Michel Foucault

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Demonstration in support of immigrant workers. Michel Foucault in the foreground. Paris, 1973. Photo: Gilles Peress.
Born October 15, 1926(1926-10-15)
Poitiers, France
Died June 25, 1984(1984-06-25) (aged 57)
Paris, France
Web Aaaaarg, UbuWeb Sound, Wikipedia, Open Library, PhilPapers, Academia.edu
Photo taken in the late 1950s at the Maison Française in Uppsala, Sweden, by his friend Jean-François Miquel. [1]
Foucault in a discussion in the office of Libération, 1973.
Roland Barthes (second L), Michel Foucault (second R) and Gilles Deleuze (R) invited by Pierre Boulez (L) for a cycle of five concerts-workshops devoted to musical time, IRCAM, Paris, Feb 1978.

Michel Foucault (born Paul-Michel Foucault, 1926–1984) was a French philosopher, historian of ideas, social theorist, philologist and literary critic. His theories addressed the relationship between power and knowledge, and how they are used as a form of social control through societal institutions. Though often cited as a post-structuralist and postmodernist, Foucault ultimately rejected these labels, preferring to classify his thought as a critical history of modernity.


From Foucault, Death and the Labyrinth: The World of Raymond Roussel, 2007, pp xxiii-xxvi; there derived from a chronology compiled by Daniel Defert in Foucault, Dits et écrits, t. 1, 1994, pp 13-64.

  • 1926 Born to Paul-Michel Foucault and Anne-Marie Malapert in Poitiers, France.
  • Summer, 1946 Entry into the Ecole normale superieure, Paris.
  • 1948 Receives the licence in philosophy from the Sorbonne.
  • 1949 Revises his thesis for the diplôme d'études supérieures in philosophy under one of his cherished mentors, Jean Hippolyte.
  • 1952 Completes the diplôme in psychopathology at the Institut de psychopathologie in Paris; begins teaching in the Faculty of Letters at Lille.
  • 1953 Completes the diplôme in experimental psychology at the Institut; offers a course at the Ecole normale supérieure.
  • 1954 Publishes his first book (a revision of which will later be translated into English as Mental Illness and Psychology) and a long introduction to the French translation of the German existential psychoanalyst Ludwig Binswanger's Traum und Existenz.
  • 1955 Assumes a post at the University of Uppsala, Sweden; begins three years as the director of the Uppsala Maison de France, an institute for the promotion of French culture.
  • 1958 Spends a sojourn lecturing and traveling in Poland; shows Folie et déraison to the French historian of science Georges Canguilhem, who sees no need for revision.
  • 1961 Submits Folie et déraison to his Sorbonne committee; enjoys positive reviews upon its publication.
  • 1962 Befriends the philosopher Gilles Deleuze; gives a manuscript of Birth of the Clinic to his former professor, political theorist Louis Althusser.
  • 1963 Sees the publication of Raymond Roussel and Birth of the Clinic; begins the prodigious research for what will become Les Mots et les choses; encounters the painting that will occupy its first pages, Velásquez's Las Meninas, during a visit to the Prado in Madrid.
  • 1966 With Deleuze, begins work on a French edition of Nietzsche's complete works; sees Les Mots et les choses into print; finds himself labeled a "structuralist" and, in the words of Jean-Paul Sartre, "the last rampart of the bourgeoisie"; departs France in the autumn for a three-year sojourn in Tunisia.
  • 1968 Returns in the aftermath of the student revolts to assume a post at the University of Nanterrre.
  • 1970 Accepts the nomination to a chair in the History of Systems of Thought at the most distinguished of French universities, the Collège de France; visits and lectures in Japan; delivers a version of "What Is an Author?" at SUNY Buffalo.
  • 1971 Has his home serve as the seat of a newly founded prisoners' advocacy group, the Groupe d'information sur les prisons; engages in diverse dialogues with the French Maoists; begins a course on "penal theories and institutions" at the Collège; begins an acquaintance with writer Jean Genet; in the Netherlands, engages in a televised debate with Noam Chomsky.
  • 1973 Visits Montreal and Brazil for the first time; witnesses the broad and enthusiastic reception of I, Pierre Riviere... in France.
  • 1975 Provokes controversy with the publication of Discipline and Punish; visits Berkeley and other California universities; proposes a chair for Roland Barthes at the Collège.
  • 1976 Works with Michelle Perrot and Jean-Pierre Barouh on a reissue of Jeremy Bentham's Panopticon; provokes controversy again with the publication of the first volume of The History of Sexuality.
  • 1978 Inaugurates the theme of governmentality with a course on "security, territory and population" at the Collège; begins to trace the genealogy of sexuality back toward antiquity; visits Iran in the months preceding the revolution, which he initially supports; recovers from the archives and publishes Herculine Barbin, dite Alexina B., the case of a nineteenth-century hermaphrodite; marches in favor of the acceptance of Vietnamese refugees into France.
  • 1979 Grants an interview published in the first issue of the first French gay magazine, Le Gai Pied; delivers the Tanner lectures at Stanford.
  • 1980 Delivers the Howison lectures at Berkeley to an overflowing crowd; delivers the James lectures at New York University.
  • 1981 Calls for further support of the Vietnamese; advocates the cause of the Polish Solidarity movement.
  • 1982 With historian Arlette Farge, publishes Le Désordre des familles, a collective commentary on a corpus of "poison-pen letters" recovered from the Bastille archives (English translation by Thomas Scott-Railton, 2016); Hubert Dreyfus and Paul Rabinow publish the record of his discussions with American interlocutors during the period as Michel Foucault: Beyond Structuralism and Hermeneutics.
  • 1983 Delivers the Regent's Lectures at Berkeley in the spring; begins to suffer from persistent respiratory ailments.



  • Folie et déraison (see below). Principal doctoral thesis.
  • Introduction à 'Anthropologie' de Kant, [1961], 128 pp, typoscript, HTML. The Introduction, together with his translation of Immanuel Kant's Anthropologie in pragmatischer Hinsicht (1798), constituted Foucault's secondary doctoral thesis, which was supervised by Jean Hyppolite and submitted to the University of Paris, Sorbonne on 20 May 1961.
    • "Introduction to Kant's Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View", trans. Arianna Bove, 2004, HTML. (English). Translated as part of Bove's doctoral thesis at the University of Sussex.
    • Anthropologie du point de vue pragmatique. Introduction à l’Anthropologie, Paris: Vrin, 2008, 272 pp. [2]
    • Introduction to Kant's Anthropology, trans. Roberto Nigro and Kate Briggs, ed. Roberto Nigro, New York: Semiotext(e), 2008, 157 pp, ARG, PDF. (English)
    • Kanto no ningen-gaku [カントの人間学], trans. Oji Kenta (王寺賢太), Tokyo: Shinchōsha (新潮社), 2010, 225 pp. (Japanese)
    • Una lectura de Kant. Introducción a la Antropología en sentido pragmático, trans. Ariel Dilon, Buenos Aires: Siglo XXI, 2010, 144 pp, PDF. (Spanish) [3]
    • Gênese e estrutura da antropologia de Kant, São Paulo: Loyola, 2011, 111 pp. (Brazilian Portuguese)


