391

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Francis Picabia's "Manifeste Dada" with reproduction of Marcel Duchamp's L.H.O.O.Q. Issue 12, March 1920. [1]

391 was a Dada magazine edited by Francis Picabia and published between 1917 and 1924 in 19 numbers in Barcelona (nos. 1-4, Jan-Mar 1917), New York (nos. 5-7, Jun-Aug 1917), Zürich (no. 8, Feb 1919) and Paris (nos. 9-19, Nov 1919-Oct 1924).

Contributors included Guillaume Apollinaire, Louis Aragon, Walter C. Arensberg, Céline Arnauld, Hans Arp, Pierre Albert-Birot, André Breton, Gabrielle Buffet, Jean Cocteau, Jean Crotti, Robert Desnos, Paul Dermée, Paul Éluard, Albert Gleizes, M. Goth, Max Jacob, M. Laurencin, René Magritte, Pierre de Massot, E.L.T. Mesens, Francis Picabia, Man Ray, Georges Ribemont-Dessaignes, Erik Satie, Walter Serner, Philippe Soupault, Tristan Tzara, Edgard Varèse, Marius de Zayas, a.o.

Issues

391 1, Barcelona, 25 Jan 1917. PDF (7 mb).
391 2, Barcelona, 10 Feb 1917. PDF (6 mb).
391 3, Barcelona, 1 Mar 1917. PDF (13 mb).
391 4, Barcelona, 25 Mar 1917. PDF (11 mb).
391 5, New York, Jun 1917. PDF (10 mb).
391 6, New York, Jul 1917. PDF (4 mb).
391 7, New York, Aug 1917. PDF (6 mb).
391 8, Zürich, Feb 1919. PDF (12 mb).
391 9, Paris, Nov 1919. PDF (6 mb).
391 10, Paris, Dec 1919. PDF (8 mb).
391 11, Paris, Feb 1920. PDF (20 mb).
391 12, Paris, Mar 1920. PDF (18 mb).
391 13, Paris, Jul 1920. PDF (8 mb).
391 14, Paris, Nov 1920. PDF (20 mb).
391 15: "Le Pilhaou-Thibaou", Paris, 10 Jul 1921. PDF (20 mb).
391 16, Paris, May 1924. PDF (6 mb).
391 17, Paris, Jun 1924. PDF (6 mb).
391 18, Paris, Jul 1924. PDF (8 mb).
391 19: "Journal de l'Instantaneïsme", Paris, Oct 1924. PDF (8 mb).

The above PDFs are sourced from Bibliotheque Kandinsky.

Reprints

  • 391: revue publiée de 1917 à 1924 par Francis Picabia: réédition intégrale, 2 vols., ed. Michel Sanouillet, intro. Philippe Soupault, Paris: Le Terrain Vague/Eric Losfeld, 1960-1966.
  • 391, Antwerpen: Ronny van de Velde, 1993.

Literature

  • Michel Sanouillet, "Francis Picabia et 391", in 391 / rééd. intégr. de la revue publiée de 1917 à 1924 par Francis Picabia, t. 2, Paris: Éric Losfeld/Le Terrain Vague, 1966. (French)
  • William A. Camfield, "Du 291 à 391. Alfred Stieglitz, Marius de Zayas et Francis Picabia, un dialogue à trois, 1913-1917", in New York et l'art moderne. Alfred Stieglitz et son cercle, 1905-1930, Paris: Réunion des musées nationaux, 2004, pp 117-140. (French)
  • Maria Caudill Dennison, "Francis Picabia's 'Américaine' from the cover of '391', July 1917", The Burlington Magazine 146:1218, 2004, pp 621-622. (English)
  • Béatrice Mousli, "291-391", in Mousli, Max Jacob, Paris: Flammarion, 2005, pp 149-152. (French)
  • Chris Joseph, "After 391: Picabia's Early Multimedia Experiments", 14 Feb 2008. (English)
  • David Hopkins, "Proto-Dada. The New York connection: The Ridgefield Gazook (1915), The Blind Man (1917), Rongwrong (1917), 391 (1917), TNT (1919), New York Dada (1921)", in The Oxford Critical and Cultural History of Modernist Magazines. Volume III: Europe 1880-1940, eds. Peter Brooker, et al., Oxford University Press, 2013, pp 160-179. (English)
  • Ruth Hemus, "Dada's Paris Season: 391 (1919-24), Cannibale (1920), Projecteur (1920), Dada (1920-1), Le Coeur à Barbe (1922)", in The Oxford Critical and Cultural History of Modernist Magazines. Volume III: Europe 1880-1940, eds. Peter Brooker, et al., Oxford University Press, 2013, pp 180-202. (English)
  • Debbie Lewer, "The Avant-Garde in Swiss Exile 1914-20: Der Mistral (1915), Sirius (1915-16), Cabaret Voltaire (1916), Dada (1917-19), 391 (No. 8, 1918), Der Zeltweg (1919), Almanach der Freien Zeitung (1918)", in The Oxford Critical and Cultural History of Modernist Magazines. Volume III: Europe 1880-1940, eds. Peter Brooker, et al., Oxford University Press, 2013, pp 1032-1056. (English)

See also

Links


Avant-garde and modernist magazines

Poesia (1905-09, 1920), Der Sturm (1910-32), Blast (1914-15), The Egoist (1914-19), The Little Review (1914-29), 291 (1915-16), MA (1916-25), De Stijl (1917-20, 1921-32), Dada (1917-21), Noi (1917-25), 391 (1917-24), Zenit (1921-26), Broom (1921-24), Veshch/Gegenstand/Objet (1922), Die Form (1922, 1925-35), Contimporanul (1922-32), Secession (1922-24), Klaxon (1922-23), Merz (1923-32), LEF (1923-25), G (1923-26), Irradiador (1923), Sovremennaya architektura (1926-30), Novyi LEF (1927-29), ReD (1927-31), Close Up (1927-33), transition (1927-38).