- Anarchaserver, "a feminist server which contributes to the maintenance of autonomous infrastructure on the Internet for feminists projects. It is an open project, even though moderated where we privilege trust, consensus, autonomy and feminist collaboration for deciding our next adventures in inhabiting this feminist infrastructure, in synchronicity with other feminist servers initiatives. AnarchaServer has some kind of presence in different locations around the world such as calafou, belgium, france, germany, greece, iceland, the netherlands, mexico, sweden, uruguay ..." Website. Wiki. List.
- Autistici/Inventati (A/I) "was born in 2001 from an encounter of individuals and collectives of the autonomous anticapitalist movement interested in technology and active in the digital rights struggle. We believe that this world is far from being the best world possible. We react by providing a platform and tools for digital self-defense addressing the need of secure, free communication and privacy for activists and other individuals." Based in Milan. Website. IRC server. Mailing lists. Services. Blog. Mastodon account.
- Autonomic "is a co-operative that is owned and run by its workers." It runs Co-op Cloud, "a software stack that aims to make hosting libre software applications simple for small service providers such as tech co-operatives who are looking to standardise around an open, transparent and scalable infrastructure. It uses the latest container technologies and configurations are shared into the commons for the benefit of all" (est. 2021). Based in Birmingham. Member of the CoTech Network. Mastodon account. Git. Matrix. Services.
- Chatons, "free-software online services to decentralize and discover a web on a human scale, united and respectful of your privacy." Initiated in 2016 by Framasoft. Jitsi. Etherpad. EtherCalc. Services.
- Cl4ndestina, "a feminist activist server that offers hosting for websites of feminist collectives, organisations and social movements based in Latin America." Est. 2016 in Brazil. Git. Sysadmin.
- CódigoSur focuses "on promoting the use and development of free technologies and the creation of spaces for debate and learning about Free Culture with a gender perspective in Latin America and the Caribbean." Founded 2002. Services.
- Data.coop "is an association and a cooperative. The vision is that we - the members of the cooperative - own our own data. This implies and has as a consequence that we will have to own our own infrastructure and have insight and control over the software we use to communicate on the web." Est. 2014/2016 in Denmark. Mastodon instance. Services. Mastodon account. Matrix. Git.
- Desk Org is "dedicated to free arts, speech and software and reports on recent developments of net based arts and it's on-line community. Desk.org is managed by its artists, authors and their audience. This site is part of a network of independent art servers world-wide and gives support to art projects, artists on-line and access to global resources." Est. 1995 in the Netherlands.
- diebin.at "is a feminist IT collective that takes care of servers. These servers run various IT services (e.g. mailing lists, websites, email accounts) that can be used by emancipatory projects, initiatives and activists." Est. 2014 in Vienna.
- Disroot "aims to change the way people are used to interact on the web. We want to encourage and show them not only that there are open and ethical alternatives but also that it is the only possible way to break free from the walled gardens proposed and promoted by proprietary software and corporations, either through our platform, others that have similar values and goals or even their own projects.". Founded 2015 in Amsterdam. Jitsi. Mumble. Cryptpad. Etherpad. Git. Services. Mastodon account.
- Ecobytes "is a community-supported IT collective. Our aim is, by increasing the number of members and supporters, as well as by joining efforts with other independent IT collectives, to support the expansion of secure infrastructure and services to our communities." Based in Germany. Services. Awesome librehosters.
- Framasoft "is a not-for-profit popular educational organization, a group of friends convinced that an emancipatory digital world is possible, convinced that it will arise through actual actions on real world and online with and for you." Based in France. De-google-ify Internet. Mailing lists. Jitsi. Etherpad. EtherCalc. Mastodon instance. Services. See also Chatons.
- FuturÉtic provides "free, ethical, decentralised online tools that respect your data and your privacy to offer you an alternative to GAFAM. FuturÉtic is primarily aimed at organisations in the Centre-Val de Loire region in France but is open to all." Big Blue Button. Jitsi. Cryptpad. CodiMD. Etherpad. Peertube. Services. Mastodon account.
- GreenNet is "a not-for-profit non-hierarchical collective established 1985, providing internet services, broadband, web design, email and hosting to supporters of peace, the environment and human rights. We are members of ISPA UK and the APC." Based in London. Mastodon instance. Mastodon account. Services. WP. Toot.
