Slovakia

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Interwar avant-garde[edit]

School of Arts and Crafts, Bratislava (1928-1939)[edit]

School of Arts and Crafts [Škola umeleckých remesiel] (1928-1939) was founded on initiative of Josef Vydra in Bratislava with support from the Chamber of Commerce and Industry to provide evening courses in drawing and advertising. In 1930 it merged with Učňovské školy, and included departments for painting, fashion and textile design, metal, wood, ceramics, photography, graphic art, retail design, and film. It quickly became one of the most progressive educational institutions in the arts and crafts in Europe during the interwar period. Studies in specialized departments were preceded by preliminary elementary courses in drawing, surface and space composition, colour harmony, modeling and lettering. In reality, this already involved an application of the Bauhaus method. The school's intention was also to integrate folk craft traditions in modern production. The teachers included avant-garde artists Ľudovít Fulla, Mikuláš Galanda, Jaromír Funke or Zdeněk Rossmann, guest lectures were delivered by László Moholy-Nagy, Jan Tschichold, Kállai, Hannes Meyer and others. They drew their inspiration from Analytical Realism, Constructivism and the poetic fantasy of children's art - combining all these influences with a high level of craft skills and with folk art traditions. In mid-1930s the school was attended by 200 students and the teaching staff counted some twenty members. The students were of Slovak, Czech, German and Hungarian nationalities and they also came from Poland, Yugoslavia, Germany and Bulgaria. After the Czech professors were forced to leave Slovakia, Vydra persuaded Fulla to take up the direction of the School, hoping to preserve continuity of its orientation. However, the school operated only for another 10 months. On 1 October 1939, the School of Applied Arts was closed.

Exhibitions[edit]

  • Under the auspices of its director Josef Polák, the East Slovakia Museum in Košice organised exhibitions of contemporary European graphic art, for which a series of posters was created by the featured artists. The key figure amongst these artists was Eugen Krón, who came from Hungarian avant-garde circles. Another Slovak, Martin Benka, presented a different kind of production in Slovak graphic design, with works that were close to the international art deco design movement, but which mainly tried to emphasise the national character of production. As the first Slovak to do so, Benka applied himself intensively to the creation of fonts. [1]

Magazines[edit]

Conferences and retrospective exhibitions[edit]

Literature[edit]

For literature about the School of Arts and Crafts see its dedicated page.

Catalogues
  • Das Bauhaus im Osten: Slowakische und tschechische Avantgarde 1928-1939, ed. Susanne Anna, Ostfildern-Ruit: Hatje Cantz, et al., 1997, 339 pp. [5] TOC, [6]. Review: Long (SDA 2000 EN). (German)
  • Košice Modernism and Its Wider Context, eds. Zuzana Bartošová and Lena Lešková, Košice: Východoslovenská galéria, 2013. Exhibition. (English)
Books, journal issues
  • Ars 3:2 "Výtvarné avantgardy a dnešok", Bratislava: Slovak Academy of Sciences, 1969. Proceedings from an international conference held at Smolenice, 12-14 June 1968. Papers by Irena Blühová, Júlia Horová, Iva Mojžišová, František Reichenthal, Tomáš Štrauss, Eduard Toran, Marian Váross, Hans Maria Wingler, et al. [7] (Slovak)
  • František Foltýn, Slowakische Architektur und die tschechische Avantgarde. 1918-1939, Dresden: Verlag der Kunst, 1991, pp 90-94. (German)
  • Klára Kubičková (ed.), Moderné hnutie na Slovensku: Avantgarda medzivojnového obdobia / Modern Movement in Slovakia: Avantgarde of the Interwar Period, Bratislava: Spolok architektov Slovenska, 1996, 86 pp. Catalogue for the exhibition in Slovak National Museum, held on 17.9.-27.10.1996, organized on the occasion of the Fourth International Conference DOCOMOMO in Slovakia. (Slovak)/(English)
  • Zsófia Kiss-Szemán (ed.), Košická moderna. Umenie Košíc v dvadsiatych rokoch 20. storočia / Košice Modernism. Košice Art in the 1920s, Košice: Východoslovenská galéria, 2010, 198 pp. Collection of papers from an international research symposium held in the East Slovak Gallery in Košice, 11-12 Nov 2010. (Slovak)/(English)
  • Ľubomír Longauer, Modernity of Tradition / Modernosť tradície, Bratislava: Slovart, 2012, 354 pp. Video discussion. (English)/(Slovak)
  • Lena Lešková (ed.), Košická moderna. Umenie Košíc v dvadsiatych rokoch 20. storočia / Košice Modernism. Košice Art in the Nineteen-Twenties, Košice: Východoslovenská galéria, 2013, 413 pp. (Slovak)/(English)
  • Markéta Svobodová, Bauhaus a Československo 1919-1938: studenti, koncepty, kontakty / The Bauhaus and Czechoslovakia 1919-1938: Students, Concepts, Contacts, Prague: Kant, 2016, 255 pp. [8] (Czech)/(English)
Articles
  • Iva Mojžišová, "A Slovak Contribution to Avant-garde Movements", Actes du XXIIe Congres International d'Histoire de l'Art, 2, Budapest: Hungarian Academy of Sciences, 1969, pp 347-349. (English)
  • Peter Havaš, "Die slowakische Architektur in der Zwischenkriegszeit als fortschrittliches Erbe der modernen Bewegung", Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift / A 33:4/6, Hochschule für Architektur und Bauwesen, 1987. (German)
  • Leo Kohut, "Bauhaus. Ungarn-Tschechoslowakei. Zur Bauhaus-Rezeption in Ost-europa", in Bauhaus-Archiv, Museum. Sammlungs-Katalog, (Auswahl), Architektur, Design, Malerei, Graphik, Kunstpädagogik, Berlin: Gebr. Mann, 1981, pp 283-287. (German)
  • Dana Borutová, "Architektonische Entwicklungstendenzen der zwanziger Jahre in der Slowakei", in The Art of the 1920s in Poland, Bohemia, Slovakia, and Hungary, ed. Lech Kalinowski, Cracow: International Cultural Centre, 1991, pp 33-40. (German)
  • Iva Mojžišová, "The First Wave of Avant-garde: Bratislava 1930", in The Art of the 1920s in Poland, Bohemia, Slovakia, and Hungary, ed. Lech Kalinowski, Cracow: International Cultural Centre, 1991, pp 47-51. (English)
  • Iva Mojžišová, "Podnety a predchodcovia kinetizmu na Slovensku (1929-1939)", MADI ap 4 (Mar 2002). [9] (Slovak)/(Hungarian)
  • Markéta Svobodová, "Studentky z Československa na Bauhausu 1919-1933: Výmar – Desava – Berlin", in Žena-umělkyně na přelomu 19. a 20. století. Sborník příspěvků z mezinárodní odborné konference ve Středočeském muzeu v Roztokách u Prahy ve dnech 11. a 12. října 2005, Roztoky u Prahy, 2005, pp 333-344. (Czech)
  • Markéta Svobodová, "Českoslovenští studenti architektury na Bauhausu", Umění/Art LIV:5 (2006), pp 406-432. (Czech) [10] [11]
  • Sonia de Puineuf, "A Dot on the Map: Some Remarks on the Magazine 'Nová Bratislava'", The Journal of Modern Periodical Studies 1:1 (2010). (English)
  • Richard Kitta, "(Ne)existujúce paralely: Umenie akcie, multimediálne a interaktívne umenie v kultúrno-historickom vývoji umenia 1. pol. 20. storočia na Slovensku", Rovart, Mar 2010. [12] [13] (Slovak)
  • Peter Biľak, "Forgotten History", Typotheque blog, April 2012. (English)
Dissertations
  • Mira Keratová, Slovenská avantgardná typografia v medzivojnovom období so zameraním na grafickú úpravu časopisov, Bratislava: Comenius University, 2005. Master's thesis. (Slovak)
  • Markéta Svobodová, Bauhaus a kultura v Československu v 1919-1939, Olomouc, 2007. Dissertation. (Czech)

