Filed under book | Tags: · aesthetics, agency, anthropology, art, art theory, causality, image, representation, style, tattoo
Alfred Gell puts forward an anthropological theory of visual art seen as a form of instrumental action: the making of things as a means of influencing the thoughts and actions of others. He argues that existing anthropological and aesthetic theories take an overwhelmingly passive point of view, and questions the criteria that accord art status only to a certain class of objects and not to others. The anthropology of art is here reformulated as the anthropology of a category of action: Gell shows how art objects embody complex intentionalities and mediate social agency. He explores the psychology of patterns and perceptions, art and personhood, the control of knowledge, and the interpretation of meaning, drawing upon a diversity of artistic traditions-European, Indian, Polynesian, Melanesian, and Australian.
With a Foreword by Nicholas Thomas
Publisher Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1998
ISBN 0198280149, 9780198280149
Filed under thesis | Tags: · art, artistic research, calibration, gesture, knowledge production, measurement, representation, science, sun, time, video art, weather
Composed of the words sliding and knowing, the Norwegian term skyvelære means caliper, a device for measuring distance. In her research Ellen Røed reflects on devices and procedures that are used in video art and in the natural sciences. She considers various relationships involved in creating representations; field trips, story telling, gathering or capturing of data, measuring and calibrating.
Critical Reflection on Artistic Results of a Fellowship Project in Artistic Research
Bergen Academy of Art and Design, 2014
Download (15 MB)
Download the video Skyvelære (While Attempting to Balance) (2013, 276 MB, MOV)
Jonathan Crary: Techniques of the Observer: On Vision and Modernity in the Nineteenth Century (1990–) [EN, HU, ES]
Filed under book | Tags: · 1800s, art, art history, body, camera obscura, image, knowledge, optics, painting, perception, perspective, representation, science, space, vision
In Techniques of the Observer Jonathan Crary provides a dramatically new perspective on the visual culture of the nineteenth century, reassessing problems of both visual modernism and social modernity.
Inverting conventional approaches, Crary considers the problem of visuality not through the study of art works and images, but by analyzing the historical construction of the observer. He insists that the problems of vision are inseparable from the operation of social power and examines how, beginning in the 1820s, the observer became the site of new discourses and practices that situated vision within the body as a physiological event. Alongside the sudden appearance of physiological optics, Crary points out, theories and models of “subjective vision” were developed that gave the observer a new autonomy and productivity while simultaneously allowing new forms of control and standardization of vision.
Crary examines a range of diverse work in philosophy, in the empirical sciences, and in the elements of an emerging mass visual culture. He discusses at length the significance of optical apparatuses such as the stereoscope and of precinematic devices, detailing how they were the product of new physiological knowledge. He also shows how these forms of mass culture, usually labeled as “realist,” were in fact based on abstract models of vision, and he suggests that mimetic or perspectival notions of vision and representation were initially abandoned in the first half of the nineteenth century within a variety of powerful institutions and discourses, well before the modernist painting of the 1870s and 1880s.
Publisher MIT Press, 1990
via De Artes y Pasiones
Techniques of the Observer: On Vision and Modernity in the Nineteenth Century (English, 1990, no OCR, low quality images)
A megfigyelő módszerei. Látás és modernitás a 19. században (Hungarian, trans. Ágnes Lukács, 1999, no OCR)
Las técnicas del observador: visión y modernidad en el siglo XIX (Spanish, trans. Fernando López García, 2008)
Filed under book | Tags: · abstraction, art, contemporary art, data visualisation, diagram, drawing, image, knowledge, perception, representation, research, science, theory
Drawing a Hypothesis is a reader on the ontology of forms of visualizations and on the development of the diagrammatic view and its use in contemporary art, science and theory. In a process of exchange with artists and scientists, Nikolaus Gansterer reveals drawing as a media of research enabling the emergence of new narratives and ideas by tracing the speculative potential of diagrams. Based on a discursive analysis of found figures with the artists’ own diagrammatic maps and models, the invited authors create unique correlations between thinking and drawing. Due to its ability to mediate between perception and reflection, drawing proves to be one of the most basic instruments of scientific and artistic practice, and plays an essential role in the production and communication of knowledge. The book is a rich compendium of figures of thought, which moves from scientific representation through artistic interpretation and vice versa.
Translation: Veronica Buckley, Aileen Derieg
Publisher Springer, 2011
ISBN 3709108020, 9783709108024
Filed under book | Tags: · aesthetics, art, art theory, epistemology, knowledge, metaphysics, perception, philosophy, representation, science, style, truth
“A major thesis of this book is that the arts must be taken no less seriously than the sciences as modes of discovery, creation, and enlargement of knowledge in the broad sense of advancement of the understanding, and thus that the philosophy of art should be conceived as an integral part of metaphysics and epistemology.” (p 102)
Publisher Hackett Publishing, Indianapolis, 1978
ISBN 0915144514, 9780915144518
Review (Hilary Putnam, Journal of Philosophy, 1979)
Review (W. Charlton, The Philosophical Quarterly, 1980)
Review (Robert Howell, The Philosophical Review, 1982)
Review (Jay F. Rosenberg, Noûs, 1982)
Review (Jon W. Sharer, Leonardo, 1981)
Preface to an Italian edition (Achille C. Varzi, 2008, in Italian)
Commentary (Xavier de Donato-Rodríguez, Theoria, 2009)
Commentary (Pierre-André Huglo, Philopsis, 2012, in French)
Commentary on Goodman’s aesthetics (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Ways of Worldmaking (English, 1978), View online (HTML)
Ways of Worldmaking (English, UK edition by Harvester Press, 1978)
Maneras de hacer mundos (Spanish, trans. Carlos Thiebaut, 1990, no OCR)
Způsoby světatvorby (Czech, trans. Vlastimil Zuska, 1996, first 4 chapters, HTML)
Načini svjetotvorstva (Croatian, trans. Damjan Lalović, 2008)