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Maciunas, Fluxus Manifesto, 1963.
Young (ed.), An Anthology of Chance Operations, 1963, Log, PDF.
Brecht, Chance-Imagery, 1966, PDF.
Manifestos, 1966/2004, PDF.
Filliou, et al., Teaching and Learning as Performing Arts, 1970, Log, PDF.
Vostell, Higgins (eds.), Fantastic Architecture [1969], 1971, Log, PDF.


Objects, artists' publications[edit]

  • George Brecht, Water Yam, c1963.
  • George Maciunas (ed.), Fluxus 1, 1964-79, JPGs (book version), JPGs (box version). First of three issues of Maciunas' serialised publication. [1]
  • George Maciunas, Name Cards, 1964, JPGs.
  • Fluxkit, 1965. [2]
  • George Maciunas (ed.), Flux Year Box 2, New York, 1966-68, JPGs. Second of three issues of Maciunas' serialised publication. [3]
  • Ben Vautier, Fluxbox Containing God, c1966.
  • George Maciunas (ed.), Fluxtattoos, New York: Implosions, 1967.
  • Daniel Spoerri, Roland Topor, Robert Filliou, Monsters are Inoffensive, 1968. Postcard set. [4]
  • George Maciunas (ed.), Fluxpack 3, Flash Art Edizioni, 1973-75. Third of three issues of Maciunas' serialised publication.

Event scores[edit]

  • La Monte Young (ed.), An Anthology of Chance Operations, New York: La Monte Young and Jackson Mac Low, Spring 1963; 2nd ed., New York: H. Friedrich, 1970, JPGs. First and only issue. Compilation of texts, scores for events, instruction cards, experimental poetry, and much more by artists musicians, poets, and dancers, who founded Fluxus, minimalism, conceptual art, and other experimental practices. Among the artists included are George Brecht, John Cage, Walter De Maria, Henry Flynt, Yoko Ono, Dick Higgins, Toshi Ichiyanagi, Ray Johnson, Simone Forti, Nam June Paik, Terry Riley, Diter Rot, Emmet Williams, and Christian Wolff.
  • Alison Knowles, Annea Lockwood (eds.), Women's Work, New York: Alison Knowles and Anna Lockwood, 1975. [5]
  • Shiomi Mieko, Spatial Poems, Osaka, 1975. [6] [7] [8]
  • Ken Friedman, Owen Smith, Lauren Sawchyn (eds.), The Fluxus Performance Workbook, new ed., Performance Research, 2002, 117 pp.


Periodicals, newsletters
  • décoll/age: Bulletin aktueller Ideen und Kunst nach, ed. Wolf Vostell, Cologne, 1962-69. [10] (German)
  • News-Policy-Letter, 7 numbers, ed. George Maciunas, Wiesbaden: Fluxus (1-4), Ehlhalten: Fluxus (5-7), 1962-63.
  • Aktuální umění, 2 issues, ed. Aktuální umění, Prague, 1964-65. (Czech)
  • Fluxnewsletter, ed. George Maciunas, New York, 1965-76. Selection.
  • Something Else Press Newsletters, 22 numbers, ed. Dick Higgins, New York: Something Else Press, 1966-73 & 1983.
Something Else Press (incl. Great Bear Pamphlets) [11]

Selection according to Friedman & Owen's Fluxus bibliography.