- librehosters "is a network of cooperation and solidarity that uses free software to encourage decentralisation through federation and distributed platforms. Our values connect transparency, fairness and privacy with a culture of data portability and public contributions to the commons." Forum.
- LURK, "we host, facilitate and archive discussions around net- and computational culture and politics, proto- and post-free culture practices, (experimental) (sound) (new media) (software) art, and things like that…" Est. 2014. Close to Varia, Rotterdam. Website. Mailing lists. Mastodon instance. Icecast server. Wiki. Services. Mastodon account.
- Minadoraserver (მინადორა სერვერი) "is a feminist server. We aspire to fire up emancipatory artistic tools and platforms in Georgia, and establish critical connections along the way." Based in Tbilisi. Mastodon instance. List. Zine. Glossary.
- Multiplace / Sanchez, "an independent infrastructure for artistic, cultural and social initiatives in central Europe and elsewhere. The server provides web hosting, internet services and assistance since its launch on the celebration of Art's Birthday on 17 January 2008." Run by Multiplace. Est. in Bratislava, based in Prague. Website. Etherpad. Icecast server.
- Mur.at, "a virtual, growing platform of art and culture professionals from different fields for the development and promotion of net culture." Est. 1998 in Graz. Website. BigBlueButton. Mailing lists. Wiki. Tools. Websites hosted. Mastodon account.
- Node9.org, "Interdependent open culture gallery. Providing free, sustainable and ethical space for collectives and individuals since 2003. No datacentre media storage and streaming server, social hub and co-op office. From 2020 two field servers located in rural and research ecosystem areas are part of the node9 infrastructure." Hometown: Prague. Websites hosted. Hubzilla channel. Peertube.
- NoLog, "a collective supporting free-thinking individuals and organizations in their efforts to change the world for the better. We offer everyone free alternatives to services for which users otherwise pay dearly with their personal data. We can provide individual support and tools to organizations with whom we share common values." Based in Prague. Nitter. Mastodon instances: witter.cz, lgbtcz.social. Cryptpad. Etherpad. Peertube. Mastodon account.
- RiseUp "provides online communication tools for people and groups working on liberatory social change. Riseup creates democratic alternatives and practices self-determination by controlling our own secure means of communications." Est. 1999 in Seattle. Website. Mailing lists. Etherpad. Services. Mastodon account. Radical servers.
- Servus.at, "a net culture initiative in Linz, operating an independent cultural data center. Our members include artists and cultural practitioners, alternative educational institutions, independent radio stations, university institutions, NGOs. We provide our members with free open source software tools and trustworthy basic services." Est. 1996. Website. Mailing lists. Etherpad. EtherCalc. Cryptpad. Mastodon instance. Mastodon account. Tools. Book of Servus. AMRO festival.
- Snopyta "provides online services based on freedom, privacy and decentralization." Based in Helsinki and Nuremberg. Nitter. Services.
- Systemli, "a left-wing network and technics-collective that was founded in 2003. Our aim is to provide safe and trustworthy communication services. The project is primarily aimed at left-wing political activists and people who have a particular need to protect their data." Website. Mastodon instance. Etherpad. Jitsi. Services. Friends.
- Systerserver "offers services to its network of feminist, queer and antipatriarchal folks. The syster server is run by feminists, using FOSS. It acts as a place to learn system administration skills, host services and inspire others to do the same." Est. 2005 by Gender Changers Academy. Website. Mailing lists. Mastodon instance. Peertube. Services. Mastodon account.
- The Thing. "Since its inception THE THING has provided a flexible and supportive venue for developing, presenting and distributing innovative forms of on-line activism, media art and cultural criticism." Founded 1991 in New York. Website. Etherpad. EtherCalc. Video chat. Jabber. File transfer. Tools. Blogs.
- Vedetas "is our feminist server. She exists to help feminist groups in their online activities and to increase women's safety and empowerment on the internet." Est. 2015 in Brazil. Etherpad. EtherCalc. Services.
- Virose, Portugal. Est. 1997.
The list includes currently active servers. More around past initiatives will follow.
- Art Servers Unlimited: Conference, Meeting, Party, eds. Manu Luksch and Armin Medosch, London, 1998, 67+ pp, HTML. Part I: The ASU Website. Part II: The ASU Booklet. Part III: The ASU Video. Event.