Video art (1960s-80s)[edit]

Artists
Forms
  • diaprojections (*1966, Filko)
  • documentation recordings of performances, happenings, events (*1971, Mlynárčik, Kordoš, Meluzin, Rónai)
  • features, films incorporating video art techniques (*1972, Havrilla, Ďurček)
  • fine art films (*1977, Havrilla)
  • video installations (*1980s, Rónai's antivideos)
  • No references to the self-purpose videos, neither closed-circuit TV installations in this period.
More

Performance art (1960s-2000s)[edit]

Artists

Juraj Bartusz (1933), Ivan Štěpán (1937-86), Peter Bartoš (1938), Július Koller (1939-2007), Vladimír Kordoš (1945), Milan Adamčiak (1946), Peter Meluzin (1947), Ľubomír Ďurček (1948), Ladislav Pagáč (1949), Róbert Cyprich (1951-96), Ján Budaj (1952), Peter Rónai (1953), Viktor Oravec (1960), Milan Pagáč (1960), Michal Murin (1963), Jozsef R. Juhász (1963), Miroslav Nicz (1963), Richard Fajnor (1965), Vladimír Železný, Mário Chromý (1967), Roland Farkas (1975), Juraj Dudáš (1975).

Groups

Labyrint Theatre (1978-?, theatre + body art + performance, Budaj, et al.), Temporary Society of Intensive Living (1979-81, Budaj, et al.), Artprospekt P.O.P. (1979-85, performance + body art + happening + rituals, L Pagáč, Oravec, M Pagáč), Balvan (1987-92, Beňo, Miklušičáková, Murin, Šefčáková), Spoločnosť pre pestovanie a šírenie patafyziky (1988-93, Karásek, Volek, et al.), Transmusic comp. (1989-96, Adamčiak, Machajdík, Murin..), Disk Theatre (Uhlár, Karásek, et al.), Stoka Theatre (1991-2006, Uhlár, et al.), GUnaGU Theatre, HUBRIS, Lengow & HEyeRMEarS (1997-, Murin, Cseres), Kafron (Kafúnová, Rónaiová).

Festivals

Transart Communication intermedia art festival (*1987, Nové Zámky, at the peak period 1990-92 and 1995-96 performances by Jana Želibská, Milan Adamčiak, Július Koller, Juraj Bartusz, Stanislav Filko, Anna Daučíková, Miroslav Nicz, Michal Murin, Ľubo Stacho, Peter Kalmus, Anabela Žigová and others), Evenings of New Music (*1990, Bratislava), San Francisco Performance Art Festival (1991, Bratislava), IFEM music forum (1992, 94, Dolná Krupa Castle), FEM music festival (1995, 96, Bratislava), Sound Off music festival (1995-2002, Bratislava, Šamorín, Nové Zámky, Nitra), ...Medzi... (1996-2000, Skalica), Next music festival (*2000, Bratislava), Multiplace new media culture festival (*2002), Genius loci (intermedia festival, *2004, Levoča, curated by Peter Machajdík and Zbyněk Prokop), Intermedia.bb (Banská Bystrica).