Maladie mentale et personnalité, PUF, 1954, PDF.
  • Maladie mentale et personnalité, Paris: PUF, 1954, PDF, IA, ARG; 2nd ed. as Maladie mentale et psychologie, Paris: PUF, 1962; 1966.
    • Psychologie und Geisteskrankheit, trans. Anneliese Botond, Frankfurt am Main, 1968. (German)
    • Seishin shikkan to shinrigaku [精神疾患と心理学], trans. Kamiya Mieko (神谷美恵子), Misuzu Shobō (みすず書房), 1970, 170 pp. (Japanese)
    • Sindssygdom og psykologi, trans. Esbern Krause-Jensen, 1972; new ed., intro. Jens Erik Kristensen, Copenhagen: Hans Reitzel, 2005, 141 pp. (Danish)
    • Doença mental e psicologia, trans. Lilian Rose Shalders, Rio de Janeiro, 1975, PDF. (Brazilian Portuguese)
    • Enfermedad mental y personalidad, trans. Emma Kestelboim, Barcelona and Buenos Aires: Paidós, 1984, 222 pp, PDF. (Spanish)
    • Mental Illness and Psychology, trans. Alan Sheridan, intro. Hubert Dreyfus, University of California Press, 1987, ARG; 2008. (English)
    • Psyxiki arrostia kai psyxologia [Ψυχική αρρώστεια και ψυχολογία], trans. Τάσος Γιατζόγλου, Athens: Ελεύθερος Τύπος, 1988, 111 pp, PDF, Scribd; 2003. (Greek)
    • Seishin shikkan to pāsonariti [精神疾患とパーソナリティ], trans. Gen Nakayama (中山元), Tokyo: Chikuma Shobō (筑摩書房), 1997, 262 pp. (Japanese)
    • Malattia mentale e psicologia, ed. Fabio Polidori, Milan: Cortina, 1997, 101 pp; 2005. (Italian)
    • Choroba umysłowa a psychologia, Warsaw: KR, 2000, 136 pp. (Polish)
    • Elmebetegség és pszichológia. A klinikai orvoslás születése, trans. Romhányi Török Gábor, Budapest: Corvina, 2000, 330 pp. (Hungarian)
    • Boala mentală şi psihologia, trans. Dana Gheorghiu, Timişoara: Amarcord, 2000, 104 pp, PDF, PDF, IA, ARG. (Romanian)
    • Psikoloji ve Ruhsal Hastalık, Istanbul: Birey, 2003. (Turkish)
    • Doença mental e psicologia, trans. Hélder Viçoso, Lisbon: Texto & Grafia, 2008, 103 pp. (Portuguese)
    • Psikhicheskaya bolezn i lichnost [Психическая болезнь и личность], trans. O.A. Vlasovoy, St Petersburg: Gumanitarnaya Akademiya, 2010, 320 pp, DJV. (Russian)
    • Akıl Hastalığı ve Psikoloji, trans. Emre Bayoğlu, Istanbul: Ayrıntı, 2013, 105 pp. (Turkish)
Histoire de la folie à l'âge classique, [1961], Paris: 10/18, 1964.
  • HF, Folie et déraison: histoire de la folie à l'âge classique, Paris: Plon, 1961; abridged ed. as Histoire de la folie, Paris: 10/18, 1964; 2nd, unabridged, ed. with a different preface and 2 appendices as Histoire de la folie à l'âge classique, Paris: Gallimard, 1972, 585 pp, ARG, PDF; ed. without the appendices, Gallimard, 1976, PDF; 1982. Review: Derrida (pp 36-76), [4].
    • Storia della follia nell'età classica, trans. Franco Ferrucci, Milan: Rizzoli, 1963; 1976, 675 pp; 1978; new ed., 1980, 509 pp; 5th ed., 1997, 560 pp. (Italian)
    • Madness and Civilization: A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason, trans. Richard Howard, Random House, 1965; New York: Mentor, 1965; intro. David Cooper, London: Tavistock, 1971; Plume, 1971; Vintage, 1988, ARG, PDF. (English). Trans. of the 1964 abridged edition, slightly augmented.
    • Historia de la locura en la época clásica, 2 vols., trans. Juan José Utrilla, México: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1967; 2nd ed., 1976. (Spanish)
    • Wahnsinn und Gesellschaft. Eine Geschichte des Wahns im Zeitalter der Vernunft, trans. Ulrich Köppen, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1969; 12th ed., 1996, Scribd. (German)
    • Vansinnets historia under den klassiska epoken, trans. Carl G. Liungman, Stockholm: Aldus/Bonnier, 1973, 306 pp; new ed., Lund: Arkiv, 1983; 3rd ed., 1986; 6th ed., 2010, 331 pp. (Swedish)
    • Kyōki no rekishi [狂気の歴史], trans. Tamura Hajime (田村俶), Tokyo: Shinchōsha (新潮社), 1975. (Japanese)
    • Deliliğin Tarihi, trans. Mehmet Ali Kılıçbay, Ankara: İmge, 1992; 1995; 2000; 2006; 2013. (Turkish) [5]
    • Geschiedenis van de waanzin in de zeventiende en achttiende eeuw, trans. C.P. Heering-Moorman, Meppel: Boom, 1975, 292 pp; 1984; Amsterdam: Boom, 2013, 300 pp. (Dutch) [6]
    • História da loucura na idade clássica, trans. José Teixeira Coelho Netto, São Paulo: Perspectiva, 1978, PDF. (Brazilian Portuguese)
    • Povijest ludila u doba klasicizma, trans. Jelena Stakić, Belgrade: Nolit, 1980, 263 pp, Scribd; new ed. as Istorija ludila u doba klasicizma, Novi Sad: Mediterran, 2013, 668 pp. (Serbo-Croatian)/(Serbian) [7]
    • Toldot ha-shigaʻon be-ʻidan ha-tevunah, trans. Aharon Amir, Jerusalem: Keter, 1986, 240 pp. (Hebrew)
    • Historia szaleństwa w dobie klasycyzmu, intro. Marcin Czerwiński, Warsaw: Państwowy Instytut Wydawniczy, 1987. (Polish)
    • Dějiny šílenství, trans. Věra Dvořáková, Prague: NLN, 1994, 186 pp, PDF. (Czech)
    • Istoria nebuniei în epoca clasică, nebunie şi nesăbuinţă, trans. Mircea Vasilescu, Bucharest: Humanitas, 1996, 543 pp; 2nd ed. as Istoria nebuniei în epoca clasică, Bucharest: Humanitas, 2005, 517 pp, PDF, PDF, IA, ARG. Excerpts. (Romanian)
    • Istoriya bezumiya v klassicheskuyu epokhu [История безумия в классическую эпоху], trans. I.K. Staf, St Petersburg: Universitetskaia kniga, 1997, 573 pp; Moscow: AST Moskva, 2010, 698 pp. (Russian)
    • Zgodovina norosti v času klasicizma, trans. Zdenka Erbežnik, intro. Bogdan Lešnik, Ljubljana: Založba, 1998, 287 pp. (Slovenian)
    • Galskapens historie i opplysningens tidsalder, trans. Fredrik Engelstad and Erik Falkum, Oslo: Bokklubben dagens bøker, 2000, 317 pp, NB. (Norwegian)
    • Junūn va bī khurdī: tārīkh-i junūn dar ʻaṣar-i kalāsīk, trans. Fatimah Valiani, Tehran: Harmas, 1381 [c2002], 296 pp. (Persian)
    • Kegilaan dan Peradaban, trans. Yudi Santoso, Yogyakarta: Ikon Teralitera, 2002. (Indonesian)
    • Galskabens historie i den klassiske periode, trans. Mogens Chrom Jacobsen, intro. Anders Fogh Jensen, Frederiksberg: Det lille Forlag, 2003, 559 pp. (Danish)
    • Hullus ja arutus: hullumeelsuse ajalugu klassikalisel ajastul, trans. Mirjam Lepikult, eds. Tiiu Hallap, Vaino Vahing and Eve Võsu, Tartu: Ilmamaa, 2003. (Estonian)
    • Der anthropologische Zirkel, trans. Markus Sedlaczek, Berlin: Merve, 2003, 68 pp, IA, ARG. Trans. of section "Le cercle anthropologique". (German)
    • A bolondság története a klasszicizmus korában, trans. Sujtó László, Budapest: Atlantisz, 2004. (Hungarian)
    • Η ιστορία της τρέλας, trans. Φραγκίσκη Αμπατζοπούλου, Athens: Hridanos (Ηριδανός), 2004, 320 pp. (Greek) [8]
    • History of Madness, ed. Jean Khalfa, trans. Jonathan Murphy and Jean Khalfa, London: Routledge, 2006, 725 pp, PDF, IA, ARG. (English). Of the unabridged edition, with both prefaces, both appendices and another 2 texts. Reviews: Gordon, Brompton & Harefield NHS Trust, Deacon, Barham.
    • Ιστορία της τρέλας στην κλασική εποχή, ed. & trans. Paris Bourlakis (Πάρις Μπουρλάκης), Kalendis (Καλέντης), 2007. (Greek) [9]
Naissance de la clinique, PUF, 1963.
  • NC, Naissance de la clinique: une archéologie du regard médical, Paris: PUF, 1963.
    • El nacimiento de la clínica: una arqueología de la mirada médica, trans. Francisca Perujo, Buenos Aires: Siglo XXI, 1966; 1980; 2001, IA; 2003; 2004, 304 pp, PDF; 2007. (Spanish) [10]
    • Nascita della clinica, trans. & intro. Alessandro Fontana, Torino: Einaudi, 1969, 238 pp; 1977; 1982; new ed., 1998. (Italian)
    • The Birth of the Clinic: An Archaeology of Medical Perception, trans. A.M. Sheridan, Routledge, 1973; Tavistock, 1976, ARG, PDF. (English)
    • Die Geburt der Klinik: eine Archäologie des ärztlichen Blicks, trans. Walter Seitter, Munich: Hanser, 1973; Frankfurt am Main, 1976, PDF; 1988. (German)
    • Rinshō igaku no tanjō [臨床医学の誕生], trans. Kamiya Mieko (神谷美恵子), Misuzu Shobō (みすず書房), 1975, 316 pp. (Japanese)
    • O nascimento da clínica, trans. Roberto Machado, Rio de Janeiro: Forense Universitária, 1977, PDF; 2nd ed., 1980. (Brazilian Portuguese)
    • Geboorte van de kliniek. Een archeologie van de medische blik, trans. Peter Klinkenberg, Nijmegen: SUN, 1986, 252 pp; Amsterdam: Boom, 2008, 268 pp. (Dutch) [11]
    • Klinikkens fødsel, trans. Henning Silberbrandt, Copenhagen: Hans Reitzel, 1993; 2000, 275 pp. (Danish)
    • Klinikens födelse, Eslöv: Symposion, 1996, 398 pp. (Swedish)
    • Rozhdeniye kliniki [Рождение клиники], Moscow: Smysl, 1998, 310 pp; Moscow: Akademicheskiy proyekt, 2010, 256 pp. (Russian)
    • Narodziny kliniki, trans. Piotr Mrówczyński, Warsaw: KR, 1999. (Polish)
    • Nașterea clinicii, trans. Diana Dănișor, Bucharest: Științifică, 1999. (Romanian)
    • Kliniğin Doğuşu, trans. İnci Malak Uysal, Istanbul: Doruk, 2002, 239 pp; 2nd ed., Epos, 2003. (Turkish)
    • Huledet ha-klinikah: arkheʼologyah shel ha-mabaṭ ha-refuʼi, trans. Noam Baruch, Tel Aviv: Resling, 2008, 300 pp. (Hebrew)
    • Rojstvo klinike. Arheologija medicinskega pogleda, trans. Jelka Kernev Štrajn, Ljubljana: Študentska založba, 2009, 298 pp. (Slovenian)
    • Rađanje klinike: arheologija medicinskog opažanja, trans. Olja Petronić, Novi Sad: Mediterran, 2009, 240 pp. (Serbian) [12]
Raymond Roussel, Gallimard, 1963, PDF.
  • Raymond Roussel, Paris: Gallimard, May 1963, 212 pp, PDF.
    • Raymond Roussel, trans. Patricio Canto, Buenos Aires: Siglo XXI, 1973; 1976, ARG, PDF. (Spanish)
    • "Schwelle und Schlüssel", trans. Hanns Grössel, in Raymond Roussel. Eine Dokumentation, ed. Hanns Grössel, Munich, 1977, pp 122-131. (German)
    • Raymond Roussel, Bologna: Cappelli, 1978, 175 pp; ed. & intro. Massimiliano Guareschi, Verona: Ombre corte, 2001, 188 pp. (Italian)
    • Death and the Labyrinth: the World of Raymond Roussel, trans. Charles Ruas, Athlone, 1987, 186 pp; Continuum, 2007, 227 pp, ARG, PDF. (English)
    • Raymond Roussel, trans. Renate Hörisch-Helligrath, Frankfurt am Main, 1989. (German)
    • Raymond Roussel, trans. Manoel Barros da Motta and Vera Lúcia Avellar Ribeiro, Rio de Janeiro: Forense Universitária, 1999. (Brazilian Portuguese)
    • Rēmon Rūseru [レーモン・ルーセル], trans. Toyosaki Koichi (豊崎光一), Hōseidaigaku shuppan-kyoku (法政大学出版局), 2000. (Japanese)
    • Raymond Roussel, trans. Grzegorz Wilczyński, Warsaw: KR, 2001. (Polish)
    • Raymond Roussel, trans. Josef Fulka, Herrmann & synové, 2006, 203 pp, PDF. (Czech)
    • Raymond Roussel: Ölüm ve Labirent, trans. Savaş Kılıç, Koç Üniversitesi, 2013, 162 pp. (Turkish)
The Order of Things, [1966], Vintage, 1994, PDF.
  • MC, Les mots et les choses. Une archéologie des sciences humaines, Paris: Gallimard, 1966, ARG, PDF.
    • Le parole e le cose: un'archeologia delle scienze umane, trans. Emilio Panaitescu, Milan: Rizzoli, 1967, 437 pp, PDF; 2nd ed., 1978; 4th ed., 1985; 5th ed., 1988; 2001; 2010. (Italian)
    • Las palabras y las cosas. una arqueología de las ciencias humanas, trans. Elsa Cecilia Frost, Buenos Aires: Siglo XXI, 1968, PDF; 1998. (Spanish) [13]
    • As palavras e as coisas: uma arqueologia das ciências humanas, trans. António Ramos Rosa, intro. Eduardo Lourenço and Vergílio Ferreira, Lisbon: Portugália Editora, 1968, 501 pp; Lisbon: Edições 70, 1991, 422 pp; 1998; 2005; 2014, 504 pp. (Portuguese) [14]
    • The Order of Things: An Archaeology of Human Sciences, London: Tavistock, 1970; New York: Pantheon, 1971, PDF; New York: Vintage, 1973; Routledge, 1989; New York: Vintage, 1994, PDF; Routledge, 1989; Vintage, 1994; Routledge, 2002; Routledge, 2005, ARG, PDF. (English).
    • Riječi i stvari. Arheologija humanističkih znanosti, trans. Nikola Kovač, intro. Sreten Marić, Belgrade: Nolit, 1971, 445 pp, PDF. (Serbo-Croatian)
    • Die Ordnung der Dinge. Eine Archäologie der Humanwissenschaften, trans. Ulrich Köppen, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1971; 1974, PDF. (German)
    • De woorden en de dingen. Een archeologie van de menswetenschappen, trans. Walter van der Star, Baarn: Ambo, 1973, 433 pp; Amsterdam: Boom, 2006; 2012, 472 pp. (Dutch)
    • Kotoba to mono: Jinmonkagaku no kōkogaku [言葉と物 : 人文科学の考古学], trans. Kazutami Watanabe and Sasaki Kimyo (渡辺一民,佐々木明), Tokyo: Shinchōsha (新潮社), 1974; 2000. (Japanese)
    • Slova i veshchi. Arkheologiya gumanitarnykh nauk [Слова и вещи. Археология гуманитарных наук], trans. V.P. Vizgin and N.S. Avtomov, Moscow: Progress, 1977; St Petersburg: A-cad, 1994, 408 pp, PDF. (Russian)
    • As palavras e as coisas: uma arqueologia das ciências humanas, trans. Salma Tannus Muchail, São Paulo: Martins Fortens, 1981; 8th ed., 2000, Arg, PDF. (Brazilian Portuguese)
    • Oi lexeis kai ta pragmata [Οι λέξεις και τα πράγματα. Μια αρχαιολογία των επιστημών του ανθρώπου], trans. Kostes Papagiorges (Κωστής Παπαγιώργης), Athens: Gnose (Γνώση), 1986, 528 pp, PDF; 2008, 528 pp. (Greek) [15]
    • As palavras e as coisas, trans. Isabel Dias Braga, intro. Eduardo Lourenço and Vergilio Ferreira, Lisbon: Edições 70, 1988. (Portuguese)
    • [Words and Things], trans. Mohamed Milad, 1989-90, PDF. (Arabic)
    • Kelimeler ve Şeyler. İnsan Bilimlerinin Bir Arkeolojisi, trans. Mehmet Ali Kılıçbay, Ankara: İmge, 1994; 2nd ed, 2001, PDF; 2006; 2013. (Turkish) [16]
    • Tingenes orden: en arkeologisk undersøkelse av vitenskapene om mennesket, trans. Knut Ove Eliassen, Oslo: Aventura, 1996, 542 pp, NB; Oslo: Spartacus, 2006, 553 pp. (Norwegian)
    • Cuvintele şi lucrurile: o arheologie a ştiinţelor umane, trans. Bogdan Ghiu, Bucharest: Univers, 1996, 472 pp; repr., trans. Bogdan Ghiu and Mircea Vasilescu, intro. Mircea Martin, afterw. Bogdan Ghiu, Bucharest: RAO, 2008, 540 pp. Excerpts. (Romanian)
    • Ordene og tingene. En arkæologi om humanvidenskaberne, trans. Christian Svendsen, Aarhus: Spektrum, 1999, 483 pp. (Danish)
    • A szavak és a dolgok: A társadalomtudományok archeológiája, trans. Romhányi Török Gábor, Osiris, 2000, 432 pp. (Hungarian)
    • Riječi i stvari: arheologija humanističkih znanosti, trans. Srđan Rahelić, intro. Rade Kalanj, Zagreb: Golden marketing, 2002, 431 pp. (Croatian)
    • 词与物, 2002, PDF. (Chinese)
    • Słowa i rzeczy: Archeologia nauk humanistycznych, 2 vols., Gdańsk: Słowo/Obraz Terytoria, 2005/2007. (Polish)
    • Ordene og tingene. En arkæologi om humanvidenskaberne, trans. Mogens Chrom Jacobsen, Frederiksberg: Det lille Forlag, 2006, 368 pp. (Danish)
    • Slova a věci, trans. Jan Rubáš, Brno: Computer Press, 2007, PDF. (Czech)
    • Besede in reči: arheologija humanističnih znanosti, trans. Samo Tomšič and Ana Žerjav, intro. Mladen Dolar, Studia Humanitatis, 2010, 492 pp. (Slovenian)
    • Sanat ja asiat: Eräs ihmistieteiden arkeologia, trans. Mika Määttänen, Gaudeamus, 2010, 414 pp. (Finnish) [17]
    • ha-Milim ṿeha-devarim, trans. Avner Lahav, Tel Aviv: Resling, 2011, 389 pp. (Hebrew) [18]
The Archaeology of Knowledge, [1969], Pantheon, 1972, ARG, PDF.
  • AS, L’Archéologie du savoir, Paris: Gallimard, March 1969, PDF, PDF, IA, ARG; repr. in Foucault, Œuvres II, Paris: Gallimard, 2015.
    • La arqueología del saber, trans. Aurelio Garzón del Camino, Buenos Aires: Siglo XXI, 1970; 1988; 2002, PDF; 2009. (Spanish) [19]
    • Chi no kōkogaku [知の考古学], trans. Yujiro Nakamura (中村雄二郎), Kawade Shobō Shinsha (河出書房新社), 1970, 401 pp; new ed., 1981, 367 pp; 1995, 372 pp; 2006, 372 pp. (Japanese)
    • L’archeologia del sapere: Una metodologia per la storia della cultura, trans. Giovanni Bogliolo, Milan: Rizzoli, 1971; 2nd ed., 1994; 3nd ed., 1996; 1999; 4th ed., 2009, EPUB. (Italian)
    • The Archaeology of Knowledge and the Discourse on Language, trans. A. M. Sheridan Smith and Rupert Swyer, New York: Pantheon Books, 1972, ARG, PDF; new.ed. as The Archaeology of Knowledge, Routledge, 1989, 2002, PDF, ARG. (English)
    • Vetandets arkeologi, trans. C.G. Bjurström, intro. Bengt Olle Bengtsson, Cavefors, 1972; new ed., rev. Sven-Erik Torhell, Lund: Arkiv, 2002, 247 pp; 2011, 260 pp, PDF, ARG. (Swedish)
    • A arqueologia do saber, trans. Luiz Felipe Baeta Neves, Rio de Janeiro: Forense Universitária, 1972; 7th ed., 2008, PDF. (Brazilian Portuguese)
    • Archäologie des Wissens, trans. Ulrich Köppen, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1973. (German)
    • Archeologia wiedzy, Warsaw: Państwowy Instytut Wydawniczy, 1977; 2nd ed., Warsaw: De Agostini Polska, 2002. (Polish)
    • Hafariyāt al-marifa, trans. Salem Yafout, Casablanca: al-Markaz al-thaqāfī al-'arabī, 1986, 202 pp. (Arabic)
    • Jīniyālūjiyā al-marifa, trans. Aḥmad al-Siṭṭātī, Binabd al-Ālī and Abd al-Salām, Al-Dār al-bayḍā: Dār Tūbqāl lil-nashr, 1988. (Arabic)
    • I archaiologia tis gnosis [Η αρχαιολογία της γνώσης], trans. Κωστής Παπαγιώργης, Athens: Eksantas (Εξάντας), 1987, 347 pp. (Greek) [20]
    • Arkheologiya znaniya [Археология знания], trans. S. Mitina and D. Stasova, Kiev: Nika-Centr, 1996, 208 pp, HTML. (Russian)
    • Arheologija znanja, trans. Mladen Kozomara, Belgrade: Plato, 1998, PDF. (Serbian)
    • Arheologia cunoașterii, trans., notes & afterw. Bogdan Ghiu, Bucharest: Univers, 1999, 287 pp; Bucharest: Rao, 2006, 260 pp; 2011, 283 pp. (Romanian)
    • Bilginin arkeolojisi, trans. Veli Urhan, Istanbul: Birey, 1999, PDF; Birey, 2003; Istanbul: Ayrıntı, 2011. (Turkish)
    • Arheologija vednosti, trans. & ed. Uroš Grilc, intro. Mladen Dolar, Ljubljana: Studia humanitatis, 2001, 250 pp. (Slovenian)
    • A tudás archeológiája, trans. Perczel István, Budapest: Atlantisz, 2001. (Hungarian)
    • Archeologie vědění, trans. Čestmír Pelikán, Herrmann & synové, 2002, PDF, PDF, IA, ARG. (Czech)
    • Menggugat sejarah ide, trans. Inyiak Ridwan Muzir, Yogyakarta: IRCiSoD, 2002, 306 pp. (Indonesian). Trans. of the 1976 English edition.
    • Arkeologi Pengetahuan, trans. H.M. Mochtar Zoerni, Yogyakarta: Kalam, 2002. (Indonesian)
    • Jakitearen arkeologia, trans. Xabier Arregi, Bilbo: Klasikoak, 2003, 266 pp. (Basque)
    • Arkheolohiya znannya [Археологія знання], Kiev: Osnovy, 2003, 326 pp. (Ukrainian)
    • Arkheologiya znaniya [Археология знания], trans. M.B. Rakova and A.Yu. Serebryannikova, St Petersburg: GA, 2004, PDF. (Russian)
    • ha-Arkhiʼologyah shel ha-yedaʻ, trans. Avner Lahav, Tel Aviv: Resling, 2005, 256 pp. (Hebrew) [21]
    • Teadmiste arheoloogia, trans. Kaia Sisask, intro. Leo Luks, Tartu Ülikooli Kirjastus, 2005. (Estonian)
    • Vidensarkæologien, trans. Mogens Chrom Jacobsen, intro. Ejvind Hansen, eds. Thomas Larsen and Rasmus Hougaard, Aarhus: Philosophia, 2005. (Danish)
    • Tiedon arkeologia, trans. Tapani Kilpeläinen, Tampere: Vastapaino, 2005, 275 pp. (Finnish)
    • A arqueologia do saber, trans. Miguel Serras Perreira, intro. António Fernando Cascais, Coimbra: Almedina, 2005, 264 pp; Lisbon: Edições 70, 2014, 272 pp. (Portuguese) [22]
    • Chi no kōkogaku [知の考古学], trans. Shinkai Yasuyuki (慎改康之), Kawade bunko (河出文庫), 2012, 440 pp. (Japanese)
This Is Not a Pipe, [1973], U California Press, 1983, ARG, PDF.
  • Ceci n’est pas une pipe, Montpellier: Fata Morgana, 1973.
    • Dies ist keine Pfeife, trans. Walter Seitter, Munich: Hanser, 1974; Frankfurt am Main, 1983. (German)
    • Questa non è una pipa, trans. Roberto Rossi, intro. Guido Almansi, Milan: Serra e Riva, 1980, 93 pp; 1988. (Italian)
    • Esto no es una pipa, trans. Francisco Monge, Barcelona: Anagrama, 1981; 2nd ed., 1989; 3rd ed., 1993; 4th ed., 1997, 91 pp, PDF. (Spanish)
    • This Is Not a Pipe, trans. James Harkness, University of California Press, 1983, 66 pp, ARG, PDF. (English)
    • Kore wa paipude wa nai [これはパイプではない], trans. Toyosaki Koichi and Shimizu Tadashi (豊崎光一・清水正訳), Tetsugaku shobō (哲学書房), 1986. (Japanese)
    • Isto não é um cachimbo, trans. Jorge Coli, Rio de Janeiro: Paz e Terra, 1988; 5th ed., São Paulo: Paz e terra, 2008, PDF. (Brazilian Portuguese)
    • Dit is geen pijp, trans. C.P. Heering-Moorman, Amsterdam: Aramith, 1988, 80 pp. (Dutch)
    • Bu Bir Pipo Değildir, trans. Selâhattin Hilâv, Istanbul: Yapı Kredi, 1993; 1995; 2002; 2003; 2008; 2010. (Turkish)
    • Toto nie je fajka, trans. Miroslav Marcelli, Bratislava: Archa, 1994, PDF. (Slovak)
    • To nie jest fajka, Gdańsk: Słowo/Obraz Terytoria, 1996. (Polish)
    • Īn yak chupuq nı̄st, trans. Mani Haqiqi, Tehran: Markaz, 1375 [1996], 92 pp. (Persian)
    • Dette er ikke en pibe, Copenhagen: Hans Reitzel, 1998. (Danish)
    • Auto den einai pipa [Αυτό δεν είναι πίπα], trans. Γιώργος Σπανός, ed. Παντελής Κυπριανός, Athens: Pléthron (Πλέθρον), 1998, 65 pp; 2013, 72 pp. [23] [24]
    • Eto ne trubka [Это не трубка], trans. Irina Kulik, Moscow: Khudozhenstvennyi zhurnal, 1999, 143 pp, PDF. (Russian)
    • Dette er ikke en pipe, trans. Knut Ove Eliassen, Oslo: Pax, 2001. (Norwegian) [25]
    • See ei ole piip: René Magritte'i kaks kirja ja neli joonistust, trans. Kaia Sisask, Tallinn: Pelerine, 2004. (Estonian)
    • in Diskursernas kamp, trans. Lars Bjurman, Eslöv: Symposion, 2008, pp 59-75. (Swedish)
Discipline and Punish, [1975], Vintage, 1995, ARG, PDF.
  • SP, Surveiller et punir: naissance de la prison, Paris: Gallimard, February 1975, ARG, PDF.
    • Überwachen und Strafen: Die Geburt des Gefängnisses, trans. Walter Seitter, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1976. (German)
    • Vigilar y castigar: nacimiento de la prisión, trans. Aurelio Garzón del Camino, Buenos Aires: Siglo XXI, 1976; 1978; 1989; 2002, 314 pp, PDF. (Spanish) [26]
    • Sorvegliare e punire: nascita della prigione, trans. Alcesti Tarchetti, Torino: Einaudi, 1976, 340 pp; 2nd ed., 1977; 3rd ed., 1977; 4th ed., 1978; 6th ed., 1982; 9th ed., 1992; 13th ed., 2006; 14th ed., 2007; 15th ed., 2008; 16th ed., 2009. (Italian)
    • Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison, trans. Alan Sheridan, Vintage, 1977; 2nd ed., 1995, 333 pp, ARG, PDF. (English)
    • Vigiar e punir: história da violência nas prisões, trans. Raquel Ramalhete, Petrópolis: Vozes, 1977. (Brazilian Portuguese)
    • Kangoku no tanjō [監獄の誕生], trans. Tamura Hajime (田村俶), Tokyo: Shinchōsha (新潮社), 1977. (Japanese)
    • Det moderne fengsels historie, trans. Dag Østerberg, Oslo: Gyldendal, 1977, NB; 2nd ed. as Overvåkning og straff: det moderne fengsels historie, Oslo: Gyldendal, 1994, 272 pp, NB. (Norwegian)
    • Nadzorovanje in kaznovanje: nastanek zapora, Ljubljana: Delavska enotnost, trans. Braco Rotar, 1984, 324 pp; new ed., Ljubljana: Krtina, 2004, 382 pp. (Slovenian)
    • Övervakning och straff: fängelsets födelse, trans. C.G. Bjurström, intro. Sune Suneson, Lund: Arkiv, 1987; 4th ed., 2003, 355 pp. (Swedish)
    • Discipline, toezicht en straf. De geboorte van de gevangenis, Groningen: Historische uitgeverij, 1989; Amsterdam: Boom, 2010, 480 pp. (Dutch) [27]
    • Epitirisi kai timoria: i gennisi tis fylakis [Επιτήρηση και τιμωρία: Η γέννηση της φυλακής], trans. Kaite Chatzemedou and Ioulietta Ralle (Καίτη Χατζηδήμου, Ιουλιέττα Ράλλη), Athens: Ekdoseis Rappa (Ράππα), 1989, 427 pp, PDF; 2004, PDF. (Greek)
    • Felügyelet és büntetés: A börtön története, trans. Fázsy Anikó and Csűrös Klára, Budapest: Gondolat, 1990, 424 pp. (Hungarian)
    • [Discipline and Punish], 1990, PDF. (Arabic)
    • Hapishanenin Doğuşu, trans. Mehmet Ali Kılıçbay, Ankara: İmge, 1992; 2000; 2006; 2013. (Turkish) [28]
    • Nadzorować i karać, Warsaw: Aletheia, 1993, 383 pp; 2nd ed., Warsaw, 1998; 3rd ed., Warsaw, 2009, 311 pp. (Polish)
    • Nadzor i kazna: rađanje zatvora, trans. Divina Marion, Informator, 1994. (Croatian)
    • Overvågning og straf: det moderne fængsels historie, trans. Dag Østerberg, intro. Thomas Mathiesen, Frederiksberg: Det lille Forlag, 1994. (Danish)
    • A supraveghea şi a pedepsi: naşterea închisorii, trans. Bogdan Ghiu, intro. Sorin Antohi, Bucharest: Humanitas, 1997, 448 pp; Piteşti: Paralela 45, 2005, 410 pp. (Romanian)
    • Disciplinuoti ir bausti: kalėjimo gimimas, trans. Marius Daškus, Vilnius: Baltos lankos, 1998, 366 pp. (Lithuanian)
    • Nahlyadaty i karaty [Наглядати і карати], Kiev: Osnovy, 1998, 392 pp. (Ukrainian)
    • Nadzirat i nakazyvat. Rozhdeniye tyurmy [Надзирать и наказывать. Рождение тюрьмы], trans. V. Naumova, Moscow: Ad Marginem, 1999. (Russian)
    • Murāqabat va tanbīyah: tūld-i zindān, trans. Nīkū Sar Khūsh and Afshīn Jahāndīdah, Tehran: Nashr-e Ney, 1378 [1999], 391 pp. (Persian)
    • Dohlížet a trestat: kniha o zrodu vězení, trans. Čestmír Pelikán, Prague: Dauphin, 2000. (Czech)
    • Dozerať a trestať: zrod väzenia, trans. Miroslav Marcelli, Bratislava: Kalligram, 2000; 2004. (Slovak)
    • Uzraudzīt un sodīt, trans. I. Geile-Sīpolniece, Riga: Omnia Mea, 2001. (Latvian)
    • Tarkkailla ja rangaista, trans. Eevi Nivanka, Helsingissä: Otava, 2005, 470 pp. (Finnish)
    • Epitirisi kai timoria: i gennisi tis fylakis [Επιτήρηση και τιμωρία. Η γέννηση της φυλακής], trans. Tassos Betzelos (Τάσος Μπέτζελος), Athens: Pléthron (Πλέθρον), 2011. (Greek) [29]
    • Vigiar e punir: nascimento na prisão, trans. Pedro Elói Duarte, rev. Marcelino Amaral, intro. António Fernando Cascais, Lisbon: Edições 70, 2013, 360 pp. (Portuguese)
The History of Sexuality, 1: An Introduction, [1976], Pantheon, 1978, IA, ARG, PDF.
The History of Sexuality, 2: The Use of Pleasure, [1984], Pantheon, 1985, IA, ARG, PDF.
The History of Sexuality, 3: The Care of the Self, [1984], Pantheon, 1986, ARG, PDF.
  • HS1-3, Histoire de la sexualité, Paris: Gallimard, 3 vols., 1976-84.
    • Vol. 1, La volonté de savoir, 1976, ARG, PDF, ARG/EPUB.
    • Vol. 2, L'Usage des plaisirs, 1984, ARG/EPUB.
    • Vol. 3, Le Souci de soi, 1984, ARG/EPUB.
    • Historia de la sexualidad, 3 vols., trans. Ulises Guiñazú, Buenos Aires: Siglo XXI, 1977-78; 2nd ed., 1991; 3rd ed., 2005. Vol. 1, La voluntad de saber, 2005, ARG, PDF; vol. 2, El uso de los placeres; vol. 3, El cuidado de sí. (Spanish) [30] [31] [32]
    • História da sexualidade, 3 vols., trans. Maria Thereza da Costa Albuquerque, Rio de Janeiro: Graal, 1977-85. Vol. 1, A vontade de saber, 1977; vol. 2, O uso dos prazeres, 1984; vol. 3, O cuidado de si, 1985. (Brazilian Portuguese)
    • Sexualität und Wahrheit, 3 vols., trans. Ulrich Raulff and Walter Seitter, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1977-86. Vol. 1, Der Wille zum Wissen, 1977; Vol. 2, Der Gebrauch der Lüste, 1986, ARG; Vol. 3, Die Sorge um sich, 1986. (German)
    • Storia della sessualità, 3 vols., Milan: Feltrinelli, 1978-85; 1991; 2000; 2004; 2006; 2007; 2011. Vol. 1, La volontà di sapere, trans. Pasquale Pasquino and Giovanna Procacci, 1978; Vol. 2, L'uso dei piaceri, trans. Laura Guarino, 1984; Vol. 3, La cura di sé, trans. Laura Guarino, 1985. (Italian)
    • The History of Sexuality, 3 vols., trans. Robert Hurley, New York: Pantheon, 1978-86. Vol. 1, An Introduction, Pantheon, 1978, IA, ARG, PDF; Vintage, 1990, Review; Penguin, 1998; Vol. 2, The Use of Pleasure, Pantheon, 1985, IA, ARG, PDF; Vintage, 1990; Penguin, 1994; Vol. 3, The Care of the Self, Pantheon, 1986, ARG, PDF; Vintage, 1988; Penguin, 1990. (English)
    • Istorija seksualnosti, 3 vols., Belgrade: Prosveta, 1978-88. Vol. 1, Volja za znanjem, trans. Jelena Stakić, 1978, PDF; Vol. 2, Korišćenje ljubavnih uživanja, trans. Ana Jovanović-Kralj, 1988, PDF; Vol. 3, Staranje o sebi, trans. Branko Jelić, 1988, PDF. (Serbo-Croatian)
    • Historia tēs sexoualikotētas [Ιστορία της σεξουαλικότητας], Athens: Kédros (Κέδρος) and Rappa (Ράππα), 1978-93. Vol. 1, Η δίψα της γνώσης, trans. Γκλόρυ Ροζάκη, 1978, 195 pp; vol. 2, Η χρήση των απολαύσεων, trans. Γιώργος Κωνσταντινίδης, 1989, 292 pp; vol. 3, Η μέριμνα για τον εαυτό μας, trans. Γιάννης Κρητικός, 1993, 268 pp. (Greek)
    • Sexualitetens historia, 3 vols., trans. Britta Gröndahl, Stockholm: Gidlund, 1980-87; 2002. Vol. 1, Viljan att veta, 1980, 200 pp; Vol. 2, Njutningarnas bruk, 1986, 242 pp; Vol. 3, Omsorgen om sig, 1987, 229 pp. New ed., 3 vols., rev. Per Magnus Johansson, intro. Per Magnus Johansson, Göteborg: Daidalos, 2002. (Swedish)
    • Geschiedenis van de seksualiteit, 3 vols., Nijmegen: SUN, 1984-85. Vol. 1, De wil tot weten, 1984; vol. 2, Het gebruik van de lust, 1984; vol. 3, De zorg voor zichzelf, 1985. (Dutch)
    • Sei no rekishi [性の歴史], 3 vols., Tokyo: Shinchōsha (新潮社), 1986-87. Vol. 1, Chi eno ishi [知への意志], trans. Watanabe Moriaki (渡辺守章), 1986; vol. 2, Kairaku no katsuyō [快楽の活用], trans. Tamura Hajime (田村俶), 1986; vol. 3, Jiko e no hairyo [自己への配慮], trans. Tamura Hajime (田村俶), 1987. (Japanese)
    • Al-Juz al-Awwal min Tarikh al-Jinsaniyya, trans. Muṭā Ṣafadī, Beirut: Markaz al-Inma al Qawmi, 1990-92. Vol. 1, Irādat al-maʻrifah, 1990, 159 pp, PDF, Scribd; vol. 3, al-Inhimām bi-al-dhāt, 1992, 163 pp. (Arabic)
    • Zgodovina seksualnosti, 3 vols., trans. Brane Mozetič, Ljubljana: ŠKUC, 1993-2000. Vol. 1, Volja do znanja, 2000; Vol. 2, Uporaba ugodij, 1998; Vol. 3, Skrb zase, 1993. (Slovenian)
    • História da sexualidade, 3 vols., trans. Pedro Tamen and Manuel Alberto, Lisbon: Relógio d'Água, 1994, 161/292/280 pp; 1999. (Portuguese)
    • Seksualitetens historie, 3 vols., Copenhagen/Frederiksberg: Det lille Forlag, 1994-2008. Vol. 1, Viljen til viden, trans. & intro. Søren Gosvig Olesen, 1994, 167 pp; Vol. 2, Brugen af nydelserne, trans. & intro. Mogens Chrom Jacobsen, 2008, 255 pp; Vol. 3, Omsorgen for sig selv, trans. & intro. Mogens Chrom Jacobsen, 2008, 249 pp. (Danish)
    • Cinselliğin tarihi 3, trans. Hülya Tufan, Afa, 1994, 280 pp. (Turkish)
    • Historia seksualności, Warsaw: Czytelnik, 1995, 2000; 2nd ed., Gdańsk: Słowo/Obraz Terytoria, 2010. (Polish)
    • Istoria sexualităţii, trans. Beatrice Stanciu and Alexandru Onete, Timişoara: Vest, 1995. (Romanian)
    • A szexualitás története, 3 vols., Budapest: Atlantisz, 1996-2001. Vol. 1, A tudás akarása, trans. Ádám Péter, 1996, Scribd; 2nd ed., 1999; vol. 2, A gyönyörök gyakorlása, trans. Albert Sándor, Szántó István and Somlyó Bálint, 1999, Scribd; vol. 3, Törődés önmagunkkal, trans. Sujtó László, 2001, Scribd. (Hungarian)
    • Toldot ha-miniyut, 1: ha-Ratson la-daʻat, trans. Gavriel Ash, Tel Aviv: ha-Kibuts ha-me'uhad, 1996, 123 pp. (Hebrew)
    • Seks dan kekuasaan: sejarah seksualitas, trans. Rahayu S. Hidayat, Jakarta: Gramedia, 1997, 205 pp. (Indonesian). Trans. of Vol. 1.
    • Istoriya seksualnosti [Історія сексуальності], Kharkov: OKO, 1997-2000. Vol. 1, Zhaha piznannya, 1997, 235 pp; Vol. 2, Instrument nasolody, 1999, 288 pp; Vol. 3, Plekannya sebe, 2000, 264 pp. (Ukrainian)
    • Istoriya seksualnosti, t.3: Zabota o sebe [История сексуальности. т.3. Забота о себе], trans. T.N. Titovoy, Moscow: Refl-buk, 1998, HTML. (Russian)
    • Seksuaalisuuden historia: Tiedontahto, Nautintojen käyttö, Huoli itsestä, trans. Kaisa Sivenius, Helsinki: Gaudeamus, 1998, 512 pp; Helsinki: Helsinki University Press, 2010, 517 pp. (Finnish) [33]
    • Seksualitetens historie, 3 vols., trans. Espen Schaanning, Oslo: EXIL, 1999-2002. Vol. 1, Viljen til viten, 1999, NB. (Norwegian)
    • Dějiny sexuality, 3 vols., Prague: Hermann a synové, 1999-2003. Vol. 1, Vůle k vědění, trans. Čestmír Pelikán, 1999; vol. 2, Užívání slastí, trans. Karel Thein, Natálie Darnadyová and Josef Fulka, 2003; vol. 3, Péče o sebe, trans. Miroslav Petříček, Ladislav Šerý and Josef Fulka, 2003. (Czech)
    • Seksualumo istorija, Vilnius: Vaga, 1999. (Lithuanian)
    • Seksualitātes vēsture, 3 vols., trans. Irēna Auziņa, Riga: Zvaigzne ABC, 2000-03. (Latvian)
    • Cinselliğin Tarihi, trans. Hülya Uğur Tanrıöver, Istanbul: Ayrıntı, 2003, 512 pp; 2010. (Turkish) [34]
    • Istorija na seksualnosta, trans. Vlado Eftimov, Skopje: TRI, 2003-04. Vol. 1, volja za znaenje, 2003, 206 pp; vol. 2, Upotreba na zadovolstva, 2004, 310 pp. (Macedonian)
    • Istoria sexualităţii, 3 vols., trans. Cătălina Vasile, Bucharest: Univers, 2004. (Romanian)
    • Eradeh be Danestan, trans. Nīkū Sar Khūsh and Afshīn Jahāndīdah, Tehran: Nashr-e Ney, 2004. (Persian)
    • Istoriya seksualnosti, t.2: Ispolzovanie udovolstviy [История сексуальности, T. 2. Использование удовольствий], trans. V. Kaplun, St Petersburg: Akademikheskiy proekt, 2004, 432 pp, PDF. (Russian)
    • Seksuaalsuse ajalugu. 1, Teadmistahe, trans. Indrek Koff, Tallinn: Valgus 2005. (Estonian)
    • Ingin Tahu: Sejarah Seksualitas, Jakarta: YOI, 2008. (Indonesian). Trans. of Vol. 1.
    • Toldot ha-miniyut, 2: ha-shimush be-ta'anugot, Tel Aviv: Resling, 2008, 255 pp. (Hebrew) [35]
    • Historia tēs sexoualikotētas [Ιστορία της σεξουαλικότητας], trans. Tassos Betzelos (Τάσος Μπέτζελος), Athens: Pléthron (Πλέθρον), 2011-. Vol. 1, Η βούληση για γνώση, 2011, 186 pp; vol. 2, Η χρήση των απολαύσεων, 2013, 320 pp. (Greek)
    • Povijest seksualnosti, 3 vols., trans. Zlatko Wurzberg, Zagreb: Domino, 2013. Vol. 1, Volja za znanjem; Vol. 2, Upotreba zadovoljstava; Vol. 3, Briga o sebi. (Croatian)