- The Hartware Guide to Irational.org, eds. Susanne Ackers, Inke Arns, Francis Hunger and Jacob Lillemose, Frankfurt am Main: Revolver, 2006, 136 pp. (English)/(German)
- V.M., Irational.org’s Traum: A Psychoarchaeologist’s Dramaturgy, London: Mute, and Lüneburg: Post-Media Lab, May 2014,  pp. Publisher.
- "A feminist server ....", May 2014ff; rev. as "A Feminist Server Manifesto 0.01", in Are You Being Served? (Notebooks): "Feminist Server Summit afterlife", Brussels: Constant, May 2014; reposted as "(version 0.1) A feminist server ....", THF! transhackfeminist!, June 2014. "A few months after Are You Being Served? some of us met up in the Feminist Server Summit at Art Meets Radical Openness, ESC in Graz. The theme of this edition, Autonomy (im)possible sparked discussions on relationality, dependency and what that would mean for an (imaginary) Feminist Server. The following embryonic manifesto was written in response to these discussions." See also Snelting 2015 and "Trans*feminist servers...". 
- "Manifest feministických serverov 0.01", 3/4, Bratislava, April 2023. (Slovak)
- Are You Being Served? (Notebooks), eds. Anne Laforet, Marloes de Valk, Madeleine Aktypi, An Mertens, Femke Snelting, Michaela Lakova, and Reni Hofmüller, Brussels: Constant, August 2014, 182 pp, PDF. "This publication results from an intense writing and editing process that was set in motion as a process of collaborative note-taking in real time, during the event Verbindingen/Jonctions #14. More than eight months later these notes were rigorously edited during a five-day booksprint. Time allowed for a fresh reading of the event and for a reworking of the read threads, thematics and keywords that were to be used. Slides of the talks, audiovisual documentation, original notes and external links were crafted into the pages that are assembled here."
- Relearn, "A Feminist Net/work How-to", in Portable Relearn Archive, July 2014. Material from the 2014 edition of Relearn, held at Variable, a collectively run F/LOSS Arts Lab in Brussels.
- Sophie Toupin, "Le hacking féministe: la résistance par la spatialité", in Les pratiques transformatrices des espaces socionumériques, eds. Maude Bonenfant, Fabien Dumais, and Gabrielle Trépanier-Jobin, Québec: Presses de l’Université du Québec, 2017, pp 163-182. Publisher. (French)
- "Feministisches hacking. Widerstand durch das Schaffen neuer Räume", trans. Birgit Mennel, in Die schönen Kriegerinnen. Technofeministische Praxis im 21. Jahrhundert, ed. Cornelia Sollfrank, Vienna: transversal texts, August 2018, pp 33-58. (German)
- "Feminist Hacking: Resistance through Spaciality", in The Beautiful Warriors: Technofeminist Praxis in the 21st Century, ed. Cornelia Sollfrank, Colchester: Minor Compositions, October 2019, pp 26-34.
- Servidoras feministas, Anarchaserver, 2018, 34 pp. Documentation from the Open Days Femservers, Calafou. (Spanish)
- Spideralex (comp.), "Neue Welten erfinden — mit cyberfemistischen Praxen und ideen", trans. Anja Steidinger, in Die schönen Kriegerinnen. Technofeministische Praxis im 21. Jahrhundert, ed. Cornelia Sollfrank, Vienna: transversal texts, August 2018, pp 59-88. (German)
- "Creating New Worlds: With Cyberfeminist Ideas and Practices", trans. Cornelia Sollfrank, in The Beautiful Warriors: Technofeminist Praxis in the 21st Century, ed. Cornelia Sollfrank, Colchester: Minor Compositions, October 2019, pp 35-56.
- Networks of Ones Own 1: "Etherbox", eds. Michael Murtaugh, An Mertens, Roel Roscam Abbing, and Femke Snelting, Brussels: Constant, September 2018. "A para-nodal periodic publication that is itself collectively written in a network. Each of the episodes is thought of as the 'release' of a specific software stack, contextualised in its specific practice. The series aims to document a set of tools, experiences, ways of working that are diverse in terms of their temporality, granularity and persistence." Collaboration between Constant, Relearn, Varia and XPUB.
- Cómo montar una servidora feminista con una conexión casera [How to set up a feminist server with a home connection], Madriz: la_bekka, October 2019. Zine.  (Spanish)
- Greta Byrum, "Building the People’s Internet", Urban Omnibus, New York: Architectural League of New York, October 2019.