Works

See Performance art in Slovakia (1960s-2000s).

Exhibitions and events
  • Art of Action, Považská galéria umenia, Žilina, 16 Aug-29 Sep 1991. Curated by Vlasta Čiháková-Noshiro. Catalogue published.
  • Art in Windows, Nitra, 2000.
  • Výhonok, City Gallery (GMB), Bratislava, 2000. Curator: Radislav Matuštík.
  • Action Art 1965–1989, Slovak National Gallery, Bratislava, 26 Apr-19 Aug 2001. Curated by Zora Rusinová (Radislav Matuštík resigned).
  • Umenie akcie 1989-2000 [Art of Action 1989-2000], Elektráreň Tatranskej galérie, Poprad, 7 Apr-9 May 2001; and City Gallery, Nitra, 12 Sep-20 Oct 2001. Curator: Lucia Gregorová-Stachová. Initiated by Michal Murin. [14]
Literature
Books
  • Andrea Bátorová, Aktionskunst in der Slowakei in den 1960er Jahren. Aktionen von Alex Mlynárčik, Lit Verlag, 2009, 408 pp. TOC. Based on author's 2007 dissertation. (German)
    • Akčné umenie na Slovensku v 60. rokoch 20. storočia. Akcie Alexa Mlynárčika, Bratislava: Slovart, 2012. [15] (Slovak)
  • Zuzana Bartošová, Napriek totalite. Neoficiálna slovenská výtvarná scéna sedemdesiatych a osemdesiatych rokov 20. storočia, Bratislava: Kalligram, 2011, 360 pp. Commentary: Hrabušický & Macek (Profil). (Slovak)
  • Ján Kralovič, Teritórium ulica. Umenie akcie v mestskom priestore v rokoch 1965-1989 na Slovensku, Bratislava: Slovart (Teória), and Vysoká škola výtvarných umení, 2015, 324 pp. [16] (Slovak)
Catalogues
  • Transart Communication. 7th International Contemporary Art Festival - 8th International Contemporary Art Festival 1995-1996, ed. Jozsef R. Juhász, Nové Zámky, 1997. CD-ROM. (Slovak)
  • Umenie akcie / Action Art 1965-1989, ed. Zora Rusinová, Bratislava: Slovenská Národná Galéria, 2001, 318 pp. With texts by Zora Rusinová, Gábor Hushegyi, Radislav Matuštík, Tomáš Štrauss, and Ivo Janoušek. (Slovak)
Journal issues
  • Profil 3(3): "Performance Art", ed. Michal Murin, Bratislava, 1993, pp 1-15. With texts by RoseLee Goldberg, Michal Murin, Radislav Matuštík; interviews with Vladimir Kordos and Flatz. (Slovak)
Book chapters, essays
  • Michal Murin, "Performance?", Profil 17-18 (1991). (Slovak)
  • Michal Murin, "San Francisco Performance Art", Profil 22 (1991). (Slovak)
  • Ivan Jančár, "Happening a performance", in Šesťdesiate roky v slovenskom výtvarnom umení, ed. Zora Rusinová, Bratislava: Slovenská národná galéria, 1995, pp 232-252. (Slovak)
  • Zora Rusinová, "V mene syntézy umenia a života", in Šesťdesiate roky v slovenskom výtvarnom umení, ed. Rusinová, Bratislava: Slovenská národná galéria, 1995, pp 166-202. (Slovak)
  • Zora Rusinová, "Akčné umenie", in Slovenské vizuálne umenie 1970-1985, ed. Aurel Hrabušický, Bratislava: Slovenská národná galéria, 2002, pp 189-208. (Slovak)
  • Michal Murin, "Performance na Slovensku v 90. rokoch", in A.K.T., Brno: Dům umění, 1999. (Slovak)
  • Ivan Jančár, "Performancia", in Slovník svetového a slovenského výtvarného umenia druhej polovice 20. storočia, ed. Jana Geržová, Bratislava: Profil, 1999. (Slovak)
  • Radislav Matuštík, "Umenie akcie", in Zora Rusinová et al., Dejiny slovenského výtvarného umenia – 20. storočie, Bratislava: SNG, 2000, pp 163-170. (Slovak)
  • Michal Murin, "Performance Art in Slovakia in the 90s (From the Position of the Art-Form, through its Reflection to the (Co-Existence of Solitary Worlds)", Slaps Banks Plots 4 (2000). (English)
  • Michal Murin, "L´art de performance en Slovaquie - A partir d´une forme artistique et de sa réflexion vers la coexistence de mondes solitaires / Performance Art in Slovakia - From the Art-Form, and its Reflection Towards the Co-Existence of Solitary Worlds", in Art Action 1958-1998, ed. Richard Martel, Québec: Intervention, 2001, pp 454-457. (French)/(English)
  • Pavlína Morganová, "Umenie akcie 1965-1989", Profil 3, 2001, pp 6-15. [17] (Czech)
  • Gábor Hushegyi, "Actinart - medzinárodné sympózium", Profil 3, 2001, pp 40-47. (Slovak)
  • Andrea Bátorová, "Alternative Trends in Slovakia during the 1960s and Parallels to Fluxus", in Fluxus East: Fluxus Networks in Central Eastern Europe, Berlin: Kunstlerhaus Bethanien, 2007. Catalogue text. (English)
  • Ján Kralovič, "Nutnosť intenzívneho prežívania (Poznámky k akčnému umeniu v mestskom priestore na Slovensku v 70. rokoch 20. storočia)", in Umenie na Slovensku v historických a kultúrnych súvislostiach 2010, eds. Bernadeta Kubová and Ivan Godič, Trnava: Milan Uličný - BEN, 2011, pp 215-226. (Slovak)
  • Zora Rusinova, "Solidarity Born of Despair: Action Art in Slovakia during the Totalitarian Regime, 1970-1989", Centropa 14:1, Jan 2014. (English)
Interviews
Booklets
Dissertations

