Michel Foucault: The Archaeology of Knowledge (1969-) [FR, ES, IT, EN, BR-PT, AR, SR, TR, CZ, RU]

22 June 2013, dusan

The Archaeology of Knowledge (L’archéologie du savoir) is a methodological treatise promoting what the French philosopher Michel Foucault calls “archaeology” or the “archaeological method”, an analytical method he implicitly used in his previous works Madness and Civilization, The Birth of the Clinic, and The Order of Things. It is Foucault’s only explicitly methodological work.

The premise of the book is that systems of thought and knowledge (“epistemes” or “discursive formations”) are governed by rules (beyond those of grammar and logic) which operate in the consciousness of individual subjects and define a system of conceptual possibilities that determines the boundaries of thought in a given domain and period.” (from Wikipedia)

French edition
Publisher Editions Gallimard, 1969
275 pages

English edition: The Archaeology of Knowledge and the Discourse on Language
Translated by A. M. Sheridan Smith
Discourse on Language was originally published in French as L’ordre du discours, Editions Gallimard, 1971. English translation by Rupert Swyer
Publisher Pantheon Books, New York, 1972
ISBN 0394711068
246 pages
via esco_bar


L’archéologie du savoir (French, 1969, no OCR)
La arqueología del saber (Spanish, trans. Aurelio Garzón del Camino, 1970/2002, no OCR)
L’archeologia del sapere: Una metodologia per la storia della cultura (Italian, trans. Giovanni Bogliolo, 4th edition, 1971/2009, via oize, EPUB)
The Archaeology of Knowledge and the Discourse on Language (English, trans. A. M. Sheridan Smith and Rupert Swyer, 1972). Routledge Classics edition (2002, added on 2013-6-28)
A Arqueologia do Saber (BR-Portuguese, trans. Luiz Felipe Baeta Neves, 7th edition, 1972/2008, no OCR, no OCR)
حفريات-المعرفة-فوكو (Arabic, 1987, no OCR)
Arheologija znanja (Serbian, trans. Mladen Kozomara, 1998, no OCR)
Bilginin arkeolojisi (Turkish, trans. Veli Urhan, 1999, no OCR)
Archeologie vědění (Czech, trans. Čestmír Pelikán, 2002, no OCR)
Археология знания (Russian, trans. М. Б. Ракова and А. Ю. Серебрянникова, 2004, PDF, added on 2013-9-26), DJVU

Axel Honneth: The Critique of Power: Reflective Stages in a Critical Social Theory (1985/1991)

20 October 2012, dusan

Axel Honneth’s Critique of Power is a rich interpretation of the history of critical theory, which clarifies its central problems and emphasizes the “social” factors that should provide that theory with a normative and practical orientation.

Honneth focuses on the dialog between French and German social theory that was beginning at the time of Michel Foucault’s death. It traces the common roots of the work of Foucault and Jürgen Habermas to a basic text of the last generation of critical theorists – Max Horkheimer and Theodor Adorno’s Dialectic of Enlightenment – and draws from this connection the outline of a program that might unite and surpass their seemingly irreconcilable methods of critiquing power structures. In doing so, Honneth provides a constructive and nonpolemical framework for comparisons between the two theorists. And he presents a novel interpretation of Foucault’s analysis of social systems.

Honneth traces the internal contradictions in critical theory through an analysis of Horkheimer’s early programmatic writings, the Dialectic of Enlightenment, and Adorno’s later social-theoretical writings. He shows how Habermas and Foucault in their distinctive ways reinserted the social world into critical theory but argues that neither operation has been wholly successful. His cogent analysis redirects critical social theory in ways that can draw on the strengths and avoid the weaknesses of the two approaches.

Originally published in German under the title Kritik der Macht. Reflexionsstufen einer kritischen Gesellschaftstheorie, Suhrkamp Verlag, Frankfurt am Main, 1985
Translated by Kenneth Baynes
Publisher MIT Press, 1991
Studies in Contemporary German Social Thought series
ISBN 0262581280, 9780262581288
372 pages

review (Elaine Martin)

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Hayden White: Metahistory: The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth-Century Europe (1973)

5 September 2012, dusan

In White’s view, beyond the surface level of the historical text, there is a deep structural, or latent, content that is generally poetic and specifically linguistic in nature. This deeper content – the metahistorical element – indicates what an “appropriate” historical explanation should be.

Publisher The John Hopkins University Press, 1973
Johns Hopkins Paperbacks edition, 1975
ISBN 0801817617, 9780801817618
464 pages

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