André Leroi-Gourhan: Gesture and Speech (1964-65–) [ES, IT, EN]

24 August 2012, dusan

“André Leroi-Gourhan (1911-1986) was an anthropologist and paleontologist whose theoretical endeavors extended well beyond those realms to encompass the culture of the twentieth century and its most advanced developments. His bold and coherent revision of both analytic and archaeological methods revolutionized the study of prehistoric culture. His adoption of the structuralist method for the analysis of prehistoric art enabled a radical rethinking and clearer understanding of its nature, with resulting implications for the understanding of the art of our own times, and for a broad range of contemporary issues.

Leroi-Gourhan was, for example, concerned with questions of communication, particularly the ways in which new techniques of communication reshape our understanding of language and writing. His work in this field has proved catalytic for the thinking of other major theorists, among them Jacques Derrida. Gesture and Speech combines in one volume Technics and Language and Memory and Rhythms, which are the cornerstones of Leroi-Gourhan’s comprehensive theory of human behavior and cultural development.

In Technics and Language, Leroi-Gourhan looks at prehistoric technology in relation to the development of cognitive and linguistic faculties, expanding on the cultural ramifications of erect posture, a short face, a free hand during locomotion, and possession of movable implements.

Memory and Rhythms approaches its subject from the standpoints of sociology and aesthetics. Here Leroi-Gourhan addresses the problems of instinct and intelligence. He defines the relationship between aesthetic behavior, on the one hand, and species attitudes and the personalization of ethnic groups, on the other, and undertakes a sweeping aesthetic analysis from visceral perception to figurative art, including a discussion of the ‘language of forms’ that makes figurative art an abstract expression of language.”

Originally published in French under the title Le Geste et la parole (t.1: Technique et langage; t.2: La mémoire et les rythmes), Albin Michel, Paris, 1964 and 1965.

Translated by Anna Bostock Berger
Introduction by Randall White
Publisher MIT Press, 1993
October Books series
ISBN 0262121735, 9780262121736
453 pages

Publisher (EN)

El gesto y la palabra (Spanish, trans. Felipe Carrera D., 1971, 20 MB, added on 2015-2-19)
Il gesto e la parola (Italian, trans. Franco Zannino, 1977, 9 MB, added on 2015-2-19)
Gesture and Speech (English, trans. Anna Bostock Berger, 1993, 10 MB)

Langdon Winner: Autonomous Technology: Technics-out-of-Control as a Theme in Political Thought (1978)

10 February 2012, dusan

“The truth of the matter is that our deficiency does not lie in the want of well-verified ‘facts’. What we lack is our bearings. The contemporary experience of things technological has repeatedly confounded our vision, our expectations, and our capacity to make intelligent judgments. Categories, arguments, conclusions, and choices that would have been entirely obvious in earlier times are obvious no longer. Patterns of perceptive thinking that were entirely reliable in the past now lead us systematically astray. Many of our standard conceptions of technology reveal a disorientation that borders on dissociation from reality. And as long as we lack the ability to make our situation intelligible, all of the “data” in the world will make no difference.” (From the Introduction)

Publisher MIT Press, 1978
ISBN 0262730499, 9780262730495
396 pages

publisher
google books

PDF (updated on 2012-7-15)

Konrad Paul Liessmann: Günther Anders: philosophieren im Zeitalter der technologischen Revolutionen (2002) [German]

26 August 2011, dusan

Konrad Paul Liessmann verdeutlicht in diesem Buch die außerordentliche Aktualität des Philosophen Günther Anders: Gerade angesichts der drängenden Fragen der Gegenwart – von den Biotechnologien über die Allgegenwart der Medien bis hin zu den Problemen von Gewalt, Terror und Krieg – erscheint die Philosophie von Günther Anders unverzichtbarer denn je. Günther Anders (1902 – 1992) war der vielleicht bedeutendste Philosoph der modernen technischen Zivilisation. Schon frühzeitig versuchte er sich dem Phänomen einer vollständig technisierten Welt zu stellen, wobei ihn vor allem das Verhältnis des Menschen zur von ihm selbst geschaffenen Technik interessierte. Anders diagnostizierte ein fundamentales “prometheisches” Gefälle zwischen dem unvollkommenen Menschen und seiner immer perfekter werdenden Technik, das ihn zu seiner vieldiskutierten These von der “Antiquiertheit des Menschen” führte. Alles andere als antiquiert ist hingegen die Philosophie von Günther Anders. Seine bahnbrechenden Analysen des Fernsehens erweisen erst im Zeitalter von Reality-TV und CNN-Nachrichten ihre eigentliche Relevanz und verblüffende Erklärungskraft, sein unerschütterlicher Kampf gegen totalitäre Systeme und die atomare Bedrohung ist gerade in einer Zeit hochaktuell, die offenbar vergessen hat, daß noch immer Tausende Atomsprengköpfe neben unzähligen B- und C-Waffen lagern, seine radikalen Reflexionen zu Auschwitz und Hiroshima können schon wieder als brisanter und provozierender Kommentar zur gegenwärtigen Erinnerungskultur gelesen werden, und seine Überlegungen zum Verhältnis von Moral und Technik könnten der gen- und bioethischen Diskussion der Gegenwart einige entscheidende Impulse geben.

Publisher C.H.Beck, 2002
ISBN 3406487203, 9783406487200
207 pages

Publisher
Google books

, PDF (updated on 2014-12-22)