- Networks of Ones Own 2: "Three Takes on Taking Care", Rotterdam: Varia, October 2019, PDF. "This publication is an occasion to revisit three very different projects that have been important for the emergence of Varia, and for its individual members: Bibliotecha, Homebrewserver.club, and Relearn."
- Cornelia Sollfrank, "Forms of Ongoingness, Interview with Femke Snelting and spideralex", Creating Commons, October 2019, 42 min, PDF. Video, with transcript. Conducted in September 2018.
- Shusha Niederberger, "Feminist Server – Sichtbarkeit und Funktionalität. Digitale Infrastruktur als gemeinschaftliches Projekt", Springerin 4, Vienna, 2019. (German)
- "Feminist Server – Visibility and Functionality: Digital Infrastructure as a Common Project", Springerin 4, Vienna, 2019.  (English)
- Telecommunications Reclaimed: A Hands-On Guide to Networking Communities, eds. Mélanie Dulong de Rosnay and Félix Tréguer, Internet Society, December 2019, 255 pp, PDF. 
- Christina Dunbar-Hester, "Autonomy of Infrastructures", in Dunbar-Hester, Hacking Diversity: The Politics of Inclusion in Open Technology Cultures, Princeton University Press, 2020, pp 113-124.
- Digital Solidarity Networks: a shared listing of tools, practices and readings for digital solidarity, conviviality and togetherness, Varia, March 2020ff. "A listing of resources regarding mutual aid strategies, propositions for future setups and social closeness through 'alternative' digital infrastructures. This pad contains examples of collective digital reparative practices, in a time where everything points to the further consolidation and accelerated normalization of the Big Tech industry (Zoom, Facebook, Slack, Microsoft Teams, Skype, etc.), a.k.a. GMAFIAZ. Other attitudes are possible!"
- "Feminist Infrastructure", Anarchaserver, March 2020ff. Resources, manuals, principles. (multiple languages)
- Benedetta Piantella, Alex Nathanson, Tega Brain, Keita Ohshiro, "Solar-Powered Server: Designing for a More Energy Positive Internet", in CHI EA '20: Extended Abstracts of the 2020 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, ACM, April 2020, 4 pp. Publisher.
- Ines Kleesattel, "Situated Aesthetics for Relational Critique. On Messy Entanglements from Maintenance Art to Feminist Server Art", in Aesthetics of the Commons, eds. Cornelia Sollfrank, Felix Stalder and Shusha Niederberger, Zurich: diaphanes, January 2021, pp 181-197.
- Jara Rocha, A Catalogue of Formats for Digital Discomfort, eds. Seda Gürses and Jara Rocha, February 2021, PDF. 
- Reclaiming Digital Infrastructures, eds. Peter Westenberg and Femke Snelting, Brussels: Constant, June 2021, 64 pp, PDF.
- Anne Pasek, Benedetta Piantella, Solar-Powered Media. A guide to building your own solar-powered media storage and sharing server, July 2021, 40 pp. "A zine about building your own solar-powered digital media storage infrastructure and sharing it online with the rest of the world. It includes instructions and suggestions about the hardware and software this task requires, as well as ideas and directions for the kinds of applications and aesthetics that seem to work best with such systems."
- Network Imaginaries, eds. Anja Groten and Juliette Lizotte, Amsterdam: Hackers & Designers, November 2021. Publisher. Call. Launch.
- Michael Murtaugh, "Becoming Sponge: Sustaining Practice Through Protocols of Web Publishing", MARCH, February 2022.
- Infrables, Brussels: The Institute for Technology In the Public Interest, May 2022, 30 pp, PDF, PDF. "Infrables make negative use-cases and un-fixing bug reports as a solidary praxis. They are articulations of what extractive digital infrastructures are, and what they are doing. What infrables can we tell to take-down Big Tech narratives and undo their violences? Generated through narrative and extra-narrative accounts, infrables identify oppressive infrastructures or tools, but they also make space for other technological attitudes."
- "Trans*feminist servers...", June 2022ff; rev. as "A Wishlist for Trans*feminist Servers", Prospections: "Digital Discomfort", eds. Cell for Digital Discomfort, Utrecht: BAK, December 2022. Extends A Feminist Server Manifesto 0.01. Circulated at the 2022 edition of AMRO.
- "Trans*feministické servery...", 3/4, Bratislava, April 2023. (Slovak)
- mur.at Netzrauschen #014: systerserver.net, Radio Helsinki, June 2022, 60 min. Podcast interview.  