Conceptual art[edit]

Artists

Alex Mlynárčik, Stano Filko, Július Koller, Jana Želibská, Rudolf Sikora, Peter Bartoš, Michal Kern, Ľubomír Ďurček, Jozef Bartusz, Juraj Meliš, Dezider Tóth

Literature
  • Tomáš Štrauss, Slovenský variant moderny, 1979 (samizdat); 2nd ed., Bratislava: Pallas, 1992, pp 55ff. (Slovak)
  • Radislav Matuštík, ...Predtým. Prekročenie hraníc, 1964–1971, 1983 (samizdat); repr., Žilina: Považská galéria umenia, 1994, 27ff. [20] (Slovak)
  • Aurel Hrabušický, "Počiatky alternatívneho umenia na Slovensku", in Šesťdesiate roky v slovenskom výtvarnom umení, ed. Zora Rusinová, Bratislava: Slovenská národná galéria, 1995, pp 218-251. (Slovak)
  • Jana Geržová, "Konceptuálne umenie", in Slovník svetového a slovenského výtvarného umenia druhej polovice 20. storočia, ed. Jana Geržová, Bratislava: Profil, 1999, pp 145-149. (Slovak)
  • Jana Geržová, "Konceptuálne umenie", in Dejiny slovenského výtvarného umenia 20. storočia, ed. Zora Rusinová, Bratislava: SNG, 2000, pp 170-178. (Slovak)
  • Aurel Hrabušický, "Umenie fantastického odhmotnenia", in Slovenské vizuálne umenie 1970–1985, ed. Aurel Hrabušický, Bratislava: SNG, 2002, pp 143-188. (Slovak)
  • Tomáš Štrauss, "Niektoré charakteristické črty konceptualizmu na Slovensku", in Slovenské vizuálne umenie 1970–1985, ed. Aurel Hrabušický, Bratislava: SNG, 2002, pp 221-225. (Slovak)
  • Konceptuálne umenie na zlome tisícročí / Conceptual Art at the Turn of Millenium / Konceptuális művészet az ezredfordulón. International Symposium, October 15-16, 2001, Budapest/Bratislava, eds. Jana Geržová and Erzsébet, Budapest and Bratislava: AICA, 2002, 174 pp. Symposium proceedings. (Slovak),(English),(Hungarian)
  • Roman Gajdoš, Konceptuálny text. Genéza a metamorfózy, Trnava: Typi Universitatis Tyrnaviensis, 2010, 130 pp. (Slovak)
  • Zuzana Bartošová, Napriek totalite. Neoficiálna slovenská výtvarná scéna sedemdesiatych a osemdesiatych rokov 20. storočia, Bratislava: Kalligram, 2011, 360 pp. Commentary: Hrabušický & Macek (Profil 2012). (Slovak)
  • Beata Jablonská, "Spor o slovenské 'More'", Sešit pro umění, teorii a příbuzné zóny 15, Prague: VVP AVU, 2013, pp 6-19. (Slovak)
  • Tomáš Pospiszyl, "Národní konceptualizmus. Obrozenecké motivy v díle Stana Filka a Júliuse Kollera", ch 3 in Pospiszyl, Asociativní dějepis umění: poválečné umění napříč generacemi a médii, Prague: tranzit.cz, 2014, pp 81-121. (Czech)
  • Miękkie kody. Tendencje konceptualne w sztuce słowackiej / Soft Codes: Conceptual Tendencies in Slovak Art, Wrocław: Muzeum Współczesne Wrocław, 2015, 224 pp. Catalogue. [21], Exhibition. (Polish)/(English)
  • Vladimír Beskid, "Kozmológia a cesta papierovým vesmírom", Flash Art Czech & Slovak Edition 37 (Oct-Dec 2015), pp 48ff. (Slovak)
Exhibitions
  • Bilder aus der Slowakei, 1965-1980, series of 3 exhibitions, Galerie Pragxis, Essen Kettwig, West Germany, Mar-Oct 1982. Part 1. Part 2. Part 3.

