About Monoskop

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Welcome to Monoskop, a wiki for arts and studies.

Monoskop is an independent web-based educational resource and research platform for arts, culture and humanities founded in 2004. Monoskop features wiki pages with multilingual genealogical bibliographies of contemporary themes and movements in art, culture, and society such as Fediverse, technofeminism, decolonial aesthetics, the Anthropocene, community radio, free software, artists' publishing, performance, sound art and experimental film and video, accompanied by personal bio-bibliographical profiles of their exponents. Many of the titles in the bibliographies are linked to electronic versions of publications made available on Monoskop or other free/libre libraries. (2023)

Monoskop ist eine unabhängige webbasierte Bildungsressource und Forschungsplattform für Kunst, Kultur und Geisteswissenschaften, die 2004 gegründet wurde. Monoskop bietet Wiki-Seiten mit mehrsprachigen genealogischen Bibliografien zu zeitgenössischen Themen und Bewegungen in Kunst, Kultur und Gesellschaft, wie zum Beispiel zum Fediverse, Technofeminismus, dekolonialer Ästhetik, Anthropozän, Freie Radio, Freie Software, Kunstpublikationen, Performance, Klangkunst und Film und Video, begleitet von persönlichen biobibliografischen Profilen ihrer Vertreter_innen. Viele der Titel in den Bibliografien sind mit elektronischen Versionen von Publikationen verlinkt, die auf Monoskop oder anderen free/libre Bibliotheken zur Verfügung stehen. (2023)

Monoskop je nezávislý internetový vzdelávací zdroj a výskumná platforma pre umenie, kultúru a humanitné vedy založená v roku 2004. Monoskop obsahuje wiki stránky s viacjazyčnými genealogickými bibliografiami súčasných tém a hnutí v umení, kultúre a spoločnosti, ako sú Fediverse, technofeminizmus, dekoloniálna estetika, antropocén, komunitné rádiá, slobodný softvér, umelecké publikovanie, performance, zvukové umenie a experimentálny film a video, doplnené o osobné bio-bibliografické profily ich predstaviteliek*ľov. Mnohé tituly v bibliografiách sú prepojené s elektronickými verziami publikácií sprístupnených na Monoskope alebo v iných slobodných digitálnych knižniciach. (2023)




  • Rss.svg Monoskop Log2 RSS, link

Sister projects

  • Remake, REthinking Media Art in K(C)ollaborative Environments, 2012
  • Reader, collection of writings, talks and conversations about shadow, independent and artists’ digital libraries, 2019
  • Log2, wiki fork of Monoskop Log, 2022–
  • Log3, Mastodon fork of Monoskop Log, 2023–
  • HTML, library of books in hypertext markup language from Monoskop Log, 2023–

Archives and backups

  • monoskop.org wiki dump on Internet Archive: 2014 (20G), 2020 (30G), 2023 (150G).
  • Mariabruna Fabrizi, Fosco Lucarelli, "Monoskop, 2004-", in Database, Network, Interface: The Architecture of Information, Paris: Caryatide, and Lausanne: Archizoom (EPFL), 2021, p 157. Exh. catalogue. Distributor. Exhibition. [3]
  • Nanna Bonde Thylstrup, "Monoskop", in Thylstrup, The Politics of Mass Digitization, MIT Press, 2018, pp 89-94, n161-162, HTML. (English)
  • Vanessa Kowalski, "Monoskop", in Kowalski, On Curating, Online: Buying Time in the Middle of Nowhere, Helsinki: Aalto University, 2018, pp 129-137. Case study in Master's Thesis in Curating, Managing, and Mediating Art. [8] (English)
  • William Blueher, "Monoskop", Art Libraries Society of North America, Oct 2017. Review. (English)
  • McKenzie Wark, "Metadata Punk", in Javna knjižnica / Public Library, eds. Tomislav Medak, Marcell Mars, and WHW, Zagreb: WHW & Multimedia Institute, 2015, pp 111-117. (English)
    • "Metapodatkovni punk", trans. Dušanka Profeta, in Javna knjižnica / Public Library, eds. Tomislav Medak, Marcell Mars, and WHW, Zagreb: WHW & Multimedia Institute, 2015, pp 41-47, PDF. (Croatian)
  • Lenka Rišková, "Monoskop.org", in Rišková, Kultúra v sieti.Nezávislé iniciatívy v umení a kultúre nových médií v Bratislave po roku 2000, Brno: Masarykova univerzita, 2015, pp 37-39 & 50-51. Master's thesis. [12] (Slovak)
  • Barbora Linková, "Monoskop", ch. 6.3 in Linková, Archivy a sbírky. Od uměleckého archivu k internetové databázi, Brno: Masaryk University, 2014, pp 61-65. Master's thesis. (Czech)
  • Robert Bobnič, Jurij Smrke, Jasmina Šepetavc, "Monoskop", Tribuna, December 2012, pp 16-17. Interview conducted Nov 2012 during HAIP festival in Ljubljana. (Slovenian)
  • Oliver Rehák, "Monoskop nových médií", 3/4 21-22, Bratislava: Atrakt Art, 2007. (Slovak)