- Michal Klodner, "Ecosystems and artistic research in forming digital curatorial infrastructures", in The Black Box Book. Archives and Curatorship in the Age of Transformation of Art Institutions, eds. Jana Horáková, Marika Kupková and Monika Szűcsová, Brno: Masaryk University Press, October 2022. 
- Infrastructural Interactions: Survival, Resistance and Radical Care, eds. Helen V Pritchard and Femke Snelting, Brussels: The Institute for Technology In the Public Interest, November 2022, 83 pp, PDF, PDF. "Computational infrastructures generate harms and damage beyond ethical issues of privacy, ownership and confidentiality. They displace agencies, funds and knowledge into apps and services and thereby slowly but surely contribute to the depletion of resources for public life. While data- infrastructures capture public data-streams, they also capture imagination for what a public is, and what is in its interest. We urgently need other imaginations for how we interface with infrastructures, beyond delivering a “solution” to a “need” (or the promise they can fulfill a future need). The workshops, documentation and structures in this workbook are a small contribution to making this complex paradigm shift together." Workbook wiki. Toot.
- Counter Cloud Action Plan, Brussels: The Institute for Technology in the Public Interest, November 2022, 35 pp, PDF, PDF. Toot.
- "A Fair New Idea — A feminist video streaming platform", Zoia Horn, November 2022.
- Prospections: "Digital Discomfort", eds. Cell for Digital Discomfort (Cristina Cochior, Karl Moubarak, and Jara Rocha), Utrecht: BAK, December 2022ff. "With “Digital Discomfort,” CfDD continue their collective study of cultures and practices of computation and invites other reflections, grammars, and actions that contribute to a plurality of inter-dependent, anti-colonial, trans*feminist, anti-ableist, and environmentally just worldmaking practices of computation. These contributions grapple with the complex distribution of agencies and stakeholders, even if it’s technically impossible to make the apparatus just “stop.”"
- Lukas Engelhardt, with Paul Bille and Ada Reinthal, Self Hosting Manual, December 2022ff. "The goal of this publication is to make self-hosting, a topic that comes with several technical hurdles, accessible to a more general public and beginners, while still being a useful resource to more advanced readers. No prerequisites are required from the reader."  
- h3artbl33d, "2023 is the year of #selfhosting", exquisite.social, January 2023. Toot and discussion.
- Mara Karagianni, ooooo, Nate Wessalowski, vo ezn, "Feminists Federating", A Peer-reviewed Newspaper 12(1): "Toward a Minor Tech", Aarhus: Digital Aesthetics Research Center, Aarhus University, February 2023, p 4. Publisher.
- Shusha Niederberger, "Minor User: Subjectivity of Small Technology", A Peer-reviewed Newspaper 12(1): "Toward a Minor Tech", Aarhus: Digital Aesthetics Research Center, Aarhus University, February 2023, p 4. Toot. Publisher.
- International Trans★Feminist Digital Depletion Strike, February/March 2023. Published as a webpage hosted and asynchronously maintained by a network of networks. "Especially now our dependency on Big Tech Cloud seems intractable, it is time to reclaim space for renegotiating what might be possible. We want to imagine different infrastructures for collective life with and without computation. By calling for cloud resistance, we want to center slow trans★feminist, anti-racist and anti-imperial server practices. We want local digital storage, self-hosted videocalls, and collaborative server hosting. We want antifa-infras, low-energy graphics and queer circuits. We want accessible development, sustainable tech-maintainance, and feral supply chains. We want the end of work conditioned by Big Tech, and ultimately, the end of work. We want systemic, joyful, techno-political change." (multiple languages)
- A Traversal Network of Feminist Servers, March 2023, 189 pp, PDF. A publication from the ATNOFS project, collectively made with Wendy Van Wynsberghe, Vlad Dobrițoiu, Teo Săvoiu, Spideralex, Sergiu Nisioi, Roel Roscam Abbing, Reni Hofmüller, ooooo, Nina Botthof, Martino Morandi, Marloes de Valk, Mara Karagianni, Manetta Berends, Lídia Pereira, Julia Bande, Femke Snelting, elodie Mugrefya, Donatella Portoghese, Danae Tapia, Cristina Cochior, Azahara Cerezo, Aymeric Mansoux, Artemis Gryllaki, Aggeliki Diakrousi, Anca Bucur, amy pickles, Alice Strete, Alex Ștefănescu. Toot. 