Geometric abstraction, Neo-constructivism, Op art, Kinetic art[edit]

Artists
Exhibitions
Literature

Sound art (1960s-2000s)[edit]

Artists
Forms
  • audio-kinetic sculptures and environments (1960s, Dobeš, Mlynárčik)
  • collaborations of graphic artists and composers (George Cup - Peter Machajdík, mid-1970s; Daniel Fischer – Ilja Zelenka, 1979 and 1993; Svetozár Ilavský – Svetozár Ilavský, since 1991; Miloš Štofko – Martin Burlas, 1994; Viktor Hulík – Peter Machajdík, 1993; Dirk Dietrich Hennig - Peter Machajdík, since 2003; Bohuš Kubínsky and Monika Kubínska – Iris Szeghy, 1995; Jaroslav Drotár – Marek Piaček, 1995; Dorota Sadovská – Daniel Matej, 1997; Zbyněk Prokop - Peter Machajdík, since 2010)
  • acoustic part of action art (1970, Adamčiak, Cyprich)
  • sound objects (1970s-90s, Polymúzický priestor I. exhibition, Labat, Transmusic Comp, Lengow & HEyeRMEarS)
  • sound environments (1990s-2010s, Machajdík)
  • home-made musical instruments (1980s-90s, Adamčiak, Sound Off festivals)
  • acoustic environments (1980s-90s, Murin)
Exhibitions
Works
  • The Pulsating Rhythm, 1963. Milan Dobeš. Sound manipulated on the basis of the synchronization of impulses.
  • A Cathedral of Humanism, 1968. Stanislav Filko. Exhibited at the international exhibition Danuvius ’68. The synthetic environment that utilized concrete music (sounds reproducing radio broadcast).
  • Chafing, 1969. Milan Adamčiak and Róbert Cyprich. Created the musical component of Alex Mlynárčik's event in the High Tatras.
  • Miss Pogana’s Flirt, 1969. Alex Mlynárčik. Exhibited in Apollinaire Gallery in Milan, Italy. (1934) in his homage to Constantin Brâncuşi used plastic eggs that emitted ringing sounds after being set in motion by spectators. Interactive environment changing, through a visitor’s gesture, was not merely the constellation of objects but also the acoustic quality of space.
  • Water Music, 1970. Milan Adamčiak and Róbert Cyprich. Music project that modernized Georg Friedrich Händel’s original composition; together with Jozef Revallo, the piece was performed at the indoor swimming-pool of the college dormitory Juraja Hronca in Bratislava.
  • Spring Union, 1970. Milan Adamčiak. Created the musical components of Jana Želibská's event in Dolné Orešany.
  • The Yellow Environment, 1970. Milan Adamčiak. Created the musical components of Jarmila Čihánková's event at the exhibition Polymúzický priestor I. in Piešťany.
  • The Wheelwork of Time, 1970. Vladimír Môťovský. Piece for the exhibition Polymúzický priestor I. in Piešťany. Sculpturesque object in the shape of a clattering mill.
  • A Dwelling-Place, 1970. Andrej Goliáš. Piece for the exhibition Polymúzický priestor I. in Piešťany.
  • 1970. Ivan Štěpán. Piece for the exhibition Polymúzický priestor I. in Piešťany. Optophonic space consisting of the synchronization of visual, acoustic, and architectural elements.
  • Three Graces, 1970. Róbert Cyprich. Participated musically at the Alex Mlynárčik's project at the I. Otvorený ateliér in Bratislava.
  • Acousticon, 1970. Alex Mlynárčik, Miroslav Filip and Viera Mecková. Project was begun but left unfinished; it had been intended as a programmed musical instrument whose sound depended on the movement of the spectator on an ascending and descending spiral.
  • 1971. Milan Dobeš. Wrote a special light-kinetic program for the American Wind Symphony Orchestra to accompany symphonic compositions by T. Mayazumi and Krzysztof Penderecki (a series of concerts in the United States).
  • Time of Cage, 1979. Róbert Cyprich. Intepretation of John Cage's piece 4'33".
  • Games of Games, 1985. Michal Murin. Acoustic environment.
  • Earth Music, 1986. Michal Murin. Part of Monuments and the Present Age project.
  • A Visual Composition, 1987. Michal Murin. Acoustic environment.
  • Simultaneous Improvisations, 1989. Michal Murin. Acoustic environment. Music bridge Perth – Bratislava.
  • 1989. Milan Adamčiak. At the exhibition The Basement in Bratislava. Extensive installation consisting of sound objects and musical instruments constructed primarily from found materials.
  • The Schrattenberg Sprite, 1991. Miloš Boďa and Juraj Ďuriš. Interactive acoustic object.
  • Archeomusic, 1992. Michal Murin. Used natural material (wood, leaves, soil, straw) for creating sound objects brought into play during performances.
  • Sonic Environment, 1993. Peter Machajdík and David Moss. Audio Art Festival, The Hague (NL).
  • Green Pianos, 1993. Sound environment by Peter Machajdík. AVE Festival (internationaal audiovisueel experimenteel festival), Arnhem (NL).
  • Tanz-Klang-Raum I., 1993. Sound Environment by Peter Machajdík. With dancer-performer Dorothea Rust. Festival Hier und dort, Shedhallen, Zug (CH).
  • Tanz-Klang-Raum II., 1993. Sound Environment by Peter Machajdík. With dancer-performer Dorothea Rust. Performance-Tage, Seedam Kulturzentrum, Pfäffikon (CH).
  • Tanz-Klang-Raum III., 1994. Sound Environment by Peter Machajdík. With dancer-performer Dorothea Rust. Kunstmuseum Thun (CH).
  • TROMPeter, 1995. Sound Environment by Peter Machajdík. Audio Art Festival, Kraków (PL) and Melos-Ethos Festival, Bratislava (SK).
  • Tanz-Klang-Raum IV., 1995. Sound Environment by Peter Machajdík. With dancer-performer Dorothea Rust. International Festival Bollwerk Belluard, Fribourg (CH).
  • Tanz-Klang-Raum V., 1995. Sound Environment by Peter Machajdík. With violinist Malcolm Goldstein and dancer-performer Dorothea Rust. Aargauer Kunsthalle, Aarau (CH).
  • Soundscapes, 1997. Peter Machajdík and Nicolas Collins. Studienwoche für Neue Musik, Lüneburg (DE).
  • Travelling Art Museum – Musical Ecofacts and Artifacts from the Eocene to the Futurocene, 1997. Lengow & HEyeRMEarS. For the symposium Kép-Ze-Let at the Mining Museum in Tatabánya (HU). Sound object oscillating between a sound object and a conceptual visual acoustic installation.
  • SOUNDgARTen, 1999. Peter Machajdík. Festival La Belle Jardinière, Künstlerhaus Schloss Wiepersdorf (DE).
  • Warholes, 1999. Lengow & HEyeRMEarS and Otomo Yoshihide. Acoustic installation on the premises of the permanent exhibition at Andy Warhol’s Museum of Modern Art in Medzilaborce.
  • Personal Time Quartet, 2003. Sound environment by Peter Machajdík for a mixed media installation by Gülsün Karamustafa. Historisches Museum, Hannover (DE).
  • Hannahver, 2003. Sound environment by Peter Machajdík. Electric Rainbow Coalition Festival; Dartmouth College, Hanover (USA).
  • SOUNDpaik, 2003. Sound environment by Peter Machajdík. Künstlerhaus Lukas, Ahrenshoop (DE).
  • The Healing Heating, 2007. Sound environment by Peter Machajdík. With Petra Fornayová and Boris Lenko. Kunstforum Ostdeutsche Galerie, Regensburg (DE).
  • Sonic Situations, 2010. By Peter Machajdík and Michal Rataj. International Festival Intermedia.bb in Banská Bystrica 2010 + Elektronischer Frühling 2011, Kunstverein Wien (AT).
Literature
  • Michal Murin: The Seeing Ear - Sound Object and Instalations II, [24]