  • Dick Higgins, Jefferson’s Birthday/Postface, 2 vols., New York: Something Else Press, 1964, 271+89 pp. [12] [13] [14]
  • Philip Corner, Alison Knowles, Benjamin Patterson, Tomas Schmit, The Four Suits, New York: Something Else Press, 1965. [15] [16]
  • Robert Filliou, Ample Food for Stupid Thought, New York: Something Else Press, 1965.
  • Al Hansen, A Primer of Happenings and Time/Space Art, New York: Something Else Press, 1965.
  • Ray Johnson, The Paper Snake, New York: Something Else Press, 1965.
  • Knowles, Alison, By Alison Knowles, Great Bear Pamphlets, New York: Something Else Press, 1965; UbuClassics, 2004, PDF.
  • George Brecht, Chance-Imagery, Great Bear Pamphlets, New York: Something Else Press, 1966, 16 pp; UbuClassics, 2004, PDF.
  • Manifestos, Great Bear Pamphlets, New York: Something Else Press, 1966; UbuClassics, 2004, PDF; repr., Brooklyn, NY: Primary Information, 2007. [17]
  • Jackson Mac Low, The Twin Plays, Great Bear Pamphlets, New York: Something Else Press, 1966; UbuClassics, 2004, PDF.
  • Daniel Spoerri, An Anecdoted Topography of Chance, ed. & annot. Emmett Williams, New York: Something Else Press, 1966.
  • Wolf Vostell, Berlin and Phenomena, trans. Laura P. Williams, Great Bear Pamphlets, New York: Something Else Press, 1966, 16 pp; UbuClassics, 2004, PDF.
  • George Brecht, Robert Filliou, Games at the Cedilla, or the Cedilla Takes Off, New York: Something Else Press, 1967. [18] [19]
  • Robert Filliou, A Filliou Sampler, Great Bear Pamphlets, New York: Something Else Press, 1967, 16 pp; UbuClassics, 2004, PDF.
  • Juan Hidalgo, A Zaj Sampler, trans. Peter Besas, Great Bear Pamphlets, New York: Something Else Press, 1967; UbuClassics, 2004, PDF.
  • Bengt af Klintberg, The Cursive Scandinavian Salve, A Great Bear Pamphlet, New York: Something Else Press, 1967; UbuClassics, 2004, PDF.
  • Emmett Williams (ed.), An Anthology of Concrete Poetry, New York: Something Else Press, 1967
  • Dick Higgins, foew&ombwhnw: A Grammar of the Mind and a Phenomenology of Love and a Science of the Arts As Seen by a Stalker of the Wild Mushroom, New York: Something Else Press, 1968.
  • John Cage (ed.), Notations, New York: Something Else Press, 1969.
  • Dick Higgins, foew&ombwhnw, New York: Something Else Press, 1969.
  • Jackson Mac Low, Stanzas for Iris Lezak, Barton, VT: Something Else Press, 1971.
  • Wolf Vostell, Dick Higgins (eds.), Fantastic Architecture, New York: Something Else Press, 1971.
  • Richard Kostelanetz (ed.), Breakthrough Fictioneers, Barton, VT and Berlin: Something Else Press, 1972.
  • Geoff Hendricks, Ring Piece, Barton, VT: Something Else Press, 1973.

Film, video[edit]

Fluxus Anthology, 1989, MP3s, MP3s.
FluxTellus, 1990, MP3s.


Graphic design[edit]

Fluxus Virus, 1962-1992, 1992, Log, PDF. (DE/EN)
Fluxus. Eine lange Geschichte mit vielen Knoten. Fluxus in Deutschland 1962–1994, 1995, Log, PDF. (DE/CZ)