- Shusha Niederberger, "Calling the User Interpellation and Narration of User Subjectivity in Mastodon and Trans*Feminist Servers", APRJA 12(1): "Minor Tech", Sep 2023, pp 177-191. 
- nate wessalowski, Mara Karagianni, "From Feminist Servers to Feminist Federation", APRJA 12(1): "Minor Tech", Sep 2023, pp 192-208. 
- Shusha Niederberger, Anthonie de Groot, "«Jetzt haben wir die Cloud und alles ist magic magic»", splatz.space, Nov 2023. Interview. (German)
See also the event websites below.
Events, projects, workshops, collaborations, resources
- Art Servers Unlimited (ASU), ICA New Media Centre and Backspace, London, 1-4 July 1998. "Conference and net.radio event by and about initiatives and organisations in Europe, which focus on supporting the artistic use of the internet. ... The conference was structured into four parts: the preperatory mailing list [u]-unlimited, working meetings at backspace, the conference at the Institute for Contemporary Arts London and the net.radio party 'UNLIMITED' at its New Media Centre." Organised by C3 Center, Ljubljana Digital Media Lab, Media Research Foundation, ministry:of:x-periment, Pararadio, E-lab, Redundant Technology Initiative, Silverserver, Public Netbase/t0, ICA New Media Centre, Yourserver, Backspace, irational, ProteinTV, Channel, Kirklees Media Centre, Lovebytes, Head-Space, Outcast.nl, dBONANZAh!, Pleine Peau, Hypermedia Research Centre, a.o. Publication. Website.
- ASU2, KUC Lamparna, Labin, Croatia, 8-15 September 2001. ASU2 = [.art +.alt +.act] + [servers+streamers+spaces] + UNLIMITED. A meeting/festival with hands-on workshops, demos, trainings, presentations, discussions, public performances, webcasts of non-profit cultural organisations/projects/initiatives from the fields of net.art, alternative technologies and activist media. Organised by Z. Blace and LABinary, with Joanne Richardson and support of Nina Czegledy, in collaboration with mama, Ljudmila and pro.ba. Over 70 participants. Website.
- The Wonderful World of Irational.org. Tools, Techniques and Events 1996-2006, exhibition, PHOENIX Halle Dortmund, 30 August-29 October 2006. Curated by Inke Arns and Jacob Lillemose.
- Les Academies du Samedi (The Saturday Academies), Interface3 and elsewhere, Brussels, November 2006-2012. Femmes et Logiciels Libres, a group of women maintaining their own server; the meetings took place every five weeks. See also Moerlooze, Mertens & Snelting 2009/2015 and Snelting 2015.
- (De)centralized Practice, Piet Zwart Institute, Rotterdam, 19 March 2013. Seminar with Diana McCarty, Reni Hofmüller, Seda Gürses, and Femke Snelting.  
- irational - Anarchaeology of an Art Server, exhibition and event series, Kunstraum of Leuphana University of Lüneburg, 2-7 December 2013. Curated by Josephine Berry Slater and Anthony Iles.
- Are You Being Served?, meeting days, Constant and multiple locations in Brussels, 12-15 December 2013. "The fourteenth edition of the meeting days Verbindingen/Jonctions was dedicated to a Feminist review of mesh, cloud, autonomous, and DIY servers. ... How do we keep a sharp eye on the politics and ethics of hosting technologies when all so often (paraphrasing the Free Software Foundation), software is sold as service? ... We questioned what is seemingly commonly understood by terms such as server, service and hosting and were curious to investigate what could make current networking technologies into hospitable habitats for critique, as space for artists and solidarity, teaching and learning."
- Feminist Server Summit, 14 December 2013. A "meeting between various DIY and independent server projects. We were interested in discussing the potential of a feminist server practice, and curious about possible approaches to it. We mixed live interventions with pre-recorded interviews and e-mail correspondence so that we could hear from as many server-related projects as we could." Interventions: Mur.at (Jogi Hofmüller), Samedies (Juliane De Moerloze), all2all (Frédéric Jadoul), Domaine Public (Frederic Peeters), Camp (Sanjay Banghar), Guifi (Gabriel), Calafou (Spideralex), !Mediengruppe Bitnik, Irational (Kate Rich), Autistici (Martino), Bibliotecha (PZI), Kein.org (Jan Gerber), Réseau Citoyen (Olivier Meunier), Neutrinet (Laurent Peuch), FaiMaison (Kheops), servus.at (Uschi Reiter).  