Audiovisual compositions[edit]

Literature

Intermedia art[edit]

Literature

Computer art (1970s-80s)[edit]

Artists

Jozef Jankovič with Imrich Bertók, Juraj Bartusz with Vladimír Haltenberger, Daniel Fischer with Igor Klačanský, Martin Šperka, Agnes Sigetová.

Forms
  • lithographies and serigraphies based on computer-generated drawings (*1966/1973, Jankovič with Bertók)
  • manufactured sculptures based on computer-generated curves (*1973, Bartusz with Haltenberger)
  • computer morphing line drawings (*1975, Fischer with Klačanský)
  • computer animations (*1980s, Sigetová, Slivka)
Exhibitions
Works
  • decoration for facade of Výpočtové stredisko dopravy in Bratislava, 1971-1974. Jozef Jankovič with Imrich Bertók.
  • Aluminium art objects, 1973-1974. Juraj Bartusz with Vladimír Haltenberger. The objects were made according to computer drawings utilizing boundary curves generated by the HP 9030A computer.
  • Ikarus, 1974. Jozef Jankovič with Imrich Bertók.
  • Movement in a circle, 1974. Jozef Jankovič with Imrich Bertók. Transformation of figure into abstract image.
  • Spacetime sculpture, 1976-78. Juraj Bartusz with Vladimír Haltenberger.
  • Cosmic Head, 1976-78. Juraj Bartusz with Vladimír Haltenberger
  • Altamira, 1978-. Daniel Fischer with Peter Gerža /? Igor Klačanský. Cave bull morphing into sign of infinity, first computer animation in Slovakia. Single frames plotted by CalComp plotter were photographed step by step by 16mm animation camera, then processed by painter's interventions. Film was shown on Slovak television in Bratislava. Fischer: "Úlohou lineárnej transformácie je postihnúť kultúrne kontexty v čase fázovaním premien východiskových kresieb do cieľových, priamo modelovať časové premeny a vizualizovať čas ako fenomén spätý s ľudským bytím."
  • Exterior design for a general hospital in Bratislava IV, colored aluminium and epoxy, 6 x 6 m, 1981-1982. Jozef Jankovič. The artwork was created according to computer drawings using the PDP11 computer and the Calcomp plotter. Each column shows the morphing of an outline of part of the human body into an electrocardiograph signal.
  • Solentine Apocalypse, 1982. Daniel Fischer with Igor Klačanský. Computer-generated illustrations for Slovak edition of the book by J Cortazar.
  • The Cubist's Pictures Can Be Read Like a Modern Poetry, serigraph, 1983. Daniel Fischer. From the series Images-Poems, this artwork was generated by the CDC3000 computer and the Calcomp plotter. The artist used an earlier version of the image to create an oil painting in 1982.
  • Window, 1984. Jozef Jankovič with Imrich Bertók. Dynamics of line in a given frame.
  • Interior design at the general hospital in Bratislava III, cast sand and epoxy, 3 x 3 m, 1984-1985. Jozef Jankovič. The casting form was produced from computer drawings using the SM4 computer and Calcomp plotter.
  • Squash, 1985. Jozef Jankovič with Imrich Bertók. Dynamics of line in a given frame.
  • Neverending Line, 1985. Jozef Jankovič with Imrich Bertók. Applied random number generator.
  • ?, 1986. Ondrej Slivka. 7' cartoon with some sections animated by a computer program of Martin Sepp and Martin Šperka. The film received awards at several international animation festivals abroad.
  • 01, 1987. Michal Murin, project for Ars Electronica, software art, performance, sound, concept in big computer hall MEOPTA - výpočtové stredisko.
Literature
Resources

Electroacoustic music[edit]

Composers
Centres
Events
Releases
Literature
Resources

Slovak electroacoustic music archive, [38]