Edited books[edit]

Moi, Pierre Rivière.., Gallimard, 1973.
  • Moi, Pierre Rivière, ayant egorgé ma mére, ma soeur et mon frére. Un cas de parricide au XIXe siècle, Paris: Gallimard, 1973, 424 pp, HTML; Paris: Gallimard, 2007.
    • I, Pierre Riviere, having slaughtered my mother, my sister, and my brother: A Case of Parricide in the 19th Century, trans. Frank Jellinek, New York: Pantheon, 1975; Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press, 1975, 288 pp, ARG. (English)
    • Yo, Pierre Rivière, habiendo degollado a mi madre, a mi hermana y a mi hermano, trans. Joan Vinyoli, Barcelona: Tusquets, 1976, PDF; 2001, 220 pp. (Spanish)
    • Io, Pierre Rivière, avendo sgozzato mia madre, mia sorella e mio fratello: un caso di parricidio nel XIX secolo, intro. Paolo Crepet, trans. Alessandro Fontana and Pasquale Pasquino, Torino: Einaudi, 1976; 2nd ed., 1977; 2000; Milan: Corriere della Sera, 2011, 325 pp. (Italian)
    • Eu, Pierre Rivière, que degolei minha mãe, minha irmã e meu irmão, trans. Denize Lezan de Almeida, Rio de Janeiro: Graal, 1977. (Brazilian Portuguese)
    • Bir Aile Cinayeti, trans. Erdoğan Yıldırım, Istanbul: Ara, 1991; new ed., trans. Alev Özgüner and Erdoğan Yıldırım, Istanbul: Ayrıntı, 2007. (Turkish) [36]
    • Piēru Riviēru no hanzai: Kyōki to risei [ピエール・リヴィエールの犯罪 : 狂気と理性], trans. Shigeru Kishida and Hiroshi Kume (岸田秀,久米博), Kawade Shobō Shinsha (河出書房新社), 1995, 291 pp. (Japanese)
    • Eu, Pierre Rivière que degolei a minha mãe, a minha irmã e o meu irmão, trans. Maria Filomena Duarte, rev. Manuela Torres, Lisbon: Terramar, 1997, 286 pp. (Portuguese)
    • Én, Pierre Riviére, aki lemészároltam anyámat, húgomat és öcsémet. Egy XIX. századi szülőgyilkosság, eds. Fóti Péter and A. Gergely András, trans. Ádám Anikó and Lóránt Zsuzsa, Budapest: Jószöveg, 1999, 318 pp. (Hungarian)
    • Ja, Piotr Rivière, skorom już zaszlachtował moją matkę, moją siostrę i brata mojego... Przypadek matkobójcy z XIX wieku, Gdańsk: Słowo/Obraz Terytoria, 2002. (Polish)
  • Politiques de l'habitat (1800-1850), Paris: Comité de la recherche et du développement en architecture, 1977, 324 pp.
Herculine Barbin.., [1978], Pantheon, 1980. Cover by Louise Fili.
  • Adélaïde Herculine Barbin: Mes souvenirs, Paris: Gallimard, 1978; 2002, Scribd.
    • Herculine Barbin detta Alexina B: una strana confessione: memorie di un ermafrodito, trans. & intro. Brunella Schisa, Torino: Einaudi, 1979, 120 pp. (Italian)
    • Herculine Barbin, Being the Recently Discovered Memoirs of a Nineteenth-Century French Hermaphrodite, trans. Richard McDougall, Pantheon, 1980; Vintage, 2010, 199 pp, ARG, Log. (English)
    • Herculine Barbin: o diário de um hermafrodita, Rio de Janeiro: Francisco Alves, 1982. (Brazilian Portuguese)
    • Herculine Barbin, Llamada Alexina B., ed. Antonio Serrano González, Madrid: Revolución, 1985, 181 pp; 2nd ed., 2007, ARG, PDF. (Spanish)
    • Herculine Barbin, más néven Alexina B. Egy hermafrodita naplója, trans. Lóránt Zsuzsa, Budapest: Jószöveg, 1997, 128 pp. (Hungarian)
    • Über Hermaphrodismus. Der Fall Barbin, Frankfurt am Main, 1998. (German)
  • with Arlette Farge, Le Désordre des familles. Lettres de cachet des Archives de la Bastille au XVIIIe siècle, Paris: Gallimard, 1982, 364 pp, Introduction, 2014. [37].
    • Familiäre Konflikte: Die "Lettres de cachet". Aus den Archiven der Bastille im 18. Jahrhundert, trans. Chris E. Paschold and Albert Gier, Frankfurt am Main, 1989. (German)
    • The Disorder of Families, trans. Thomas Scott-Railton, ed. Nancy Luxon, Afterword Arlette Farge, Minneapolis/London: University of Minnesota Press, 2016, ARG. (English)


Given at the Collège de France[edit]

