Filed under survey | Tags: · actor-network theory, anthropocene, art, human, materialism, networks, object-oriented ontology, philosophy, speculative realism, subject, subjectivity, thing
“Recent philosophical tendencies of “Actor-Network Theory,” “Thing Theory,” “Object-Oriented Ontology,” “Speculative Realism,”and “Vibrant Materialism,” have profoundly challenged the centrality of subjectivity in the humanities and, arguably, the perspectives that theories of the subject from the psychoanalytic to the Foucauldian have afforded (on the operations of power, the production of difference, and the constitution of the social, for instance). At least four moves characterize these discourses:
• Attempting to think the reality of objects beyond human meanings and uses. This other reality is often rooted in “thingness” or an animate materiality.
• Asserting that humans and objects form networks or assemblages across which agency and even consciousness are distributed.
• Shifting from epistemology, in all of its relation to critique, to ontology, where the being of things is valued alongside that of persons.
• Situating modernity in geological time with the concept of the “Anthropocene,” an era defined by the destructive ecological effects of human industry.
Many artists and curators, particularly in the UK, Germany, and the United States, appear deeply influenced by this shift. Is it possible, or desirable, to decenter the human in discourse on art in particular? What is gained in the attempt, and what—or who—disappears from view? Is human difference—gender, race, power of all kinds—elided? What are the risks in assigning agency to objects; does it absolve us of responsibility, or offer a new platform for politics?” (from the introduction)
Responses by Emily Apter, Ed Atkins, Armen Avanessian, Bill Brown, Giuliana Bruno, Julia Bryan-Wilson, D. Graham Burnett, Mel Y. Chen, Andrew Cole, Christoph Cox, Suhail Malik, T. J. Demos, Jeff Dolven, David T. Doris, Helmut Draxler, Patricia Falguières, Peter Galison, Alexander R. Galloway, Rachel Haidu, Graham Harman, Camille Henrot, Brooke Holmes, Tim Ingold, Caroline A. Jones, Alex Kitnick, Sam Lewitt, Helen Molesworth, Alexander Nemerov, Michael Newman, Spyros Papapetros, Susanne Pfeffer, Gregor Quack, Charles Ray, Matthew Ritchie, André Rottmann, Amie Siegel, Kerstin Stakemeier, Artie Vierkant, McKenzie Wark, Eyal Weizman, Christopher S. Wood, and Zhang Ga.
Edited by David Joselit, Carrie Lambert-Beatty, and Hal Foster
Publisher MIT Press, Winter 2016
PDF (updated on 2017-11-24)Comment (0)
Filed under book | Tags: · causality, magic, music, object, object-oriented ontology, ontology, phenomenology, philosophy, physics, sound
“In this book Timothy Morton, an ecologist, literary theorist, and object-oriented philosopher, lures us into a magical night of objects. If things are intrinsically withdrawn, irreducible to their perception or relations or uses, they can only affect each other in a strange region of traces and footprints: the aesthetic dimension. Every object sparkles with absence. Sensual things are elegies to the disappearance of objects. Doesn’t this tell us something about the aesthetic dimension, why philosophers have often found it to be a realm of evil?
Object-oriented ontology (OOO) offers a startlingly fresh way to think about causality that takes into account developments in physics since 1900. Causality, argues OOO, is aesthetic. Morton explores what it means to say that a thing has come into being, that it is persisting, and that it has ended. Drawing from examples in physics, biology, ecology, art, literature and music, he demonstrates the counterintuitive yet elegant explanatory power of OOO for thinking causality.”
Publisher Open Humanities Press, 2013
New Metaphysics series
Creative Commons BY-SA 3.0 License
Review: Nathan Brown (Parrhesia, 2013).Comment (0)
Filed under book | Tags: · art, media art, object-oriented ontology, philosophy, speculative realism
“This eBook explores the significance of the recent philosophic movements known as object-oriented ontology and speculative realism for the visual and media arts. It was edited in connection to the Speculative Realities exhibition.
Two artists and one collaborative duo were commissioned to make new artworks reflecting broadly on concepts within object-oriented ontology and speculative realism. The artists were Tuur van Balen & Revital Cohen, Cheryl Field, and Karolina Sobecka.
To supplement the descriptions of the works and brief interviews with the artists in this eBook, three new interviews were commissioned. Sven Lütticken was interviewed by Rachel O’Reilly, Jussi Parikka was interviewed by Michael Dieter, and Rick Dolphijn was interviewed by Michelle Kasprzak.
The exhibition took place from December 8, 2012 until January 11, 2013 at Roodkapje, Meent 133, Rotterdam.”
Publisher V2_, Rotterdam, January 2013
Blowup Readers series, Vol. 6