hardware hacking, physical computing, e-waste
- Qubais Reed Ghazala, "The Folk Music of Chance Electronics: Circuit-Bending the Modern Coconut", Leonardo Music Journal, Vol. 14, 2004, pp 96-104.
- Benjamin Gaulon (ed.), DeFunct/ReFunct, catalogue, Dublin: Rua Red, 2011.
- Alexandre Marino Fernandez, Fernando Iazzetta, Circuit-Bending and DIY Culture
movements and cultures
Internet of things,
| Artists' cultures
or, sets of techniques and practices bringing together communities of artists, makers and writers
Avant-garde and modernist magazines, Artists' publishing, Graphic design, Photography, Typewriter art, Multimedia environments, Design research, Video activism, Urban practices, Zine culture, Demoscene, VJing, Live cinema, Media labs, Cyberfeminism, Community television, Hacktivism, Art servers, Hackerspaces, CD-ROM art, Circuit bending, Pure Data, Media archives, VVVV, Maker culture, Glitch art, Live coding, Locative media, Libre graphics, Electromagnetism, Surf clubs, DIY biology, Post-digital, Neural aesthetics.