  • "Qu'est-ce qu'un auteur?", Bulletin de la Société française de philosophie 63:3 (1969), pp 73-104; repr. as Qu'est-ce qu'un auteur?, Paris: Armand Colin, 1970; repr. in Foucault, Dits et écrits, I, texte n°69, HTML; different version in Foucault, Dits et écrits, III, texte n°258, HTML. Given before the Society at the Collège de France on 22 February 1969, with Jean Wahl presiding.
    • "Was ist ein Autor", trans. Karin von Hofer, in Foucault, Schriften zur Literatur, 1974, pp 7-31. (German)
    • "What Is an Author?", trans. Donald Bouchard and Sherry Simon, in Language, Counter-Memory, Practice, Cornell University Press, 1977, pp 113-138, ARG, PDF; repr. in The Foucault Reader, New York: Pantheon, 1984, pp 101-120; repr. in The Norton Anthology of History and Criticism, ed. Vincent B. Leitch, W.W. Norton, 2001, pp 1622-1636; repr. in The Essential Foucault, New Press, 2003, pp 377-391. (English)
    • "Qué es un autor?", trans. Corina Yturbe, Dialéctica 9:16 (Dec 1984), Puebla: Escuela de Filosofía y Letras de la Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, pp 51-82, PDF; repr. as ¿Qué es un autor?, Tlaxcala, MX: Universidad Autónoma de Tlaxcala, 1985, 59 pp. (Spanish)
    • O que é um autor?, trans. José A. Bragança de Miranda and António Fernando Cascais, intro. José A. Bragança de Miranda and António Fernando Cascais, Lisbon: Vega, 1992; 1995; 1997; 2000; 2002; 2012. (Portuguese)
    • "Kas tas ir autors?", in Uz kurieni, literatūras teorija?, Riga: LU, 1995, pp 229-243. (Latvian)
    • "Qué es un autor?", trans. Gertrudis Gavidia and Jorge Davila, Literatura y conocimiento, 1999, PDF. (Spanish)
    • "Mis on autor?", trans. Katre Talviste, Vikerkaar 11-12 (2000), pp 156-172. (Estonian)
    • "Was ist ein Autor?", trans. Hermann Kocyba, in Foucault, Schriften, Bd. I, Suhrkamp, 2001, pp 1003-1041; repr. in Foucault, Schriften zur Literatur, Suhrkamp, 2003, pp 234-270, Scribd. (German)
    • Ce este un autor, trans. Bogdan Ghiu, Cluj-Napoca: Idea Design & Print, 2004. (Romanian)
    • in Diskursernas kamp, trans. Jan Stolpe, Eslöv: Symposion, 2008, pp 77-100. (Swedish)
    • Ce este un autor? (I), tran. Alexandru Mălăescu, "Arte poetice", nr. 25, martie 2016, pp. 1-4, PDF, PDF. Translation made after the english version published at Cornel University Press, 1977. (Romanian)
L'ordre du discours, Gallimard, 1971, ARG.
  • [L'ordre du discours], [1970]. Inaugural lecture given at Collège de France on 2 Dec 1970.
    • L'ordre du discours, Paris: Gallimard, 1971, ARG.
    • "The Discourse on Language", trans. Rupert Swyer, Social Science Information (April 1971), pp 7-30; repr. in The Archaeology of Knowledge and the Discourse on Language, New York: Pantheon Books, 1972, pp 215-237, PDF. (English)
    • L'ordine del discorso, trans. Alessandro Fontana, Torino: Einaudi, 1972, 60 pp, PDF; 2nd ed., 1973; 3rd ed., 1976; 5th ed., 1979. (Italian)
    • El orden del discurso, trans. Alberto González Troyano, Buenos Aires: Tusquets, 1973; 1987; 1992, PDF; 1999, 80 pp; 2002; 2004; 2005, PDF; 2013. (Spanish) [38]
    • Die Ordnung des Diskurses, trans. Walter Seitter, Munich, 1974; Frankfurt am Main: Fischer, 1977; 1991, ARG; 8th ed., 2001, PDF. (German)
    • De orde van het vertoog, trans. C.P. Heering-Moorman, Meppel: Boom, 1976, 63 pp. (Dutch)
    • Hē taxē tou logou [Η τάξη του λόγου], Athens: Heridanos (Ηριδανός), c1976, 62 pp; 1990. (Greek) [39]
    • "The Order of Discourse", trans. Ian McLeod, in Untying the Text: A Post-Structuralist Reader, ed. Robert Young, Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1981, pp 51-78, PDF. (English)
    • Niẓām al-khiṭāb wa irādat al-marifa, trans. Aḥmad al-Siṭṭātī, Binabd al-Ālī and Abd al-Salām, Al-Dār al-bayḍā: Éditions Maghrébines, 1985, 88 pp. (Arabic)
    • De orde van het spreken, trans. Thomas Widdershoven, Boom, 1988, 79 pp; 1996. (Dutch)
    • "Red diskurza", in Foucault, Vednost-oblast-subjekt, Ljubljana: Krt, 1991. (Slovenian)
    • Diskursens ordning, trans. Mats Rosengren, Stockholm: Symposion, 1993, 59 pp., PDF. (Swedish)
    • Gengo hyōgen no chitsujo [言語表現の秩序], trans. Yujiro Nakamura (中村雄二郎), Kawade Shobō Shinsha (河出書房新社), 1995, 153 pp. (Japanese)
    • A ordem do discurso, trans. Laura Fraga de Almeida Sampaio, São Paulo: Loyola, 1996; 5th ed., 1999. (Brazilian Portuguese)
    • A ordem do discurso, trans. Laura Fraga de Almeida Sampaio, rev. Nuno Nabais, Lisbon: Relógio d'Água, 1997, 58 pp. (Portuguese)
    • Ordinea discursului. Un discurs despre discurs, trans. Ciprian Tudor, Bucharest: Eurosong & Book, 1998, PDF, PDF, IA, ARG. (Romanian)
    • Diskurso tvarka, trans. Marius Daškus, Vilnius: Baltos lankos, 1998. (Lithuanian)
    • Diskursens orden, trans. Espen Schaanning, Oslo: Spartacus, 1999, 60 pp, NB. (Norwegian)
    • Nezam goftar: dars eftetahi, trans. Bāqer Perhām, Tehran: Āgāh, 1999, 70 pp. (Persian)
    • Talens forfatning, trans. Søren Gosvig Olesen, intro. Søren Gosvig Olesen, Copenhagen: Hans Reitzel, 2001, 96 pp. (Danish) [40]
    • Porządek dyskursu, trans. Michał Kozłowski, Gdańsk: Słowo/Obraz Terytoria, 2002, PDF. (Polish)
    • Kritik wacana bahasa, trans. Inyiak Ridwan Muzir, Yogyakarta: IRCiSod, 2003, 108 pp. (Indonesian)
    • Diskursuse kord, trans. Marek Tamm, Tallinn: Varrak, 2005. (Estonian)
    • Rád diskurzu, trans. Miroslav Marcelli, Bratislava: Agora, 2006, 64 pp, PDF. (Slovak)
    • Poredak diskursa, trans. Dejan Aničić, Loznica: Karpos, 2007, 59 pp, PDF, PDF, IA, ARG. (Serbian)
  • Resumés des cours au Collège de France, 1970-1982, Paris: Julliard, 1989.
    • Predavanja (kratak sadržaj): 1970-1982, trans. Frida Filipović, Novi Sad: Bratstvo-Jedinstvo, 1990, 140 pp. (Serbian)
    • Ders Özetleri, 1970-1982, Istanbul: Yapı Kredi, 1992; 1993; 1995; 2003. (Turkish)
    • Resumo dos cursos do Collège de France, 1970-1982, trans. Andréa Daher, Rio de Janeiro: Zahar, 1997, 136 pp, PDF. (Brazilian Portuguese)
    • I corsi al Collège de France: i Résumés, ed. Alessandro Pandolfi, trans. Alessandro Pandolfi and Alessandro Serra, Milan: Feltrinelli, 1999, 141 pp. (Italian)
  • [La volonté de savoir], [1970-71]. Weekly lectures, 9 December 1970 – 17 March 1971.
    • Leçons sur la volonté de savoir. Cours au Collège de France, 1970-1971, suivi de Le savoir d'Œdipe, eds. François Ewald and Alessandro Fontana, Paris: Seuil/Gallimard, 2011, ARG. [41]
    • Über den Willen zum Wissen, trans. Michael Bischoff, Berlin, 2012. (German)
    • Bilme İstenci, trans. Kerem Eksen, Istanbul: İstanbul Bilgi Üniversitesi, 2012, 304 pp. (Turkish)
    • Lectures on The Will to Know, and Oedipal Knowledge, trans. Graham Burchell, ed. Daniel Defert, Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, ARG. (English)
  • [Théories et institutions pénales], [1971-72]. Lectures given Nov 1971 - Mar 1972.
    • Théories et institutions pénales. Cours au Collège de France. 1971-1972, eds. François Ewald and Alessandro Fontana, Paris: Seuil/Gallimard, 2015, 327 pp, IA, ARG.
    • Penal Theories and Institutions, (forthcoming). (English)
  • [La société punitive], [1972-73].
    • La société punitive. Cours au Collège de France. 1972-1973, Paris: Seuil/Gallimard, 2013, 368 pp, ARG. [42]
    • The Punitive Society, trans. Graham Burchell, Palgrave Macmillan, 2015, ARG. (English)
  • [Le pouvoir psychiatrique], [1973-74].
    • Le pouvoir psychiatrique. Cours au Collège de France. 1973-1974, ed. Jacques Lagrange, Paris: Seuil/Gallimard, 2003, ARG. [43]
    • Il potere psichiatrico, trans. Mauro Bertani, Milan: Feltrinelli, 2004, 407 pp. (Italian)
    • Die Macht der Psychiatrie, trans. Claudia Brede-Konersmann and Jürgen Schröder, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 2005. (German)
    • El poder psiquiátrico, trans. Horacio Pons, Buenos Aires: Fondo de Cultura Economica, 2005, 448 pp; 2007, ARG, PDF, PDF. (Spanish)
    • Psychiatric Power, trans. Graham Burchell, ed. Jacques Lagrange, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006, ARG, PDF. (English)
    • Seishin igaku no kenryoku [精神医学の権力], trans. Shinkai Yasuyuki (慎改康之), Tokyo: Chikuma Shobō (筑摩書房), 2006. (Japanese)
    • O poder psiquiátrico, trans. Eduardo Brandão. São Paulo: Martins Fontes, 2006. (Brazilian Portuguese)
    • Psikhiatricheskaya vlast [Психиатрическая власть], trans. A. Shestakova, St Petersburg: Nauka, 2007, 450 pp. (Russian)
  • [Les anormaux], [1974-75].
    • Les Anormaux. Cours au Collège de France, Paris: Seuil/Gallimard, 1999, ARG. [44]
    • Los anormales, trans. Horacio Pons, Buenos Aires: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 2000; 2007, PDF, PDF. (Spanish)
    • Gli anormali, trans. Valerio Marchetti and Antonella Salomoni, Milan: Feltrinelli, 2000, 322 pp; 2002, 328 pp; 6th ed., 2007, 321 pp.; 2009; 328 pp. (Italian) [45] [46]
    • Anormalii, trans. Dan Radu Stănescu, Bucharest: Univers, 2001, 440 pp., PDF, PDF, PDF, IA, ARG. (Romanian)
    • Os anormais, trans. Eduardo Brandão, São Paulo: Martins Fontes, 2001, PDF. (Brazilian Portuguese)
    • Ijō-sha-tachi [異常者たち], trans. Shinkai Yasuyuki (慎改康之), Tokyo: Chikuma Shobō (筑摩書房), 2002, 403 pp. (Japanese)
    • Abnormal, trans. Graham Burchell, Verso, 2003, 374 pp, ARG, PDF. (English)
    • Die Anormalen, trans. Michaela Ott, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 2003. (German)
    • Nenormalnye [Ненормальные], St Petersburg: Nauka, 2005, 432 pp. (Russian)
    • Οι μη κανονικοί, trans. Σωτήρης Σιαμανδούρας, Εστίας, 2010, 666 pp. (Greek) [47]
  • [Il faut défendre la société], [1975-76], MP3, MP3.
    • Difendere la società: dalla guerra delle razze al razzismo di stato, Firenze: Ponte alle Grazie, 1990, 187 pp. (Italian)
    • Genealogía del racismo, trans. Alfredo Tzveibel, intro. Tomás Abraham, La Plata: Altamira, 1993, PDF. (Spanish)
    • Il faut défendre la société, eds. Mauro Bertani and Alessandro Fontana, Paris: Seuil/Gallimard, 1997; 2001; 2012, PDF. [48]
    • Bisogna difendere la società, Milan: Feltrinelli, 1998, 281 pp; 2009. (Italian)
    • Trzeba bronić społeczeństwa, trans. Małgorzata Kowalska, Warsaw: KR, 1998. (Polish)
    • Treba braniti društvo, Novi Sad: Svetovi, 1998. (Serbian)
    • In Verteidigung der Gesellschaft, trans. Michaela Ott, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1999, Scribd. (German)
    • Em defesa da sociedade, trans. Maria Ermantina Galvão, São Paulo: Martins Fortes, 1999; 4th ed., 2005, PDF. (Brazilian Portuguese)
    • Defender la sociedad, trans. Horacio Pons, Buenos Aires: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 2000; 2nd ed., 2001, ARG, PDF; 2002; repr. as Hay que defender la sociedad, Akal, 2003. (Spanish)
    • Toplumu Savunmak Gerekir, trans. Şehsuvar Aktaş, Istanbul: Yapı Kredi, 2002; 2003, 316 pp; 2004; 2008. (Turkish)
    • Gia tin yperaspisi tis dimokratias [Για την υπεράσπιση της κοινωνίας], trans. Τιτίκα Δημητρούλια, Metamorfosi/Athens: Psychogios (Ψυχογιός), 2002, 355 pp. (Greek)
    • Society Must Be Defended, trans. David Macey, eds. Mauro Bertani and Alessandro Fontana, New York: Picador, 2003, ARG, PDF. (English)
    • Nuzhno zashchishchat obshchestvo [Нужно защищать общество], St Petersburg: Nauka, 2005, 312 pp. (Russian)
    • Je třeba bránit společnost, trans. Petr Horák, Prague: Filosofia, 2005, PDF. (Czech)
    • É preciso defender a sociedade, trans. Carlos Correia Monteiro de Oliveira, Carnaxide: Livros do Brasil, 2006, 315 pp. (Portuguese)
    • Shakai wa bōei shinakereba naranai [社会は防衛しなければならない], trans. Hidetaka Ishida and Masatsugu Ono (石田英敬・小野正嗣), Tokyo: Chikuma Shobō (筑摩書房), 2007. (Japanese)
    • Samhället måste försvaras, trans. Karl Lydén, Hägersten: Tankekraft, 2008, 300 pp. (Swedish)
  • [Sécurité, territoire, population], [1977-78], MP3.
    • Sécurité, territoire, population, ed. Michel Senellart, Paris: Seuil/Gallimard, 2004, ARG 2up. [49]
    • Geschichte der Gouvernementalität I: Sicherheit, Territorium, Bevölkerung, trans. Claudia Brede-Konersmann and Jürgen Schröder, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 2004, Scribd. (German)
    • Sicurezza, territorio, popolazione, trans. Paolo Napoli, Milan: Feltrinelli, 2005, 399 pp; 2nd ed., 2007. (Italian)
    • Seguridad, territorio, población, trans. Horacio Pons, Buenos Aires: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 2006, 488 pp, ARG, PDF. (Spanish)
    • Security, Territory and Population, trans. Graham Burchell, Palgrave Macmillan, 2007, ARG, PDF. (English)
    • Anzen ryōdo jinkō [安全・領土・人口], trans. Takakuwa Kazumi (高桑和巳), Tokyo: Chikuma Shobō (筑摩書房), 2007. (Japanese)
    • Seguranca, território, população, trans. Eduardo Brandão, São Paulo: Martins Fontes, 2008, 572 pp, PDF. (Brazilian Portuguese)
    • Sikkerhed, territorium, befolkning, trans. Peer F. Bundgård and Carsten Sestoft, Copenhagen: Hans Reitzel, 2008. (Danish)
    • Securitate, teritoriu, populaţie, trans. Nicolae Ionel, Cluj-Napoca: Design & Print, 2009, 352 pp. (Romanian) [50]
    • Säkerhet, territorium, befolkning, trans. Kim West, Stockholm: Tankekraft, 2010, 450 pp. (Swedish)
    • Turvallisuus, alue, väestö, trans. Antti Paakkari, Helsinki: Tutkijaliitto, 2010, 380 pp. (Finnish)
    • Bezpieczeństwo terytorium populacja, trans. Michał Herer, Warsaw, 2010. (Polish)
    • Bezopasnost, territoriya, naseleniye [Безопасность, территория, население], trans. Yu.Yu. Bystrova, N.V. Suslova and A.V. Shestakova, St Petersburg: Nauka, 2011, 544 pp. (Russian)
    • Güvenlik, Toprak, Nüfus, trans. Ferhat Taylan, Istanbul: İstanbul Bilgi Üniversitesi, 2014, 358 pp. (Turkish)
    • Bezbednost, teritorija, stanovništvo, Novi Sad: Mediterran, (forthcoming). (Serbian) [51]
  • [Naissance de la biopolitique], [1978-79], MP3.
    • Naissance de la biopolitique, ed. Michel Senellart, Paris: Gallimard/Seuil, 2004, 355 pp, PDF. [52]
    • Geschichte der Gouvernementalität II: Die Geburt der Biopolitik, trans. Jürgen Schröder, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 2004, Scribd, ARG. (German)
    • Nascita della biopolitica, trans. Mauro Bertani and Valeria Zini, Milan: Feltrinelli, 2005, 352 pp. (Italian)
    • El nacimiento de la biopolítica, trans. Horacio Pons, Buenos Aires: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 2007, 401 pp, ARG, PDF. (Spanish)
    • The Birth of Biopolitics, trans. Graham Burchell, Palgrave Macmillan, 2008, 346 pp, ARG, PDF, PDF. (English)
    • O nascimento da biopolítica, trans. Eduardo Brandão and Claudia Berliner, São Paulo: Martins Fontes, 2008, PDF. (Brazilian Portuguese)
    • Nama seiji no tanjō [生政治の誕生], trans. Shinkai Yasuyuki (慎改康之), Tokyo: Chikuma Shobō (筑摩書房), 2008. (Japanese)
    • Zrození biopolitiky, trans. Petr Horák, Brno: CDK, 2009, 352 pp, PDF. (Czech)
    • O nascimento da biopolítica, trans. Pedro Elói Duarte, intro. Bruno Maçães, Lisbon: Edições 70, 2010, 439 pp. (Portuguese)
    • Rozhdeniye biopolitiki [Рождение биополитики], trans. A.V. Dyakov, St Petersburg: Nauka, 2010, 448 pp. (Russian)
    • Narodziny biopolityki, trans. Michał Herer, Warsaw, 2011. (Polish)
    • Η γέννηση της βιοπολιτικής, trans. Βασίλης Πατσογιάννης, Athens: Pléthron (Πλέθρον), 2012, 374 pp. (Greek) [53]
    • De geboorte van de biopolitiek, Amsterdam: Boom, 2013, 412 pp. (Dutch) [54]
  • [Du gouvernement des vivants], [1979-80].
    • Do governo dos vivos: curso no Collège de France, 1979-1980 (excertos), trans. Nildo Avelino, São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro: Centro Cultural Achiamé, 2010. (Brazilian Portuguese)
    • Du gouvernement des vivants, ed. Michel Senellart, Paris: Seuil/Gallimard, 2012. [55]
    • On the Government of the Living, trans. Graham Burchell, Palgrave Macmillan, 2014, 448 pp. (English)
    • Del governo dei viventi, eds. Deborah Borca and Pier Aldo Rovatti, Milan: Feltrinelli, 2014, 380 pp. (Italian)
  • [Subjectivité et vérité], [1980-81], (forthcoming).
    • Subjectivité et vérité, Paris: Gallimard/Seuil, 2014. [56]
    • Subjectivity and Truth, (forthcoming). (English)
  • [L'herméneutique du sujet], [1981-82], MP3.
    • Hermenéutica del sujeto, ed. & trans. Fernando Alvarez-Uria, Madrid: La Piqueta, 1994, ARG, IA. (Spanish)
    • L'herméneutique du sujet, Paris: Seuil/Gallimard, 2001. [57]
    • Hermenéutica del sujeto, trans. Horacio Pons, Buenos Aires: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 2002, 539 pp; 2006. (Spanish)
    • L'ermeneutica del soggetto, trans. Mauro Bertani, Milan: Feltrinelli, 2003, 581 pp; 2nd ed., 2004. (Italian)
    • A Hermenêutica do sujeito, São Paulo: Martins Fontes, 2004; 2nd ed., 2006, PDF. (Brazilian Portuguese)
    • Hermeneutica subiectului, trans. Bogdan Ghiu, Bucharest: Polirom, 2004, 552 pp. (Romanian)
    • Shutai no kaishaku-gaku [主体の解釈学], trans. Hirose Koji and Hara Kazuyuki (廣瀬浩司・原和之), Tokyo: Chikuma Shobō (筑摩書房), 2004. (Japanese)
    • The Hermeneutics of the Subject, trans. Graham Burchell, Palgrave Macmillan, 2005, PDF, PDF, ARG. (English)
    • Germenevtika subyekta [Герменевтика субъекта], trans. A.G. Pogonyaylo, St Petersburg: Nauka, 2007, 677 pp. (Russian)
    • Hermeneutik des Subjekts, trans. Ulrike Bokelmann, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 2009. (German)
  • [Le gouvernement de soi et des autres], [1982-83], MP3.
    • Le gouvernement de soi et des autres, ed. Frédéric Gros, Paris: Seuil/Gallimard, 2008, PDF.
    • Die Regierung des Selbst und der anderen, trans. Jürgen Schröder, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 2009, PDF. (German)
    • El gobierno de sí y de los otros, trans. Horacio Pons, Buenos Aires: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 2009, 429 pp, ARG, PDF. (Spanish)
    • Il governo di sé e degli altri, ed. Mario Galzigna, Milan: Feltrinelli, 2009, 400 pp. (Italian)
    • The Government of Self and Others, trans. Graham Burchell, Palgrave Macmillan, 2010, 402 pp, ARG. (English)
    • O Governo de si e dos outros, trans. Eduardo Brandão, São Paulo: Martins Fontes, 2010, 380 pp, PDF. (Brazilian Portuguese)
    • Jiko to tasha no tōchi [自己と他者の統治], trans. Takashi Abe (阿部崇), Tokyo: Chikuma Shobō (筑摩書房), 2010. (Japanese)
    • Upravleniye soboy i drugimi [Управление собой и другими], trans. A.V. Dyakov, St Petersburg: Nauka, 2011, 432 pp. (Russian)
    • Guvernarea de sine şi guvernarea celorlalţi, trans. Bogdan Ghiu, Cluj-Napoca: IDEA Design & Print, 392 pp, PDF, ARG. Excerpts (Romanian)
  • [Le courage de la vérité], [1983-84], MP3.
    • Le courage de la vérité, ed. Frédéric Gros, Paris: Seuil/Gallimard, 2009. [58]
    • Der Mut zur Wahrheit. Die Regierung des Selbst und der anderen II, trans. Jürgen Schröder, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 2010, PDF. (German)
    • El coraje de la verdad: el gobierno de sí y de los otros II, trans. Horacio Pons, Buenos Aires: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 2010, 402 pp, ARG, PDF. (Spanish)
    • The Courage of the Truth: The Government of Self and Others 2, trans. Graham Burchell, ed. Frédéric Gros, Palgrave Macmillan, 2011, ARG, PDF. (English)
    • A coragem da verdade. O Governo de si e dos outros II, trans. Eduardo Brandão, São Paulo: Martins Fontes, 2011, Scribd. (Brazilian Portuguese)
    • Il coraggio della verità : Il governo di sé e degli altri II, ed. Mario Galzigna, Milan: Feltrinelli, 2011, 362 pp. (Italian)
    • De moed tot waarheid, Amsterdam: Boom, 2011, 356 pp. (Dutch) [59]
    • Shinri no yūki. Jiko to tasha no tōchi 2 [真理の勇気 自己と他者の統治2], trans. Shinkai Yasuyuki (慎改康之), Tokyo: Chikuma Shobō (筑摩書房), 2012. (Japanese)