  • Pictures to be Read, Poetry to be Seen, Chicago: Museum of Contemporary Art, 1967, 33 pp. Exh. curated by Jan van der Marck; held at MCA Chicago, 24 Oct-3 Dec 1967.
  • Happening & Fluxus: Materialien, ed. Hans Sohm, Cologne: Kölnischer Kunstverein, 1970, [340] pp. Exh. curated by Hans Sohm and Harald Szeemann; held at the Kölnischer Kunstverein, Cologne, 6 Nov 1970-6 Jan 1971. [21] (German)
  • Actie, werkelijkheid en fictie in de kunst van de jaren '60 in Nederland, ed. W.A.L. Beeren, 's-Gravenhage: Staatsuitgeverij, 1979, 176 pp, PDF. Exh. held at Museum Boymans van Beuningen, Rotterdam, 9 Nov 1979-6 Jan 1980. (Dutch)
  • Fluxus etc., ed. John Hendricks, Bloomfield Hills, MI: Cranbrook Academy of Art Museum, and Detroit, MI: Gilbert and Lila Silverman Fluxus Collection, 1981. [22] Addenda I, 1983. [23] Addenda II, 1983. [24]
  • Clive Phillpot, Jon Hendricks, Fluxus: Selections from the Gilbert and Lila Silverman Collection, New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1988, 64 pp. [25]
  • Fluxus: A Conceptual Country, ed. Estera Milman, Jan 1992, 248 pp, PDFs. Special issue of Visible Language 26(1-2).
  • Fluxus Virus, 1962-1992, ed. Ken Friedman, Cologne: Galerie Schüppenhauer, 1992, 399 pp. Includes 41 artists and biographies, with essays exploring the identity of Fluxus by Peter Frank, Ina Conzen Meairs, Wilfried Dörstel and Reiner Steinberg, Hannah Higgins, Karen Moss, Owen F. Smith, David T. Doris, Dieter Daniels, Ina Blom, Mariane Hoffmann, Michael Erlhoff, James Lewes, Manfred de la Motte, and Ken Friedman. (German)/(English) [26] [27]
  • In the Spirit of Fluxus, eds. Elizabeth Armstrong, Janet Jenkins, and Joan Rothfuss, Minneapolis, MN: Walker Art Center, 1993. Stiles' essay. Texts by Andreas Huyssen, Simon Anderson, Kristine Stiles, Owen Smith, Douglas Kahn, Bruce Jenkins, and Elizabeth Armstrong. Review: Ivacs (Artpool). [28]
  • Adrian Glew, Jon Hendricks, Fluxbritannica: Aspects of the Fluxus Movement 1962-73, London: Tate Gallery, 1994. (English)
  • Fluxus. Eine lange Geschichte mit vielen Knoten. Fluxus in Deutschland 1962–1994, 2 vols., eds. René Block and Gabriele Knapstein, Stuttgart: Institut für Auslandsbeziehungen, 1995, 100+266 pp. (German)
  • In de geest van Fluxus, Antwerp: Stadsdrukkerij, 1995, 85 pp. [29] (Dutch)
  • Fluxus: definíciók és idézetek. Szöveggyűjtemény a Fluxus Németországban 1969-1994 című kiállításhoz, ed. László Beke, Budapest: Műcsarnok, 1996, 56 pp. (Hungarian)
  • Alternative Traditions in the Contemporary Arts: Subjugated Knowledges and the Balance of Power, ed. Estera Milman, University of Iowa Museum of Art, 1999, 111 pp. With contributions by Ken Friedman, Stephen Perkins, and Owen Smith.
  • Off Limits: Rutgers University and the Avant-Garde, 1957–1963, ed. Joan Marter, New Jersey: Newark Museum and Rutgers University Press, 1999. Review: Beckman & Applefield (Art J). [30]
  • Critical Mass: Happenings, Fluxus, Performance, Intermedia, and Rutgers University, 1957–1972, ed. Geoffrey Hendricks, New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2003. [31] [32] [33] (English)
  • Astrit Schmidt-Burkhardt, Maciunas' Learning Machines: From Art History to a Chronology of Fluxus, Berlin: Vice Versa, 2003; 2nd ed., rev. & exp., forew. Jon Hendricks, Vienna and New York: Springer, 2011, 215 pp. [34]
  • O que é Fluxus? O que não é! O porquê / What's Fluxus? What's Not! Why, ed. Jon Hendricks, Rio de Janeiro: Centro Cultural Banco do Brasil, 2002, 272 pp. (Brazilian Portuguese)/(English)
  • Intermedia: The Dick Higgins Collections at UMBC, ed. Lisa Moren, Baltimore: University of Maryland, 2003, 84 pp. (English)
  • Fluxus—Art into Life, eds. Nobuko Akita, Yoko Hayami, and Midori Yoshimoto, Saitama, Japan: Urawa Bijutsukan, 2004. (Japanese)/(English) [35]
  • Fluxus East: Fluxus-Netzwerke in Mittelosteuropa / Fluxus East: Fluxus Networks in Central Eastern Europe, ed. Petra Stegmann, Berlin: Kuenstlerhaus Bethanien, 2007, 288 pp. Exh. held at Künstlerhaus Bethanien, Berlin, 4 Sep-4 Nov 2007. Contains artists' biographies, an extensive illustrated chronology divided in sections, including an “Overall Survey of Fluxus Events in Central Eastern Europe (1962–1989), “Fluxus Concerts,” “Individual Exhibitions and Performances,” “Exhibitions and Festivals,” “Mieko Shiomi’s ‘Spatial Poems,’” “Nine Global Events,” and “Fluxus East and West,” and essays by Eric Andersen, Andrea Bátorová, Milan Knížák, Pavlína Morganová, Luiza Nader, Maria Anna Potocka, Tamás St. Auby, Petra Stegmann, and Emmett Williams. (German)/(English) [36] [37]
  • Fluxus in Holland. De jaren '60, eds. Jeannette Dekeukeleire and Harry Ruhé, Amsterdam: Galerie A / artKitchen, 2009. [38]
  • Fluxus and the Essential Questions of Life, ed. Jacquelynn Baas, Hood Museum of Art, and University of Chicago Press, 2011.
  • Fluxus at 50, eds. Alexander Klar, Stefan Fricke, and Sarah Maske, Bielefeld: Kerber, 2012. [39]
  • Fluxus: A Creative Revolution / Una rivoluzione creativa, eds. Antonio d'Avossa and Nicoletta Ossanna Cavadini, Milan: Skira, 2012, 367 pp. (Italian)/(English)
  • Fluxus Black&White, Belo Horizonte: Oi Futuro, 2012, 121 pp. [40] (English)/(Brazilian Portuguese)
  • The Lunatics Are on the Loose: European Fluxus Festivals 1962-1977, ed. Petra Stegmann, Potsdam: Down With Art!, 2013. [41]
  • Living Collections Catalogue, 2: Art Expanded, 1958-1978, ed. Eric Crosby, Minneapolis: Walker Art Center, 2015.
  • Sense Sound/Sound Sense: Fluxus Music, Scores & Records in the Luigi Bonotto Collection, eds. Patrizio Peterlini and Walter Rovere, Ravenna: Danilo Montanari, 2016, 216 pp. Exh. held at the Auditorium Parco della musica, Rome, Italy, 6 May-2 Jun 2016. [42] [43]

Exhibitions, events[edit]

Selection of gallery exhibitions with an online presence. For more see Catalogues section above.

