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Early cinema[edit]

  • Lucien Nonguet's Massacres de Macedonie (Massacres in Macedonia, 1903) is the first film footage that drew international attention to the stormy Macedonian milieu. This was one of many directed film journals, filmed and entirely processed in the Pathé studio in Vincennes near Paris.[1]
  • Charles Rider Noble was, as a representative of the Charles Urban Trading Co. of London, given the task of documenting the current events in the Balkans during the period after the Ilinden uprising. It is thought that his film Macedonian Uprisers Fight Against the Turks (England, 1903) contains the first “live” killing captured on film. This was actually the first film portrait of Macedonia in Europe and the world, as well as the first official presence of a film professional on the Macedonian soil.[2]
  • Ianachia and Manakia Manakis, cineasts & photographers.


Video art[edit]

  • The Ohrid 89 international video colony. It enabled the production of video works in co-operation with RTV Skopje. Theorists, producers and video artists participated in the event, including Nuša Dragan, Srečo Dragan, and Marina Gržinić and Aina Šmid.
  • "Videokunst in Mazedonien", (German), [3]
  • Marijan Susovski, "Video u Jugoslaviji", Spot 10, Zagreb 1977.
  • Raša Todosijević, Video, Videosfera: video/društvo/umetnost ("The Video: Videosphere: video/society/art"), Studentski izdavački centar, ed. Mihailo Ristić, Belgrade, 1986.
  • Mihailo Ristić (ed.), Video, Videosfera: video/društvo/umetnost [The Video: Videosphere: video/society/art], Belgrade: Studentski izdavački centar, 1986. Anthology of theoretical texts about video, including contributions from video-makers.
  • Barbara Borčić, "Video Art from Conceptualism to Postmodernism", in Impossible Histories: Historical Avant-Gardes, Neo-Avant-Gardes, and Post-Avant-Gardes in Yugoslavia, 1918-1991, eds. Dubravka Djurić and Miško Šuvaković, MIT Press, 2003, pp 490-524, PDF.

New media art, Media culture[edit]


Skopje, Gevgelija

avant-garde, modernism and after

Albania, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Central and Eastern Europe, Chile, China, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kosova, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Mexico, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Pakistan, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Spain, Slovenia, Slovakia, South Korea, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States