Given elsewhere[edit]

  • Le Corps Utopique, suivi de Les Hétérotopies, [1966], ed. & postf. Daniel Defert, Paris: Lignes, 2009, 61 pp, ARG. [60] (French)
    • O corpo utópico; As heterotopías, trans. Salma Tannus Muchail, São Paulo: n-1, 2013, ARG. (French)/(Brazilian Portuguese)
  • "Des espace autres", [1967], Architecture, Mouvement, Continuité 5 (October 1984), pp 46-49, HTML. (French). Written in 1967. The text was the basis of a lecture given in March 1967.
    • "Andere Räume", trans. Walter Seitter, in Idee, Prozess, Ergebnis. Die Reparatur und Rekonstruktion der Stadt, Berlin, 1984, pp 337-340. (German)
    • "Of Other Spaces", trans. Jay Miskowiec, Diacritics 16:1 (Spring 1986), pp 22-27, PDF. (English)
    • "Of Other Spaces, Heterotopias", HTML. (English)
    • "Von anderen Räumen", trans. Michael Bischoff, in Foucault, Schriften, Bd. 4, Frankfurt am Main, 2005, pp 931-942. (German)
    • Hetrotopyah, trans. Ariella Azoulay, Tel Aviv: Resling, 2009, 128 pp. (Hebrew) [61] [62]
Manuscript page from "Le noir et la surface", 1971.
  • "Le noir et la surface" & "La peinture de Manet", [1971], Cahiers de L’Herne, 2011, PDF.
    • Die Malerei von Manet, Berlin: Merve, 1999, ARG. (German)
    • La pintura de Manet, trans. Roser Vilagrassa, Barcelona: Alpha Decay, 2005, PDF. (Spanish)
    • La pittura di Manet, ed. Maryvonne Saison, trans. Simona Paolini, Milan: Abscondita, 2005, 95 pp. (Italian)
    • Mane no kaiga [マネの絵画], trans. Takashi Abe (阿部崇), Tokyo: Chikuma Shobō (筑摩書房), 2006, 250 pp. (Japanese)
    • Manet and the Object of Painting, trans. Matthew Barr, London: Tate, 2009, PDF. (English)
    • Zhivopis Mane, trans. A.V. Dyakov, St Petersburg: Vladimir Dalj, 2011, 230 pp, PDF. (Russian)
  • "A verdade e as formas juridicas", [1973], trans. Roberto Cabral de Melo Machado and Eduardo Jardim Morais, Cadernos da PUC-Rio 16 (1974), pp 5-133; repr. Rio de Janeiro: NAU, 1996; 2nd ed., 1999; 3rd ed., 2002, PDF. (Brazilian Portuguese)
    • La verdad y las formas jurídicas, Barcelona: Gedisa, 1980, 192 pp; 3rd ed., 1992. (Spanish)
    • "La vérité et les formes juridiques", in Dits et écrits, t. 2, texte n°139, 1994, HTML. Given at a conference in Rio de Janeiro, 21-25 May 1973.
    • Az igazság és az igazságszolgáltatási formák, trans. Sutyák Tibor, Debrecen: Latin Betűk, 1998, 158 pp. (Hungarian)
    • Die Wahrheit und die juristischen Formen, trans. Michael Bischoff, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 2003. (German)
  • The Politics of Truth, [1978-84], ed. Sylvère Lotringer, intro. John Rajchman, trans. Lysa Hochroth & Catherine Porter, Los Angeles: Semiotext(e), 2007, PDF. (English) A collection of lectures and essays on Kant: a lecture given to the French Society of Philosophy on 27 May 1978; the essay "For an Ethics of Discomfort" (1979); two Dartmouth College lectures given on 17 and 24 Nov 1980 (repeated in a slightly different version at Berkeley on 20-21 Oct 1980); an interview conducted by André Berten at U Leuven in 1981; a lecture given at the Collège de France (1983); and the essay "What is Enlightenment" (1984).
  • [Truth & Subjectivity: Howison Lectures], [1980], MP3, MP3. A series of public lectures sponsored by the History Department and French Department on the UC Berkeley campus, given 20-21 October 1980. (English)
  • "About the Beginning of the Hermeneutics of the Self: Two Lectures at Dartmouth", [1980], Political Theory 21:2 (May 1993), pp 198-227, ARG, PDF. (English). Delivered in English on 17 and 24 November 1980.
    • Sull'origine dell'ermeneutica del sé: due conferenze al Dartmouth College, ed. MF Materiali Foucaultiani, Naples: Cronopio, 2012, 114 pp. (Italian)
    • L'Origine de l’herméneutique de soi: Conférences prononcées à Dartmouth College, 1980, eds. Henri-Paul Fruchaud and Daniele Lorenzini, Paris: J. Vrin, 2013, 168 pp.
    • About the Beginning of the Hermeneutics of the Self: Lectures at Dartmouth College, 1980, intro. & comm. Laura Cremonesi, Arnold I. Davidson, Orazio Irrera, Daniele Lorenzini, and Martina Tazzioli, trans. Graham Burchell, University of Chicago Press, 2016, 140 pp, ARG. (English)
  • Mal faire, dire vrai. Fonction de l'aveu en justice, [1981], eds. Fabienne Brion and Bernard E. Harcourt, Presses universitaires de Louvain, 2012, 382 pp. Seven lectures given at Université catholique de Louvain between 2 April and 20 May 1981; includes the interviews with André Berten (7 May, video), Christian Panier and Pierre Watte (14 May), and Jean François and John De Wit (22 May). [63]
    • Wrong-Doing, Truth-Telling: The Function of Avowal in Justice, eds. Fabienne Brion and Bernard E. Harcourt, trans. Stephen W. Sawyer, University of Chicago Press, 2014, 344 pp, ARG, PDF. (English)
  • Technologies of the Self: A Seminar with Michel Foucault, [1982], eds. Luther H. Martin, Huck Gutman and Patrick H. Hutton, University of Massachusetts Press, 1988, 166 pp, PDF. (English). Given at the University of Vermont in autumn 1982.
    • Tecnologías del yo y otros textos afines, trans. Mercedes Allendesalazar, Barcelona: Paidós Ibérica, 1990; 2008, ARG, PDF. (Spanish)
    • Jiko no tekunorojī ― fūkō seminā no kiroku [自己のテクノロジー―フーコー・セミナーの記録], trans. Tamura Hajime and Kumo Kazuko (田村俶,雲和子), Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten, 1990, 249 pp; 2004, 278 pp. (Japanese)
  • [The Culture Of The Self, Berkeley Lectures], [1983], MP3. Given as Regent Lectures at UC Berkeley on 12 and 19 April 1983. (English)
  • [Discourse and Truth: the Problematization of Parrhesia], [1983], MP3, MP3. Six lectures delivered on the UC Berkeley Campus between 24 October and 21 November 1983. (English)
    • Diskurs und Wahrheit: Die Problematisierung der Parrhesia, Berlin: Merve, 1996. (German)
    • Discorso e verità nella Grecia antica, ed. Adelina Galeotti, intro. Remo Bodei, Rome: Donzelli, 1996; 1998; 2005, 120 pp. (Italian)
    • Fearless Speech, ed. Joseph Pearson, Semiotext(e), 2001, 183 pp, ARG, PDF. (English)
    • Shinri to disukūru: Parēshia kōgi [真理とディスクール : パレーシア講義], trans. Gen Nakayama (中山元), Tokyo: Chikuma Shobō (筑摩書房), 2002, 274 pp. (Japanese)
    • Discurso y verdad en la antigua Grecia, trans. Fernando Fuentes Megías, intro. Ángel Gabilondo and Fernando Fuentes Megías, Buenos Aires: Paidós, 2004, 224 pp, PDF. (Spanish)
    • Doğruyu Söylemek, trans. Kerem Eksen, Istanbul: Ayrinti, 2005; 2010; 2012, PDF. (Turkish)
    • Neustrašni govor, trans. Erna Strniša, intro. Bogdan Lešnik, Ljubljana: Sophia, 2009, 168 pp. (Slovenian)


  • Immanuel Kant, Anthropologie du point de vue pragmatique, [1961], Paris: Vrin, 1994, 300 pp. Translated as part of Foucault's secondary doctoral thesis. [64]
    • Antropologia dal punto di vista pragmatico, trans. Mauro Bertani and Gianluca Garelli, Torino: Einaudi, 2010, 358 pp. (Italian)
  • Léo Spitzer, Études de style, Paris: Gallimard, 1962.

Selected essays[edit]