- Technologies of Autonomy, conference stream, Autonomy (im)possible!, Art Meets Radical Openness (AMRO) festival, Linz, 29 May 2014. "The time of ridiculing those who were not taken seriously as “paranoid geeks” seems to have passed at the moment, as the surveillance scandals have reached the mainstream. There is a newly awakened discussion of decentralizing infrastructure and alternative possibilities outside the realm of the large monopolists that determine access to information and tools and cooperate with secret services. Do these new insights actually result in a chance for alternatives, and who really needs them? Why is digital self-defense left up to the users?" Unitary Networking, .    
- Relearn 2014, Variable, Brussels, 7-11 July 2014. Relearn "starts from the idea that tools are increasingly mediated by software and the algorithmic and legal dynamics that constraint and shape its use. Reconnecting to the physical and digital material of those tools is a means of (re)asserting ownership and ensuring active participation in the future of our work practices." Schedule. Pad archive. Git. Images. 
- TransHACKfeminist! camp, Calafou, Barcelona, 4-11 August 2014. "The TransH@ckFeminist (THF!) convergence, organised in collaboration with Calafou & /etc (eclectic tech carnival), is a gathering of intersectional feminists, queer and trans people of all genders interested in better understanding, using and ultimately developing free and liberating technologies for social dissent, as an alternative to the corporatisation of technologies and the digital world. We understand technologies in their broadest sense including computer systems, (distributed) networks, “pirate”, community and/or independent radio/ tv, guerilla knitting and gardening, looming, hardware hacking as well as gender hacking."
VIDEO. Report. Report (ES). . 
- Ministry of Hacking, exhibition, esc, Graz, 27 September-28 November 2014. "The concept of connectivity is one possible counter position that focuses on practices of freedom in the net, and combines social and technical networks. In order to provide a visible forum for the concept of connectivity, the esc media art laboratory in Graz has been transformed into the subversive headquarters of a MINISTRY OF HACKING, with internationally connected "Departments": "Department of Trust", "Department of Shadows and Waves", "Department of Care and Wonder", "Department of Anonymity", "Department of Difference", "Department of Tactical Feminism". The networked Departments conceptualize guidelines and lines of flight that act as manifestos and spatial embodiments of connectivity." 
- Second TransHackFeminist-México Meet-up (THFMx2015), Puebla, Mexico, 25-31 July 2015. Organised by Centro Comunitario ADA - Accion Directa Autogestiva. "We are joyfull to summon feminist, queer and trans* bodies and collectives who are hacking the patriarchal–capitalist system. ... We believe that our dissident bodies and identities can, as well as changing their own spaces, generate technologies and tools for liberation. The tradition of free software enables us, today, to amplify hardware and software to hack bodies, gender, academia, gynecology, maternity and child-rearing as well as operating systems, distributed networks, autonomous servers, “pirating”, open media, electronic devices." Program. CfP, (es). Report (es). 
- Radical Networks, conference, Integrated Digital Media at Magnet NYU, Brooklyn, NY, 24-25 October 2015. Organised by Sarah Grant, Erica Kermani, and Amelia Marzec. Program.
- Autonomous Infrastructures stream, THF! 2016 Third TransHackFeminist- Meet-up, Studio xx, (Tio’tia:ke a.k.a Montreal), unceeded Kanien’keha:ka* (Mohawk) territory, 18-22 August 2016. "While we recognise that no infrastructure can be fully autonomous, since autonomy is relative and as they depend, for instance, on already existing communication networks and technologies designed by mainstream companies (such as computers, servers, undersea cables, and access devices), what does it mean for us to conceive and use autonomous infrastructures?" Website. CfP, (fr), (es). 
- Radical Networks, conference, Chem Creative, Brooklyn, NY, 4-6 November 2016. Organised by Sarah Grant, Erica Kermani, and Amelia Marzec. Exhibition photographs.
- homebrewserver.club, Rotterdam, 2017ff. "A monthly gathering for those in Rotterdam who (wish to) host their own online services from home, rather than using commercial and privacy unfriendly alternatives."