Experimental film[edit]

Artists, filmmakers, and works
Literature
Documentary film
  • Osmičkári, dir. Miro Remo jr., 26 min, 2012. From the cycle Konzervy času. Dokument o filmových amatéroch združených koncom 70. rokov vo filmovom klube v Ladcoch. Jeho členovia, ktorým učaroval 8 mm film, sa po rokoch opäť stretávajú, konfrontujú niekdajšie sny a plány s aktuálnou realitou, premietajú si staré filmy. [51]
Resources

Video art (1990s-2000s)[edit]

Artists
Forms
  • Features on identity, consummerism, body, gender, socio-cultural questions, ecology.
  • Film footage manipulations.
  • Video installations (Rónai, Meluzin, Želibská, Kvetán)
  • Interactive video installations (Rónai)
  • Video performances (Murin)
Exhibitions
  • Imago – Fin de siécle, 30 May to 10 July 1991 in Bratislava. First video art exhibition in Slovakia. Art from Netherlands curated by René Coelho, premiered in 1988 in Amsterdam.
  • Oscillation, 30 June to 20 September 1991 in Komárno. Slovak and Hungarian artists.
  • Objects and Installations, 1992 in PGU Žilina. Included video-installations.
  • New Acquisitions, 1993 in PGU Žilina. Included video installations.
  • First Floor, 5-23 March 1993. Curated by Radoslav Matuštík. Exhibited Peter Meluzin (Impo(r)tant) and Roman Galovský (L.E.D1, L.E.D1).
  • Power Station T, 1993 in Poprad. Exhibited Peter Rónai (Oheň-Voda-Zem-Duch), Jana Želibská (Dialóg) a Peter Meluzin (Life After Life).
  • ON/OFF, 1993 in Škola úžitkového výtvarníctva J Vydru Bratislava. Exhibited the sampler of videos from six events of Slovak artists (Meluzin, Želibská, Oravec-Pagáč, Galovský, Nicz, Pisár) at various locations.
  • Video vidím ich sehe, 1994 in PGU Žilina. Curated by Katarína Rusnáková. Videoart from Slovakia (Jana Želibská, Peter Rónai, Peter Meluzin), Czech Republic and Switzerland. The catalog contained first more complex texts on Slovak video art. The gallery was the only one consistently researching and acquiring Slovak video art. Later exhibition included retrospective of Jana Želibská (1996-97) and Peter Rónai (1997).
  • Peter Meluzin - Mouse Killer, 1995 in PGU Žilina. Site-specific video-installation by Peter Meluzin.
  • Videoart VŠVU, 1996 in Rock Café Gallery Prague. Curated by Juraj Čarný. [52]
  • Videoanthology, 1997 in PGU Žilina. Curated by Katarína Rusnáková. 13 video works by Peter Rónai.
  • Tusovka screening, 2009, Bologna.
Events
  • Videoart + symposium 2000, SPACE Gallery, Bratislava
Publications
  • BARLA videojournal, videotape presenting a number of video artists from Slovakia, Czech Republic, and other countries. Three issues were published in 1996, 1997 and 1999 by editors Miroslav Nicz and Peter Rónai. The collection was released on CD-ROM in 2000.
More

Digital prints[edit]

Exhibitions
Literature
  • Michal Murin: Digital Male. Central European project of Exhibition of digital prints. Interview with Michal Boďa. In: Profil 4/2000. [55] (Slovak)
  • Zuzana Habšudová, "What have computers got to do with classic art?", In: The Slovak Spectator. October 2002. [56]

New media art, Media culture (1990s-2000s)[edit]

Cities

Banská Bystrica, Banská Štiavnica, Bratislava, Kežmarok, Košice, Levoča, Medzilaborce, Michalovce, Nitra, Nové Zámky, Považská Bystrica, Prešov, Šamorín, Skalica, Trenčín, Trnava, Žilina.