  • "Introduction", in Ludwig Binswanger, Le rêve et l'existence, Paris: Desclée de Brouwer, 1954.
    • "Dream, Imagination and Existence", trans. Forrest Williams, Review of Existential Psychology and Psychiatry 19:1 (1984-85), pp 29-78, ARG. (English)
    • "Einleitung", trans. Walter Seitter, in Ludwig Binswanger, Traum und Existenz, Bern/Berlin, 1992, pp 7-93. (German)
    • "Introduzione", in Ludwig Binswanger, Sogno ed esistenza, trans. Lucia Corradini and Carlotta Giussani, Milano: SE, 1993. (Italian)
    • Sen a obraznost, trans. Jan Sokol, Liberec: Dauphin, 1995, PDF. (Czech)
    • "Einführung", trans. Hans-Dieter Gondek, in Foucault, Schriften, Bd. 1, Suhrkamp, 2001, pp 107-174. (German)
  • "Introduction", in Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Rousseau juge de Jean-Jacques. Dialogues, Paris, 1962, pp VII-XXIV.
    • "Vorwort zu den 'Dialogues' von Rousseau", trans. Karin von Hofer, in Foucault, Schriften zur Literatur, Munich, 1974, pp 32-52. (German)
  • "Préface à la transgression", Critique 195-196: "Hommage à Georges Bataille" (1963), pp 751-769; repr. 1991. The essay reprinted as Préface à la transgression, Paris / Fécamp: Lignes, 2012, 64 pp.
    • "Vorrede zur Überschreitung", trans. Walter Seitter, in Foucault, Von der Subversion des Wissens, Munich, 1974, pp 32-53. (German)
    • "A Preface to Transgression", in Foucault, Language, Counter-Memory, Practice: Selected Essays and Interviews, Cornell University Press, 1977, pp 29-52, PDF, ARG. (English)
    • "Zum Begriff der Übertretung", trans. Karin von Hofer, in Foucault, Schriften zur Literatur, Frankfurt am Main, 1979, pp 69-89. (German)
    • "Předmluva k transgresi", trans. Miroslav Petříček, in Myšlení vnějšku, Prague: Hermann & synové, 1996; 2nd ed., 2003, pp 7-34, PDF. (Czech)
    • "Vorrede zur Überschreitung", trans. Hans-Dieter Gondek, in Foucault, Schriften, Bd. I, Frankfurt am Main, 2001, pp 320-342. (German)
  • "La pensée du dehors", Critique 229 (Jun 1966), pp 523-546; repr. in Foucault, Dits et écrits, I, texte n°38, PDF. Printed in book form as Foucault, La pensée du dehors, Fata Morgana, 1986.
    • "Il pensiero del fuori", trans. Cesare Milanese, in Foucault, Scritti letterari, Milan: Feltrinelli, 1971. (Italian)
    • "Das Denken des Außen", trans. Walter Seitter, in Foucault, Von der Subversion des Wissens, Munich 1974, pp 54-82. (German)
    • "Das Denken des Draußen", trans. Karin von Hofer, in Foucault, Schriften zur Literatur, Munich, 1974, pp 130-156. (German)
    • "El pensamiento del afuera", trans. Graciela Ortiz, Paradoxa 1, Rosario, 1986, pp 101-127, PDF. (Spanish)
    • "Maurice Blanchot: The Thought from Outside", in Foucault, Blanchot, Maurice Blanchot: The Thought from Outside / Michel Foucault as I Imagine Him, New York: Zone Books, 1987, pp 7-58, PDF. (English)
    • El pensamiento del afuera, trans. Manuel Arranz Lázaro, Valencia: Pre-Textos, 1988, 82 pp; 1997, PDF; 2008. (Galician)
    • O pensamento do exterior, trans. Nutriram Faleci, São Paulo: Princípio, 1990. (Brazilian Portuguese)
    • "A kívülség gondolata", trans. Angyalosi Gergely, Athenaeum 1:1 (1991), pp 81-103; repr. in Foucault, Nyelv a végtelenhez, Debrecen, Latin Betűk, 1994. (Hungarian)
    • "Myšlení vnějšku", trans. Miroslav Petříček, in Foucault, Myšlení vnějšku, Prague: Hermann & synové, 1996; 2nd ed., 2003, pp 35-70, PDF. (Czech)
    • Il pensiero del fuori, trans. Vincenzo Del Ninno, Milan: SE, 1998, 72 pp. (Italian)
    • "Das Denken des Außen", trans. Michael Bischoff, in Foucault, Schriften, Bd. I, Frankfurt am Main, 2001, pp 670-697. (German)
    • "Mišljenje spoljašnjosti", trans. Vladimir Milisavljević, Fuko, Hrestomatija 1926-1984-2004, Novi Sad: Vojvođanska sociološka asocijacija, 2005, pp 11-27, PDF. (Serbian)
    • "O pensamento do exterior", trans. Inês Autran Dourado Barbosa, in Foucault, Ditos e escritos, III, ed. Manoel Barros da Motta, Rio de Janeiro: Forense Universitaria, 2nd ed., 2009, pp 219-242, PDF. (Brazilian Portuguese)
  • "Nachwort", trans. Anneliese Botond, in Gustave Flaubert, Die Versuchung des Heiligen Antonius, Frankfurt am Main: Insel, 1966, pp 217-251. Originally written in French in 1964. (German)
    • "Un fantastique de bibliothèque", Cahiers Renaud-Barrault 59, Paris: Gallimard, Mar 1967, pp 7-30; repr., slightly abridged, as "La Bibliothèque fantastique", pref. to Gustave Flaubert, La tentation de Saint Antoine, Paris: Livre de Poche, 1971, pp 7-33; repr. as Foucault, La Bibliothèque fantastique. À propos de La Tentation de saint Antoine de Gustave Flaubert, Brussels: La Lettre Volée, 1995, 36 pp, PDF.
    • "Fantasia of the Library", in Foucault, Language, Counter-Memory, Practice: Selected Essays and Interviews, Cornell University Press, 1977, pp 87-109, PDF.
  • "Nietzsche, Freud, Marx", in Cahiers de Royaumont, t. 4: Nietzsche, Paris: Minuit, 1967, pp 183-200, HTML. The essay stems from the July 1964 Royaumont colloquium.
    • Nietzsche, Freud, Marx, intro. Eugenio Trías, Barcelona: Anagarama, 1970, 58 pp; 1981. (Spanish)
    • "Nietzsche, Freud, Marks", trans. K. Matuszewski, Literatura na świecie 6 (1988). (Polish)
    • "Nietzsche, Freud, Marx", trans. Jon Anderson and Gary Hentzi, in Aesthetics, Method, and Epistemology, New York: New Press, 1998, pp 269-278, ARG, PDF. (English)
    • "Nietzsche, Freud, Marx", trans. Michael Bischoff, in Foucault, Schriften, Bd. I, Frankfurt am Main, 2001, pp 727-743. (German)
    • Nichah, Firuyd, Mārks, trans. Afshīn Jahāndīdah, Tehran: Hermes, 1381 [2002], 216 pp; 1385 [2006]. (Persian)
    • "Nietzsche, Freud, Marx", n.d. HTML. (Romanian)
  • "The Historical a priori and the Archive" [1969], in The Archive, ed. Charles Merewether, trans. Alan Sheridan Smith, London: Whitechapel, 2006, pp 26-30, PDF, ARG. Essay form The Archaeology of Knowledge, 1969.
  • "Nietzsche, la généalogie, l’histoire", in Homage à Jean Hyppolite, ed. S. Bachelard, et al., Paris: PUF, 1971, pp 145-172, PDF. Along with "Réponse au Cercle d'épistémologie" [65], which became the introductory chapter of The Archaeology of Knowledge, this essay represents Foucault's attempt to explain his relationship to those sources which are fundamental to his development.
    • "Nietzsche, die Genealogie, die Historie", trans. Walter Seitter, in Foucault, Von der Subversion des Wissens, Munich, 1974, pp 83-109. (German)
    • "Nietzsche, Genealogy, History", in Foucault, Language, Counter-Memory, Practice: Selected Essays and Interviews, Cornell University Press, 1977, pp 139-164, PDF. (English)
    • Nietzsche als genealoog en als nomade, trans. Eric Bolle, Nijmegen: Socialistische uitgeverij, 1981, 63 pp. (Dutch)
    • Nietzsche, la genealogía, la historia, trans. José Vázquez Pérez, Valencia: Pre-Textos, 1988, 75 pp; 1997. (Spanish)
    • "Nietzsche, die Genealogie, die Historie", trans. Michael Bischoff, in Foucault, Schriften, Bd. 2, Frankfurt am Main, 2002, pp 166-191. (German)
    • in Diskursernas kamp, trans. Lars Bjurman, Eslöv: Symposion, 2008, pp 101-124. (Swedish)
    • "Nietzsche, genealogia eta historia", trans. Joseba Barriola, in Historiaz mintzo: Foucault eta Bensaïd, Donostia Jakin, 2009, pp 53-80. (Basque)
    • "Nietzsche, genealogia, istoria", n.d., HTML. (Romanian)
  • "Erotics", trans. Robert Hurley, October 33 (Summer 1985), pp 3-30, ARG, PDF. Chapter 4 of L'usage des plaisirs, t. 2, Paris: Gallimard, 1984. (English)
  • "Qu'est-ce que les Lumières?", Magazine littéraire 207 (1984), pp 35-39.
    • "What is Enlightenment?", trans. Catherine Porter, in The Foucault Reader, ed. Paul Rabinow, Pantheon, 1984, pp 32-50, ARG. (English)
    • "Was ist Aufklärung?", trans. Eva Erdmann and Rainer Forst, in Ethos der Moderne. Foucaults Kritik der Aufklärung, eds. Eva Erdmann, Rainer Forst and Axel Honneth, Frankfurt am Main/New York: Campus, 1990, pp 35-54, Scribd, ARG. (German)
    • Τι είναι διαφωτισμός, trans. Στέφανος Ροζάνης, Έρασμος, 2003, 44 pp. (Greek) [66]
    • "Was ist Aufklärung?", trans. Hans-Dieter Gondek, in Foucault, Schriften, Bd. 4, Frankfurt am Main, 2005, pp 687-707 and 837-848. (German)
    • Che cos'è l'illuminismo?, Milan and Udine: Mimesis, 2012, 47 pp. (Italian)
  • "Qu'est-ce que la critique? Critique et Aufklärung", Bulletin de la Société francaise de Philosophie 2 (1990), PDF; repr. in Qu'est-ce que la critique? suivi de La culture de soi, eds. Henri-Paul Fruchaud and Daniele Loren, Paris: Vrin, 2015, PDF, ARG. First given at conference on 27 May 1978.
    • Was ist Kritik?, Berlin: Merve, 1992. (German)
    • "What is Critique?", in What is Enlightenment? Eighteenth-Century Questions and Twentieth-Century Answers, ed. James Schmidt, University of California Press, 1997, pp 23-61, ARG. (English)
    • Illuminismo e critica, ed. Paolo Napoli, Rome: Donzelli, 1997, 78 pp. (Italian)
    • "Hihan to keimō" [批判と啓蒙], trans. Gen Nakayama (中山元), in Foucault, Watashi wa hanabi-shidesu [私は花火師です], Chikuma Shobō (筑摩書房), 2008, pp 69-140. (Japanese)

Collected works[edit]

  • Dits et écrits, 1954-1988, 4 vols., eds. Daniel Defert and François Ewald, Paris: Gallimard, 1994; 2nd ed. in 2 vols., Paris: Gallimard, 2001, 1708+1736 pp. [67]
    • Tome 1: 1954-1969, 1994, 855 pp, PDF, ARG, ARG.
    • Tome 2: 1972-1975, 1994, 838 pp, PDF, ARG.
    • Tome 3: 1976-1979, 1994, 836 pp, PDF, ARG.
    • Tome 4: 1980-1988, 1994, 896 pp, PDF, ARG.
  • Shikō shūsei [思考集成], 10 vols., Tokyo: Chikuma Shobō (筑摩書房), 1998-2002. (Japanese) [68]
    • Fūkō korekushon [フーコー・コレクション], 6+1 vols., trans. Yasuo Kobayashi, Hidetaka Ishida and Hisaki Matsuura, Tokyo: Chikuma Shobō (筑摩書房), 2006. (Japanese)
  • Ditos e escritos, 9 vols., ed. Manoel Barros da Motta, Rio de Janeiro: Forense Universitária, 1999-2014. Vol. 1, Problematização do sujeito: psicologia, psiquiatria e psicanálise, trans. Vera Lúcia Avelar Ribeiro, 1999; vol. 2, Arqueologia das ciências e história dos sistemas de pensamento, trans. Elisa Monteiro, 2000; vol. 3, Estética: literatura e pintura, música e cinema, trans. Inês Autran Dourado Barbosa, 2001; vol. 4, Ética, estratégia, poder-saber, trans. Vera Lúcia Avellar Ribeiro, 2003; vol. 5, Ética, sexualidade, política, trans. Elisa Monteiro and Inês Autran Dourado Barbosa, 2004; vol. 6, Repensar a política, trans. Ana Lúcia Paranhos Pessoa, 2010; vol. 7, Arte, epistemologia, filosofia e história da medicina, 2011; vol. 8, Segurança, penalidade e prisão, 2012; vol. 9, Genealogia da ética, subjetividade e sexualidade, 2014. (Brazilian Portuguese)
  • Schriften, 4 vols., eds. Daniel Defert, François Ewald and Jacques Lagrange, trans. Michael Bischoff, Hans-Dieter Gondek and Hermann Kocyba, intro. Jacques Lagrange, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 2001-05. Translation from the 1994's edition. (German)
    • Band 1, 1954-1969, 2001, 1075 pp, PDF, IA, ARG, ARG.
    • Band 2, 1970-1975, 2002, 1031 pp, PDF, IA, ARG.
    • Band 3, 1976-1979, 2003, 1979 pp, PDF, IA, ARG.
    • Band 4, 1980-1988, 2005, 1136 pp, PDF, IA, ARG.

Selected works[edit]

in Arabic
  • [Lectures, 1970-1982], trans. Mohamed Milad, 1994, PDF, ARG. (Arabic)
in Basque
  • Gizakiaren heriotzaz, ed. Xabier Apaolaza, trans. Markos Zapiain, Donostia: Jakin, 1998. (Basque)
in Catalan
  • L'Ordre del discurs i altres escrits, ed. Josep Ramoneda, trans. Pompeu Casanovas, Barcelona: Laia, 1982, 189 pp. (Catalan)
  • Foucault vist per Foucault, trans. Josep Antoni Bermúdez i Roses, Alzira: Bromera, 2003, 283 pp. (Catalan)
in Czech
  • Diskurs, autor, genealogie: tři studie, trans. Petr Horák, Prague: Svoboda, 1994, 120 pp. Translated excerpts from the essays "L'ordre du discours", "Qu'est-ce qu'un auteur", and "Nietzsche, la généalogie, l'histoire". (Czech)
  • Myšlení vnějšku, trans. Čestmír Pelikán, Miroslav Petříček, Stanislav Polášek, Petr Soukup and Karel Thein, Prague: Hermann & synové, 1996; 2nd ed., 2003, 304 pp, PDF. (Czech)
in Croatian
  • Znanje i moć, eds. Hotomir Burger and Rade Kalanj, trans. Rade Kalanj, Zagreb: Globus, 1994, 185 pp. (Croatian)
in Danish
  • Foucaults masker, eds. Niels Brügger, Knut Ove Eliassen and Jens Erik Kristensen, Aarhus: Modtryk, 1995, 214 pp. (Danish)
in Dutch
  • De verbeelding van de bibliotheek: essays over literatuur, trans. J.F. Vogelaar and Y. van Kempen, Nijmegen: SUN, 1986, 157 pp. (Dutch)
  • Breekbare vrijheid: de politieke ethiek van de zorg voor zichzelf, 1995. (Dutch)
  • Breekbare vrijheid: teksten & interviews, Amsterdam: Boom, 2004, 271 pp; 2009. [69] (Dutch)
in English
  • Language, Counter-Memory, Practice: Selected Essays and Interviews, ed. Donald F. Bouchard, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1977; 1980. (English)
  • Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings 1972-1977, ed. Colin Gordon, trans. Colin Gordon, Leo Marshal, John Mepham and Kate Sober, New York: Pantheon, 1980, ARG, PDF. (English)
  • The Foucault Reader, ed. Paul Rabinow, New York: Pantheon Books, 1984, ARG, PDF. (English)
  • Politics, Philosophy, Culture: Interviews and Other Writings, 1977-1984, ed. Lawrence D. Kritzman, trans. Alan Sheridan, et al., New York: Routledge, 1988; 1990, ARG, PDF. (English)
  • Essential Works of Foucault, 1954-1984, ed. Paul Rabinow, trans. Robert Hurley, et al., New York: The New Press, 1997-2000. (English)
    • Vol. I, Ethics: Subjectivity and Truth, ed. Paul Rabinow, 1997, ARG, PDF.
    • Vol. II, Aesthetics, Method, and Epistemology, ed. James D. Faubion, 1998, ARG, PDF.
    • Vol. III, Power, ed. James D. Faubion, 2000, ARG, PDF.
  • Religion and Culture, ed. Jeremy R. Carrette, Routledge, 1999, ARG. (English)
  • The Essential Foucault: Selections from Essential Works of Foucault, 1954-1984, eds. Paul Rabinow and Nikolas Rose, New York: The New Press, 2003. (English)
in French
  • Michel Foucault. Philosophie, eds. Arnold Davidson and Frédéric Gros, Paris: Gallimard, 2004.
in German
  • Von der Subversion des Wissens, Munich: Hanser, 1974; trans. Walter Seitter, Frankfurt: Ullstein, 1978. Contains three conversations - with Paolo Caruso, Gilles Deleuze and Parisian students. Also a bibliography of Foucault's writings and their German translations. [70] (German)
  • Schriften zur Literatur, Munich: Nymphenburger, 1974. (German)
  • Mikrophysik der Macht. Über Strafjustiz, Psychiatrie und Medizin, Berlin: Merve, 1976. (German)
  • Dispositive der Macht. Michel Foucault über Sexualität, Wissen und Wahrheit, Berlin: Merve, 1978. (German)
  • Vom Licht des Krieges zur Geburt der Geschichte, Berlin: Merve, 1986. (German)
  • Schriften zur Literatur, eds. Daniel Defert and François Ewald, trans. Michael Bischoff, Hans-Dieter Gondek and Hermann Kocyba, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1988; 3rd ed., 2003, 402 pp. [71] (German)
  • Analytik der Macht, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 2005. (German)
  • Kritik des Regierens. Schriften zur Politik, ed. Ulrich Bröckling, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 2009. (German)
in Greek
  • Τρία κείμενα για τον Νίτσε, trans. Dimitris Ginosatis (Δημήτρης Γκινοσάτης), Athens: Pléthron (Πλέθρον), 2004, 155 pp; 2011, 122 pp. Three essays on Nietzsche. [72] [73] (Greek)
  • Η μικροφυσική της εξουσίας, ed. & trans. Lila Troullinou (Λίλα Τρουλινού), Athens: Ypsilon (Ύψιλον), 2005, 182 pp. [74] (Greek)
  • Εξουσία, γνώση και ηθική, trans. Zissis Sarikas (Ζήσης Σαρίκας), Athens: Ypsilon (Ύψιλον), 2007, 155 pp. [75] (Greek)
  • Το μάτι της εξουσίας, trans. Tassos Betzelos (Τάσος Μπέτζελος), Thessaloniki: Vanias (Βάνιας), 2008, 408 pp. [76] (Greek)
  • Επιλογή από τα Dits et écrits, ed. & trans. Θανάσης Λάγιος, Athens: Stigmi (Στιγμή), 2011, 115 pp. [77] (Greek)
  • Ετεροτοπίες και άλλα κείμενα, trans. Tassos Betzelos (Τάσος Μπέτζελος), Athens: Pléthron (Πλέθρον), 2012, 270 pp. [78] (Greek)
in Hungarian
  • A modernség politikai-filozófiai dilemmái, a felvilágosodáson innen és túl: Michel Foucault írásaiból, eds. Szakolczay Árpád and Gáthy Vera, Budapest: MTA Szociológiai Kutató Intézet, 1991, 118 pp. (Hungarian)
  • Nyelv a végtelenhez, ed. Sutyák Tibor, trans. Angyalosi Gergely, Erős Ferenc and Kicsák Lóránt, Debrecen: Latin Betűk, 1994; 2nd ed., 2000, 379 pp. (Hungarian)
in Indonesian
  • Pengetahuan dan Metode: Karya-karya Penting Foucault, Yogyakarta: Jalasutra, 2002. Trans. of Aesthetics, Method and Epistemology, ed. Rabinow. (Indonesian)
  • Wacana Kuasa/Pengetahuan, Yogyakarta: Bentang, 2002. Trans. of Power/Knowledge, ed. Gordon. (Indonesian)
in Italian
  • Scritti letterari, ed. & trans. Cesare Milanese, Milan: Feltrinelli economica, 1971, 155 pp; 1984, 163 pp; 1996; 2004. (Italian)
  • Foucault: il potere e la parola, ed. Paolo Veronesi, Bologna: Zanichelli, 1978. (Italian)
  • Archivio Foucault: interventi, colloqui, interviste, 3 vols., Milan: Feltrinelli, 1996-98. Vol. 1, Follia, scrittura, discorso, ed. Judith Revel, trans. Gioia Costa, 1996, 286 pp; vol. 2, 1971-1977: poteri, saperi, strategie, ed. Alessandro Dal Lago, trans. Agostino Petrillo, 1997, 280 pp; vol. 3, 1978-1985: estetica dell'esistenza, etica, politica, ed. Alessandro Pandolfi, trans. Sabina Loriga, 1998, 329 pp. (Italian)
  • Il discorso, la storia, la verità: interventi 1969-1984, ed. Mauro Bertani, Torino: Einaudi, 2001, 374 pp. (Italian)
  • Biopolitica e liberalismo: detti e scritti su potere ed etica: 1975-1984, ed., trans. & intro. Ottavio Marzocca, Milan: Medusa, 2001, 222 pp. (Italian)
  • Antologia: l'impazienza della libertà, ed. Vincenzo Sorrentino, Milan: Feltrinelli, 2005, 271 pp; 2nd ed., 2006. (Italian)
  • Follia e psichiatria: detti e scritti (1957-1984), eds. Mauro Bertani and Pier Aldo Rovatti, Milan: Cortina, 2006, 303 pp. (Italian)
  • Discipline, poteri, verità : detti e scritti: 1970-1984, eds. Mauro Bertani and Valeria Zini, Genova and Milan: Marietti, 2008, 263 pp. (Italian)
  • La strategia dell'accerchiamento: conversazioni e interventi: 1975-1984, ed. Salvo Vaccaro, Palermo: Duepunti, 2009, 268 pp. (Italian)
  • Foucault, Milan: Mondadori, 2010, 716 pp. (Italian)
  • La società disciplinare, ed. Salvo Vaccaro, Milan: Mimesis, 2010, 159 pp. (Italian)
  • Poteri e strategie, ed. Pierre Dalla Vigna, 2nd ed., Milan: Mimesis, 2014, 126 pp. (Italian)
in Japanese
  • Fūkō gaidobukku: Fūkō korekushon [フーコー・ガイドブック : フーコー・コレクション], Tokyo: Chikuma Shobō (筑摩書房), 2006, 326 pp. (Japanese)
  • Watashi wa hanabi-shidesu [私は花火師です], Tokyo: Chikuma Shobō (筑摩書房), 2008. (Japanese)
in Latvian
  • Patiesība. Vara. Patība, ed. Igors Šuvajevs, Riga: Spektrs, 1995. (Latvian)
in Norwegian
  • Forelesninger om regjering og styringskunst, trans. Iver B. Neumann, Oslo: Cappelen akademisk, 2002, 120 pp. (Norwegian)
in Polish
  • Powiedziane, napisane: Szaleństwo i literatura (wybór pism), Warsaw: Aletheia, 1999. From Dits et écrits, 1-2. (Polish)
  • Filozofia, historia, polityka. Wybór pism, Warsaw and Wrocław: PWN, 2000, 322 pp. (Polish)
in Portuguese
  • Estruturalismo: antologia de textos teóricos, ed. & intro. Eduardo Prado Coelho, trans. Maria Eduarda Reis Colares, António Ramos Rosa and Eduardo Prado Coelho, Lisbon: Portugália, 1968, 417 pp. (Portuguese)
in Russian
  • Volya k istine: po tu storonu znaniya, vlasti i seksualnosti. Raboty raznykh let [Воля к истине: по ту сторону знания, власти и сексуальности. Работы разных лет], trans. & ed. S. Tabachnikovoy, Moscow: Magisterium-Kastal, 1996, 448. (Russian)
  • Intellektualy i vlast: stati i intervyu, 1970-1984 [Интеллектуалы и власть: статьи и интервью, 1970—1984], 3 vols., Moscow: Praksis, 2002-06. Vol. 1, trans. S.Ch. Ofertas, ed. B.P. Bizgin, 2002, 381 pp, PDF; Vol. 2, trans. I. Okunevoy, ed. B.M. Skuratov, 2005, 318 pp, PDF; Vol. 3, trans. B.M. Skuratov, ed. B.P. Bolshakov, 2006, 311 pp, PDF. (Russian)
in Serbian
  • Hrestomatija 1926-1984-2004, eds. Pavle Milenković and Dušan Marinković, Novi Sad: Vojvođanska sociološka asocijacija, 2005, PDF. (Serbian)
  • Moć/Znanje: odabrani spisi i razgovori 1972-1977, trans. Olja Petronić, Novi Sad: Mediterran, 2012, 210 pp, PDF. [79] (Serbian)
in Slovak
  • Za zrkadlom moderny: filozofia posledného dvadsaťročia, eds. Egon Gál and Miroslav Marcelli, Bratislava: Archa, 1991. Contains three Foucault's essays. [80] (Slovak)
in Slovenian
  • Vednost-oblast-subjekt, ed. & intro. Mladen Dolar, trans. Boris Čibej, et al., Ljubljana: Krt, 1991, 160 pp; new ed., Ljubljana: Krtina, 2008, 313 pp. (Slovenian)
  • Življenje in prakse svobode: izbrani spisi, intro. Alain Badiou, ed. Jelica Šumič-Riha, trans. Jelka Kernev Štrajn, et al., Ljubljana: Založba ZRC, 2007. (Slovenian)
in Spanish
  • Dialéctica y libertad, ed. & trans. Amparo Ariño Verdú, Valencia: Fernando Torres, 1976, 167 pp. (Spanish)
  • Saber y verdad, eds., trans. & intro. Julia Varela and Fernando Álvarez-Uría, Madrid: La Piqueta, 1985, PDF; 1991. (Spanish)
  • Discurso, poder, sujeto: lecturas sobre Michel Foucault, ed. Ramón Máiz, Santiago de Compostela Universidad, 1987, 219 pp. (Spanish)
  • La vida de los hombres infames: ensayos sobre desviación y dominación, eds. & trans. Julia Varela and Fernando Álvarez-Uría, Madrid: La Piqueta, 1990, 317 pp. (Spanish)
  • De lenguaje y literatura, trans. Isidro Herrera Baquero, Barcelona: Paidós, 1996, ARG, PDF. (Spanish)
  • Obras esenciales, 3 vols., Barcelona: Paidós, 1999. Vol. 1, Entre filosofía y literatura, ed. & trans. Miguel Morey, PDF; vol. 2, Estrategias de poder, eds. & trans. Julia Varela and Fernando Álvarez-Uría, PDF; vol. 3, Estética, ética y hermenéutica, ed. & trans. Ángel Gabilondo, PDF. (Spanish)
  • Sobre la Ilustración, trans. Javier de la Higuera, Eduardo Bello and Antonio Campillo, Madrid: Tecnos, 2003; 2006. Three essays written 1978-83. (Spanish)
  • El poder, una bestia magnífica: sobre el poder, la prisión y la vida, trans. Horacio Pons, Buenos Aires: Siglo XXI, 2012, 288 pp, ARG, PDF. (Spanish)
  • La inquietud por la verdad: escritos sobre la sexualidad y el sujeto, trans. Horacio Pons, Buenos Aires: Siglo XXI, 2013, 272 pp, ARG, PDF. (Spanish)
in Swedish
  • Diskursernas kamp, eds. Thomas Götselius and Ulf Olsson, Eslöv: Symposion, 2008, 319 pp., PDF. (Swedish)
in Turkish
  • Büyük Kapatılma, trans. Ferda Keskin and Işık Ergüden, Istanbul: Ayrıntı, 2000, 336 pp; 2005. [81] (Turkish)
  • Entelektüelin Siyasi İşlevi, trans. Ferda Keskin, Işık Ergüden and Osman Akınhay, Istanbul: Ayrıntı, 2000, 336 pp. (Turkish)
  • Özne ve İktidar, trans. Işık Ergüden and Osman Akınhay, Istanbul: Ayrıntı, 2000, 315 pp; 2005. (Turkish)
  • İktidarın Gözü, trans. Işık Ergüden, Istanbul: Ayrıntı, 2003, 304 pp; 2007. (Turkish)
  • Yapısalcılık Ve Post Yapısalcılık, Istanbul: Birey, 2003. (Turkish)
  • Felsefe Sahnesi, trans. Işık Ergüden, Istanbul: Ayrıntı, 2004, 382 pp. (Turkish)
  • Sonsuza Giden Dil, trans. Işık Ergüden, Istanbul: Ayrıntı, 2006, 385 pp. (Turkish)


