Paris.
- Warsaw Autumn Festival.
- Gorizont became known as some sort of Russian version of Kraftwerk, releasing an LP by the "Soviet State" record label Melodia.
musique concréte (1949, Schaeffer, Paris), elektronische Musik (1950, Eimert and Meyer-Eppler, Cologne), New Music, synthesizer (ANS synthesizer, 1955, Moscow; RCA Music synthesizer, 1955), white noise, vocoder, atonal music, serialism
Polish Radio Experimental Studio Warsaw (1957, Patkowski), Experimental studio of electronic music Moscow (1958, Murzin), Experimentalstudio für künstliche Klang- und Geräuscherzeugung Berlin (1962), Experimental Studio of Slovak Radio (1965, Kolman), Experimental Studio of Czech Radio Pilsen (1967-94), New Music Studio Budapest (1970), Electro-acoustic Music Studio at Academy of Music Krakow (1973, Patkowski), Electronic music studio Sofia (1974), Electroacoustic Music Studio of the Hungarian Radio Budapest (1975, Decsényi), Audiostudio of Czechoslovak Radio Prague (1990-94), Theremin Center Moscow (1992, Smirnov)
Jozef Patkowski (Warsaw), Wlodzimierz Kotonski (Warsaw), Peter Kolman (Bratislava), Miloslav Kabeláč (Pilsen), Vladimír Lébl (theorist, Prague), Péter Eötvös (Budapest), Zoltán Jeney (Budapest), László Vidovszky (Budapest), László Sáry (Budapest)
- Prague, 1960s
- Warsaw, mid-1950s-60s
- Media art#Early electronic music
- Poland#Electroacoustic and experimental music, sound art
- Electroacoustic music in Slovakia
- Czech Republic#Electroacoustic and experimental music, sound art
- Hungary#Electroacoustic and experimental music, sound art
See also Media art