Budapest, February 2020

Monoskop was discussed at the Intermedia Department of the Hungarian University of Fine Arts in Budapest upon the invitation of Miklós Peternák.

Porto, October 2019

Monoskop has prepared a two-part session exploring Eastern European media culture through the lens of music video for the third edition of the Beast film festival in Porto. Motivated by the lack of recognition of this medium in film festival circuits, the programme featured thirty works from Czechia, Slovakia, Poland, Russia, Serbia, Georgia and elsewhere created between 1980 and 2019. The festival organiser, OKNA, is a unique centre for East European culture ran by a large, vibrant collective of local and migrant cultural workers.

Monoskop workshop at Panke gallery, Berlin, 2019.
Berlin, September 2019

On the occasion of the Open Scores exhibition held at Panke.gallery in Berlin, Monoskop has presented an anthology on independent digital libraries, compiled from talks, interviews and lectures given by various protagonists in the past ten years. The "inverse" reader can be accessed online. The exhibition features contributions from Aaaarg, Memory of the World, 0xdb, Neural, Furtherfield, AND publishing and many others and is accompanied by a number of lectures and workshops. Monoskop and wikis were subject of a day-long workshop with fifteen participants. The event series is organised by Creating Commons, a ZHDK-based research project conducted by Felix Stalder, Cornelia Sollfrank and Shusha Niederberger. Exhibition guide (PDF), Photos. [15] [16]

Dresden, May 2019

The Whole Life: Archives and Reality event organised by Berlin's Haus der Kulturen der Welt (HKW) and Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden (SKD) featured eleven seminars addressing the recent establishment of the Archiv der Avantgarden in Dresden. The seminar led by Dušan Barok (Monoskop) addressed the problems of digitisation, connectivity and modes of presentation of art archives, with excursions to the Graphic Collection of SLUB library, the exhibition Poetry & Performance at Motorenhalle, and a discussion with Vera Lauf, curator of the Gabriele Stötzer walk-in archive staged at GfZK in Leipzig. In the limited frame of several days, participants produced an inventory of digital archiving isms. Academy Reader. Event booklet (also available in German).

Košice, November 2018

Monoskop discussed as part of the New Europe convention organised by Katarina Živanović and Marko Popović at Tabačka Kulturfabrik, Košice. Zuzana Révészová wrote a report for Kapitál (in Slovak).

Seoul, September-November 2018

Exhibition Library, the work commissioned from Monoskop by the Seoul Mediacity Biennale displayed as part of exhibition at Seoul Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea from 5 September through 18 November 2018. The installation, 6.5 × 5.5 × 2.4 m in size, includes thirty catalogues of imaginary exhibitions contributed by Monoskop's friends and collaborators including the Archive of the Museum of American Art-Berlin, Joana Chicau, Annet Dekker, Leslie Drost-Robbins, Espen Sommer Eide, Kenneth Goldsmith, Sarah Hamerman and Sam Hart, Seewon Hyun, Václav Janoščík and Eva Skopalová, Geraldine Juárez, Josefina Björk and Bhavisha Panchia, Mara Karagianni and John Colenbrander, Richard Kitta and Michal Murin, Jungmin Lee, Signe Lidén, Silvio Lorusso and Sebastian Schmieg, Ilan Manouach, Darija Medić, Multimedia Institute Zagreb (Tomislav Medak, Marcell Mars, et al.), Michal Murin, Possible Bodies (Femke Snelting and Jara Rocha), Purple Noise, Jürgen Rendl, Danny Snelson, Supermuch, Technopolitics Working Group (John Barker, Sylvia Eckermann, Doron Goldfarb, Armin Medosch, Gerald Nestler, Felix Stalder, Axel Stockburger, Matthias Tarasiewicz, Thomas Thaler, Ina Zwerger, et al.), Charles Turner, Takuma Uematsu, Yuki Hayashi, Tadashi Kobayashi and Tetsuya Goto, Marina Valle Noronha, and Amy Suo Wu. Created in collaboration with curator Kyung Yong Lim and coordinator Minkyung Kim. Supported by Seoul Mediacity Biennale. PDF exhibition booklet. Project page.