Forms
  • digital signal processing and sound performances
  • visual performances
  • interactive software-based installations
  • computer animation
  • motion video
  • internet art
Exhibitions
Literature
  • Michal Murin (ed.), Tematické číslo časopisu Profil, Profil 1 (1993) pp 1-20 (Slovak)
  • Martin Šperka, "Počítače na školách", Profil 1 (1993), Bratislava, p 14 (Slovak)
  • Juraj Németh, "Multimédiá alebo prezentácia umenia po novom", Profil 1 (1993), Bratislava, p 15 (Slovak)
  • Martin Šperka "Počítače na VŠVU" Projekt 4 (1993) pp. 46-47 (Slovak)
  • Martin Šperka, "Elektronické umenie," Jana Geržová ed., Slovník svetového a slovenského výtvarného umenia druhej polovice 20. storočia (Bratislava: Profil, 1999) (Slovak)
  • Martin Šperka, "Multimédiá," Jana Geržová ed., Slovník svetového a slovenského výtvarného umenia druhej polovice 20. storočia (Bratislava: Profil, 1999) (Slovak)
  • Michal Murin, "Nové technológie v slovenskom umení alebo vyhoďme sa z kola von", Almanach 98 (Bratislava: SCCA, 1999) [57] (Slovak)
  • Monika Mitášová, Martin Kaňuch, Peter Michalovič, Jozef Cseres (eds.), Almanach 98 : Texty o filme... filozofii... hudbe... a výtvarnom umení, Bratislava: SCCA, 1999. 186 pp. ISBN 80-968089-1-5 [58]
  • Martin Šperka, "Virtuálna realita," Jana Geržová ed., Slovník svetového a slovenského výtvarného umenia druhej polovice 20. storočia (Bratislava: Profil, 1999) (Slovak)
  • Katarína Rusnáková, "Postfotografia," Jana Geržová ed., Slovník svetového a slovenského výtvarného umenia druhej polovice 20. storočia (Bratislava: Profil, 1999) (Slovak)
  • Michal Murin (ed.), Tematické číslo časopisu Profil, Profil 4 (2000) pp 4-73 (Slovak)
  • Slávo Krekovič, "Net radio.. net.audio" Trištvrte revue 5-6 (2000) (Slovak)
  • Jana Geržová, "Intermédiá a (alebo) multimédiá?", Profil 4, 2000, pp 64-65 (Slovak) PDF [59] (Slovak)
  • Michal Murin, "Nové médiá", Profil 4 (2000) pp. 4-5. [60]
  • Zora Rusinová, "Objekt v multimediálnych kontextoch" Zora Rusinová et al. Dejiny slovenského výtvarného umenia – 20. storočie (Bratislava: SNG, 2000) (Slovak)
  • Dušan Barok, "Net.art. Internet ako umelecké médium" 3/4 revue 1 (2001) pp. 22-24. [61] (Slovak)
  • Juraj Čarný, "Topical Status of Contemporary Media Arts in Slovakia" Conceptual Art at the Turn of Millennium (Budapest-Bratislava: AICA Section Hungary, Slovak Section of AICA, 2002) pp. 94-112 (Slovak)
  • Miloš Vojtěchovský, "Umenie a elektronické technológie," Karel Císař, Josef Čermák, Terezie Petišková ed., Dejiny umenia 12 (Bratislava: Ikar, 2002) (Slovak)
  • Juraj Čarný, "Aktuálne postavenie súčasného mediálneho umenia na Slovensku" Conceptual Art at the Turn of Millennium (Budapest-Bratislava: AICA Section Hungary, Slovak Section of AICA, 2002) pp. 95-113 (English)
  • Jozef Cseres, "Interaktívnym umením za novú senzibilitu" Dart 10 (2003) (Slovak)
  • Mária Rišková et al., New Media Nation. Festival of Festivals, catalogue (Bratislava: Buryzone, 2003) (Slovak and English)
  • Michaela Sečanská, "Elektronické umenie na Slovensku po roku 1990", Trnava: Trnavská univerzita, Fakulta humanistiky, Katedra dejín umenia a kultúry, 2004. Master thesis. Consultant: Zora Rusinová.
  • Michal Murin, "Od utópií cez virtualitu k digitálnej realite" Profil 2 (2004) pp. 80–94. [62] (Slovak)
  • Miloš Krekovič, "Internetové umenie", master thesis (2005)
  • Katarína Rusnáková, "The Correlation of Image and Text in Contemporary Media Art" Human Affairs 1 (2005) pp 35-44
  • Katarína Rusnáková (ed.), V toku pohyblivých obrazov. Antológia textov o elektronickom a digitálnom umení v kontexte vizuálnej kultúry (Bratislava: AFAD Press, 2005) (Slovak)
  • Katarína Rusnáková, História a teória mediálneho umenia na Slovensku (Bratislava: AFAD Press, 2006), with DVD (Slovak)
  • Magdaléna Kobzová (ed.), Multiplace 2007, catalogue (Bratislava: Multiplace, 2007)
  • Slávo Krekovič a Pavel Sedlák, "Má pojem nová média dnes ještě co říci?", in: Literární noviny 31 (2007). [63]
  • Miloš Štofko, Od abstrakcie po živé umenie: Slovník pojmov moderného a postmoderného umenia, Slovart, 2007. [64]
  • Martin Beťko, "Hysteria.sk a Kyberia.sk – sonda do virtuálnej komunity", Brno: Masarykova Univerzita v Brně, Fakulta sociálních studií, Katedra mediálních studií a žurnalistiky. Consultant: David Kořínek, 2008. Master thesis. [65]
  • Ivana Madariová, "Festival ako sociálny experiment", Flash Art 9, July-October 2008. (Slovak) PDF
  • Jan Rylich, "Ivor Diosi", Flash Art 9, July-October 2008. (Czech) PDF
  • Diana Olčáková, "Michal Murin", Vlna 37 (2008), pp 8-18 (Slovak)
  • Mária Rišková, "Agónia a extáza nových médií", Flash Art 9, July-October 2008. (Slovak)
  • Zuzana Husárová, "Písanie v interaktívnych médiách. Digitálna fikcia", Bratislava: Ústav svetovej literatúry Slovenskej akadémie vied v Bratislave, 2009. Consultant: Bogumiła Suwara. Doctoral thesis. [66]
  • Jozef Cseres, Michal Murin (eds.), Od analógového k digitálnemu. Nové pohľady na nové umenia v audiovizuálnom veku, Fakulta výtvarných umení, Akadémia umení v Banskej Bystrici, 2011. (Slovak) [67]
  • Katarína Rusnáková, Rozšírené spôsoby diváckej recepcie digitálneho umenia, Fakulta výtvarných umení, Akadémia umení v Banskej Bystrici, 2011. (Slovak) [68]
More

Bibliography[edit]

more[edit]


Countries
avant-garde, modernism and after

Albania, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Central and Eastern Europe, Chile, China, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kosova, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Mexico, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Pakistan, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Spain, Slovenia, Slovakia, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States