Digital libraries

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Arts, humanities and social sciences[edit]


  • Monoskop is an independent online educational resource and research platform for arts, culture and humanities. Monoskop was initiated in 2004 in the context of experimental digital culture in Bratislava and the wider region. Founding editor: Dušan Barok. The Monoskop Log library has branched out in 2009. Monoskop. Monoskop Log.
  • Eclipse A free on-line archive focusing on digital facsimiles of radical small-press writing from recent decades. Eclipse also publishes new works of book-length conceptual unity. Established 2003 by Craig Dworkin.
  • Fragen is a digital library of key texts of second wave of feminism in Europe. It was created between 2006-2011 and is maintained by Atria, Amsterdam. The content is available under the Creative Commons license.
  • Critical Commons An online repository supporting the fair use of copyrighted media by educators. A project of the Media Arts and Practice division of the USC School of Cinematic Arts. Established 2008 by Steve F. Anderson.
  • Uberty is a resource of documents and media related to New Rationalism, Accelerationism, and other recent theory and philosophy. Established 2015. Twitter. Facebook.
  • Sci-Hub provides mass and public access to 60 million research papers. Established 2011 by Alexandra Elbakyan. Twitter.
  • The Anarchist Library, an archive focusing on anarchism. The site also provides an online service, Bookbuilder, to create collections of texts, with editing features, changing layout and rendering to PDFs or EPUBs. Established c.2008.
  • Les Classiques des sciences sociales hosts Francophone works in social and human sciences, counting some 6,000 publications from 2,000 authors. Established 1993 by Jean-Marie Tremblay. Maintained by the University of Quebec at Chicoutimi (UQAC).
See also

Conferences, workshops, exhibitions, seminars

Interventions, research, projects


Literature, resources


  • Javna knjižnica / Public Library, eds. Tomislav Medak, Marcell Mars, and WHW, Zagreb: WHW & Multimedia Institute, 2015, 144 pp. Texts by McKenzie Wark, Tomislav Medak, Marcell Mars, Manar Zarroug, and Paul Otlet. (English)/(Croatian)
  • Davide Giorgetta and Valerio Nicoletti's interviews with Dušan Barok, Geert Lovink, Janneke Adema, Henry Warwick, 2015. (English)
  • Guerrilla Open Access, ed. Memory of the World, Coventry: Post Office Press, Rope Press, and Memory of the World, 2018, 34 pp. Texts by Memory of the World, Christopher Kelty, Balázs Bodó, and Laurie Allen. (English)
  • The Library Is Open, Rotterdam: Piet Zwart Institute (XPUB Special Issue 09), Jul 2019, 92 pp. Website. (English)
  • Aesthetics of the Commons, eds. Cornelia Sollfrank, Felix Stalder and Shusha Niederberger, Zurich: diaphanes, Jan 2021, 275 pp. (English)
  • Interfacing the Law, Rotterdam: Piet Zwart Institute (XPUB Special Issue 3), Jun 2017. (English)
  • Interfacing the Law, Rotterdam: Piet Zwart Institute (XPUB Special Issue 06), Jun 2018. (English)
  • The Library Is Open, Rotterdam: Piet Zwart Institute (XPUB Special Issue 09), Jun 2019. Publication PDF. (English)
  • Inverse Reader, ed. Dušan Barok, Monoskop, Sep 2019ff. A collection of 64 texts, talks and conversations about shadow, independent and artists’ digital libraries. [15] (English)

Essays, talks, statements, interviews

Journal issues and special sections


Academic research and writing

  • Roger Chartier, "Bibliothèques sans murs", ch. 3 in Chartier, L'ordre des livres, Aix-en-Provence: Alinea, 1992. (French)
    • "Libraries Without Walls", trans. Lydia Cochrane, Representations 42: "Future Libraries" (Spring 1993), pp 38-52; rev. as ch. 3 in Chartier, The Order of Books, Stanford University Press, 1994, pp 61-88, n108-112, PDF.

Further reading

Texts listed on the wiki pages of respective initiatives: UbuWeb, Aaaaarg, Monoskop, Library Genesis.

General interest[edit]


Autonomous/independent libraries[edit]

See also

Public domain, Creative Commons and Open Access texts[edit]

  • Project Gutenberg, est. 1971 by Michael Hart, has over 46k books in plain text, subsequently also converted to other formats. Hosted by ibiblio at U North Carolina, Chapel Hill. (multiple languages)
  • Perseus Digital Library, est. c1987 by Gregory R. Crane, covers the history, literature and culture of the Greco-Roman world. The collection contains editions and modern English translations of hundreds of ancient Greek, Roman, Arabic, Germanic and other texts. Maintained by the Department of the Classics, Tufts U.
  • arXiv, est. 1991 by Paul Ginsparg. Has over 1M e-prints in physics, mathematics, computer science, quantitative biology, quantitative finance and statistics in PDF and other formats (TeX, DVI, PostScript or HTML). Maintained by Cornell U. (English)
  • Project Runeberg, est. 1992 by Lars Aronsson. Contains works significant to the culture and history of the Nordic countries; as images and HTML text. Hosted by Lysator, an academic computer group at Linköping University. (multiple languages)
  • Liber Liber, est. 1994 by Marco Calvo, Gino Roncaglia, Paolo Barberi, Fabio Ciotti and Marco Zela. (Italian)
  • Internet Archive, est. 1996 by Brewster Kahle. The section 'eBooks and Texts' contains almost 8M scanned texts as high-resolution images, subsequently also converted to other formats. (multiple languages)
  • Aozora Bunko, est. 1997, the Japanese Project Gutenberg. (Japanese)
  • Wikisource, a Wikimedia project started 2003. Contains around 500k texts in wiki form. (multiple languages)
  • HathiTrust, est. 2008. A partnership of 100+ research institutions and libraries. Also includes content digitised by Internet Archive digitisation initiatives and Google Books. Access to copyrighted works requires an institutional subscription. (multiple languages)

National libraries[edit]

Commercial libraries hosting academic journals[edit]

See also

See also[edit]

See also[edit]

Digital humanities, Art servers, Media archives, Documentation science, Commons, Copyright activism, Internet activism

communities of practice

Art and technology centres, Art servers, Circuit bending, Copyright activism, Data activism, Demoscene, Digital libraries, DIY biology, Federated networks, File sharing, Free software, Game art, Hacker culture, Hackerspaces, Hacktivism, Internet activism, Internet of things, Libre graphics, Live coding, Maker culture, Media archives, Net art, Neural aesthetics, Open hardware, Software art, VJing, VVVV.
See also Artists' cultures.