Athens, March 2018

The symposium "Shadow Libraries", part of the Shadow Libraries: UbuWeb in Athens programme organised by Ilan Manouach and Kenneth Goldsmith (UbuWeb), brought together Dušan Barok (Monoskop), Marcell Mars (Public Library), Vicki Bennett (People Like Us), Cornelia Sollfrank (Giving What You Don't Have), Peter Sunde (The Pirate Bay), and Prodromos Tsiavos. The event was held at the National Museum of Contemporary Art (EMST) and Onassis Culture Centre in Athens. Talk. Reports by Αναστασία Βαϊτσοπούλου and Δέσποινα Ζευκιλή (in Greek). Video documentation is forthcoming.

New York, November 2017

Monoskop has contributed a selection of works on cybernetics to New York's Cybernetics Conference and its temporary circulating cybernetics research library prepared by Sarah Hamerman, David Isaac Hecht and Dan Taeyoung. The conference is organised by Sam Hart, Melanie Hoff and Francis Tseng. Report.

Warsaw, November 2017-February 2018

Warsaw's Museum of Modern Art holds the exhibition The Other Trans-Atlantic: Kinetic and Op Art in Eastern Europe and Latin America 1950s-1970s prepared in partnership with Monoskop.

Basel, October 2017

Participation at a workshop on art and commons organised by Felix Stalder, Cornelia Sollfrank and Shusha Niederberger at the House of Electronic Arts (HEK) in Basel.

Bratislava, June 2017

Discussion and presentation at the Bratislava Book Festival held at the Arena Theatre, Bratislava, upon invitation of its director Peter Michalík. [17]

Novi Sad, May 2017

Monoskop's Architecture page printed as a single scroll and displayed as part of the Public Library / Javna knjižnica exhibition. Tomislav Medak read our statement For a Flat Library of Architecture in Serbo-Croatian.

New York, October 2016

Presentation at The Sunview Luncheonette in Brooklyn, NYC, upon invitation of artist Matej Vakula. [18] [19]

Mons, October 2015

Ideographies of Knowledge, a symposium on documentation and classification of knowledge organised by Monoskop at the Mundaneum in Mons, Belgium, on 3 October 2015. The event brought together digital librarians, media theorists, designers, researchers and artists to discuss the poetics, aesthetics and politics of information and knowledge in relation to digital libraries, search engines and the legacy of library/documentation science. With Dušan Barok, Matthew Fuller, Geraldine Juárez, Stéphanie Manfroid, Marcell Mars, Nikita Mazurov, Tomislav Medak, Michael Murtaugh, Robert M Ochshorn, Barbora Šedivá, Femke Snelting, and Matěj Strnad.

Basel, June 2015

Participation at Sources and Resources, a panel discussion in the framework of Economies of Aesthetics conference held at the FHNW Academy of Art and Design, Campus of the Arts. The panel was prepared by FHNW's Institute of Experimental Design and Media Cultures.

Vienna, June 2015

A statement on public libraries and presentation of Monoskop at the Technopolitics seminar, upon invitation of Armin Medosch.

Zagreb, June 2015

Javna knjižnica / Public Library, an exhibition and conference organised by What, How and for Whom/WHW and Multimedia Institute, and hosted by Nova Gallery, [20], [21], [22]. On the occasion, the curatorial collective WHW created an online hybrid-archive exhibition featuring selected works from the archives of UbuWeb and Monoskop: Part 1: Art and Its Dissatisfaction, Part 2: Art Is Not a Mirror, Art Is a Hammer, Part 3: The Rights and Freedoms, Tricks and Pranks (commentaries in Croatian).