  • [Le corps utopique], broadcast, 21 Dec 1966. Recording released on Michel Foucault, Utopia: et Heteroropies, CD, Institut National d‘Audiovisuel, Paris, 2004.
    • "Utopian Body", trans. Lucia Allais, with Caroline A. Jones and Arnold Davidson, in Sensorium: Embodied Experience, Technology, and Contemporary Art, ed. Caroline A. Jones, MIT Press, 2006, 229-234, PDF, EPUB. (English)
  • with Blandine Barret Kriegel, Anne Thalamy, François Beguin and Bruno Fortier, Les machines à guérir. aux origines de l'hôpital moderne, Paris: Institut de l'Environment, 1976, 241 pp; Brussels: Pierre Mardaga, 1979, 184 pp.
  • Preface to Q.H.S. [Quartier de Haute Sécurité], by Roger Knobelpiess, Paris: Stock, 1982.
  • Sept propos sur le septième ange, Montpellier: Fata Morgana, 1986.
    • Siete sentencias sobre el séptimo ángel, trans. Isidro Herrera, Madrid: Arena Libros, 1999; 2nd ed., 2002, PDF, IA. (Spanish)
  • "Homère, les récits, l'éducation, les discours", ed. Martin Rueff, La Nouvelle Revue Française 616, Gallimard, Jan 2016, pp 103-150, IA, ARG. [82]

Interviews and debates[edit]


(For books containing interviews along with essays see selected works.)

  • Foucault Live: Interviews, 1966-84, ed. Sylvère Lotringer, trans. Lysa Hochroth and John Johnston, New York: Semiotext(e), 1989; 2nd ed. as Foucault Live: Collected Interviews, 1961-1984, 1996. (English)
  • Le beau danger: Entretien avec Claude Bonnefoy, [1968], Paris: EHESS, 2011, 72 pp.
    • Das giftige Herz der Dinge. Gespräch mit Claude Bonnefoy, trans. Franziska Humphreys-Schottmann, Zürich, 2012. (German)
    • with Claude Bonnefoy, Speech Begins after Death, ed. Philippe Artières, trans. Robert Bononno, Minnesota University Press, 2013, ARG. (English)
    • Un peligro que seduce: entrevista con Claude Bonnefoy, trans. Rosario Ibañes and Julián Mateo Ballorca, Madrid: Cuatro ediciones, 2012, 102 pp. (Spanish)
    • Il bel rischio: conversazione con Claude Bonnefoy, trans. Antonella Moscati, Naples: Cronopio, 2013, 86 pp. (Italian)
    • Ο ωραίος κίνδυνος, trans. Nikos Iliadis (Νίκος Ηλιάδης), Athens: Agra (Άγρα), 2013, 88 pp. (Greek) [83]
    • Güzel Tehlike, trans. Savaş Kılıç, Metis, 2013, 62 pp. (Turkish)
  • "Par-dela le bien et le mal", Actuel 14 (November 1971), pp 42-47; republished with slight modifications as «Entretien» in: C’est demain la veille, Paris: Seuil, 1973, pp. 19-43.
    • "Gespräch zwischen Michel Foucault und Studenten. Jenseits von Gut und Böse", trans. Walter Seitter, in Foucault, Von der Subversion des Wissens, Munich, 1974, pp 110-127. (German)
    • "Revolutionary Action: 'Until Now'", in Language, Counter-Memory, Practice: Selected Essays and Interviews, Cornell University Press, 1977, pp 218-233, PDF. (English)
    • "Jenseits von Gut und Böse", trans. Michael Bischoff, in Foucault, Schriften, Bd. 2, Frankfurt am Main, 2002, S. 273-288. (German)
  • with Fons Elders, Freedom and Knowledge: A Hitherto Unpublished Interview, [1971], ed. & comm. Fons Elders, trans. Lionel Claris, intro. Lynne Huffer, Amsterdam: Elders Special Productions, 2013. Online (part.), Introduction.
  • with Noam Chomsky, [On Human Nature], [1971], YouTube. For Dutch TV. (English)
    • "Human Nature: Justice Versus Power", in Reflexive Waters: The Basic Concerns of Mankind, ed. Fons Elders, London: Souvenir Press, 1974; repr. as a single volume as Human Nature: Justice vs Power. The Chomsky-Foucault Debate, ed. Fons Elders, London: Souvenir Press, 2011. (English) Review: Sørensen (FS).
    • "Az emberi természetről: igazságosság kontra hatalom", in Nyelv a végtelenhez, ed. Sutyák Tibor, Debrecen: Latin Betűk, 2000, pp 201-240. (Hungarian)
    • Della natura umana: invariante biologico e potere politico, Rome: DeriveApprodi, 2005, 140 pp. (Italian)
    • The Chomsky-Foucault Debate: On Human Nature, New York: New Press, 2006, ARG. (English)
    • A natureza humana: xustiza versus poder: un debate, trans. Enrique Sánchez Rodriguez, La Coruña: Trifolium, 2010, 133 pp. (Galician)
    • Despre natura umană, trans. Dana Domsodi and Veronica Lazăr, intro. Fons Elders, Cluj-Napoca: Tact, 2012, PDF, IA, ARG. (Romanian)
    • La natura umana: giustizia contro potere, trans. Teodoro Falchi and Barbara Baisi, Rome: Castelvecchi, 2013, 121 pp. (Italian)
  • with Gilles Deleuze, "Les Intellectuels et le pouvoir", L'Arc 49 (May 1972), pp 3-10, HTML; repr. in Collectif Arc, Gilles Deleuze, Paris: Inculte, 2005, pp 23-39, PDF. Recorded 4 March 1972.
    • "Intelektualci in oblast", trans. Slavoj Žižek, Problemi 11:128/132 (1973), pp 135-140, PDF. (Slovenian)
    • "Gespräch zwischen Michel Foucault und Gilles Deleuze. Die Intellektuellen und die Macht", trans. Walter Seitter, in Foucault, Von der Subversion des Wissens, Munich 1974, pp 128-140. (German)
    • "Intellectuals and Power", in Language, Counter-Memory, Practice: Selected Essays and Interviews, Cornell University Press, 1977, pp 205-217, PDF. (English) [84]
    • Microfisica del potere: interventi politici, trans. Giovanna Procacci and Pasquale Pasquino, Torino: Einaudi, 1977, 194 pp; 2nd ed., 1977, 194 pp, ARG, PDF; 3rd ed., 1978; 4th ed., 1982. (Italian)
    • Microfísica del poder, trans. Julia Varela and Fernando Álvarez-Uría, Madrid: La Piqueta, 1978; 2nd ed., 1979, PDF; 3rd ed., 1992, 189 pp. (Spanish)
    • Microfísica do poder, trans. Roberto Machado, Rio de Janeiro, Graal, 1979. (Brazilian Portuguese)
    • "Un diálogo sobre el poder", trans. Miguel Morey, in Foucault, Un diálogo sobre el poder y otras conversaciones, Madrid: El Libro de Bolsillo, 1981, pp 7-19, PDF. (Spanish)
    • "Die Intellektuellen und die Macht", trans. Hans-Dieter Gondek, in Foucault, Schriften, Bd. 2, Frankfurt am Main, 2002, pp 382-393. (German)
    • "Die Intellektuellen und die Macht", trans. Eva Moldenhauer, in Gilles Deleuze, Die einsame Insel, Frankfurt am Main, 2003, pp 301-312. (German)
  • C'est demain la veille. Entretiens avec Michel Foucault. Paris: Seuil, 1973, 200 pp.
    • Aspettando la rivoluzione. Conversazioni con Michel Foucault, Herbert Marcuse, Gilles Deleuze, Felix Guattari, Alain Touraine, Henri Lefebvre..., Milan: Res Gestae, 2015, PDF. (Italian)
  • Roger-Pol Droit, Michel Foucault: entretiens, Paris: Odile Jacob, 2004, 160 pp. Contains interviews given in 1975.
    • Entrevistas con Michel Foucault, trans. Rosa Rius and Pere Salvat, Buenos Aires: Paidós, 2006; 2008, IA. (Spanish)
    • Entrevistas, trans. Vera Portocarrero and Gilda Gomes Carneiro, Rio de Janeiro: Graal, 2006. (Brazilian Portuguese)
  • Sexo, poder, verdad: conversaciones con Michel Foucault, ed. Miguel Morey, Barcelona: Materiales, 1978, 280 pp. (Spanish)
  • "Dialogue on Power", in Chez Foucault, ed. Simeon Wade, Los Angeles: Circabook, 1978, pp 4-22, Log. Discussion with a group of students, Los Angeles, May 1976. (English)
    • "Dialogue sur le pouvoir", trans. F. Durand-Bogaert, Dits et écrits, III, texte n°221, 1994, HTML.
  • with Bernard Henri-Levy, "Non au sexe roi", Le nouvelle observateur, 12 Mar 1977.
    • "Power and Sex", trans. David J. Parent, Telos 32, 1977, pp 152-161, PDF. (English)
  • with Guy Hocquenghem and Jean Danet, "La loi de la pudeur", Recherches 37 (April 1979). Presented on radio on France Culture on 4 April 1978.
    • "The Danger of Child Sexuality", trans. Daniel Moshenberg, Semiotext(e) Magazine (Summer 1980), New York. (English)
    • "Sexuality Morality and the Law", trans. Alan Sheridan, in Foucault, Politics, Philosophy, Culture, Routledge, 1988, HTML. (English)
    • "Das Sexualstrafrecht", trans. Michael Bischoff, in Foucault, Schriften, Bd. 3, Frankfurt am Main, 2003, pp 954-970. (German)
  • with Jean Le Bitoux, "Le gai savoir", [1978], Mec 5 (June 1988), pp 32-36, and Mec 6-7 (July-August 1988), pp 30-33, ARG.
    • "The Gay Science", trans. Nicolae Morar and Daniel W. Smith, Critical Inquiry 37:3 (Spring 2011), pp 385-403, PDF. (English). Recorded in July 1978.
  • with Colin Gordon and Paul Patton, "Considerations on Marxism, Phenomenology and Power", [1978], Foucault Studies 14 (Sep 2012), pp 98-114, ARG, PDF. (English). Recorded 3 April 1978.
  • L'Impossible prison: recherches sur le système pénitentiaire au XIXe siècle, [1978], ed. Michelle Perrot, Paris: Seuil, 1980, 320 pp. Review. Transcript of a roundtable held 20 May 1978.
    • La imposible prison: debate con Michel Foucault, trans. Joachin Jorda, Anagrama, 1982, PDF. (Spanish)
  • with Duccio Trombadori, Colloqui con Foucault, [1978], Salerno: 10/17, 1981. A series of interviews made in 1978. (Italian)
    • Remarks on Marx, trans. R. James Goldstein and James Cascaito, New York: Semiotext(e), 1991, 187 pp, ARG, PDF. (English)
  • Un diálogo sobre el poder y otras conversaciones, trans. & intro. Miguel Morey, Madrid: El Libro de Bolsillo, 1981; 2nd ed., 2000, PDF. (Spanish)
  • "Power, Moral Values, and the Intellectual", History of the Present 4, Spring 1988, pp 1-2 & 11-13, PDF, IA, ARG. Interview given to Michael Bess, a graduate student at Berkeley in 1980. (English)
  • with Didier Eribon, "Est-il donc important de penser?", Liberation, 30-31 May 1981, p 21.
    • "Is It Really Important to Think?", trans. Thomas Keenan, Social Criticism 9:1 (Spring 1982), pp 29-40, PDF. (English)
  • with Hubert L. Dreyfus and Paul Rabinow, "On the Genealogy of Ethics. An Overview of Work in Progress", in Dreyfus, Rabinow, Michel Foucault. Beyond Structuralism and Hermeneutics, 2nd ed., 1983, pp 229-264, PDF. Result of a series of working sessions conducted at Berkeley in April 1983. (English)
    • "Sex als Moral. Gespräch mit Hubert L. Dreyfus und Paul Rabinow", trans. Marianne Karbe and Walter Seitter, in Foucault, Von der Freundschaft als Lebensweise. Michel Foucault im Gespräch, 1984, pp 69-83. (German)
    • "Zur Genealogie der Ethik. Ein Überblick über laufende Arbeiten", trans. Claus Rath and Ulrich Raulff, in Dreyfus, Rabinow, Michel Foucault. Jenseits von Strukturalismus und Hermeneutik, 1987, pp 265-292. (German)
    • "Zur Genealogie der Ethik. Ein Überblick über die laufende Arbeit", trans. Hans-Dieter Gondek, in Foucault, Schriften in vier Bänden. Dits et Ecrits, Bd. IV: 1980-1988, 2005, pp 461-498; repr. in Foucault, Ästhetik der Existenz. Schriften zur Lebenskunst, 2007, pp 191-219. (German)
  • with Pierre Boulez, "La musique contemporaine et le public", C.N.A.C. Magazine 15 (May-June 1983), pp 10-12, HTML.
    • "Contemporary Music and the Public", trans. John Rahn, Perspectives of New Music 24 (Fall-Winter 1985), pp 6-12, PDF. (English)
    • "Die zeitgenössische Musik und das Publikum", trans. Anneliese Botond, in Hommage à Pierre Boulez, ed. Katharina Schmidt, Baden-Baden, 1985, pp 22-28. (German)
    • "La música contemporánea y el público", trans. Diego Tatián, Nombres 16:20 (August 2006), pp 197-206, PDF, PDF.
  • "Danger, Crime and Rights: A Conversation between Michel Foucault and Jonathan Simon" [Oct 1983], intro. Stuart Elden, Theory, Culture & Society 34:1 (2017), pp 3-27, HTML, PDF. Transcript of a conversation in San Francisco in October 1983. (English)
  • Von der Freundschaft als Lebensweise. Michel Foucault im Gespräch, trans. Marianne Karbe and Walter Seitter, Berlin: Merve, 1984, 143 pp, IA, ARG. [85] (German)
  • with Raúl Fornet-Betancourt, Helmut Becker and Alfredo Gomez-Müller, "The Ethic of Care for the Self as a Practice of Freedom", [1984], trans. J. D. Gauthier, Philosophy & Social Criticism 12 (July 1987), pp 112-131, ARG; repr. in The Final Foucault, eds. James William Bernauer and David M. Rasmussen, MIT Press, 1988, pp 1-20. (English). Given 20 January 1984.
  • Jamin Raskin, "A Last Interview with French Philosopher Michel Foucault", City Paper 8:3, 27 Jul-2 Aug 1984, p 18, PDF. Given late March 1984. [86] (English)
  • with Alessandro Fontana, "Une esthétique de l'existence", Panorama 945 (28 May 1984); repr. Le Monde, 15-16 July 1984, p XI; repr. in Dits et écrits, t. 4, texte n° 357, 1994, HTML. Given 25 April 1984.
    • "Eine Ästhetik der Existenz", trans. Marianne Karbe and Walter Seitter, in Foucault, Von der Freundschaft als Lebensweise, Berlin, 1984, pp 133-141. (German)
    • "An Aesthetics of Existence", trans. Alan Sheridan, in Foucault, Politics, Philosophy, Culture, Routledge, 1988, pp 47-53, ARG. (English)
    • "Aesthetics of Existence", trans. John Johnston, in Foucault Live: Interviews, 1966-84, Semiotext(e), 1989, pp 309-316; repr in Foucault Live: Collected Interviews, 1961-1984, Semiotext(e), 1996, pp 450-454. (English)
    • "Eine Ästhetik der Existenz", trans. Hans-Dieter Gondek, in Foucault, Schriften, Bd. 4, Frankfurt am Main, 2005, pp 902-909. (German)
  • "Je veux savoir de quoi il s’agit (La dernière interview)" [1984], Liberation, 21-22 Jun 2014, ARG, PDF. Given late May 1984. [87]


Audio recordings[edit]

  • [Rabinow Seminars & Recordings], [1983], MP3.