- Relearn 2017, Poortgebouw, Rotterdam, 29 August-2 September 2017. "This year's Relearn general focus is to reconsider forms of self-organising in regard to both machinic systems and social formations. We started to use the term 'co-autonomies' to refer to these ideas. We hope to make use of the proposed tracks as a looking glass to reconstruct notions of agency and consider ways of maintaining them. Particularly within the current political and economic vortex, we would like to discover ways in which co-autonomies can be re-explored, re-shared and re-created from many different angles." Documentation (2019).
- Radical Networks, conference, Chem Creative, Brooklyn, NY, 19-22 October 2017. Organised by Sarah Grant and Erica Kermani.
- BAFIF Meeting, Valencia, 4 March 2018.
- Welcome to the Federation, series of gatherings, Varia, Rotterdam, June-December 2018. A project by Roel Roscam Abbing in collaboration with Manetta Berends. WttF "explores alternative federated ecosystems for online services such as social media and chat. It will focus in particular on those software projects whose activities have stimulated new interest for their underlying protocols, such as XMPP or ActivityPub, in part by their focusing on design, language and user experience (UX). The WttF question is to explore how arts and design communities can play a supportive role in these processes by contributing skills, knowledge, time and exposure."
- Networks with an Attitude, worksession, various locations in Antwerp, 7-13 April 2019. Developed by Constant in collaboration with ooooo, Varia and amongst others Samenschool, City harbour, Wireless Antwerp. "The internet is dead, long live the internets! In 2025, the internet will consist of either gated communities or decentralised independent instances. For those who want to be connected while choosing their own dependencies, there is no other option than to draw up new networks and experiment with both historical and innovative protocols. During this intensive week we stretched the imagination of what a network is, and what it can be."
- Relearn 2019, Varia, Rotterdam, 7-9 June 2019; Hacktiris, Brussels, 21-22 June 2019; La Générale, Paris, 6-8 September 2019. Facilitated by Varia, OSP, Anne Laforet and Quentin Juhel. "For the Rotterdam control point on the Relearn curve, we propose to together attend to a subject zone where different digital network practices intersect. This subject zone can morph into multiple directions throughout the session. Our specific interest is in how publishing formats operate with/on/through this zone. ... You are invited to come and experiment with the local Relearn server that travels between each session of the curve."
- De-platformization, Ethics and Alternative Social Media, symposium, workshop, Display, Prague, and online, 25-26 September 2020. "We seek to open a discussion, which will not only critically discuss platforms and commercial social media, but explore possibilities of the commons through a number of practical and theoretical positions, public discussion and hands on workshop. We know and repeatedly analyze a host of issues with commercial social media and digital labour, but little attention is paid to efforts at building alternatives, such as community-run social media and other forms of de-platformization."
- Monday Readings at RDI: Screen No Deal, online, February-April 2021. Facilitated by Martino Morandi and Jara Rocha. 
- A Traversal Network of Feminist Servers (ATNOFS), series of events in six chapters, Varia, Rotterdam; HYPHA, Bucharest; LURK, online; ESC, Graz; Feminist Hack Meetings, Athens; Constant, Brussels, March-October 2022. A collaborative project "formed around intersectional, feminist, ecological servers. Understanding servers as computers that host space and services for communities around them, this project exists inside, and in between, roaming servers and different networks. Its decentralized programme was developed in 6 chapters hosted in 5 different locations." ATNOFS website. Radio broadcast. Publication.
- TransHackFeminist Convergence 2022: Feminist Infrastructure, Calafou, Barcelona, 1-8 August 2022. "From below and from the sides, sometimes precarious, sometimes not very visible or invisible. What is our feminist infrastructure? The one that gives us a mattress, a den, a space of peace, fresh water and shade when we are on fire. The one that shares with us a little piece of land from which we can see the stars and imagine possibilities." Zine. 
- International Trans★Feminist Digital Depletion Strike, multiple locations. "On 8th of March 2023, we call for a Counter Cloud Action Day. On this day, we will try to withhold from using, feeding, or caring for The Big Tech Cloud. The strike calls for a hyperscaledown of extractive digital services, and for an abundance of collective organising. We join the long historical tail of international feminist strikes, because we understand this fight to be about labour, care, anti-racism, queer life and trans★feminist techno-politics." Convened by Anarchaserver, Constant, esc, Varia, Systerserver, TITiPI, a.o. Events. Mastodon feed, . Mastodon account. Images. List.  
communities of practice
Art and technology centres,