Bergen, March 2015

The Extensions of Many: Seminars on Media Aesthetics, a series of seminars organised by Bergen Center for Electronic Arts (BEK) together with Monoskop was held at Hordaland kunstsenter in Bergen, Norway. The series explored the ambiguity of the notion of media from an aesthetic and technological perspective; speakers included Ina Blom, Florian Cramer, Knut Ove Eliassen, Olga Goriunova, Aud Sissel Hoel, Eleni Ikoniadou and Femke Snelting. Introductory talk, Part 2.

Stuttgart, October-November 2014

Public Library: Rethinking the Infrastructures, an exhibition and conference sparked by Marcell Mars and hosted by Württembergischer Kunstverein. With Aaaaarg.org, Vuk Ćosić, Sebastian Lütgert and Jan Gerber, Monoskop, Postcapital Archive, Praxis, Femke Snelting, Cornelia Sollfrank, and many others. Organised in collaboration with Akademie Schloss Solitude. Video documentation.

Washington, DC, April-June 2014

The National Gallery of Art prepared the film programme Artists, Amateurs, Alternative Spaces: Experimental Cinema in Eastern Europe, 1960-1990 inspired by the resources on Monoskop. The programme curated by Ksenya Gurshtein and Joanna Raczynska comes with a comprehensive online companion. [23]

Novi Sad, July 2013

An Archive/Live Archive/UnArchive and Public Library workshop, with Kenneth Goldsmith (UbuWeb), Dušan Barok (Monoskop), Simon Worthington (Mute Magazine), Marcell Mars (Public Library), and the hosting organisation, kuda.org. The event was part of Aesthetic Education Expanded, a collaborative project by Berliner Gazette, Kontrapunkt, kuda.org, Multimedia Institute and Mute. Video documentation.

Ljubljana, November 2012

HAIP 2012: Public Library / Javna knjižnica, a conference and exhibition hosted by Kiberpipa. With Aaaaarg.org, Vuk Ćosić, Sebastian Lütgert and Jan Berger, Marcell Mars, Monoskop, Simon Worthington, and many others. Video documentation.

Prešov, October 2012

Presentation at the University of Prešov andragogy seminar led by Branislav Frk; and at Wave club in Prešov within CyberTalks series organised by Peter Pankuch; a discussion with Kristian Lukić.

Rotterdam, July 2012

Unlimited Editions, a public discussion on personal collecting and media archiving; with Annet Dekker, Darko Fritz, Florian Cramer and Sandra Fauconnier. Hosted by TENT, Rotterdam. Launch of the Monoskop online library.

Novi Sad, April 2012

Presentation at The Museum of Contemporary Art of Vojvodina in Novi Sad, by User:Dusan, upon invitation of Luka Kulić. Part of the Digitizing Ideas project.

Remake, 2012
Remake, 2012
Brno, April 2012

Remake conference organised by Barbora Šedivá at The Brno House of Arts. Talk by Dušan.

Brno, March-April 2012

Monoskop co-curates the exhibition Remake: REthinking Media Art in K(C)ollaborative Environments for which emerging artists were commissioned to create works inspired by Central and Eastern European media art pioneers, namely Vladimir Bonačić, Stanisław Dróżdż, Stanislav Filip, Bulat Galeyev, Jozef Malovec, Nicolas Schöffer, and Steina and Woody Vasulka. Participating artists include Andrej Boleslavský, Aleksandra Hirszfeld, Zuzana Husárová & Ľubomír Panák, Richard Loskot, The Lost Horse Gallery project (Elvar Mar Kjartansson, Unnur Andrea Einarsdóttir, Joseph Marzolla, Leo Stefansson, Alexander Zaklynsky, Tony Maslić), Lia Perjovschi, Andrew Prior & David Strang, ReCYSP1 team (Julien Bellanger, Guillaume Brunet, Cédric Doutriaux & Catherine Lenoble), Standuino (Václav Peloušek & Ondřej Merta), and Ján Šicko. The exhibition is held at The House of Lords of Kunstat, 4AM / Gallery of Architecture and G99 Gallery, Brno, Czech Republic from 7 March through 15 April 2012. Catalogue, special magazine issue and special journal issue published.