  • Paul Veyne, Comment on écrit l'histoire: essai d'épistémologie, Paris: Seuil, 1970; new ed. as Foucault révolutionne l'histoire, 1978; exp. ed., 1979; 1996.
    • Rekishi o dō kaku ka. Rekishi ninshiki-ron ni tsuite no shiron [歴史をどう書くか――歴史認識論についての試論], trans. Ōtsu Shinsaku (大津真作), Hōseidaigaku shuppan-kyoku (法政大学出版局), 1982. (Japanese)
    • Foucault rewolucjonizuje historię, trans. Tomasz Falkowski, Toruń, 2007. (Polish). Of the 1979 edition.
  • Dominique Lecourt, Pour une critique de l’épistémologie: Bachelard, Canguilhem, Foucault, 1972, Paris: Maspero; 5th ed., 1980.
    • Marxism and Epistemology. Bachelard, Canguilhem and Foucault, trans. Ben Brewster, London: NLB, 1972, 223 pp, PDF. (English). Review, Review.
Hubert L. Dreyfus, Paul Rabinow, Michel Foucault: Beyond Structuralism and Hermeneutics, 2nd ed., 1983, PDF.
  • Hubert L. Dreyfus, Paul Rabinow, Michel Foucault: Beyond Structuralism and Hermeneutics, University of Chicago Press, 1982; 2nd ed., 1983, 256 pp, PDF. (English)
    • Michel Foucault, un parcours philosophique: au-delà de l'objectivité et de la subjectivité, trans. Fabienne Durand-Bogaert, Paris: Gallimard, 1984.
    • Michel Foucault: Zwischen Strukturalismus und Hermeneutik, trans. Claus Rath and Ulrich Raulff, Frankfurt am Main: Athenäum, 1987; Weinheim: Beltz Athenäum, 1994, 327 pp, ARG, PDF. (German)
    • La ricerca di Michel Foucault: analitica della verità e storia del presente, Firenze: Ponte alle Grazie, 1989, 316 pp. (Italian)
    • Foucault. Uma trajetória filosófica. Para além do estruturalismo e da hermenêutica, trans. Vera Porto Carrero, Rio de Janeiro: Forense Universitária, 1995, PDF. (Brazilian Portuguese)
    • Misheru Fūkō. Kōzō shugi to kaishaku-gaku o koete [ミシェル・フーコー――構造主義と解釈学を超えて], trans. 山形頼洋ほか, Chikuma Shobō (筑摩書房), 1996. (Japanese)
    • Foucault: más allá del estructuralismo y la hermenéutica, trans. Rogelio C. Paredes, Buenos Aires: Nueva Visión, 2001, PDF. (Spanish)
  • Charles C. Lemert, Garth Gillan, Michel Foucault. Social Theory and Transgression, Columbia University Press, 1982. (English)
    • Michel Foucault. Teoria społeczna i transgresja, Warsaw and Wrocław: PWN, 1999. (Polish)
  • J.G. Merquior, Foucault, London: Fontana, 1985; University of California Press, 1987, 188 pp, ARG, PDF. (English)
Gilles Deleuze, Foucault, [1986], 2004, ARG, PDF.
  • Gilles Deleuze, Foucault, Paris: Minuit, 1986; 2004, 141 pp, ARG, PDF.
    • Foucault, trans. Hermann Kocyba, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1987. (German)
    • Foucault, trans. José Vázquez Pérez, Barcelona: Paidós Ibérica, 1987, PDF. (Spanish).
    • Fūkō [フーコー], trans. Uno Kunikazu (宇野 邦一), Kawade Shobō Shinsha (河出書房新社), 1987, 228 pp; new ed., 1999, 228 pp; 2007, 263 pp. (Japanese)
    • Foucault, trans. & ed. Seán Hand, intro. Paul Bove, University of Minnesota Press, 1988, 157 pp, ARG, PDF. (English)
    • Fuko, trans. Svetlana Stojanović, Sremski Karlovci: Izdavačka knjižarnica Zorana Stojanovića, 1989, 139 pp, PDF. (Serbo-Croatian) [89]
    • Foucault, trans. Erik van der Heeg and Sven-Olov Wallenstein, Stockholm: Symposion, 1990, Scribd. (Swedish)
    • Fuko [Фуко], trans. I.P. Ilina, Moscow: Izd-vo gumanit. literatury, 1998. (Russian)
    • Foucault, trans. Bogdan Ghiu, Cluj: Idea Design & Print, 2002, PDF. (Romanian).
    • Foucault, Lisbon: Edições 70, 2012, 183 pp. (Portuguese) [90]
    • Foucault, trans. Burcu Yalım and Emre Koyuncu, Istanbul: Norgunk, 2013. (Turkish)
Maurice Blanchot, Michel Foucault tel que je l'imagine, 1986, PDF.
  • Maurice Blanchot, Michel Foucault tel que je l'imagine, Fata morgana, 1986, PDF. With illustrations by Jean Ipoustéguy.
    • Misheru Fūkō. Omoi ni utsuru mama [ミシェル・フーコー――想いに映るまま], trans. Toyosaki Koichi (豊崎光一), Tetsugaku Shobō (哲学書房), 1986. (Japanese)
    • "Michel Foucault as I Imagine Him", in Foucault, Blanchot, Maurice Blanchot: The Thought from Outside / Michel Foucault as I Imagine Him, New York: Zone Books, 1987, pp 61-109, PDF. (English)
    • Foucault como o imagino, intro. Eduardo Prado Coelho, trans. Miguel Serras Perreira and Ana Luiza Faria, Lisbon: Relógio D'água, 1987, PDF, HTML. (Portuguese)
    • "Michel Foucault tak jak go widzę", trans. Tadeusz Komendant, Colloquia Communia 1:3 (1988), pp 167-177. (Polish)
    • Michel Foucault, tal y como lo imagino, Pre-Textos, 1992, HTML. (Spanish)
    • "Michel Foucault - ahogy én látom", trans. Mihancsik Zsófia, Magyar Lettre Internationale 26:3 (Autumn 1997), pp 65-68, HTML. (Hungarian)
    • "Michel Foucault, amilyennek én képzelem", trans. Szabó László, Határ 4:1-2 (1995), pp 149-162. (Hungarian)
    • Mishel Fuko, kakim ya ego sebe predstavlyayu [Мишель Фуко, каким я его себе представляю], St Petersburg: Machina, 2002, DJV. (Russian)
    • "Michel Foucault, wie ich ihn mir vorstelle", in Blanchot, Eine Stimme von anderswo, ed. & trans. Marco Gutjahr, Vienna and Berlin: Turia + Kant, 2015, 109-150. (German)
  • David Carroll, Paraesthetics: Foucault, Lyotard, Derrida, New York: Routledge, 1987. (English)
  • Gary Gutting, Michel Foucault's Archaeology of Scientific Reason, Cambridge University Press, 1989, PDF. (English)
    • Risei no kōkogaku. Fūkō to kagaku shisō-shi [理性の考古学――フーコーと科学思想史], trans. 金森 修・大谷隆昶, Sangyō tosho (産業図書), 1993. (Japanese)
  • François Ewald (ed.), Michel Foucault philosophe, Paris: Seuil, 1989.
    • Michel Foucault, Philosopher, trans. Timothy J. Armstrong, Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1992, ARG, PDF, Scribd. (English)
  • Martin Kusch, Foucault's Strata and Fields. An Investigation into Archaeological and Genealogical Science Studies, Springer, 1991, PDF. (English)
  • David Hoy (ed.), Foucault: A Critical Reader, Wiley-Blackwell, 1991, PDF. (English)
  • Penser la folie: Essais sur Michel Foucault, Paris: Galilée, 1992, 208 pp. [91], Review, Introduction translated into English. Essays by François Bing, Georges Canguilhem, Jacques Derrida, Arlette Farge, René Major, Agostino Pirella, Jacques Postel, Claude Quétel, and Élisabeth Roudinesco.
    • Roudinesco, Canguilhem, Major, Derrida, Foucault: leituras da história da loucura, trans. Maria Igoes Duque Estrada, Rio de Janeiro: Relume-Dumará, 1994, PDF. (Brazilian Portuguese)
  • Philip Barker, Michel Foucault. Subversions o f the subject, Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1993, ARG. (English)
  • Francisco Ortega, Michel Foucault: Rekonstruktion der Freundschaft, Munich: Fink, 1997, 258 pp, BSB. (German)
  • Jean Zoungrana, Michel Foucault. Un parcours croisé: Lévi-Strauss, Heidegger, Paris: L'Harmattan, 1998, PDF.
  • Robert Nola (ed.), Foucault, Routledge, 1998, PDF. (English)
  • Pierre Billouet, Foucault. figures du savoir, Paris: Belles lettres, 1999, PDF, PDF, ARG.
  • Adrienne S. Chambon, Allan Irving, Laura Epstein (eds.), Reading Foucault for Social Work, New York: Columbia University Press, 1999. (English)
  • Mark Olssen, Michel Foucault: Materialism and Education, Westport, Connecticut & London: Bergin & Garvey, 1999, PDF. (English)
  • Tamsin Spargo, Foucault and Queer Theory, Icon Books & Totem Books, 1999; 2000, PDF. (English)
  • O. Kharkhordin (О. Хархордин) (ed.), Mishel Fuko i Rossiya [Мишель Фуко и Россия], St Petersburg and Moscow: Iz-vo Evropeyskogo un-ta v Sankt Peterburge & Letniy Sad, 2002, 282 pp, HTML. (Russian)
  • Judith Revel, Le vocabulaire de Foucault, Paris: Ellipses, 2002, PDF, RTF.
  • Sara Mills, Michel Foucault, Routledge, 2003, PDF. (English)
  • François Boullant, Michel Foucault et les prisons, Paris: PUF, 2003.
    • Michel Foucault y las prisiones, trans. Heber Cardoso, Buenos Aires: Nueva Visión, 2004, IA. (Spanish)
  • Didier Eribon, Roger Chartier (eds.), Foucault aujourd'hui. Actes des neuvièmes rencontres INA-Sorbonne, 27 novembre 2004, L'Harmattan, 2006.
  • Michael Ruoff, Foucault-Lexikon. Entwicklung - Kernbegriffe - Zusammenhänge, Paderborn: Wilhelm Fink, 2007; 2nd ed. rev., 2009, 242 p, PDF, ARG. (German)
  • Lisa Downing, The Cambridge Introduction to Michel Foucault, Cambridge University Press, 2008, ARG, IA. (English)
  • Alex Farquharson (ed.), The Impossible Prison: A Foucault Reader, Nottingham: Nottingham Contemporary, 2008, 47 pp, PDF. (English)
  • Paul Oliver, Foucault: The Key Ideas, London: Hodder Education, 2010, PDF. (English)
  • Isabelle Garo, Foucault, Deleuze, Althusser & Marx. La politique dans la philosophie, Paris: Démopolis, 2011, 432 pp, ARG. Review.
  • Dianna Taylor (ed.), Michel Foucault: Key Concepts, Durham: Acumen, 2011, ARG. (English)
  • Geoffroy De Lagasnerie, La dernière leçon de Michel Foucault. Sur le néolibéralisme, la théorie et la politique, Paris: Fayard, 2012, 178 pp, ARG.
  • Christopher Falzon, Timothy O'Leary, Jana Sawicki (eds.), A Companion to Foucault, Wiley-Blackwell, 2013, IA. (English)
  • Henrik Paul Bang, Foucault’s Political Challenge. From Hegemony to Truth, Palgrave Macmillan, 2015, PDF, ARG. Review
  • Bruce Moghtader, Foucault and Educational Ethics, Palgrave Macmillan, PDF, 2016. (English)
  • Catherine M. Soussloff (ed.), Foucault on the Arts and Letters: Perspectives for the 21st Century, Rowman & Littlefield, 248 pp. [92] (English)
  • Didier Eribon, Michel Foucault, 1926-1984, Paris: Flammarion, 1989; new ed., Paris: Champs-Flammarion, 2011.
    • Michel Foucault: een biografie, trans. Jeanne Holierhoek, Amsterdam: Van Gennep, 1990, 388 pp. (Dutch)
    • Michel Foucault, 1926-1984, trans. Hildegard Feist, São Paulo: Companhia das Letras, 1990, Scribd. (Brazilian Portuguese)
    • Michel Foucault, trans. Betsy Wing, Harvard University Press, 1991. (English)
    • Michel Foucault. Eine Biographie, trans. Hans-Horst Henschen, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1991, ARG. (German)
    • Misheru Fūkō-den [ミシェル・フーコー伝], trans. Tamura Hajime (田村俶), Tokyo: Shinchōsha (新潮社), 1991. (Japanese)
    • Michel Foucault (1926-1984), trans. Gustaf Gimdal, Symposion, 1991. (Swedish)
    • Michel Foucault, trans. Thomas Kauf, Barcelona: Anagrama, 1992, Scribd; 2004, Scribd. (Spanish)
    • Michel Foucault. Biografia, trans. Jacek Levin, Warsaw: KR, 2005. (Polish)
    • Mishel Fuko [Мишель Фуко], trans. Ye.E. Babayevoy, Moscow: Molodaya gvardiya, 2008. (Russian)
  • James Miller, The Passion of Michel Foucault, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1993, PDF. (English)
    • Die Leidenschaft des Michel Foucault, trans. Michael Büsges, Cologne: Kiepenheuer & Witsch, 1995, PDF. (German)
    • La pasión de Michel Foucault, trans. Oscar Luis Molina S., Santiago de Chile: Andres Bello, 1995, 644 pp, PDF. (Spanish)
    • Misheru Fūkō. Jōnetsu to juku [ミシェル・フーコー伝], trans. Tamura Hajime (田村俶), Chikuma Shobō (筑摩書房), 1998. (Japanese)
  • Didier Eribon, Michel Foucault et ses contemporains, Paris: Fayard, 1994.
    • Michel Foucault y sus contemporáneos, trans. Viviana Ackerman, Buenos Aires: Ediciones Nueva Visión, 1995, PDF. (Spanish)
    • Michel Foucault und seine Zeitgenossen, trans. Michael von Killisch-Horn, Munich: Boer, 1998. (German)
    • Didye Eribon (Дидье Эрибон), Mishel Fuko. Zhizn zamechatelnykh lyudey [Мишель Фуко. Жизнь замечательных людей], trans. E. Babaeva, Moscow: Molodaya gvardiya, 2008, DJV. (Russian)
  • Paul Veyne, Foucault, sa pensée, sa personne, Albin Michel, 2008, 214 pp.
    • Foucault: der Philosoph als Samurai, trans. Ursula Blank-Sangmeister, Stuttgart: Reclam, 2009, 217 pp. (German)
    • Foucault. O Pensamento, a pessoa, trans. Luis Lima, Lisbon: Texto & Grafia, 2009, 160 pp, PDF, Scribd. (Portuguese)
    • Fūkō. Sono hito sono shisō [フーコー――その人その思想], trans. Shinkai Yasuyuki (慎改康之), Tokyo: Chikuma Shobō (筑摩書房), 2010. (Japanese)
    • Foucault: seu pensamento, sua pessoa, trans. Marcelo Jacques de Morais, Rio de Janeiro: Civilizacao Brasileira, 2011, 256 pp, Scribd. (Brazilian Portuguese). Reviews: Oliveira (2012), Goncalves & Tasso (2012).
  • Stuart Elden, Foucault's Last Decade, Polity, 2016, 272 pp. [93] (English)

Collection of writings on Foucault on Aaaaarg.


  • Foucault Studies, ed. Sverre Raffnsøe, since 2004.
  • materiali foucaultiani, eds. Laura Cremonesi, Orazio Irrera, Daniele Lorenzini and Martina Tazzioli, since 2012. (Italian)
  • Le foucauldien, Open Library of Humanities, since 2017. Open access journal, a spin-off from the academic weblog foucaultblog, which was founded by a group of humanities scholars at the University of Zurich in 2013. (English),(German),(French)

Journal issues[edit]

  • South Atlantic Quarterly 111(3): "Future Foucault: Afterlives of Bodies and Pleasures", ed. Jacques Khalip, Summer 2012. [94] (English)

Selected essays[edit]

  • Manfred Frank, Lectures 6-12 in Frank, What is Neostructuralism?, [1983], University of Minnesota Press, 1989, pp 87-198, PDF. (English)
  • François Dosse, "1966: Annum mirabile (II): Foucault Sells like Hotcakes", ch. 34 in Dosse, History of Structuralism, vol. 1, [1991], trans. Deborah Glassman, University of Minnesota Press, 1997, pp 234-259, Log. (English)
  • François Dosse, "Foucault and the Deconstruction of History", chs. 22-23 in Dosse, History of Structuralism, vol. 2, [1992], trans. Deborah Glassman, University of Minnesota Press, 1997, pp 234-259, Log. (English)
  • Mark Poster, "Michel Foucault: Overview of Career", in The Johns Hopkins Guide to Literary Theory, 1997, HTML. (English)
  • Gary Gutting, "Michel Foucault", Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2013, HTML. (English)