Chronologies, diagrams[edit]

Collections and archives[edit]

List on the Fluxus & Happening resource


Ken Friedman (ed.), The Fluxus Reader, 1998, Log, PDF, PDFs.

Art history and theory[edit]

  • Harry Ruhé (ed.), Fluxus: The Most Radical and Experimental Art Movement of the Sixties, Amsterdam: A, 1979. In 1979, this publication was the most comprehensive history of Fluxus activities, editions, and general Fluxus literature, with an essay on the history of Fluxus by Ruhé. Useful as an early inclusive history of Fluxus compared to the increasingly less comprehensive canonized versions of Fluxus. Loose-leaf alphabetized artists’ pages with biographies, lists of works, publications, and many photographs assembled in a three-ring binder.
  • Fluxus: izbor tekstova, ed. Aleksandra Janković, Belgrade: Muzej savremene umetnosti, 1986. Selected writings. (Serbo-Croatian)
  • Ken Friedman (ed.), The Fluxus Reader, Academy Editions, 1998, 309 pp, ARG. Contains histories, theories, critical perspectives, and transcriptions from an interview with Maciunas by Larry Miller; an essay by Miller; and an interview with Billie Maciunas regarding her life, sex, and experiences with George Maciunas, and her encounters with Fluxus, by Susan L. Jarosi. Also includes an extensive chronology of events in Fluxus history, and a selected list of Fluxus art works and related primary and secondary source materials.
  • Owen F. Smith, Fluxus: The History Of An Attitude, San Diego State University Press, 1998, 336 pp. Comprehensive survey of the birth, development, and cultural end (or “remnants”) of the Fluxus movement, elucidating the historical and philosophical complexities of the ethos of the movement and illustrating the enduring impact of Fluxus today. Chapter 1. [49]
  • Hannah Higgins, Fluxus Experience, University of California Press, 2002, 259 pp. Based on her theory of aesthetic experience through the philosophical lens of the philosopher John Dewey, Higgins attends to experiential and phenomenological aspects of Fluxus, charts its history in the coincident context of happenings, conceptual, and pop art, discusses the reception of Fluxus, and offers a “Fluxus-Inspired Pedagogy”.
  • Shiomi Mieko, Furukusasu towa nanika: Nichijo to ato o musubitsuketa hitobito [What Is Fluxus? The People Who Connected Art and the Everyday], Tokyo: Firumuātosha, 2005. [50] (Japanese)
  • Lori Waxman, Keep Walking Intently: The Ambulatory Art of the Surrealists, the Situationist international, and Fluxus, Berlin: Sternberg, 2017, 285 pp. [51] (English)
  • Mari Dumett, Corporate Imaginations: Fluxus Strategies for Living, University of California Press, 2017, 400 pp. Based on 2009 PhD dissertation from Boston University. [52]
  • Dick Higgins, Intermedia, Fluxus, and the Something Else Press, eds. Steve Clay and Ken Friedman, Catskill, NY: Siglio, 2018, 364 pp. [53] [54]. Reviews: Gibbons (Hyperallergic), Harren (Artforum), Ox (Leonardo), Waldow (Brooklyn Rail), Galbreth (Glasstire), Kirkus.
  • Luciana Galliano, Japan Fluxus, Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2019. [55]
Journal issues
Encyclopedic entries

en Britannica, Encyclopedia of Aesthetics, Grove, Oxford DA, Tate, Wikipedia. it Treccani. cr Šuvaković. hu Artportal.



  • Bengt af Klintberg, Svensk fluxus / Swedish Fluxus, Stockholm, 2007, 127 pp. (Swedish)/(English)
  • Billie Maciunas, The Eve of Fluxus: A Flux Memoire, forew. Kristine Stiles, intro. Geoffrey Hendricks, Winter Park, afterw. Larry Miller, FL: Arbiter, 2010. Author divulges titillating stories of her sex life with George Maciunas, and pointed critiques of the bickering, competitiveness, and conflicts within Fluxus that, without her commentary, would have remained otherwise unknown.

Lists and bibliographies[edit]


See also[edit]

Visual art

Styles and movementsCollectionsHistorians and criticsPreservation and conservationReference works