Zagreb, December 2011

G33koskop seminar at Mama, organised by Marcell Mars. The first public presentation of the then offline Monoskop file archive. Talk by Dušan.

Tallinn, October 2011

Gateways: Workshop for Curators from Central and Eastern Europe, presentation by Mária Rišková.

Kiev, June 2011

Presentation by Barbora Šedivá.

Bratislava, May 2011

Presentation at the New Media Art & Digital Art Meeting Point seminar organised by 13 kubikov. Talk by Dušan (Slovak).

Prague, June 2007

Presentation at the Glocals and Outsiders conference organised by Denisa Kera. Talk by Dušan.

Prague, February 2006

Presentation at the New Media programs in the Czech Republic seminar organised by Denisa Kera and Miloš Vojtěchovský. Variation of the text appeared in the Mag.Net publication in March 2006. Talk by Dušan.

Site news

  • Monoskop wiki relaunches with a modified layout. We've removed the left sidebar and redesigned the site to make it more handheld device-friendly. (25 May 2022)
  • Monoskop API is now available at monoskop.org/api.php. (16 Aug 2019)
  • Monoskop's server has been upgraded and the website is now HTTP Secure thanks to LetsEncrypt ! (26 Apr 2016)
  • Between 23 July and 2 August 2015, Monoskop is temporarily accessible through http://monoskop.multiplace.org.
  • Installed a more recent version of MediaViewer, all images should be finally loading properly. (23 May 2015)
  • The website has been slightly restructured. The frontpage now shows some of the latest additions, and there is a new section with Contents. The subtitle has been updated to the more fitting "wiki for collaborative studies of art, media and the humanities" from the former "collaborative wiki research on the history of art, culture and media technology". (31 Aug 2014)
  • Monoskop wiki has been upgraded to the latest stable MediaWiki version, 1.23, and has several new extensions installed. The most exciting is MediaViewer for images which is still in beta (try it out by clicking on any image). A list of all installed extensions is here. (5 Jun 2014)
  • Monoskop wiki re-launches in new design, inspired by Moving Brands' Wikipedia Identity proposal. (11 Mar 2012)
  • Support of the Twitter widget enabled. You can now embed a twitter feed on your profile. (11 Mar 2012)
  • Monoskop moves to a new domain: http://monoskop.multiplace.org. Old links are preserved. (5 Mar 2012)
  • Monoskop wiki now supports embedding videos from Youtube, Vimeo, Blip.tv, Google Video, UStream, and basically any publicly accessible website (using HTML5 video tag), as well as documents from Google Books, Scribd, and SlideShare, image searches and slideshows from Flickr, and stills from Google Maps and Google Street View. See MediaWikiWidgets manual to learn how. (16 Nov 2011)
  • Realising there are almost 100 users or so registered, we did small improvements in user profiles. Using your profile (find here) you can now share what you have been working on, message others, etc. (28 Jul 2008)


Monoskop is a wiki where anyone can edit any article and have those changes posted immediately. Wikipedia has an article about how to edit pages.


The Monoskop skin has gone through several iterations. It was originally inspired by the Wikipedia identity design by Moving Brands and Michael Murtaugh's modifications to the MediaWiki Monobook skin. The current version uses Peter Biľak's font Fedra Sans for the body text and Viviana Monsalve and Gustavo Ibarra's Enriqueta for the headings.


User Notice for Copyrighted Materials on Research Website

Some of the text, images, graphics, audio and video clips, and other content of this website (collectively, the "content"), are protected by copyright law, where the copyright is owned by third parties. Monoskop makes the third-party content available to you under the fair use doctrine. Fair use permits only certain limited uses of the content.

You may use the website and its content only for your personal, educational and scholarly use. If you wish to distribute or make available any of the content to others, or use any of the content for any purpose other than your personal, educational and scholarly use, you must obtain any necessary permission from the copyright holder.


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E-mail: db at monoskop dot org

Mastodon: https://post.lurk.org/@monoskop

You can follow us or join via newsletter, Monoskop Log, Mastodon, Monoskop Log RSS, WP API. Our accounts on Twitter, Facebook and Instagram are pretty much deserted, long live the Fediverse.


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